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Protein

Ephrin-A5

Gene

Efna5

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Cell surface GPI-bound ligand for Eph receptors, a family of receptor tyrosine kinases which are crucial for migration, repulsion and adhesion during neuronal, vascular and epithelial development. Binds promiscuously Eph receptors residing on adjacent cells, leading to contact-dependent bidirectional signaling into neighboring cells. The signaling pathway downstream of the receptor is referred to as forward signaling while the signaling pathway downstream of the ephrin ligand is referred to as reverse signaling. Induces compartmentalized signaling within a caveolae-like membrane microdomain when bound to the extracellular domain of its cognate receptor. This signaling event requires the activity of the Fyn tyrosine kinase. Activates the EPHA3 receptor to regulate cell-cell adhesion and cytoskeletal organization. With the receptor EPHA2 may regulate lens fiber cells shape and interactions and be important for lens transparency maintenance. May function actively to stimulate axon fasciculation. The interaction of EFNA5 with EPHA5 also mediates communication between pancreatic islet cells to regulate glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Cognate/functional ligand for EPHA7, their interaction regulates brain development modulating cell-cell adhesion and repulsion (By similarity).By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

  • ephrin receptor binding Source: RGD

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionDevelopmental protein
Biological processDifferentiation, Neurogenesis

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Ephrin-A5
Alternative name(s):
AL-1
EPH-related receptor tyrosine kinase ligand 7
Short name:
LERK-7
Gene namesi
Name:Efna5
Synonyms:Eplg7, Lerk7
OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

RGDi620391 Efna5

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Membrane

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Signal peptidei1 – 20Sequence analysisAdd BLAST20
ChainiPRO_000000838121 – 203Ephrin-A5Add BLAST183
PropeptideiPRO_0000008382204 – 228Removed in mature formSequence analysisAdd BLAST25

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Glycosylationi37N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Disulfide bondi62 ↔ 102PROSITE-ProRule annotation
Disulfide bondi90 ↔ 151PROSITE-ProRule annotation
Lipidationi203GPI-anchor amidated asparagineSequence analysis1

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein, GPI-anchor, Lipoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP97605

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Expressed in brain, heart, placenta and lung.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Binds to the receptor tyrosine kinases EPHA2, EPHA3, EPHB1 and EPHB2. Interacts with EPHA8; activates EPHA8. Forms a ternary EFNA5-EPHA3-ADAM10 complex mediating EFNA5 extracellular domain shedding by ADAM10 which regulates the EFNA5-EPHA3 complex internalization and function (By similarity).By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

  • ephrin receptor binding Source: RGD

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000039406

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP97605
SMRiP97605
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Domaini29 – 162Ephrin RBDPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST134

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the ephrin family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3858 Eukaryota
ENOG4111FMJ LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000234373
HOVERGENiHBG051447
InParanoidiP97605
KOiK05462
PhylomeDBiP97605

Family and domain databases

CDDicd10425 Ephrin-A_Ectodomain, 1 hit
Gene3Di2.60.40.420, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR008972 Cupredoxin
IPR031328 Ephrin
IPR034252 Ephrin-A_Ecto
IPR019765 Ephrin_CS
IPR001799 Ephrin_RBD
PANTHERiPTHR11304 PTHR11304, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00812 Ephrin, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01347 EPHRIN
ProDomiView protein in ProDom or Entries sharing at least one domain
PD002533 Ephrin, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF49503 SSF49503, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS01299 EPHRIN_RBD_1, 1 hit
PS51551 EPHRIN_RBD_2, 1 hit

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P97605-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MLHVEMLTLL FLVLWMCVFS QDPGSKVVAD RYAVYWNSSN PRFQRGDYHI
60 70 80 90 100
DVCINDYLDV FCPHYEDSVP EDKTERYVLY MVNFDGYSAC DHTSKGFKRW
110 120 130 140 150
ECNRPHSPNG PLKFSEKFQL FTPFSLGFEF RPGREYFYIS SAIPDNGRRS
160 170 180 190 200
CLKLKVFVRP TNSCMKTIGV RDRVFDVNDK VENSLEPADD TVHESAEPSR
210 220
GENAAQTPRI PSRLLAILLF LLAMLLTL
Length:228
Mass (Da):26,358
Last modified:December 15, 1998 - v2
Checksum:i855985532D580022
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U69279 mRNA Translation: AAC05801.1
RefSeqiNP_446355.1, NM_053903.1
UniGeneiRn.10714

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi116683
KEGGirno:116683
UCSCiRGD:620391 rat

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiEFNA5_RAT
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P97605
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1997
Last sequence update: December 15, 1998
Last modified: May 23, 2018
This is version 122 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

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