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Protein

Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 2, cytosolic

Gene

GAPC2

Organism
Zea mays (Maize)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 4 out of 5-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Key enzyme in glycolysis that catalyzes the first step of the pathway by converting D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P) into 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate. Essential for the maintenance of cellular ATP levels and carbohydrate metabolism (By similarity).By similarity

Catalytic activityi

D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD+ = 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Pathwayi: glycolysis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes pyruvate from D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate.
Proteins known to be involved in the 5 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 2, cytosolic (GAPC2), Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1, cytosolic (GAPC1), Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 3, cytosolic (GAPC3)
  2. no protein annotated in this organism
  3. 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate-independent phosphoglycerate mutase
  4. Enolase 1 (ENO1), Enolase 2 (ENO2)
  5. Pyruvate kinase, Pyruvate kinase (Zm.155354), Pyruvate kinase (Zm.95664), Pyruvate kinase, Pyruvate kinase (PK), Pyruvate kinase (TIDP3692), Pyruvate kinase, Pyruvate kinase (pco109318), Pyruvate kinase (LOC100272999), Pyruvate kinase (LOC100283452), Pyruvate kinase (Zm.4831), Pyruvate kinase, Pyruvate kinase (Zm.95664), Pyruvate kinase (TIDP3692), Pyruvate kinase (TIDP3692), Pyruvate kinase (Zm.5190), Pyruvate kinase (Zm.66436), Pyruvate kinase, Pyruvate kinase (LOC100191614), Pyruvate kinase (pco109318), Pyruvate kinase (pco129562), Pyruvate kinase, Pyruvate kinase, Pyruvate kinase (pco129562), Pyruvate kinase
This subpathway is part of the pathway glycolysis, which is itself part of Carbohydrate degradation.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes pyruvate from D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, the pathway glycolysis and in Carbohydrate degradation.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Binding sitei35 – 351NADBy similarity
Binding sitei82 – 821NAD; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity
Active sitei154 – 1541NucleophilePROSITE-ProRule annotation
Sitei181 – 1811Activates thiol group during catalysisBy similarity
Binding sitei184 – 1841Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphateBy similarity
Binding sitei236 – 2361Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphateBy similarity
Binding sitei318 – 3181NADBy similarity

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Nucleotide bindingi13 – 142NADBy similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Oxidoreductase

Keywords - Biological processi

Glycolysis

Keywords - Ligandi

NAD

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00109; UER00184.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 2, cytosolic (EC:1.2.1.12)
Gene namesi
Name:GAPC2
Synonyms:GPC2
OrganismiZea mays (Maize)
Taxonomic identifieri4577 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliophytaLiliopsidaPoalesPoaceaePACMAD cladePanicoideaeAndropogonodaeAndropogoneaeTripsacinaeZea
Proteomesi
  • UP000007305 Componenti: Chromosome 6

Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Chaini1 – 337337Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 2, cytosolicPRO_0000145606Add
BLAST

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ09054.
PRIDEiQ09054.
ProMEXiQ09054.

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Developing seeds, seedling roots and shoots, and embryo.

Developmental stagei

Expression decreases during seed development and embryo maturation.

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiQ09054. baseline and differential.
GenevisibleiQ09054. ZM.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Homotetramer.By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi4577.GRMZM2G180625_P03.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ09054.
SMRiQ09054. Positions 3-333.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Regioni1 – 151151Binding to NADAdd
BLAST
Regioni152 – 337186CatalyticAdd
BLAST
Regioni153 – 1553Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate bindingBy similarity
Regioni213 – 2142Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate bindingBy similarity

Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0657. Eukaryota.
COG0057. LUCA.
HOGENOMiHOG000071678.
KOiK00134.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.720. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR020831. GlycerAld/Erythrose_P_DH.
IPR020830. GlycerAld_3-P_DH_AS.
IPR020829. GlycerAld_3-P_DH_cat.
IPR020828. GlycerAld_3-P_DH_NAD(P)-bd.
IPR006424. Glyceraldehyde-3-P_DH_1.
IPR016040. NAD(P)-bd_dom.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR10836. PTHR10836. 1 hit.
PfamiPF02800. Gp_dh_C. 1 hit.
PF00044. Gp_dh_N. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF000149. GAP_DH. 1 hit.
PRINTSiPR00078. G3PDHDRGNASE.
SMARTiSM00846. Gp_dh_N. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF51735. SSF51735. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01534. GAPDH-I. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00071. GAPDH. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q09054-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MGKIKIGING FGRIGRLVAR VALQSEDVEL VAVNDPFITT DYMTYMFKYD
60 70 80 90 100
TVHGQWKHSD IALKDSKTLL FGEKPVTVFG IRNPEEIPWG EAGAEYVVES
110 120 130 140 150
TGVFTDKDKA AAHLKGGAKK VVISAPSKDA PMFVVGVNED KYTSDVNIVS
160 170 180 190 200
NASCTTNCLA PLAKVIHDNF GIIEGLMTTV HAITATQKTV DGPSAKDWRG
210 220 230 240 250
GRAASFNIIP SSTGAAKAVG KVLPELNGKL TGMSFRVPTV DVSVVDLTVR
260 270 280 290 300
IEKGASYEEI KKAIKAASEG PLKGIMGYVE EDLVSTDFTG DSRSSIFDAK
310 320 330
AGIALNDHFI KLVSWYDNEW GYSNRVVDLI RHMFKTQ
Length:337
Mass (Da):36,542
Last modified:November 1, 1996 - v1
Checksum:i05E78CD87964F244
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U45858 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAA87880.1.
X73151 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA51676.1.
U45855 mRNA. Translation: AAA87578.1.
L13432 mRNA. Translation: AAA33466.1.
PIRiPQ0178.
RefSeqiNP_001105700.1. NM_001112230.2.
UniGeneiZm.6183.

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiGRMZM2G180625_T02; GRMZM2G180625_P02; GRMZM2G180625.
GeneIDi542718.
GrameneiGRMZM2G180625_T02; GRMZM2G180625_P02; GRMZM2G180625.
KEGGizma:542718.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U45858 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAA87880.1.
X73151 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA51676.1.
U45855 mRNA. Translation: AAA87578.1.
L13432 mRNA. Translation: AAA33466.1.
PIRiPQ0178.
RefSeqiNP_001105700.1. NM_001112230.2.
UniGeneiZm.6183.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ09054.
SMRiQ09054. Positions 3-333.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi4577.GRMZM2G180625_P03.

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ09054.
PRIDEiQ09054.
ProMEXiQ09054.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiGRMZM2G180625_T02; GRMZM2G180625_P02; GRMZM2G180625.
GeneIDi542718.
GrameneiGRMZM2G180625_T02; GRMZM2G180625_P02; GRMZM2G180625.
KEGGizma:542718.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0657. Eukaryota.
COG0057. LUCA.
HOGENOMiHOG000071678.
KOiK00134.

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00109; UER00184.

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiQ09054. baseline and differential.
GenevisibleiQ09054. ZM.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.720. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR020831. GlycerAld/Erythrose_P_DH.
IPR020830. GlycerAld_3-P_DH_AS.
IPR020829. GlycerAld_3-P_DH_cat.
IPR020828. GlycerAld_3-P_DH_NAD(P)-bd.
IPR006424. Glyceraldehyde-3-P_DH_1.
IPR016040. NAD(P)-bd_dom.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR10836. PTHR10836. 1 hit.
PfamiPF02800. Gp_dh_C. 1 hit.
PF00044. Gp_dh_N. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF000149. GAP_DH. 1 hit.
PRINTSiPR00078. G3PDHDRGNASE.
SMARTiSM00846. Gp_dh_N. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF51735. SSF51735. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01534. GAPDH-I. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00071. GAPDH. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

  1. Liaud M.-F.
    Submitted (MAY-1993) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE.
    Strain: cv. RP704.
  2. "Molecular characterization and promoter analysis of the maize cytosolic glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene family and its expression during anoxia."
    Manjunath S., Sachs M.M.
    Plant Mol. Biol. 33:97-112(1997) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE.
    Strain: cv. B73.
  3. "Differential expression and sequence analysis of the maize glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene family."
    Russell D.A., Sachs M.M.
    Plant Cell 1:793-803(1989) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE OF 91-337.
    Strain: cv. Berkeley Fast.
    Tissue: Coleoptile.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiG3PC2_MAIZE
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q09054
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 15, 1999
Last sequence update: November 1, 1996
Last modified: February 17, 2016
This is version 110 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Miscellaneous

Plants contain two types of GAPDH: cytosolic forms which participate in glycolysis and chloroplast forms which participate in photosynthesis. All the forms are encoded by distinct genes.

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.