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Q16594

- TAF9_HUMAN

UniProt

Q16594 - TAF9_HUMAN

Protein

Transcription initiation factor TFIID subunit 9

Gene

TAF9

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed - Annotation score: 5 out of 5- Experimental evidence at protein leveli
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    • History
      Entry version 148 (01 Oct 2014)
      Sequence version 1 (01 Nov 1997)
      Previous versions | rss
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    Functioni

    Essential for cell viability. TAF9 and TAF9B are involved in transcriptional activation as well as repression of distinct but overlapping sets of genes. May have a role in gene regulation associated with apoptosis. TAFs are components of the transcription factor IID (TFIID) complex, the TBP-free TAFII complex (TFTC), the PCAF histone acetylase complex and the STAGA transcription coactivator-HAT complex. TFIID or TFTC are essential for the regulation of RNA polymerase II-mediated transcription.1 Publication

    Regions

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    DNA bindingi120 – 13718Add
    BLAST

    GO - Molecular functioni

    1. activating transcription factor binding Source: BHF-UCL
    2. C2H2 zinc finger domain binding Source: BHF-UCL
    3. DNA binding Source: UniProtKB
    4. p53 binding Source: BHF-UCL
    5. protein binding Source: UniProtKB
    6. transcription coactivator activity Source: UniProtKB
    7. transcription regulatory region DNA binding Source: BHF-UCL

    GO - Biological processi

    1. cellular response to DNA damage stimulus Source: BHF-UCL
    2. chromatin organization Source: Reactome
    3. gene expression Source: Reactome
    4. histone H3 acetylation Source: UniProtKB
    5. negative regulation of apoptotic process Source: BHF-UCL
    6. negative regulation of intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to DNA damage by p53 class mediator Source: BHF-UCL
    7. negative regulation of proteasomal ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process Source: BHF-UCL
    8. positive regulation of cell growth Source: UniProtKB
    9. positive regulation of response to cytokine stimulus Source: BHF-UCL
    10. positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter Source: BHF-UCL
    11. protein stabilization Source: BHF-UCL
    12. response to interleukin-1 Source: BHF-UCL
    13. transcription elongation from RNA polymerase II promoter Source: Reactome
    14. transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter Source: Reactome
    15. transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter Source: Reactome
    16. viral process Source: Reactome

    Keywords - Biological processi

    Transcription, Transcription regulation

    Keywords - Ligandi

    DNA-binding

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    ReactomeiREACT_1655. RNA Polymerase II Transcription Pre-Initiation And Promoter Opening.
    REACT_172610. HATs acetylate histones.
    REACT_1851. RNA Polymerase II Transcription Initiation.
    REACT_2089. RNA Polymerase II Promoter Escape.
    REACT_22107. RNA Polymerase II Pre-transcription Events.
    REACT_6233. Transcription of the HIV genome.
    REACT_6253. RNA Polymerase II HIV Promoter Escape.
    REACT_6332. HIV Transcription Initiation.
    REACT_834. RNA Polymerase II Transcription Initiation And Promoter Clearance.

    Names & Taxonomyi

    Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    Transcription initiation factor TFIID subunit 9
    Alternative name(s):
    RNA polymerase II TBP-associated factor subunit G
    STAF31/32
    Transcription initiation factor TFIID 31 kDa subunit
    Short name:
    TAFII-31
    Short name:
    TAFII31
    Transcription initiation factor TFIID 32 kDa subunit
    Short name:
    TAFII-32
    Short name:
    TAFII32
    Gene namesi
    Name:TAF9
    Synonyms:TAF2G, TAFII31
    OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
    Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
    Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
    ProteomesiUP000005640: Chromosome 5

    Organism-specific databases

    HGNCiHGNC:11542. TAF9.

    Subcellular locationi

    Nucleus 2 Publications

    GO - Cellular componenti

    1. MLL1 complex Source: UniProtKB
    2. nucleoplasm Source: Reactome
    3. PCAF complex Source: UniProtKB
    4. pre-snoRNP complex Source: BHF-UCL
    5. STAGA complex Source: UniProtKB
    6. transcription factor TFIID complex Source: UniProtKB
    7. transcription factor TFTC complex Source: UniProtKB

    Keywords - Cellular componenti

    Nucleus

    Pathology & Biotechi

    Organism-specific databases

    PharmGKBiPA36317.

    PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Chaini1 – 264264Transcription initiation factor TFIID subunit 9PRO_0000118888Add
    BLAST

    Amino acid modifications

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Modified residuei1 – 11N-acetylmethionine1 Publication
    Modified residuei5 – 51N6-acetyllysine1 Publication
    Modified residuei149 – 1491Phosphoserine2 Publications
    Modified residuei158 – 1581Phosphoserine1 Publication
    Modified residuei159 – 1591Phosphothreonine1 Publication
    Modified residuei161 – 1611Phosphothreonine1 Publication
    Modified residuei178 – 1781Phosphothreonine2 Publications
    Modified residuei181 – 1811Phosphoserine1 Publication

    Keywords - PTMi

    Acetylation, Phosphoprotein

    Proteomic databases

    MaxQBiQ16594.
    PaxDbiQ16594.
    PRIDEiQ16594.

    PTM databases

    PhosphoSiteiQ16594.

    Expressioni

    Inductioni

    6 to 8-fold by apoptotic signals.1 Publication

    Gene expression databases

    ArrayExpressiQ16594.
    BgeeiQ16594.
    CleanExiHS_TAF9.
    GenevestigatoriQ16594.

    Organism-specific databases

    HPAiCAB005361.

    Interactioni

    Subunit structurei

    Component of TFIID, the TATA-binding protein-free TAF complex (TFTC), the PCAF complex and the STAGA transcription coactivator-HAT complex. The PCAF complex consists at least of TADA2L/ADA2, SUPT3H/SPT3, TADA3L/ADA3, TAF5L/PAF65-beta, TAF6L/PAF65-alpha, TAF10/TAFII30, TAF12/TAFII20, TAF9/TAFII31 and TRRAP. The STAGA transcription coactivator-HAT complex consists at least of SUPT3H, GCN5L2, SUPT7L, TAF5L, TAF6L, TADA3L, TAD1L, TAF10, TAF12, TRRAP and TAF9. Binds N-terminal domain of p53/TP53 which is essential for transcription. Component of some MLL1/MLL complex, at least composed of the core components KMT2A/MLL1, ASH2L, HCFC1/HCF1, WDR5 and RBBP5, as well as the facultative components BAP18, CHD8, E2F6, HSP70, INO80C, KANSL1, LAS1L, MAX, MCRS1, MGA, MYST1/MOF, PELP1, PHF20, PRP31, RING2, RUVB1/TIP49A, RUVB2/TIP49B, SENP3, TAF1, TAF4, TAF6, TAF7, TAF9 and TEX10. Binds TFIIB and the Herpes simplex virus activator VP16. Forms a heterodimer with TAF6/TAFII80 in a complex with the TAF4B/TAFII105-TAF12/TAFII20 heterodimer. Also interacts with TAF5. Binds directly DNA. Increased DNA binding when complexed with TAF6/TAFII80.8 Publications

    Binary interactionsi

    WithEntry#Exp.IntActNotes
    DRAP1Q149193EBI-712521,EBI-712941
    KAT2BQ928313EBI-712521,EBI-477430
    TAF6LQ9Y6J93EBI-712521,EBI-743984

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    BioGridi112743. 70 interactions.
    DIPiDIP-435N.
    IntActiQ16594. 42 interactions.
    MINTiMINT-2860193.
    STRINGi9606.ENSP00000217893.

    Structurei

    3D structure databases

    ProteinModelPortaliQ16594.
    SMRiQ16594. Positions 13-76.
    ModBaseiSearch...
    MobiDBiSearch...

    Family & Domainsi

    Compositional bias

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Compositional biasi250 – 26213Poly-AspAdd
    BLAST

    Sequence similaritiesi

    Belongs to the TAF9 family.Curated

    Phylogenomic databases

    eggNOGiCOG5094.
    HOGENOMiHOG000231730.
    HOVERGENiHBG002304.
    InParanoidiQ16594.
    KOiK14535.
    PhylomeDBiQ16594.
    TreeFamiTF351417.

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3Di1.10.20.10. 1 hit.
    InterProiIPR009072. Histone-fold.
    IPR003162. TFIID-31.
    [Graphical view]
    PANTHERiPTHR12075. PTHR12075. 1 hit.
    PfamiPF02291. TFIID-31kDa. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view]
    SUPFAMiSSF47113. SSF47113. 1 hit.

