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Protein

Frataxin, mitochondrial

Gene

FXN

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Promotes the biosynthesis of heme and assembly and repair of iron-sulfur clusters by delivering Fe2+ to proteins involved in these pathways. May play a role in the protection against iron-catalyzed oxidative stress through its ability to catalyze the oxidation of Fe2+ to Fe3+; the oligomeric form but not the monomeric form has in vitro ferroxidase activity. May be able to store large amounts of iron in the form of a ferrihydrite mineral by oligomerization; however, the physiological relevance is unsure as reports are conflicting and the function has only been shown using heterologous overexpression systems. Modulates the RNA-binding activity of ACO1.6 Publications

Catalytic activityi

4 Fe2+ + 4 H+ + O2 = 4 Fe3+ + 2 H2O.1 Publication

GO - Molecular functioni

  • 2 iron, 2 sulfur cluster binding Source: BHF-UCL
  • ferric iron binding Source: BHF-UCL
  • ferrous iron binding Source: BHF-UCL
  • ferroxidase activity Source: UniProtKB
  • iron chaperone activity Source: BHF-UCL
  • iron-sulfur cluster binding Source: BHF-UCL

GO - Biological processi

  • adult walking behavior Source: Ensembl
  • aerobic respiration Source: Ensembl
  • cellular iron ion homeostasis Source: BHF-UCL
  • cellular response to hydrogen peroxide Source: UniProtKB
  • embryo development ending in birth or egg hatching Source: Ensembl
  • heme biosynthetic process Source: BHF-UCL
  • ion transport Source: UniProtKB-KW
  • iron incorporation into metallo-sulfur cluster Source: BHF-UCL
  • mitochondrion organization Source: Ensembl
  • negative regulation of apoptotic process Source: UniProtKB
  • negative regulation of multicellular organism growth Source: Ensembl
  • negative regulation of organ growth Source: Ensembl
  • negative regulation of release of cytochrome c from mitochondria Source: UniProtKB
  • oxidative phosphorylation Source: Ensembl
  • positive regulation of aconitate hydratase activity Source: BHF-UCL
  • positive regulation of catalytic activity Source: BHF-UCL
  • positive regulation of cell growth Source: BHF-UCL
  • positive regulation of cell proliferation Source: BHF-UCL
  • positive regulation of lyase activity Source: UniProtKB
  • positive regulation of succinate dehydrogenase activity Source: BHF-UCL
  • proprioception Source: Ensembl
  • protein autoprocessing Source: BHF-UCL
  • regulation of ferrochelatase activity Source: BHF-UCL
  • response to iron ion Source: BHF-UCL
  • small molecule metabolic process Source: Reactome
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Oxidoreductase

Keywords - Biological processi

Heme biosynthesis, Ion transport, Iron storage, Iron transport, Transport

Keywords - Ligandi

Iron, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciZFISH:ENSG00000165060-MONOMER.
ReactomeiR-HSA-1268020. Mitochondrial protein import.
R-HSA-1362409. Mitochondrial iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis.

Protein family/group databases

TCDBi9.B.21.1.1. the frataxin (frataxin) family.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Frataxin, mitochondrial (EC:1.16.3.1)
Alternative name(s):
Friedreich ataxia protein
Short name:
Fxn
Cleaved into the following 4 chains:
Alternative name(s):
m56-FXN
Alternative name(s):
d-FXN
m78-FXN
Alternative name(s):
Frataxin(81-210)
m81-FXN
Gene namesi
Name:FXN
Synonyms:FRDA, X25
OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 Componenti: Chromosome 9

Organism-specific databases

HGNCiHGNC:3951. FXN.

Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

  • cytosol Source: BHF-UCL
  • mitochondrial matrix Source: BHF-UCL
  • mitochondrion Source: BHF-UCL
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Mitochondrion

Pathology & Biotechi

Involvement in diseasei

Friedreich ataxia (FRDA)8 Publications
The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
Disease descriptionAutosomal recessive, progressive degenerative disease characterized by neurodegeneration and cardiomyopathy it is the most common inherited ataxia. The disorder is usually manifest before adolescence and is generally characterized by incoordination of limb movements, dysarthria, nystagmus, diminished or absent tendon reflexes, Babinski sign, impairment of position and vibratory senses, scoliosis, pes cavus, and hammer toe. In most patients, FRDA is due to GAA triplet repeat expansions in the first intron of the frataxin gene. But in some cases the disease is due to mutations in the coding region.
See also OMIM:229300
Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Natural variantiVAR_016065106L → S in FRDA. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant rs104894105dbSNPEnsembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_002428122D → Y in FRDA. 3 PublicationsCorresponds to variant rs142157346dbSNPEnsembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_002429130G → V in FRDA. 3 PublicationsCorresponds to variant rs104894107dbSNPEnsembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_002430154I → F in FRDA; reduces interaction with LYRM4; the interaction is rescued by nickel. Defects in mitochondrial structure, mitochondrial iron deposits, decreased enzymatic activity of some mitochondrial and cytoplasmic iron-sulfur cluster-containing enzymes, increased RNA-binding activity of ACO1 and increased sensitivity to oxidative stress. 4 PublicationsCorresponds to variant rs104894106dbSNPEnsembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_002431155W → R in FRDA; reduces interaction with LYRM4; the interaction is rescued by nickel. 2 PublicationsCorresponds to variant rs138471431dbSNPEnsembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_008139165R → C in FRDA; mild form. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant rs138034837dbSNPEnsembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_008140182L → F in FRDA. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant rs139616452dbSNPEnsembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_016066198L → R in FRDA. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant rs144104124dbSNPEnsembl.1

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Mutagenesisi39 – 40RR → GG: Abolishes cleavage to yield frataxin intermediate form and allows accumulation of frataxin(56-210) and frataxin(78-210). 1 Publication2
Mutagenesisi53 – 54RR → GG: No effect on processing of wild-type FXN. 2 Publications2
Mutagenesisi78 – 79LR → GG: Abolishes cleavage to yield frataxin mature form and allows accumulation of frataxin(56-210) and frataxin(78-210). 1 Publication2
Mutagenesisi79 – 80RK → GG: Abolishes cleavage to yield frataxin mature form and allows the accumulation of frataxin(56-210). 2 Publications2

Keywords - Diseasei

Disease mutation

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNETi2395.
MalaCardsiFXN.
MIMi229300. phenotype.
OpenTargetsiENSG00000165060.
Orphaneti95. Friedreich ataxia.
PharmGKBiPA28369.

Chemistry databases

ChEMBLiCHEMBL2321640.

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiFXN.

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Transit peptidei1 – 41MitochondrionAdd BLAST41
ChainiPRO_000001012942 – 210Frataxin intermediate formAdd BLAST169
ChainiPRO_000001013056 – 210Frataxin(56-210)Add BLAST155
ChainiPRO_000039938878 – 210Frataxin(78-210)Add BLAST133
ChainiPRO_000028933181 – 210Frataxin mature formAdd BLAST130

Post-translational modificationi

Processed in two steps by mitochondrial processing peptidase (MPP). MPP first cleaves the precursor to intermediate form and subsequently converts the intermediate to yield frataxin mature form (frataxin(81-210)) which is the predominant form. The additional forms, frataxin(56-210) and frataxin(78-210), seem to be produced when the normal maturation process is impaired; their physiological relevance is unsure.5 Publications

Proteomic databases

EPDiQ16595.
MaxQBiQ16595.
PaxDbiQ16595.
PeptideAtlasiQ16595.
PRIDEiQ16595.
TopDownProteomicsiQ16595-1. [Q16595-1]
Q16595-2. [Q16595-2]

2D gel databases

OGPiQ16595.

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ16595.
PhosphoSitePlusiQ16595.

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Expressed in the heart, peripheral blood lymphocytes and dermal fibroblasts.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000165060.
CleanExiHS_FXN.
ExpressionAtlasiQ16595. baseline and differential.
GenevisibleiQ16595. HS.

Organism-specific databases

HPAiCAB022164.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Monomer (probable predominant form). Oligomer. Monomers and polymeric aggregates of >1 MDa have been isolated from mitochondria. A small fraction of heterologous overexpressed recombinant frataxin forms high-molecular wight aggregates that incoroprate iron. Interacts with LYRM4 AND HSPA9. Interacts with ACO1. Interacts with ISCU isoform 1 and isoform 2. Interacts with FECH; one iron-bound FXN monomer seems to interact with a FECH homodimer. Interacts with SDHA and SDHB. Interacts with ACO2; the interaction is dependent on citrate (By similarity).By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi108677. 4 interactors.
IntActiQ16595. 6 interactors.
MINTiMINT-2856590.
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000366482.

