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Protein

Lysozyme C

Gene

LYZ

Organism
Miopithecus talapoin (Angolan talapoin) (Cercopithecus talapoin)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 3 out of 5-Protein inferred from homologyi

Functioni

Lysozymes have primarily a bacteriolytic function; those in tissues and body fluids are associated with the monocyte-macrophage system and enhance the activity of immunoagents.

Catalytic activityi

Hydrolysis of (1->4)-beta-linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in a peptidoglycan and between N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in chitodextrins.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Active sitei53 – 531PROSITE-ProRule annotation
Active sitei71 – 711PROSITE-ProRule annotation

GO - Molecular functioni

  1. lysozyme activity Source: UniProtKB-EC

GO - Biological processi

  1. cytolysis Source: UniProtKB-KW
  2. defense response to bacterium Source: UniProtKB-KW
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Antimicrobial, Bacteriolytic enzyme, Glycosidase, Hydrolase

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGH22. Glycoside Hydrolase Family 22.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Lysozyme C (EC:3.2.1.17)
Alternative name(s):
1,4-beta-N-acetylmuramidase C
Gene namesi
Name:LYZ
Synonyms:LZM
OrganismiMiopithecus talapoin (Angolan talapoin) (Cercopithecus talapoin)
Taxonomic identifieri36231 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniCercopithecidaeCercopithecinaeMiopithecus

Subcellular locationi

Secreted By similarity

GO - Cellular componenti

  1. extracellular region Source: UniProtKB-SubCell
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Secreted

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Signal peptidei1 – 1818By similarityAdd
BLAST
Chaini19 – 148130Lysozyme CPRO_0000018471Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Disulfide bondi24 ↔ 146PROSITE-ProRule annotation
Disulfide bondi48 ↔ 134PROSITE-ProRule annotation
Disulfide bondi83 ↔ 99PROSITE-ProRule annotation
Disulfide bondi95 ↔ 113PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Monomer.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP79806.
SMRiP79806. Positions 19-148.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the glycosyl hydrolase 22 family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

HOVERGENiHBG052297.

Family and domain databases

InterProiIPR001916. Glyco_hydro_22.
IPR019799. Glyco_hydro_22_CS.
IPR000974. Glyco_hydro_22_lys.
IPR023346. Lysozyme-like_dom.
IPR030056. Lysozyme_C.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR11407:SF22. PTHR11407:SF22. 1 hit.
PfamiPF00062. Lys. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00137. LYSOZYME.
PR00135. LYZLACT.
SMARTiSM00263. LYZ1. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF53955. SSF53955. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00128. LACTALBUMIN_LYSOZYME_1. 1 hit.
PS51348. LACTALBUMIN_LYSOZYME_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P79806-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MKAVIILGLV LLSVTVQGKI FERCELARTL KRLGLDGYRG ISLANWVCLA
60 70 80 90 100
KWESDYNTQA TNYNPGDQST DYGIFQINSH YWCNNGKTPG AVNACHISCN
110 120 130 140
ALLQDNIADA VTCAKRVVRD PQGIRAWVAW RNHCHNRDVS QYVQGCGV
Length:148
Mass (Da):16,487
Last modified:April 30, 1997 - v1
Checksum:i41AE0FB3432BC07E
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U76955
, U76952, U76953, U76954 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAB41220.1.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U76955
, U76952, U76953, U76954 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAB41220.1.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP79806.
SMRiP79806. Positions 19-148.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGH22. Glycoside Hydrolase Family 22.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

HOVERGENiHBG052297.

Family and domain databases

InterProiIPR001916. Glyco_hydro_22.
IPR019799. Glyco_hydro_22_CS.
IPR000974. Glyco_hydro_22_lys.
IPR023346. Lysozyme-like_dom.
IPR030056. Lysozyme_C.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR11407:SF22. PTHR11407:SF22. 1 hit.
PfamiPF00062. Lys. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00137. LYSOZYME.
PR00135. LYZLACT.
SMARTiSM00263. LYZ1. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF53955. SSF53955. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00128. LACTALBUMIN_LYSOZYME_1. 1 hit.
PS51348. LACTALBUMIN_LYSOZYME_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

  1. "Episodic adaptive evolution of primate lysozymes."
    Messier W., Stewart C.B.
    Nature 385:151-154(1996) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].
    Tissue: Blood.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiLYSC_MIOTA
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P79806
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 31, 1997
Last sequence update: April 30, 1997
Last modified: March 3, 2015
This is version 66 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Miscellaneous

Lysozyme C is capable of both hydrolysis and transglycosylation; it shows also a slight esterase activity. It acts rapidly on both peptide-substituted and unsubstituted peptidoglycan, and slowly on chitin oligosaccharides.

Documents

  1. Glycosyl hydrolases
    Classification of glycosyl hydrolase families and list of entries
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into Uniref entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.