    Sequencei

    Sequence statusi: Complete.

    Q16594-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to Basket

    « Hide

    MESGKTASPK SMPKDAQMMA QILKDMGITE YEPRVINQML EFAFRYVTTI    50
    LDDAKIYSSH AKKATVDADD VRLAIQCRAD QSFTSPPPRD FLLDIARQRN 100
    QTPLPLIKPY SGPRLPPDRY CLTAPNYRLK SLQKKASTSA GRITVPRLSV 150
    GSVTSRPSTP TLGTPTPQTM SVSTKVGTPM SLTGQRFTVQ MPTSQSPAVK 200
    ASIPATSAVQ NVLINPSLIG SKNILITTNM MSSQNTANES SNALKRKRED 250
    DDDDDDDDDD YDNL 264
    Length:264
    Mass (Da):28,974
    Last modified:November 1, 1997 - v1
    Checksum:i1925AEC65D6C84C7
    GO

    Experimental Info

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Sequence conflicti46 – 461Y → V AA sequence (PubMed:9674425)Curated
    Sequence conflicti225 – 2251L → F in AAH03400. (PubMed:15489334)Curated

    Natural variant

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Natural varianti6 – 61T → M.1 Publication
    Corresponds to variant rs4252233 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
    VAR_016279
    Natural varianti210 – 2101Q → H.
    Corresponds to variant rs11542580 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
    VAR_052260

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBL
    GenBank
    DDBJ
    Links Updated
    U25112 mRNA. Translation: AAA91318.1.
    U21858 mRNA. Translation: AAC50153.1.
    U30504 mRNA. Translation: AAA84389.1.
    BT019652 mRNA. Translation: AAV38458.1.
    AY189986 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAN84793.1.
    CH471137 Genomic DNA. Translation: EAW51295.1.
    CH471137 Genomic DNA. Translation: EAW51296.1.
    BC003400 mRNA. Translation: AAH03400.1.
    BC033320 mRNA. Translation: AAH33320.1.
    CCDSiCCDS4002.1.
    PIRiI39141.
    RefSeqiNP_001015892.1. NM_001015892.1.
    NP_003178.1. NM_003187.4.
    UniGeneiHs.653163.

    Genome annotation databases

    EnsembliENST00000217893; ENSP00000217893; ENSG00000085231.
    GeneIDi6880.
    KEGGihsa:6880.
    UCSCiuc003jwc.1. human.

    Polymorphism databases

    DMDMi2498981.

    Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

    Polymorphism

    Cross-referencesi

    Web resourcesi

    NIEHS-SNPs

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBL
    GenBank
    DDBJ
    Links Updated
    U25112 mRNA. Translation: AAA91318.1 .
    U21858 mRNA. Translation: AAC50153.1 .
    U30504 mRNA. Translation: AAA84389.1 .
    BT019652 mRNA. Translation: AAV38458.1 .
    AY189986 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAN84793.1 .
    CH471137 Genomic DNA. Translation: EAW51295.1 .
    CH471137 Genomic DNA. Translation: EAW51296.1 .
    BC003400 mRNA. Translation: AAH03400.1 .
    BC033320 mRNA. Translation: AAH33320.1 .
    CCDSi CCDS4002.1.
    PIRi I39141.
    RefSeqi NP_001015892.1. NM_001015892.1.
    NP_003178.1. NM_003187.4.
    UniGenei Hs.653163.

    3D structure databases

    ProteinModelPortali Q16594.
    SMRi Q16594. Positions 13-76.
    ModBasei Search...
    MobiDBi Search...

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    BioGridi 112743. 70 interactions.
    DIPi DIP-435N.
    IntActi Q16594. 42 interactions.
    MINTi MINT-2860193.
    STRINGi 9606.ENSP00000217893.

    PTM databases

    PhosphoSitei Q16594.

    Polymorphism databases

    DMDMi 2498981.

    Proteomic databases

    MaxQBi Q16594.
    PaxDbi Q16594.
    PRIDEi Q16594.

    Protocols and materials databases

    DNASUi 6880.
    Structural Biology Knowledgebase Search...