Structurei

Secondary structure

1210
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details
Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Helixi92 – 114Combined sources23
Beta strandi124 – 128Combined sources5
Beta strandi131 – 135Combined sources5
Turni138 – 140Combined sources3
Beta strandi142 – 148Combined sources7
Turni149 – 152Combined sources4
Beta strandi153 – 157Combined sources5
Beta strandi159 – 161Combined sources3
Beta strandi164 – 168Combined sources5
Beta strandi170 – 175Combined sources6
Turni176 – 178Combined sources3
Helixi182 – 194Combined sources13
Beta strandi206 – 208Combined sources3

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBei
RCSB PDBi
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1EKGX-ray1.80A86-210[»]
1LY7NMR-A91-210[»]
3S4MX-ray1.30A82-210[»]
3S5DX-ray1.50A82-210[»]
3S5EX-ray1.31A82-210[»]
3S5FX-ray1.50A/B82-210[»]
3T3JX-ray1.70A82-210[»]
3T3KX-ray1.24A82-210[»]
3T3LX-ray1.15A82-210[»]
3T3TX-ray1.38A/B/C/D82-210[»]
3T3XX-ray1.57A/B82-210[»]
5KZ5electron microscopy14.30A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I/J/K/L42-210[»]
DisProtiDP00607.
ProteinModelPortaliQ16595.
SMRiQ16595.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiQ16595.

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the frataxin family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3413. Eukaryota.
COG1965. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000005811.
HOGENOMiHOG000190729.
HOVERGENiHBG005745.
InParanoidiQ16595.
KOiK19054.
OMAiQSVYLMN.
OrthoDBiEOG091G0UR5.
PhylomeDBiQ16595.
TreeFamiTF318958.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.30.920.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR017789. Frataxin.
IPR002908. Frataxin/CyaY.
IPR020895. Frataxin_CS.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR16821. PTHR16821. 1 hit.
PfamiPF01491. Frataxin_Cyay. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00904. FRATAXIN.
SMARTiSM01219. Frataxin_Cyay. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF55387. SSF55387. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR03421. FeS_CyaY. 1 hit.
TIGR03422. mito_frataxin. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS01344. FRATAXIN_1. 1 hit.
PS50810. FRATAXIN_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequences (3)i

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

This entry describes 3 isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket

Isoform 1 (identifier: Q16595-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MWTLGRRAVA GLLASPSPAQ AQTLTRVPRP AELAPLCGRR GLRTDIDATC
60 70 80 90 100
TPRRASSNQR GLNQIWNVKK QSVYLMNLRK SGTLGHPGSL DETTYERLAE
110 120 130 140 150
ETLDSLAEFF EDLADKPYTF EDYDVSFGSG VLTVKLGGDL GTYVINKQTP
160 170 180 190 200
NKQIWLSSPS SGPKRYDWTG KNWVYSHDGV SLHELLAAEL TKALKTKLDL
210
SSLAYSGKDA
Length:210
Mass (Da):23,135
Last modified:July 15, 1999 - v2
Checksum:iECC81738779308CF
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: Q16595-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     161-210: SGPKRYDWTGKNWVYSHDGVSLHELLAAELTKALKTKLDLSSLAYSGKDA → RLTWLLWLFHP

Note: Not highly expressed and may be artifactual.
Show »
Length:171
Mass (Da):19,095
Checksum:i54BDD6A74B2D22C9
GO
Isoform 3 (identifier: Q16595-3) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     161-210: SGPKRYDWTG...SSLAYSGKDA → RYVVDLSVMT...SCWPQSSLKP

Note: No experimental confirmation available. Gene prediction based on EST data.
Show »
Length:196
Mass (Da):21,416
Checksum:i306DDDE81A26C788
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Sequence conflicti175Y → F in AAA98508 (PubMed:8596916).Curated1
Sequence conflicti175Y → F in AAA98510 (PubMed:8596916).Curated1
Sequence conflicti202S → W in AAA98508 (PubMed:8596916).Curated1
Sequence conflicti202S → W in AAA98510 (PubMed:8596916).Curated1

