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Q04604

- TYRO_PELNI

UniProt

Q04604 - TYRO_PELNI

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Protein

Tyrosinase

Gene
TYR, TYRS
Organism
Pelophylax nigromaculatus (Black-spotted frog) (Rana nigromaculata)
Status
Reviewed - Annotation score: 4 out of 5 - Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

This is a copper-containing oxidase that functions in the formation of pigments such as melanins and other polyphenolic compounds.

Catalytic activityi

2 L-dopa + O2 = 2 dopaquinone + 2 H2O.
L-tyrosine + O2 = dopaquinone + H2O.

Cofactori

Binds 2 copper ions per subunit.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Metal bindingi184 – 1841Copper A By similarity
Metal bindingi206 – 2061Copper A By similarity
Metal bindingi215 – 2151Copper A By similarity
Metal bindingi367 – 3671Copper B By similarity
Metal bindingi371 – 3711Copper B By similarity
Metal bindingi394 – 3941Copper B By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

  1. metal ion binding Source: UniProtKB-KW
  2. monophenol monooxygenase activity Source: UniProtKB-EC

GO - Biological processi

  1. melanin biosynthetic process Source: UniProtKB-KW
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Monooxygenase, Oxidoreductase

Keywords - Biological processi

Melanin biosynthesis

Keywords - Ligandi

Copper, Metal-binding

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Tyrosinase (EC:1.14.18.1)
Alternative name(s):
Monophenol monooxygenase
Gene namesi
Name:TYR
Synonyms:TYRS
OrganismiPelophylax nigromaculatus (Black-spotted frog) (Rana nigromaculata)
Taxonomic identifieri8409 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiAmphibiaBatrachiaAnuraNeobatrachiaRanoideaRanidaePelophylax

Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Topological domaini20 – 475456Lumenal, melanosome Reviewed predictionAdd
BLAST
Transmembranei476 – 49924Helical; Reviewed predictionAdd
BLAST
Topological domaini500 – 53233Cytoplasmic Reviewed predictionAdd
BLAST

GO - Cellular componenti

  1. integral component of membrane Source: UniProtKB-KW
  2. melanosome membrane Source: UniProtKB-SubCell
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Signal peptidei1 – 1919 Reviewed predictionAdd
BLAST
Chaini20 – 532513TyrosinasePRO_0000035884Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Glycosylationi90 – 901N-linked (GlcNAc...) Reviewed prediction
Glycosylationi115 – 1151N-linked (GlcNAc...) Reviewed prediction
Glycosylationi165 – 1651N-linked (GlcNAc...) Reviewed prediction
Glycosylationi234 – 2341N-linked (GlcNAc...) Reviewed prediction
Glycosylationi341 – 3411N-linked (GlcNAc...) Reviewed prediction
Glycosylationi375 – 3751N-linked (GlcNAc...) Reviewed prediction

Keywords - PTMi

Glycoprotein

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ04604.

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the tyrosinase family.

Keywords - Domaini

Signal, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

HOVERGENiHBG003553.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.1280.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR002227. Tyrosinase_Cu-bd.
IPR008922. Unchr_di-copper_centre.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00264. Tyrosinase. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00092. TYROSINASE.
SUPFAMiSSF48056. SSF48056. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00497. TYROSINASE_1. 1 hit.
PS00498. TYROSINASE_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q04604-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to Basket

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MESTTVLLAT STLLLVLHAS YGQFPRACST AQVLLSKECC PVWPGDNSSC    50
GEVSGRGVCQ DVVPSNSPVG AQFPFSGIDD RENWPIVFYN RTCQCQGNFM 100
GYNCGECRFG YTGPNCTVRR NMIRKDIFRM TTAEKDKLIA YLNLAKHTIS 150
PDYVIATGTY EQMNNGSNPM FADISAYDLF VWIHYYASRD AFLEDGSVWA 200
DIDFAHEAPG FLPWHRFYLL LWEREIQKVT GDDNFTIPFW DWRDAQQCEL 250
CTDEFFGGTH PTSNNLLSPA SFFSSWQIIC SRPEEYNSLR IICNGTNEGP 300
LLRSPGRHDR NRTPRLPTSA DVEACLSLTD YETGAMDRSA NFSFRNTLEG 350
FAVPTSGIAN RSQSSMHNSL HVFLNGSMSS VQGSANDPIF VLHHAFVDSL 400
FEQWLRRHQP SLDVYPEANA PVGHNREYNM VPFIPLFTNG EFFVQSRDLG 450
YDYDYLAESG SIEDFLLPYL EQARQIWQWL LGAAVLGGLI TAVIATIISL 500
TCRRKRKTKI SEETRPLLME AEDYQATYQS NL 532
Length:532
Mass (Da):60,116
Last modified:October 1, 1993 - v1
Checksum:iB27D3080F0C74B3A
GO

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Natural varianti10 – 101T → A.

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
Links Updated
D12514 mRNA. Translation: BAA02077.1.
D37779 Genomic DNA. Translation: BAA07034.1.
PIRiJC1392.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
Links Updated
D12514 mRNA. Translation: BAA02077.1 .
D37779 Genomic DNA. Translation: BAA07034.1 .
PIRi JC1392.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortali Q04604.
ModBasei Search...
MobiDBi Search...

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology Knowledgebase Search...

Phylogenomic databases

HOVERGENi HBG003553.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di 1.10.1280.10. 1 hit.
InterProi IPR002227. Tyrosinase_Cu-bd.
IPR008922. Unchr_di-copper_centre.
[Graphical view ]
Pfami PF00264. Tyrosinase. 1 hit.
[Graphical view ]
PRINTSi PR00092. TYROSINASE.
SUPFAMi SSF48056. SSF48056. 1 hit.
PROSITEi PS00497. TYROSINASE_1. 1 hit.
PS00498. TYROSINASE_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view ]
ProtoNeti Search...

Publicationsi

  1. "Cloning and sequencing of the cDNA encoding tyrosinase of the Japanese pond frog, Rana nigromaculata."
    Takase M., Miura I., Nakata A., Takeuchi T., Nishioka M.
    Gene 121:359-363(1992) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA].
  2. "Analysis of the tyrosinase gene of the Japanese pond frog, Rana nigromaculata: cloning and nucleotide sequence of the genomic DNA containing the tyrosinase gene and its flanking regions."
    Miura I., Okumoto H., Makino K., Nakata A., Nishioka M.
    Jpn. J. Genet. 70:79-92(1995) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA] OF 1-277.
    Tissue: Blood.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiTYRO_PELNI
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q04604
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1993
Last sequence update: October 1, 1993
Last modified: June 11, 2014
This is version 74 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

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