Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Protein

Testis-specific Y-encoded protein 1

Gene

TSPY1

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

May be involved in sperm differentiation and proliferation.1 Publication

GO - Biological processi

  1. cell differentiation Source: UniProtKB-KW
  2. cell proliferation Source: ProtInc
  3. gonadal mesoderm development Source: UniProtKB-KW
  4. nucleosome assembly Source: InterPro
  5. sex differentiation Source: ProtInc
  6. spermatogenesis Source: ProtInc
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Developmental protein

Keywords - Biological processi

Differentiation, Gonadal differentiation, Spermatogenesis

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Testis-specific Y-encoded protein 1
Alternative name(s):
Cancer/testis antigen 78
Short name:
CT78
Gene namesi
Name:TSPY1
Synonyms:TSPY
OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
ProteomesiUP000005640 Componenti: Chromosome Y

Organism-specific databases

HGNCiHGNC:12381. TSPY1.

Subcellular locationi

  1. Cytoplasm 1 Publication
  2. Nucleus 1 Publication

  3. Note: Predominantly cytoplasmic. Also found in nucleus.

GO - Cellular componenti

  1. cytoplasm Source: UniProtKB-SubCell
  2. nucleus Source: UniProtKB-SubCell
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus

Pathology & Biotechi

Involvement in diseasei

TSPY is located in the gonadoblastoma critical region and is preferentially expressed in tumor germ cells of gonadoblastoma specimens. Expression also correlates with testicular seminoma and tumorigenesis of the prostate gland.

Organism-specific databases

Orphaneti1646. Partial chromosome Y deletion.
PharmGKBiPA165791579.

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiTSPY1.
DMDMi332278243.

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Chaini1 – 308308Testis-specific Y-encoded protein 1PRO_0000185668Add
BLAST

Post-translational modificationi

Phosphorylated.1 Publication

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ01534.
PRIDEiQ01534.

PTM databases

PhosphoSiteiQ01534.

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Specifically expressed in testicular tissues. Isoform 1 and isoform 2 are expressed in spermatogonia and spermatocytes. Found in early testicular carcinoma in situ, spermatogonial cells in testicular tissues of 46,X,Y female and in prostate cancer cell lines.2 Publications

Developmental stagei

Detected in 22-week old testis.1 Publication

Inductioni

Up-regulated by androgen in a prostate cancer cell line.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

BgeeiQ01534.
CleanExiHS_TSPY1.
GenevestigatoriQ01534.

Organism-specific databases

HPAiHPA049384.

Interactioni

Binary interactionsi

WithEntry#Exp.IntActNotes
Eef1a1P101265EBI-1973142,EBI-773865From a different organism.

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi113109. 4 interactions.
608573. 1 interaction.
940742. 1 interaction.
DIPiDIP-46607N.
IntActiQ01534. 3 interactions.
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000314077.

Structurei

3D structure databases

SMRiQ01534. Positions 106-288.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiNOG277815.
GeneTreeiENSGT00530000062882.
HOGENOMiHOG000253937.
HOVERGENiHBG014779.
InParanoidiQ01534.
KOiK11284.
OrthoDBiEOG7FBRJB.
TreeFamiTF313386.

Family and domain databases

InterProiIPR002164. NAP_family.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR11875. PTHR11875. 1 hit.
PfamiPF00956. NAP. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequences (2)i

Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 2 isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket

Note: Additional isoforms seem to exist.

Isoform 1 (identifier: Q01534-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

Also known as: Short, TSPY-S

This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MRPEGSLTYR VPERLRQGFC GVGRAAQALV CASAKEGTAF RMEAVQEGAA
60 70 80 90 100
GVESEQAALG EEAVLLLDDI MAEVEVVAEE EGLVERREEA QRAQQAVPGP
110 120 130 140 150
GPMTPESAPE ELLAVQVELE PVNAQARKAF SRQREKMERR RKPHLDRRGA
160 170 180 190 200
VIQSVPGFWA NVIANHPQMS ALITDEDEDM LSYMVSLEVG EEKHPVHLCK
210 220 230 240 250
IMLFFRSNPY FQNKVITKEY LVNITEYRAS HSTPIEWYPD YEVEAYRRRH
260 270 280 290 300
HNSSLNFFNW FSDHNFAGSN KIAEILCKDL WRNPLQYYKR MKPPEEGTET

SGDSQLLS
Length:308
Mass (Da):35,012
Last modified:May 3, 2011 - v4
Checksum:i5BDF0770F0B400A2
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: Q01534-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

Also known as: Long, TSPY-L

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     275-308: ILCKDLWRNPLQYYKRMKPPEEGTETSGDSQLLS → SPDRSYVRTCGAIPCNTTRG

