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P80457

- XDH_BOVIN

UniProt

P80457 - XDH_BOVIN

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Protein

Xanthine dehydrogenase/oxidase

Gene
XDH
Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed - Annotation score: 5 out of 5 - Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Key enzyme in purine degradation. Catalyzes the oxidation of hypoxanthine to xanthine. Catalyzes the oxidation of xanthine to uric acid. Contributes to the generation of reactive oxygen species.

Catalytic activityi

Xanthine + NAD+ + H2O = urate + NADH.4 Publications
Hypoxanthine + NAD+ + H2O = xanthine + NADH.4 Publications
Xanthine + H2O + O2 = urate + H2O2.4 Publications

Cofactori

Binds 2 2Fe-2S clusters.4 Publications
FAD.4 Publications
Binds 1 molybdenum-molybdopterin (Mo-MPT) cofactor per subunit.4 Publications

Enzyme regulationi

Can be converted from the dehydrogenase form (D) to the oxidase form (O) irreversibly by proteolysis or reversibly through the oxidation of sulfhydryl groups.3 Publications

Kineticsi

  1. KM=111 µM for molecular oxygen in dehydrogenase form2 Publications
  2. KM=37.7 µM for molecular oxygen in oxygenase form
  3. KM=20.8 µM for NAD
  4. KM=5 µM for xanthine

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Metal bindingi43 – 431Iron-sulfur 1
Metal bindingi48 – 481Iron-sulfur 1
Metal bindingi51 – 511Iron-sulfur 1
Metal bindingi73 – 731Iron-sulfur 1
Metal bindingi113 – 1131Iron-sulfur 2
Metal bindingi116 – 1161Iron-sulfur 2
Metal bindingi148 – 1481Iron-sulfur 2
Metal bindingi150 – 1501Iron-sulfur 2
Binding sitei337 – 3371FAD
Binding sitei360 – 3601FAD
Binding sitei404 – 4041FAD; via amide nitrogen and carbonyl oxygen
Binding sitei422 – 4221FAD
Metal bindingi767 – 7671Molybdenum
Metal bindingi798 – 7981Molybdenum; via carbonyl oxygen
Binding sitei802 – 8021Substrate
Binding sitei880 – 8801Substrate
Metal bindingi912 – 9121Molybdenum; via amide nitrogen
Binding sitei914 – 9141Substrate
Binding sitei1010 – 10101Substrate; via amide nitrogen
Metal bindingi1079 – 10791Molybdenum; via amide nitrogen
Active sitei1261 – 12611Proton acceptor1 Publication

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Nucleotide bindingi257 – 2648FAD
Nucleotide bindingi347 – 3515FAD

GO - Molecular functioni

  1. 2 iron, 2 sulfur cluster binding Source: UniProtKB
  2. electron carrier activity Source: InterPro
  3. flavin adenine dinucleotide binding Source: UniProtKB
  4. iron ion binding Source: InterPro
  5. molybdopterin cofactor binding Source: UniProtKB
  6. UDP-N-acetylmuramate dehydrogenase activity Source: InterPro
  7. xanthine dehydrogenase activity Source: UniProtKB
  8. xanthine oxidase activity Source: UniProtKB

GO - Biological processi

  1. xanthine catabolic process Source: UniProtKB
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Oxidoreductase

Keywords - Ligandi

2Fe-2S, FAD, Flavoprotein, Iron, Iron-sulfur, Metal-binding, Molybdenum, NAD

Enzyme and pathway databases

SABIO-RKP80457.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Xanthine dehydrogenase/oxidase
Including the following 2 domains:
Xanthine dehydrogenase (EC:1.17.1.4)
Short name:
XD
Xanthine oxidase (EC:1.17.3.2)
Short name:
XO
Alternative name(s):
Xanthine oxidoreductase
Short name:
XOR
Gene namesi
Name:XDH
OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
ProteomesiUP000009136: Unplaced