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Natural variantiVAR_016065106L → S in FRDA. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant rs104894105dbSNPEnsembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_002428122D → Y in FRDA. 3 PublicationsCorresponds to variant rs142157346dbSNPEnsembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_002429130G → V in FRDA. 3 PublicationsCorresponds to variant rs104894107dbSNPEnsembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_002430154I → F in FRDA; reduces interaction with LYRM4; the interaction is rescued by nickel. Defects in mitochondrial structure, mitochondrial iron deposits, decreased enzymatic activity of some mitochondrial and cytoplasmic iron-sulfur cluster-containing enzymes, increased RNA-binding activity of ACO1 and increased sensitivity to oxidative stress. 4 PublicationsCorresponds to variant rs104894106dbSNPEnsembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_002431155W → R in FRDA; reduces interaction with LYRM4; the interaction is rescued by nickel. 2 PublicationsCorresponds to variant rs138471431dbSNPEnsembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_008139165R → C in FRDA; mild form. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant rs138034837dbSNPEnsembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_008140182L → F in FRDA. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant rs139616452dbSNPEnsembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_016066198L → R in FRDA. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant rs144104124dbSNPEnsembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_049100202S → C.Corresponds to variant rs1052195dbSNPEnsembl.1

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Alternative sequenceiVSP_001576161 – 210SGPKR…SGKDA → RLTWLLWLFHP in isoform 2. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST50
Alternative sequenceiVSP_047282161 – 210SGPKR…SGKDA → RYVVDLSVMTGLGKTGCTPT TACPSMSCWPQSSLKP in isoform 3. CuratedAdd BLAST50

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U43747 mRNA. Translation: AAA98510.1.
U43752
, U43748, U43749, U43750, U43751 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAA98508.1.
U43753
, U43748, U43749, U43750, U43751 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAA98509.1.
AL162730 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAH71829.1.
BC023633 mRNA. Translation: AAH23633.1.
BC048097 mRNA. Translation: AAH48097.1.
Y13751 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA74077.1.
AF028240 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAB84047.1.
U93173 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAD00734.1.
CCDSiCCDS43834.1. [Q16595-3]
CCDS55313.1. [Q16595-2]
CCDS6626.1. [Q16595-1]
RefSeqiNP_000135.2. NM_000144.4. [Q16595-1]
NP_001155178.1. NM_001161706.1. [Q16595-2]
NP_852090.1. NM_181425.2. [Q16595-3]
UniGeneiHs.20685.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000377270; ENSP00000366482; ENSG00000165060. [Q16595-1]
ENST00000396364; ENSP00000379650; ENSG00000165060. [Q16595-2]
ENST00000396366; ENSP00000379652; ENSG00000165060. [Q16595-3]
GeneIDi2395.
KEGGihsa:2395.
UCSCiuc004agz.3. human. [Q16595-1]

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing, Polymorphism, Triplet repeat expansion

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U43747 mRNA. Translation: AAA98510.1.
U43752
, U43748, U43749, U43750, U43751 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAA98508.1.
U43753
, U43748, U43749, U43750, U43751 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAA98509.1.
AL162730 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAH71829.1.
BC023633 mRNA. Translation: AAH23633.1.
BC048097 mRNA. Translation: AAH48097.1.
Y13751 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA74077.1.
AF028240 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAB84047.1.
U93173 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAD00734.1.
CCDSiCCDS43834.1. [Q16595-3]
CCDS55313.1. [Q16595-2]
CCDS6626.1. [Q16595-1]
RefSeqiNP_000135.2. NM_000144.4. [Q16595-1]
NP_001155178.1. NM_001161706.1. [Q16595-2]
NP_852090.1. NM_181425.2. [Q16595-3]
UniGeneiHs.20685.