Show »
Length:294
Mass (Da):33,169
Checksum:iD00764D1DB24339A
GO

Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAA36570.1 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Translation N-terminally extended.Curated
The sequence AAA61238.1 differs from that shown.Probable unspliced transcript.Curated
The sequence CAA29640.1 differs from that shown.Sequence of unknown origin inserted in the coding sequence.Curated
The sequence X74029 differs from that shown. Reason: Frameshift at several positions. Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Sequence conflicti2 – 32RP → PA in X74029 (PubMed:8244388).Curated
Sequence conflicti92 – 932RA → PR in AAB51693 (PubMed:8923009).Curated
Sequence conflicti92 – 932RA → PR in AAD47421 (PubMed:10773691).Curated
Sequence conflicti92 – 932RA → PR in AAA36570 (PubMed:1284595).Curated
Sequence conflicti109 – 1091P → L in AAB51693 (PubMed:8923009).Curated
Sequence conflicti109 – 1091P → L in AAD47421 (PubMed:10773691).Curated
Sequence conflicti109 – 1091P → L in AAI21115 (PubMed:15489334).Curated
Sequence conflicti109 – 1091P → L in AAA36570 (PubMed:1284595).Curated
Sequence conflicti190 – 1901G → E in AAB51693 (PubMed:8923009).Curated
Sequence conflicti190 – 1901G → E in AAD47421 (PubMed:10773691).Curated
Sequence conflicti190 – 1901G → E in AAI21115 (PubMed:15489334).Curated
Sequence conflicti190 – 1901G → E in AAA36570 (PubMed:1284595).Curated

Polymorphismi

Variants Val-Glu-Val-Val-Ala-Glu-79 Ins and Arg-195 are shown to be present in a number of TSPY1 copies of the Yp11 loci. Variant Arg-195 is shown to be present at least in one TSPY1 copy of the Yq locus.
Maps to a tandemly repeated region on chromosome Yp11; additionally at least one copy is reported originating from Yq. The gene is thought to be present with an inter-individual variation in copy number and between 20 and 60 copies per Y chromosome are expected. PubMed:12815422 reports 35 tandemly repeated gene copies on Yp11 originating from one individual.

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Natural varianti79 – 791E → EVEVVAE.
VAR_016226
Natural varianti195 – 1951P → R.2 Publications
VAR_016227
Natural varianti216 – 2161I → F.1 Publication
VAR_016228

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Alternative sequencei275 – 30834ILCKD…SQLLS → SPDRSYVRTCGAIPCNTTRG in isoform 2. CuratedVSP_008012Add
BLAST

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U58096 mRNA. Translation: AAB51693.1.
AF106331 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAD47421.1.
AC006156 Genomic DNA. No translation available.
BC121114 mRNA. Translation: AAI21115.1.
X74029 Genomic DNA. No translation available.
M94893 mRNA. Translation: AAA61238.1. Sequence problems.
M98524 Genomic DNA. No translation available.
M98525 mRNA. Translation: AAA36570.1. Different initiation.
X06325 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA29640.1. Sequence problems.
CCDSiCCDS48205.1. [Q01534-1]
CCDS76071.1. [Q01534-2]
PIRiA27293.
A40571.
I54327.
RefSeqiNP_001071165.2. NM_001077697.2.
NP_001269398.1. NM_001282469.1.
NP_003299.2. NM_003308.3. [Q01534-1]
UniGeneiHs.556121.
Hs.646249.
Hs.647493.
Hs.730364.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000423647; ENSP00000389324; ENSG00000258992. [Q01534-2]
ENST00000451548; ENSP00000403304; ENSG00000258992. [Q01534-1]
GeneIDi100289087.
7258.
728137.
KEGGihsa:100289087.
hsa:7258.
hsa:728137.
UCSCiuc004frw.4. human. [Q01534-1]
uc004frx.4. human. [Q01534-2]

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiTSPY1.

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing, Polymorphism

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U58096 mRNA. Translation: AAB51693.1.
AF106331 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAD47421.1.
AC006156 Genomic DNA. No translation available.
BC121114 mRNA. Translation: AAI21115.1.
X74029 Genomic DNA. No translation available.
M94893 mRNA. Translation: AAA61238.1. Sequence problems.
M98524 Genomic DNA. No translation available.
M98525 mRNA. Translation: AAA36570.1. Different initiation.
X06325 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA29640.1. Sequence problems.
CCDSiCCDS48205.1. [Q01534-1]
CCDS76071.1. [Q01534-2]
PIRiA27293.
A40571.
I54327.
RefSeqiNP_001071165.2. NM_001077697.2.
NP_001269398.1. NM_001282469.1.
NP_003299.2. NM_003308.3. [Q01534-1]
UniGeneiHs.556121.
Hs.646249.
Hs.647493.
Hs.730364.

3D structure databases

SMRiQ01534. Positions 106-288.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi113109. 4 interactions.
608573. 1 interaction.
940742. 1 interaction.
DIPiDIP-46607N.
IntActiQ01534. 3 interactions.
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000314077.

PTM databases

PhosphoSiteiQ01534.

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiTSPY1.
DMDMi332278243.