Subcellular locationi

Cytoplasm By similarity. Peroxisome. Secreted 3 Publications

GO - Cellular componenti

  1. extracellular region Source: UniProtKB-SubCell
  2. peroxisome Source: UniProtKB-SubCell
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Peroxisome, Secreted

Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Mutagenesisi335 – 3351R → A: Promotes conversion to the oxidase form that utilizes molecular oxygen as electron acceptor. Interferes with normal conversion to the dehydrogenase form by reducing agents. 1 Publication
Mutagenesisi336 – 3361W → A: Promotes conversion to the oxidase form that utilizes molecular oxygen as electron acceptor. Interferes with normal conversion to the dehydrogenase form by reducing agents. 1 Publication
Mutagenesisi427 – 4271R → Q: Promotes conversion to the oxidase form that utilizes molecular oxygen as electron acceptor. Interferes with normal conversion to the dehydrogenase form by reducing agents. 1 Publication

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Initiator methioninei1 – 11Removed1 Publication
Chaini2 – 13321331Xanthine dehydrogenase/oxidasePRO_0000166082Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Disulfide bondi535 ↔ 992In oxidase form By similarity
Glycosylationi1073 – 10731N-linked (GlcNAc...) Reviewed prediction

Post-translational modificationi

Subject to partial proteolysis; this alters the enzyme from the dehydrogenase form (D) to the oxidase form (O).
Contains sulfhydryl groups that are easily oxidized (in vitro); this alters the enzyme from the dehydrogenase form (D) to the oxidase form (O).

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP80457.
PRIDEiP80457.

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Detected in milk (at protein level).3 Publications

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Homodimer. Interacts with BTN1A1 By similarity.2 Publications

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000032520.

Structurei

Secondary structure

1
1332
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strand
Show more details
Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Beta strandi6 – 105
Beta strandi13 – 175
Helixi26 – 327
Beta strandi44 – 485
Beta strandi52 – 598
Turni60 – 634
Beta strandi64 – 718
Turni72 – 743
Helixi77 – 793
Beta strandi84 – 863
Helixi88 – 903
Beta strandi94 – 963
Helixi100 – 1078
Helixi117 – 13014
Helixi136 – 1405
Turni142 – 1454
Beta strandi149 – 1513
Helixi154 – 1618
Helixi198 – 2003
Helixi206 – 2083
Helixi214 – 2185
Helixi219 – 2213
Beta strandi227 – 2304
Beta strandi235 – 2384
Helixi242 – 25110
Helixi264 – 2707
Beta strandi276 – 2805
Helixi285 – 2873
Beta strandi290 – 2923
Beta strandi294 – 3007
Helixi305 – 31814
Helixi321 – 3233
Helixi325 – 33410
Beta strandi336 – 3383
Helixi340 – 3434
Helixi348 – 3547
Helixi362 – 3676
Beta strandi371 – 3766
Beta strandi379 – 3846
Helixi387 – 3893
Beta strandi403 – 4108
Beta strandi416 – 4227
Beta strandi428 – 4314
Beta strandi435 – 4439
Beta strandi446 – 46217
Helixi467 – 4715
Turni472 – 4754
Beta strandi477 – 4793
Helixi480 – 49314
Helixi505 – 52723
Turni540 – 5423
Helixi543 – 5464
Beta strandi555 – 5595
Helixi582 – 5865
Helixi593 – 5953
Beta strandi603 – 6097
Beta strandi611 – 62111
Helixi625 – 6273
Beta strandi631 – 6355
Helixi637 – 6393
Beta strandi644 – 6474
Beta strandi652 – 6554
Beta strandi658 – 6603
Beta strandi666 – 6749
Helixi675 – 6839
Beta strandi686 – 6916
Helixi698 – 7036
Beta strandi707 – 71711
Helixi719 – 7257
Beta strandi727 – 73610
Beta strandi748 – 7536
Beta strandi760 – 7645
Helixi769 – 78012
Helixi784 – 7863
Beta strandi787 – 7915
Turni798 – 8014
Helixi806 – 81914
Beta strandi823 – 8264
Helixi829 – 8357
Beta strandi842 – 8509
Beta strandi856 – 86611
Helixi874 – 88310
Turni884 – 8885
Beta strandi892 – 90110
Turni912 – 9154
Helixi916 – 93419
Helixi938 – 9458
Helixi964 – 97411
Helixi977 – 99014
Beta strandi992 – 100817
Helixi1012 – 10143
Beta strandi1016 – 10238
Beta strandi1029 – 10346
Beta strandi1038 – 10403
Helixi1042 – 105413
Helixi1058 – 10603
Beta strandi1061 – 10633
Turni1068 – 10703
Turni1079 – 10813
Helixi1082 – 110726
Helixi1113 – 112210
Beta strandi1128 – 11347
Turni1142 – 11454
Beta strandi1151 – 116515
Turni1166 – 11683
Beta strandi1171 – 118111
Helixi1188 – 120720
Turni1224 – 12263
Helixi1232 – 12343
Beta strandi1237 – 12437
Helixi1253 – 12553
Helixi1264 – 12674
Helixi1268 – 128518
Helixi1302 – 13087
Turni1312 – 13143
Helixi1317 – 13193

