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Protein

Squalene synthase

Gene

ERG9

Organism
Candida albicans (Yeast)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Protein inferred from homologyi

Functioni

Catalyzes the condensation of 2 two farnesyl pyrophosphate moieties to form squalene. It is the first committed enzyme of the sterol biosynthesis pathway. Required for the biosynthesis of ergosterol (By similarity).By similarity

Catalytic activityi

2 farnesyl diphosphate + NAD(P)H = squalene + 2 diphosphate + NAD(P)+.

Cofactori

Mg2+By similarity

Pathwayi: lanosterol biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes lanosterol from farnesyl diphosphate.
Proteins known to be involved in the 3 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Squalene synthase (ERG9)
  2. no protein annotated in this organism
  3. no protein annotated in this organism
This subpathway is part of the pathway lanosterol biosynthesis, which is itself part of Terpene metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes lanosterol from farnesyl diphosphate, the pathway lanosterol biosynthesis and in Terpene metabolism.

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionMultifunctional enzyme, Transferase
Biological processIsoprene biosynthesis, Lipid biosynthesis, Lipid metabolism, Steroid biosynthesis, Steroid metabolism, Sterol biosynthesis, Sterol metabolism
LigandMagnesium, NADP

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00767; UER00751

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Squalene synthase (EC:2.5.1.21)
Short name:
SQS
Short name:
SS
Alternative name(s):
FPP:FPP farnesyltransferase
Farnesyl-diphosphate farnesyltransferase
Gene namesi
Name:ERG9
OrganismiCandida albicans (Yeast)
Taxonomic identifieri5476 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaSaccharomycotinaSaccharomycetesSaccharomycetalesDebaryomycetaceaeCandida/Lodderomyces cladeCandida

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Transmembranei295 – 315HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei428 – 448HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Endoplasmic reticulum, Membrane

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00000674471 – 448Squalene synthaseAdd BLAST448

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP78589
SMRiP78589
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the phytoene/squalene synthase family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00683 Trans_IPPS_HH, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.600.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR008949 Isoprenoid_synthase_dom_sf
IPR002060 Squ/phyt_synthse
IPR006449 Squal_synth-like
IPR019845 Squalene/phytoene_synthase_CS
IPR033904 Trans_IPPS_HH
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00494 SQS_PSY, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF48576 SSF48576, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01559 squal_synth, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS01044 SQUALEN_PHYTOEN_SYN_1, 1 hit
PS01045 SQUALEN_PHYTOEN_SYN_2, 1 hit

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

P78589-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MGKFLQLLSH PTELKAVIQL FGFRQPLHPG KRDVNDKELG RCYELLNLTS
60 70 80 90 100
RSFAAVIEEL HPELRDAVMI FYLVLRALDT IEDDMTIKSS IKIPLLREFD
110 120 130 140 150
TKLNTKNWTF DGYGPNEKDR TVLVEFDKIL NVYHRLKPQY QDIIKSITFK
160 170 180 190 200
MGNGMADYIL DEEFNVYGVA TVEDYNLYCH YVAGLVGEGL TNLFVLANFG
210 220 230 240 250
DKTLTENNFA KADSMGLFLQ KTNIIRDYHE DLQDGRSFWP REIWSKYTEN
260 270 280 290 300
LQDFHKVKTP AKEFAGVSCI NELVLNALGH VTDCLDYLSL VKDPSSFSFC
310 320 330 340 350
AIPQVMAVAT LAEVYNNPKV LHGVVKIRKG TTCRLILESR TLPGVVKIFK
360 370 380 390 400
EYIQVINHKS SVRDPNYLKI GIKCGEIEQY CEMIYPNKQA LPPSMKSLPE
410 420 430 440
NKFTKIVASR ESIDLSVQRR IEPGNFNCNV VLFGIGALIL SLIYFVLY
Length:448
Mass (Da):51,171
Last modified:May 1, 1997 - v1
Checksum:i357C11E2918E4863
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
D89610 Genomic DNA Translation: BAA13995.1

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiFDFT_CANAX
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P78589
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1997
Last sequence update: May 1, 1997
Last modified: April 25, 2018
This is version 97 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health