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P93046 (XTH31_ARATH) Reviewed, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

Last modified February 19, 2014. Version 107. Feed History...

Clusters with 100%, 90%, 50% identity | Documents (3) | Third-party data text xml rdf/xml gff fasta
to top of pageNames·Attributes·General annotation·Ontologies·Sequence annotation·Sequences·References·Cross-refs·Entry info·DocumentsCustomize order

Names and origin

Protein namesRecommended name:
Probable xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase protein 31

Short name=At-XTH31
Short name=AtXTR8
Short name=XTH-31
EC=2.4.1.207
Gene names
Name:XTH31
Synonyms:ATXG, XTR8
Ordered Locus Names:At3g44990
ORF Names:F14D17.60
OrganismArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress) [Reference proteome]
Taxonomic identifier3702 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliophytaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis

Protein attributes

Sequence length293 AA.
Sequence statusComplete.
Sequence processingThe displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.
Protein existenceEvidence at transcript level

General annotation (Comments)

Function

Catalyzes xyloglucan endohydrolysis (XEH) and/or endotransglycosylation (XET). Cleaves and religates xyloglucan polymers, an essential constituent of the primary cell wall, and thereby participates in cell wall construction of growing tissues By similarity.

Catalytic activity

Breaks a beta-(1->4) bond in the backbone of a xyloglucan and transfers the xyloglucanyl segment on to O-4 of the non-reducing terminal glucose residue of an acceptor, which can be a xyloglucan or an oligosaccharide of xyloglucan.

Subcellular location

Secretedcell wall Probable. Secretedextracellular spaceapoplast Probable.

Tissue specificity

Predominantly expressed in root. Weakly expressed in influorescence stems. Ref.1 Ref.5

Developmental stage

Expressed in germinating seeds from 24 hours after imbibation, and reaches a maximum level at 72 hours. After 96 hours, it then decreases. Ref.1

Induction

By gibberellins Probable. Not induced by auxin. Ref.1

Post-translational modification

Contains at least one intrachain disulfide bond essential for its enzymatic activity By similarity.

Miscellaneous

In contrast to group 1 and group 2 endotransglucosylase/hydrolase proteins, it may not contain the ligase activity, and may catalyze endohydrolysis xyloglucan polymers only.

Sequence similarities

Belongs to the glycosyl hydrolase 16 family. XTH group 3 subfamily.

Sequence annotation (Features)

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifier

Molecule processing

Signal peptide1 – 2020 Potential
Chain21 – 293273Probable xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase protein 31
PRO_0000011831

Sites

Active site1141Nucleophile By similarity
Active site1181Proton donor By similarity

Experimental info

Sequence conflict111L → V in CAA63553. Ref.1
Sequence conflict2601S → T in CAA63553. Ref.1

Sequences

Sequence LengthMass (Da)Tools
P93046 [UniParc].

Last modified November 28, 2003. Version 2.
Checksum: D999B4C62C5ABCA8

FASTA29333,541
        10         20         30         40         50         60 
MALSLIFLAL LVLCPSSGHS QRSPSPGYYP SSRVPTSPFD REFRTLWGSQ HQRREQDVVT 

        70         80         90        100        110        120 
LWLDKSTGSG FKSLRPYRSG YFGASIKLQP GFTAGVDTSL YLSNNQEHPG DHDEVDIEFL 

       130        140        150        160        170        180 
GTTPGKPYSL QTNVFVRGSG DRNVIGREMK FTLWFDPTQD FHHYAILWNP NQIVFFVDDV 

       190        200        210        220        230        240 
PIRTYNRKNE AIFPTRPMWV YGSIWDASDW ATENGRIKAD YRYQPFVAKY KNFKLAGCTA 