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBe
RCSB PDB
PDBj
Links Updated
EntryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1FIQX-ray2.50A1-219[»]
B220-569[»]
C570-1332[»]
1FO4X-ray2.10A/B1-1332[»]
1N5XX-ray2.80A/B2-1332[»]
1V97X-ray1.94A/B1-1332[»]
1VDVX-ray1.98A/B1-1332[»]
3AM9X-ray2.17A/B1-1332[»]
3AMZX-ray2.10A/B1-1332[»]
3AX7X-ray2.34A/B1-1332[»]
3AX9X-ray2.30A/B1-1332[»]
3B9JX-ray2.30A/I1-219[»]
B/J220-569[»]
C/K570-1332[»]
3BDJX-ray2.00A/B1-1332[»]
3ETRX-ray2.20A/L2-165[»]
B/M224-528[»]
C/N571-1325[»]
3EUBX-ray2.602/A/J/S1-165[»]
3/B/K/T224-528[»]
4/C/L/U571-1332[»]
3NRZX-ray1.80A/J2-165[»]
B/K224-528[»]
C/L571-1326[»]
3NS1X-ray2.60A/J2-165[»]
B/K224-528[»]
C/L571-1325[»]
3NVVX-ray1.82A/J2-165[»]
B/K195-528[»]
C/L571-1325[»]
3NVWX-ray1.60A/J2-165[»]
B/K195-528[»]
C/L571-1326[»]
3NVYX-ray2.00A/J2-165[»]
B/K195-528[»]
C/L571-1326[»]
3NVZX-ray1.60A/J2-165[»]
B/K224-528[»]
C/L571-1325[»]
3SR6X-ray2.10A/J2-165[»]
B/K224-528[»]
C/L571-1315[»]
3UNAX-ray1.90A/B1-1332[»]
3UNCX-ray1.65A/B1-1332[»]
3UNIX-ray2.20A/B1-1332[»]
DisProtiDP00450.
ProteinModelPortaliP80457.
SMRiP80457. Positions 2-165, 224-528, 571-1328.

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP80457.

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Domaini4 – 91882Fe-2S ferredoxin-typeAdd
BLAST
Domaini229 – 414186FAD-binding PCMH-typeAdd
BLAST

Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG4630.
HOGENOMiHOG000191197.
HOVERGENiHBG004182.
InParanoidiP80457.
KOiK00106.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.150.120. 1 hit.
3.10.20.30. 1 hit.
3.30.365.10. 6 hits.
3.30.43.10. 1 hit.
3.30.465.10. 1 hit.
3.90.1170.50. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR002888. 2Fe-2S-bd.
IPR001041. 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-type.
IPR006058. 2Fe2S_fd_BS.
IPR000674. Ald_Oxase/Xan_DH_a/b.
IPR016208. Ald_Oxase/xanthine_DH.
IPR008274. AldOxase/xan_DH_Mopterin-bd.
IPR012675. Beta-grasp_dom.
IPR005107. CO_DH_flav_C.
IPR016169. CO_DH_flavot_FAD-bd_sub2.
IPR016166. FAD-bd_2.
IPR016167. FAD-bd_2_sub1.
IPR002346. Mopterin_DH_FAD-bd.
IPR022407. OxRdtase_Mopterin_BS.
IPR014307. Xanthine_DH_ssu.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF01315. Ald_Xan_dh_C. 1 hit.
PF02738. Ald_Xan_dh_C2. 1 hit.
PF03450. CO_deh_flav_C. 1 hit.
PF00941. FAD_binding_5. 1 hit.
PF00111. Fer2. 1 hit.
PF01799. Fer2_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF000127. Xanthine_DH. 1 hit.
SMARTiSM01008. Ald_Xan_dh_C. 1 hit.
SM01092. CO_deh_flav_C. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF47741. SSF47741. 1 hit.
SSF54292. SSF54292. 1 hit.
SSF54665. SSF54665. 1 hit.
SSF55447. SSF55447. 1 hit.
SSF56003. SSF56003. 1 hit.
SSF56176. SSF56176. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR02963. xanthine_xdhA. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00197. 2FE2S_FER_1. 1 hit.
PS51085. 2FE2S_FER_2. 1 hit.
PS51387. FAD_PCMH. 1 hit.
PS00559. MOLYBDOPTERIN_EUK. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P80457-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to Basket

« Hide

MTADELVFFV NGKKVVEKNA DPETTLLAYL RRKLGLRGTK LGCGEGGCGA     50
CTVMLSKYDR LQDKIIHFSA NACLAPICTL HHVAVTTVEG IGSTKTRLHP 100
VQERIAKSHG SQCGFCTPGI VMSMYTLLRN QPEPTVEEIE DAFQGNLCRC 150
TGYRPILQGF RTFAKNGGCC GGNGNNPNCC MNQKKDHTVT LSPSLFNPEE 200
FMPLDPTQEP IFPPELLRLK DVPPKQLRFE GERVTWIQAS TLKELLDLKA 250
QHPEAKLVVG NTEIGIEMKF KNQLFPMIIC PAWIPELNAV EHGPEGISFG 300
AACALSSVEK TLLEAVAKLP TQKTEVFRGV LEQLRWFAGK QVKSVASLGG 350
NIITASPISD LNPVFMASGT KLTIVSRGTR RTVPMDHTFF PSYRKTLLGP 400
EEILLSIEIP YSREDEFFSA FKQASRREDD IAKVTCGMRV LFQPGSMQVK 450
ELALCYGGMA DRTISALKTT QKQLSKFWNE KLLQDVCAGL AEELSLSPDA 500
PGGMIEFRRT LTLSFFFKFY LTVLKKLGKD SKDKCGKLDP TYTSATLLFQ 550
KDPPANIQLF QEVPNGQSKE DTVGRPLPHL AAAMQASGEA VYCDDIPRYE 600
NELFLRLVTS TRAHAKIKSI DVSEAQKVPG FVCFLSADDI PGSNETGLFN 650
DETVFAKDTV TCVGHIIGAV VADTPEHAER AAHVVKVTYE DLPAIITIED 700
AIKNNSFYGS ELKIEKGDLK KGFSEADNVV SGELYIGGQD HFYLETHCTI 750
AIPKGEEGEM ELFVSTQNAM KTQSFVAKML GVPVNRILVR VKRMGGGFGG 800
KETRSTLVSV AVALAAYKTG HPVRCMLDRN EDMLITGGRH PFLARYKVGF 850
MKTGTIVALE VDHYSNAGNS RDLSHSIMER ALFHMDNCYK IPNIRGTGRL 900
CKTNLSSNTA FRGFGGPQAL FIAENWMSEV AVTCGLPAEE VRWKNMYKEG 950
DLTHFNQRLE GFSVPRCWDE CLKSSQYYAR KSEVDKFNKE NCWKKRGLCI 1000
IPTKFGISFT VPFLNQAGAL IHVYTDGSVL VSHGGTEMGQ GLHTKMVQVA 1050
SKALKIPISK IYISETSTNT VPNSSPTAAS VSTDIYGQAV YEACQTILKR 1100
LEPFKKKNPD GSWEDWVMAA YQDRVSLSTT GFYRTPNLGY SFETNSGNAF 1150
HYFTYGVACS EVEIDCLTGD HKNLRTDIVM DVGSSLNPAI DIGQVEGAFV 1200
QGLGLFTLEE LHYSPEGSLH TRGPSTYKIP AFGSIPTEFR VSLLRDCPNK 1250
KAIYASKAVG EPPLFLGASV FFAIKDAIRA ARAQHTNNNT KELFRLDSPA 1300
TPEKIRNACV DKFTTLCVTG APGNCKPWSL RV 1332
Length:1,332
Mass (Da):146,790
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v4
Checksum:i744BA523471948B7
GO