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBei
RCSB PDBi
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1EKGX-ray1.80A86-210[»]
1LY7NMR-A91-210[»]
3S4MX-ray1.30A82-210[»]
3S5DX-ray1.50A82-210[»]
3S5EX-ray1.31A82-210[»]
3S5FX-ray1.50A/B82-210[»]
3T3JX-ray1.70A82-210[»]
3T3KX-ray1.24A82-210[»]
3T3LX-ray1.15A82-210[»]
3T3TX-ray1.38A/B/C/D82-210[»]
3T3XX-ray1.57A/B82-210[»]
5KZ5electron microscopy14.30A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I/J/K/L42-210[»]
DisProtiDP00607.
ProteinModelPortaliQ16595.
SMRiQ16595.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi108677. 4 interactors.
IntActiQ16595. 6 interactors.
MINTiMINT-2856590.
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000366482.

Chemistry databases

ChEMBLiCHEMBL2321640.

Protein family/group databases

TCDBi9.B.21.1.1. the frataxin (frataxin) family.

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ16595.
PhosphoSitePlusiQ16595.

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiFXN.

2D gel databases

OGPiQ16595.

Proteomic databases

EPDiQ16595.
MaxQBiQ16595.
PaxDbiQ16595.
PeptideAtlasiQ16595.
PRIDEiQ16595.
TopDownProteomicsiQ16595-1. [Q16595-1]
Q16595-2. [Q16595-2]

Protocols and materials databases

DNASUi2395.
Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000377270; ENSP00000366482; ENSG00000165060. [Q16595-1]
ENST00000396364; ENSP00000379650; ENSG00000165060. [Q16595-2]
ENST00000396366; ENSP00000379652; ENSG00000165060. [Q16595-3]
GeneIDi2395.
KEGGihsa:2395.
UCSCiuc004agz.3. human. [Q16595-1]

Organism-specific databases

CTDi2395.
DisGeNETi2395.
GeneCardsiFXN.
GeneReviewsiFXN.
HGNCiHGNC:3951. FXN.
HPAiCAB022164.
MalaCardsiFXN.
MIMi229300. phenotype.
606829. gene.
neXtProtiNX_Q16595.
OpenTargetsiENSG00000165060.
Orphaneti95. Friedreich ataxia.
PharmGKBiPA28369.
GenAtlasiSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3413. Eukaryota.
COG1965. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000005811.
HOGENOMiHOG000190729.
HOVERGENiHBG005745.
InParanoidiQ16595.
KOiK19054.
OMAiQSVYLMN.
OrthoDBiEOG091G0UR5.
PhylomeDBiQ16595.
TreeFamiTF318958.

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciZFISH:ENSG00000165060-MONOMER.
ReactomeiR-HSA-1268020. Mitochondrial protein import.
R-HSA-1362409. Mitochondrial iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis.

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRSiFXN. human.
EvolutionaryTraceiQ16595.
GeneWikiiFrataxin.
GenomeRNAii2395.
PROiQ16595.
SOURCEiSearch...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000165060.
CleanExiHS_FXN.
ExpressionAtlasiQ16595. baseline and differential.
GenevisibleiQ16595. HS.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.30.920.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR017789. Frataxin.
IPR002908. Frataxin/CyaY.
IPR020895. Frataxin_CS.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR16821. PTHR16821. 1 hit.
PfamiPF01491. Frataxin_Cyay. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00904. FRATAXIN.
SMARTiSM01219. Frataxin_Cyay. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF55387. SSF55387. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR03421. FeS_CyaY. 1 hit.
TIGR03422. mito_frataxin. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS01344. FRATAXIN_1. 1 hit.
PS50810. FRATAXIN_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiFRDA_HUMAN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q16595
Secondary accession number(s): A8MXJ6
, C9JJ89, O15545, O95656, Q15294, Q5VZ01
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 15, 1999
Last sequence update: July 15, 1999
Last modified: November 30, 2016
This is version 177 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

Miscellaneousi

Miscellaneous

The unusual migration profile of mature frataxin on SDS-PAGE due to its acidic N-terminus most likely contributed to conflicting reports for the N-terminus of the mature protein. Unlike prokaryotic and yeast frataxin homologs, which self-assemble at high iron concentrations, oligomerization of human frataxin is not induced by iron. The existence of a specialized mitochondrial ferritin in mammalia (FTMT) is suggesting that iron storage would be redundant function, at least in mammalian mitochondria.

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Human chromosome 9
    Human chromosome 9: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  2. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
  3. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  4. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  5. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  6. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.