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ01534.
PRIDEiQ01534.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000423647; ENSP00000389324; ENSG00000258992. [Q01534-2]
ENST00000451548; ENSP00000403304; ENSG00000258992. [Q01534-1]
GeneIDi100289087.
7258.
728137.
KEGGihsa:100289087.
hsa:7258.
hsa:728137.
UCSCiuc004frw.4. human. [Q01534-1]
uc004frx.4. human. [Q01534-2]

Organism-specific databases

CTDi100289087.
7258.
728137.
GeneCardsiGC0YP009304.
H-InvDBHIX0148579.
HGNCiHGNC:12381. TSPY1.
HPAiHPA049384.
MIMi480100. gene.
neXtProtiNX_Q01534.
Orphaneti1646. Partial chromosome Y deletion.
PharmGKBiPA165791579.
GenAtlasiSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiNOG277815.
GeneTreeiENSGT00530000062882.
HOGENOMiHOG000253937.
HOVERGENiHBG014779.
InParanoidiQ01534.
KOiK11284.
OrthoDBiEOG7FBRJB.
TreeFamiTF313386.

Miscellaneous databases

NextBioi20778832.
PROiQ01534.
SOURCEiSearch...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiQ01534.
CleanExiHS_TSPY1.
GenevestigatoriQ01534.

Family and domain databases

InterProiIPR002164. NAP_family.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR11875. PTHR11875. 1 hit.
PfamiPF00956. NAP. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

« Hide 'large scale' publications
  1. "Testis-specific protein, Y-encoded (TSPY) expression in testicular tissues."
    Schnieders F., Doerk T., Arnemann J., Vogel T., Werner P., Schmidtke J.
    Hum. Mol. Genet. 5:1801-1807(1996) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] (ISOFORM 1), FUNCTION, ALTERNATIVE SPLICING, TISSUE SPECIFICITY, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION, DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE, PHOSPHORYLATION.
    Tissue: Testis.
  2. "Characterization of a new TSPY gene family member in Yq (TSPYq1)."
    Ratti A., Stuppia L., Gatta V., Fogh I., Calabrese G., Pizzuti A., Palka G.
    Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 88:159-162(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA] (ISOFORM 1), DISEASE, VARIANT ARG-195.
  3. Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
  4. "The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC)."
    The MGC Project Team
    Genome Res. 14:2121-2127(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA] (ISOFORM 1).
  5. "TSPY-related sequences represent a microheterogeneous gene family organized as constitutive elements in DYZ5 tandem repeat units on the human Y chromosome."
    Manz E., Schnieders F., Mueller Brechlin A., Schmidtke J.
    Genomics 17:726-731(1993) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA] OF 1-274, VARIANT PHE-216.
  6. "Cloning and sequence analysis of a human Y-chromosome-derived, testicular cDNA, TSPY."
    Arnemann J., Jakubiczka S., Thuring S., Schmidtke J.
    Genomics 11:108-114(1991) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA / MRNA] OF 5-248.
    Tissue: Testis.
  7. "Molecular isolation and characterization of an expressed gene from the human Y chromosome."
    Zhang J.S., Yang-Feng T.L., Muller U., Mohandas T.K., de Jong P.J., Lau Y.-F.C.
    Hum. Mol. Genet. 1:717-726(1992) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA] OF 42-308 (ISOFORM 2).
    Tissue: Testis.
  8. "A human Y-chromosomal DNA sequence expressed in testicular tissue."
    Arnemann J., Epplen J.T., Cooke H.J., Sauermann U., Engel W., Schmidtke J.
    Nucleic Acids Res. 15:8713-8724(1987) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: PRELIMINARY PARTIAL NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].
    Tissue: Testis.
  9. "Expression, alternative splicing and haplotype analysis of transcribed testis specific protein (TSPY) genes."
    Krick R., Jakubiczka S., Arnemann J.
    Gene 302:11-19(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: ALTERNATIVE SPLICING (ISOFORMS 1 AND 2), GENE FAMILY ORGANIZATION.
  10. "TSPY variants in six loci on the human Y chromosome."
    Dechend F., Williams G., Skawran B., Schubert S., Krawczak M., Tyler-Smith C., Schmidtke J.
    Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 91:67-71(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANTS VAL-GLU-VAL-VAL-ALA-GLU-79 INS AND ARG-195, GENE FAMILY ORGANIZATION.
  11. "Expression analysis of thirty one Y chromosome genes in human prostate cancer."
    Lau Y.-F.C., Zhang J.
    Mol. Carcinog. 27:308-321(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: TISSUE SPECIFICITY, INDUCTION.
  12. "Gonadoblastoma, testicular and prostate cancers, and the TSPY gene."
    Lau Y.-F.C.
    Am. J. Hum. Genet. 64:921-927(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: REVIEW, DISEASE.
  13. "Expression of a candidate gene for the gonadoblastoma locus in gonadoblastoma and testicular seminoma."
    Lau Y.-F.C., Chou P.M., Iezzoni J.C., Alonzo J.A., Koemueves L.G.
    Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 91:160-164(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: DISEASE.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiTSPY1_HUMAN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q01534
Secondary accession number(s): A6NJD2
, O00216, P09002, Q0VAD3, Q9UNN7
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: June 1, 1994
Last sequence update: May 3, 2011
Last modified: April 29, 2015
This is version 143 of the entry and version 4 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Human chromosome Y
    Human chromosome Y: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  2. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
  3. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  4. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  5. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into Uniref entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.