Sequence conflict

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Sequence conflicti188 – 1881T → TQ in CAA67117. 1 Publication
Sequence conflicti199 – 1991E → K in CAA67117. 1 Publication
Sequence conflicti366 – 3661M → V in CAA67117. 1 Publication
Sequence conflicti552 – 5521D → H in CAA58497. 1 Publication
Sequence conflicti958 – 9581R → K in CAA67117. 1 Publication
Sequence conflicti976 – 9761Q → E in CAA67117. 1 Publication
Sequence conflicti1039 – 10402GQ → E in CAA67117. 1 Publication
Sequence conflicti1244 – 12441L → V in CAA67117. 1 Publication
Sequence conflicti1268 – 12681A → P in CAA67117. 1 Publication
Sequence conflicti1279 – 12813RAA → ARG in CAA67117. 1 Publication

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
Links Updated
X83508 mRNA. Translation: CAA58497.1.
X98491 mRNA. Translation: CAA67117.1.
PIRiS65135.
RefSeqiNP_776397.1. NM_173972.2.
UniGeneiBt.5403.

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi280960.
KEGGibta:280960.

Cross-referencesi

Web resourcesi

Worthington enzyme manual

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
Links Updated
X83508 mRNA. Translation: CAA58497.1 .
X98491 mRNA. Translation: CAA67117.1 .
PIRi S65135.
RefSeqi NP_776397.1. NM_173972.2.
UniGenei Bt.5403.

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBe
RCSB PDB
PDBj
Links Updated
Entry Method Resolution (Å) Chain Positions PDBsum
1FIQ X-ray 2.50 A 1-219 [» ]
B 220-569 [» ]
C 570-1332 [» ]
1FO4 X-ray 2.10 A/B 1-1332 [» ]
1N5X X-ray 2.80 A/B 2-1332 [» ]
1V97 X-ray 1.94 A/B 1-1332 [» ]
1VDV X-ray 1.98 A/B 1-1332 [» ]
3AM9 X-ray 2.17 A/B 1-1332 [» ]
3AMZ X-ray 2.10 A/B 1-1332 [» ]
3AX7 X-ray 2.34 A/B 1-1332 [» ]
3AX9 X-ray 2.30 A/B 1-1332 [» ]
3B9J X-ray 2.30 A/I 1-219 [» ]
B/J 220-569 [» ]
C/K 570-1332 [» ]
3BDJ X-ray 2.00 A/B 1-1332 [» ]
3ETR X-ray 2.20 A/L 2-165 [» ]
B/M 224-528 [» ]
C/N 571-1325 [» ]
3EUB X-ray 2.60 2/A/J/S 1-165 [» ]
3/B/K/T 224-528 [» ]
4/C/L/U 571-1332 [» ]
3NRZ X-ray 1.80 A/J 2-165 [» ]
B/K 224-528 [» ]
C/L 571-1326 [» ]
3NS1 X-ray 2.60 A/J 2-165 [» ]
B/K 224-528 [» ]
C/L 571-1325 [» ]
3NVV X-ray 1.82 A/J 2-165 [» ]
B/K 195-528 [» ]
C/L 571-1325 [» ]
3NVW X-ray 1.60 A/J 2-165 [» ]
B/K 195-528 [» ]
C/L 571-1326 [» ]
3NVY X-ray 2.00 A/J 2-165 [» ]
B/K 195-528 [» ]
C/L 571-1326 [» ]
3NVZ X-ray 1.60 A/J 2-165 [» ]
B/K 224-528 [» ]
C/L 571-1325 [» ]
3SR6 X-ray 2.10 A/J 2-165 [» ]
B/K 224-528 [» ]
C/L 571-1315 [» ]
3UNA X-ray 1.90 A/B 1-1332 [» ]
3UNC X-ray 1.65 A/B 1-1332 [» ]
3UNI X-ray 2.20 A/B 1-1332 [» ]
DisProti DP00450.
ProteinModelPortali P80457.
SMRi P80457. Positions 2-165, 224-528, 571-1328.
ModBasei Search...
MobiDBi Search...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi 9913.ENSBTAP00000032520.