       250        260        270        280        290 
DSSSSCRPPS PAPMRNRGLS RQQMAALTWA QRNFLVYNYC HDPKRDHTQT PEC 

« Hide

References

« Hide 'large scale' references
[1]"A new cDNA encoding a xyloglucan endo-transglycosylase-related polypeptide (AtXTR8) preferentially expressed in seedling, root and stem of Arabidopsis thaliana."
Aubert D., Herzog M.
Plant Sci. 121:187-196(1996)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA], TISSUE SPECIFICITY, DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE, INDUCTION.
Tissue: Seed.
[2]"Sequence and analysis of chromosome 3 of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana."
Salanoubat M., Lemcke K., Rieger M., Ansorge W., Unseld M., Fartmann B., Valle G., Bloecker H., Perez-Alonso M., Obermaier B., Delseny M., Boutry M., Grivell L.A., Mache R., Puigdomenech P., De Simone V., Choisne N., Artiguenave F. expand/collapse author list , Robert C., Brottier P., Wincker P., Cattolico L., Weissenbach J., Saurin W., Quetier F., Schaefer M., Mueller-Auer S., Gabel C., Fuchs M., Benes V., Wurmbach E., Drzonek H., Erfle H., Jordan N., Bangert S., Wiedelmann R., Kranz H., Voss H., Holland R., Brandt P., Nyakatura G., Vezzi A., D'Angelo M., Pallavicini A., Toppo S., Simionati B., Conrad A., Hornischer K., Kauer G., Loehnert T.-H., Nordsiek G., Reichelt J., Scharfe M., Schoen O., Bargues M., Terol J., Climent J., Navarro P., Collado C., Perez-Perez A., Ottenwaelder B., Duchemin D., Cooke R., Laudie M., Berger-Llauro C., Purnelle B., Masuy D., de Haan M., Maarse A.C., Alcaraz J.-P., Cottet A., Casacuberta E., Monfort A., Argiriou A., Flores M., Liguori R., Vitale D., Mannhaupt G., Haase D., Schoof H., Rudd S., Zaccaria P., Mewes H.-W., Mayer K.F.X., Kaul S., Town C.D., Koo H.L., Tallon L.J., Jenkins J., Rooney T., Rizzo M., Walts A., Utterback T., Fujii C.Y., Shea T.P., Creasy T.H., Haas B., Maiti R., Wu D., Peterson J., Van Aken S., Pai G., Militscher J., Sellers P., Gill J.E., Feldblyum T.V., Preuss D., Lin X., Nierman W.C., Salzberg S.L., White O., Venter J.C., Fraser C.M., Kaneko T., Nakamura Y., Sato S., Kato T., Asamizu E., Sasamoto S., Kimura T., Idesawa K., Kawashima K., Kishida Y., Kiyokawa C., Kohara M., Matsumoto M., Matsuno A., Muraki A., Nakayama S., Nakazaki N., Shinpo S., Takeuchi C., Wada T., Watanabe A., Yamada M., Yasuda M., Tabata S.
Nature 408:820-822(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
Strain: cv. Columbia.
[3]The Arabidopsis Information Resource (TAIR)
Submitted (APR-2011) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
Cited for: GENOME REANNOTATION.
Strain: cv. Columbia.
[4]"Empirical analysis of transcriptional activity in the Arabidopsis genome."
Yamada K., Lim J., Dale J.M., Chen H., Shinn P., Palm C.J., Southwick A.M., Wu H.C., Kim C.J., Nguyen M., Pham P.K., Cheuk R.F., Karlin-Newmann G., Liu S.X., Lam B., Sakano H., Wu T., Yu G. expand/collapse author list , Miranda M., Quach H.L., Tripp M., Chang C.H., Lee J.M., Toriumi M.J., Chan M.M., Tang C.C., Onodera C.S., Deng J.M., Akiyama K., Ansari Y., Arakawa T., Banh J., Banno F., Bowser L., Brooks S.Y., Carninci P., Chao Q., Choy N., Enju A., Goldsmith A.D., Gurjal M., Hansen N.F., Hayashizaki Y., Johnson-Hopson C., Hsuan V.W., Iida K., Karnes M., Khan S., Koesema E., Ishida J., Jiang P.X., Jones T., Kawai J., Kamiya A., Meyers C., Nakajima M., Narusaka M., Seki M., Sakurai T., Satou M., Tamse R., Vaysberg M., Wallender E.K., Wong C., Yamamura Y., Yuan S., Shinozaki K., Davis R.W., Theologis A., Ecker J.R.
Science 302:842-846(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
Strain: cv. Columbia.
[5]"A comprehensive expression analysis of all members of a gene family encoding cell-wall enzymes allowed us to predict cis-regulatory regions involved in cell-wall construction in specific organs of Arabidopsis."
Yokoyama R., Nishitani K.
Plant Cell Physiol. 42:1025-1033(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: TISSUE SPECIFICITY.
[6]"The XTH family of enzymes involved in xyloglucan endotransglucosylation and endohydrolysis: current perspectives and a new unifying nomenclature."
Rose J.K.C., Braam J., Fry S.C., Nishitani K.
Plant Cell Physiol. 43:1421-1435(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: NOMENCLATURE.
+Additional computationally mapped references.

Cross-references

Sequence databases

EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
X92975 mRNA. Translation: CAA63553.1.
AL353992 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAB89314.1.
CP002686 Genomic DNA. Translation: AEE77976.1.
AY056163 mRNA. Translation: AAL07012.1.
AY136454 mRNA. Translation: AAM97119.1.
BT006326 mRNA. Translation: AAP13434.1.
PIRT48975.
RefSeqNP_190085.1. NM_114368.2.
UniGeneAt.20372.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortalP93046.
SMRP93046. Positions 18-293.
ModBaseSearch...
MobiDBSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING3702.AT3G44990.1-P.

Protein family/group databases

CAZyGH16. Glycoside Hydrolase Family 16.

Proteomic databases

PaxDbP93046.
PRIDEP93046.

Protocols and materials databases

StructuralBiologyKnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsAT3G44990.1; AT3G44990.1; AT3G44990.
GeneID823634.
KEGGath:AT3G44990.

Organism-specific databases

GeneFarm2646. 265.
TAIRAT3G44990.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGNOG324158.
HOGENOMHOG000236368.
InParanoidP93046.
KOK08235.
OMALWGSQHQ.
PhylomeDBP93046.
ProtClustDBCLSN2683950.

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCycARA:AT3G44990-MONOMER.

Gene expression databases

GenevestigatorP93046.

Family and domain databases

Gene3D2.60.120.200. 1 hit.
InterProIPR008985. ConA-like_lec_gl_sf.
IPR013320. ConA-like_subgrp.
IPR000757. Glyco_hydro_16.
IPR016455. XET.
IPR010713. XET_C.
[Graphical view]
PfamPF00722. Glyco_hydro_16. 1 hit.
PF06955. XET_C. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFPIRSF005604. XET. 1 hit.
SUPFAMSSF49899. SSF49899. 1 hit.
ProtoNetSearch...

Entry information

Entry nameXTH31_ARATH
AccessionPrimary (citable) accession number: P93046
Secondary accession number(s): Q9LXH6
Entry history
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 28, 2003
Last sequence update: November 28, 2003
Last modified: February 19, 2014
This is version 107 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

Relevant documents

SIMILARITY comments

Index of protein domains and families

Glycosyl hydrolases

Classification of glycosyl hydrolase families and list of entries

Arabidopsis thaliana

Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names