    Genome annotation databases

    Ensembli ENST00000217893 ; ENSP00000217893 ; ENSG00000085231 .
    GeneIDi 6880.
    KEGGi hsa:6880.
    UCSCi uc003jwc.1. human.

    Organism-specific databases

    CTDi 6880.
    GeneCardsi GC05M068646.
    GC05M068647.
    HGNCi HGNC:11542. TAF9.
    HPAi CAB005361.
    MIMi 600822. gene.
    neXtProti NX_Q16594.
    PharmGKBi PA36317.
    GenAtlasi Search...

    Phylogenomic databases

    eggNOGi COG5094.
    HOGENOMi HOG000231730.
    HOVERGENi HBG002304.
    InParanoidi Q16594.
    KOi K14535.
    PhylomeDBi Q16594.
    TreeFami TF351417.

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    Reactomei REACT_1655. RNA Polymerase II Transcription Pre-Initiation And Promoter Opening.
    REACT_172610. HATs acetylate histones.
    REACT_1851. RNA Polymerase II Transcription Initiation.
    REACT_2089. RNA Polymerase II Promoter Escape.
    REACT_22107. RNA Polymerase II Pre-transcription Events.
    REACT_6233. Transcription of the HIV genome.
    REACT_6253. RNA Polymerase II HIV Promoter Escape.
    REACT_6332. HIV Transcription Initiation.
    REACT_834. RNA Polymerase II Transcription Initiation And Promoter Clearance.

    Miscellaneous databases

    ChiTaRSi TAF9. human.
    GeneWikii TAF9.
    GenomeRNAii 6880.
    NextBioi 26873.
    PROi Q16594.
    SOURCEi Search...

    Gene expression databases

    ArrayExpressi Q16594.
    Bgeei Q16594.
    CleanExi HS_TAF9.
    Genevestigatori Q16594.

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3Di 1.10.20.10. 1 hit.
    InterProi IPR009072. Histone-fold.
    IPR003162. TFIID-31.
    [Graphical view ]
    PANTHERi PTHR12075. PTHR12075. 1 hit.
    Pfami PF02291. TFIID-31kDa. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view ]
    SUPFAMi SSF47113. SSF47113. 1 hit.
    ProtoNeti Search...