Chemistry

BindingDBi P80457.
ChEMBLi CHEMBL3649.

Proteomic databases

PaxDbi P80457.
PRIDEi P80457.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology Knowledgebase Search...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi 280960.
KEGGi bta:280960.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi 7498.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGi COG4630.
HOGENOMi HOG000191197.
HOVERGENi HBG004182.
InParanoidi P80457.
KOi K00106.

Enzyme and pathway databases

SABIO-RK P80457.

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTracei P80457.
NextBioi 20805070.
PROi P80457.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di 1.10.150.120. 1 hit.
3.10.20.30. 1 hit.
3.30.365.10. 6 hits.
3.30.43.10. 1 hit.
3.30.465.10. 1 hit.
3.90.1170.50. 1 hit.
InterProi IPR002888. 2Fe-2S-bd.
IPR001041. 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-type.
IPR006058. 2Fe2S_fd_BS.
IPR000674. Ald_Oxase/Xan_DH_a/b.
IPR016208. Ald_Oxase/xanthine_DH.
IPR008274. AldOxase/xan_DH_Mopterin-bd.
IPR012675. Beta-grasp_dom.
IPR005107. CO_DH_flav_C.
IPR016169. CO_DH_flavot_FAD-bd_sub2.
IPR016166. FAD-bd_2.
IPR016167. FAD-bd_2_sub1.
IPR002346. Mopterin_DH_FAD-bd.
IPR022407. OxRdtase_Mopterin_BS.
IPR014307. Xanthine_DH_ssu.
[Graphical view ]
Pfami PF01315. Ald_Xan_dh_C. 1 hit.
PF02738. Ald_Xan_dh_C2. 1 hit.
PF03450. CO_deh_flav_C. 1 hit.
PF00941. FAD_binding_5. 1 hit.
PF00111. Fer2. 1 hit.
PF01799. Fer2_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view ]
PIRSFi PIRSF000127. Xanthine_DH. 1 hit.
SMARTi SM01008. Ald_Xan_dh_C. 1 hit.
SM01092. CO_deh_flav_C. 1 hit.
[Graphical view ]
SUPFAMi SSF47741. SSF47741. 1 hit.
SSF54292. SSF54292. 1 hit.
SSF54665. SSF54665. 1 hit.
SSF55447. SSF55447. 1 hit.
SSF56003. SSF56003. 1 hit.
SSF56176. SSF56176. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsi TIGR02963. xanthine_xdhA. 1 hit.
PROSITEi PS00197. 2FE2S_FER_1. 1 hit.
PS51085. 2FE2S_FER_2. 1 hit.
PS51387. FAD_PCMH. 1 hit.
PS00559. MOLYBDOPTERIN_EUK. 1 hit.
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Publicationsi