    Publicationsi

    1. "Human TAFII31 protein is a transcriptional coactivator of the p53 protein."
      Lu H., Levine A.J.
      Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 92:5154-5158(1995) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA], INTERACTION WITH VP16 AND TFIIB.
    2. "Molecular cloning and expression of the 32-kDa subunit of human TFIID reveals interactions with VP16 and TFIIB that mediate transcriptional activation."
      Klemm R.D., Goodrich J.A., Zhou S., Tjian R.
      Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 92:5788-5792(1995) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA], INTERACTION WITH TAF6.
    3. "Evolutionary conservation of human TATA-binding-polypeptide-associated factors TAFII31 and TAFII80 and interactions of TAFII80 with other TAFs and with general transcription factors."
      Hisatake K., Ohta T., Takada R., Guermah M., Horikoshi M., Nakatani Y., Roeder R.G.
      Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 92:8195-8199(1995) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA].
      Tissue: Brain.
    4. "Cloning of human full-length CDSs in BD Creator(TM) system donor vector."
      Kalnine N., Chen X., Rolfs A., Halleck A., Hines L., Eisenstein S., Koundinya M., Raphael J., Moreira D., Kelley T., LaBaer J., Lin Y., Phelan M., Farmer A.
      Submitted (OCT-2004) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
      Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
    5. NIEHS SNPs program
      Submitted (DEC-2002) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
      Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA], VARIANT MET-6.
    6. Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
    7. "The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC)."
      The MGC Project Team
      Genome Res. 14:2121-2127(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
      Tissue: Placenta and Testis.
    8. Cited for: PROTEIN SEQUENCE OF 25-55; 79-89; 176-200 AND 223-246, SUBUNIT, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION, IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY.
    9. "Human STAGA complex is a chromatin-acetylating transcription coactivator that interacts with pre-mRNA splicing and DNA damage-binding factors in vivo."
      Martinez E., Palhan V.B., Tjernberg A., Lymar E.S., Gamper A.M., Kundu T.K., Chait B.T., Roeder R.G.
      Mol. Cell. Biol. 21:6782-6795(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: SUBCELLULAR LOCATION, IDENTIFICATION IN THE STAGA COMPLEX WITH SUPT3H; GCN5L2; KIAA0764; TAF5L; TAF6L; TRRAP; TADA3L; TAF10 AND TAF12, IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY.
    10. "The 400 kDa subunit of the PCAF histone acetylase complex belongs to the ATM superfamily."
      Vassilev A., Yamauchi J., Kotani T., Prives C., Avantaggiati M.L., Qin J., Nakatani Y.
      Mol. Cell 2:869-875(1998) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: IDENTIFICATION IN THE PCAF COMPLEX WITH TADA2L; TADA3L; TAF5L; SUPT3H; TAF6L; TAF10; TAF12 AND TRRAP.
    11. "Physical association and coordinate function of the H3 K4 methyltransferase MLL1 and the H4 K16 acetyltransferase MOF."
      Dou Y., Milne T.A., Tackett A.J., Smith E.R., Fukuda A., Wysocka J., Allis C.D., Chait B.T., Hess J.L., Roeder R.G.
      Cell 121:873-885(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: IDENTIFICATION IN THE MLL1/MLL COMPLEX.
    12. "Characterization of hCINAP, a novel coilin-interacting protein encoded by a transcript from the transcription factor TAFIID32 locus."
      Santama N., Ogg S.C., Malekkou A., Zographos S.E., Weis K., Lamond A.I.
      J. Biol. Chem. 280:36429-36441(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: IDENTIFICATION.
    13. Cited for: INTERACTION WITH TAF6 IN A COMPLEX WITH TAF6; TAF9; TAF12 AND TAF4B, DNA-BINDING.
    14. "TAF9b (formerly TAF9L) is a bona fide TAF that has unique and overlapping roles with TAF9."
      Frontini M., Soutoglou E., Argentini M., Bole-Feysot C., Jost B., Scheer E., Tora L.
      Mol. Cell. Biol. 25:4638-4649(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: FUNCTION, SUBUNIT, INDUCTION, INTERACTION WITH TAF5 AND TAF6.
    15. Cited for: PHOSPHORYLATION [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS] AT THR-161; THR-178 AND SER-181, IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS].
      Tissue: Cervix carcinoma.
    16. "Quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis of T cell receptor signaling reveals system-wide modulation of protein-protein interactions."
      Mayya V., Lundgren D.H., Hwang S.-I., Rezaul K., Wu L., Eng J.K., Rodionov V., Han D.K.
      Sci. Signal. 2:RA46-RA46(2009) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: PHOSPHORYLATION [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS] AT SER-149; SER-158 AND THR-159, IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS].
      Tissue: Leukemic T-cell.
    17. "Lysine acetylation targets protein complexes and co-regulates major cellular functions."
      Choudhary C., Kumar C., Gnad F., Nielsen M.L., Rehman M., Walther T.C., Olsen J.V., Mann M.
      Science 325:834-840(2009) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: ACETYLATION [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS] AT MET-1 AND LYS-5, IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS].
    18. "Quantitative phosphoproteomics reveals widespread full phosphorylation site occupancy during mitosis."
      Olsen J.V., Vermeulen M., Santamaria A., Kumar C., Miller M.L., Jensen L.J., Gnad F., Cox J., Jensen T.S., Nigg E.A., Brunak S., Mann M.
      Sci. Signal. 3:RA3-RA3(2010) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: PHOSPHORYLATION [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS] AT SER-149 AND THR-178, IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS].
      Tissue: Cervix carcinoma.

    Entry informationi

    Entry nameiTAF9_HUMAN
    AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q16594
    Secondary accession number(s): D3DWA3, Q5U0D1, Q9BTS1
    Entry historyi
    Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1997
    Last sequence update: November 1, 1997
    Last modified: October 1, 2014
    This is version 148 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
    Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
    DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

    Miscellaneousi

    Caution

    AK6 and TAF9 were initially considered as products of the same gene since they share two exons. However, they are translated from different initiation codons and reading frames and encode unrelated proteins. This arrangement is conserved in some mammalian species.Curated

    Keywords - Technical termi

    Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

    Documents

    1. Human chromosome 5
      Human chromosome 5: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
    2. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
      List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    3. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
      Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    4. MIM cross-references
      Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    5. SIMILARITY comments
      Index of protein domains and families

    External Data

    Dasty 3