  1. "Purification of the bovine xanthine oxidoreductase from milk fat globule membranes and cloning of complementary deoxyribonucleic acid."
    Berglund L., Rasmussen J.T., Andersen M.D., Rasmussen M.S., Petersen T.E.
    J. Dairy Sci. 79:198-204(1996) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA].
    Tissue: Mammary gland.
  2. "The xanthine oxidoreductase gene: structure and regulation."
    Terao M., Kurosaki M., Zanotta S., Garattini E.
    Biochem. Soc. Trans. 25:791-796(1997) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA].
    Tissue: Liver.
  3. "Properties of rabbit liver aldehyde oxidase and the relationship of the enzyme to xanthine oxidase and dehydrogenase."
    Turner N.A., Doyle W.A., Ventom A.M., Bray R.C.
    Eur. J. Biochem. 232:646-657(1995) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: PROTEIN SEQUENCE OF 2-23; 186-205 AND 552-562.
    Tissue: Milk.
  4. "Milk xanthine oxidase type D (dehydrogenase) and type O (oxidase). Purification, interconversion and some properties."
    Battelli M.G., Lorenzoni E., Stripe F.
    Biochem. J. 131:191-198(1973) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: CATALYTIC ACTIVITY, ENZYME REGULATION, BIOPHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES, CONVERSION BY PARTIAL PROTEOLYSIS AND BY REDUCING AGENTS.
  5. "Unique amino acids cluster for switching from the dehydrogenase to oxidase form of xanthine oxidoreductase."
    Kuwabara Y., Nishino T., Okamoto K., Matsumura T., Eger B.T., Pai E.F., Nishino T.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 100:8170-8175(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: ENZYME REGULATION, BIOPHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES, MUTAGENESIS OF ARG-335; TRP-336 AND ARG-427.
  6. "Crystal structures of bovine milk xanthine dehydrogenase and xanthine oxidase: structure-based mechanism of conversion."
    Enroth C., Eger B.T., Okamoto K., Nishino T., Nishino T., Pai E.F.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97:10723-10728(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (2.1 ANGSTROMS) IN COMPLEXES WITH FAD; IRON-SULFUR CENTERS; SALICYLATE, SUBUNIT, COFACTOR, CATALYTIC ACTIVITY, ENZYME REGULATION, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION, TISSUE SPECIFICITY.
  7. "An extremely potent inhibitor of xanthine oxidoreductase. Crystal structure of the enzyme-inhibitor complex and mechanism of inhibition."
    Okamoto K., Eger B.T., Nishino T., Kondo S., Pai E.F., Nishino T.
    J. Biol. Chem. 278:1848-1855(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (2.8 ANGSTROMS) IN COMPLEX WITH FAD; MOLYBDOPTERIN; IRON-SULFUR CENTERS AND SYNTHETIC INHIBITOR TEI-6720, COFACTOR, CATALYTIC ACTIVITY, TISSUE SPECIFICITY, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION.
  8. "The crystal structure of xanthine oxidoreductase during catalysis: implications for reaction mechanism and enzyme inhibition."
    Okamoto K., Matsumoto K., Hille R., Eger B.T., Pai E.F., Nishino T.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 101:7931-7936(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (1.94 ANGSTROMS) IN COMPLEX WITH FAD; MOLYBDOPTERIN; IRON-SULFUR CENTERS AND INHIBITOR FYX-051, ACTIVE SITE, COFACTOR, CATALYTIC ACTIVITY, TISSUE SPECIFICITY, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION.
  9. "Substrate orientation and catalysis at the molybdenum site in xanthine oxidase: crystal structures in complex with xanthine and lumazine."
    Pauff J.M., Cao H., Hille R.
    J. Biol. Chem. 284:8760-8767(2009) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (2.2 ANGSTROMS) IN COMPLEXES WITH FAD; MOLYBDOPTERIN; IRON-SULFUR CENTERS; CALCIUM IONS; XANTHINE AND LUMAZINE, COFACTOR, SUBUNIT.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiXDH_BOVIN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P80457
Secondary accession number(s): Q95325
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 1, 1996
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: July 9, 2014
This is version 131 of the entry and version 4 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

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