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P77434

- ALAC_ECOLI

UniProt

P77434 - ALAC_ECOLI

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Protein
Glutamate-pyruvate aminotransferase AlaC
Gene
alaC, yfdZ, b2379, JW2376
Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Status
Reviewed - Annotation score: 5 out of 5 - Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Involved in the biosynthesis of alanine.2 Publications

Catalytic activityi

L-alanine + 2-oxoglutarate = pyruvate + L-glutamate.

Cofactori

Pyridoxal phosphate Reviewed prediction.

Kineticsi

  1. KM=0.94 mM for pyruvate (at 37 degrees Celsius and pH 8.5)1 Publication

GO - Molecular functioni

  1. L-alanine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase activity Source: EcoCyc
  2. pyridoxal phosphate binding Source: InterPro
  3. transaminase activity Source: EcoliWiki
Complete GO annotation...

GO - Biological processi

  1. D-alanine biosynthetic process Source: UniProtKB
  2. L-alanine biosynthetic process from pyruvate Source: EcoCyc
  3. alanine biosynthetic process Source: EcoliWiki
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Aminotransferase, Transferase

Keywords - Ligandi

Pyridoxal phosphate

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciEcoCyc:G7242-MONOMER.
ECOL316407:JW2376-MONOMER.
MetaCyc:G7242-MONOMER.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glutamate-pyruvate aminotransferase AlaC (EC:2.6.1.2)
Gene namesi
Name:alaC
Synonyms:yfdZ
Ordered Locus Names:b2379, JW2376
OrganismiEscherichia coli (strain K12)
Taxonomic identifieri83333 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacterialesEnterobacteriaceaeEscherichia
ProteomesiUP000000318: Chromosome, UP000000625: Chromosome

Organism-specific databases

EcoGeneiEG14198. alaC.

Subcellular locationi

Cytoplasm By similarity

GO - Cellular componenti

  1. cytoplasm Source: UniProtKB-SubCell
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Chaini1 – 412412Glutamate-pyruvate aminotransferase AlaC
PRO_0000123926Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Modified residuei244 – 2441N6-(pyridoxal phosphate)lysine By similarity

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP77434.
PRIDEiP77434.

Expressioni

Inductioni

Activated by SgrR and modestly repressed by alanine and leucine via Lrp.2 Publications

Gene expression databases

GenevestigatoriP77434.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Homodimer.1 Publication

Protein-protein interaction databases

DIPiDIP-12010N.
IntActiP77434. 8 interactions.
STRINGi511145.b2379.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP77434.

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0436.
HOGENOMiHOG000223051.
KOiK14261.
OMAiRGSIPKP.
OrthoDBiEOG6W721W.
PhylomeDBiP77434.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.640.10. 1 hit.
3.90.1150.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR004839. Aminotransferase_I/II.
IPR015424. PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase.
IPR015421. PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_major_sub1.
IPR015422. PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_major_sub2.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00155. Aminotran_1_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF53383. SSF53383. 1 hit.

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

P77434-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to Basket

« Hide

MADTRPERRF TRIDRLPPYV FNITAELKMA ARRRGEDIID FSMGNPDGAT    50
PPHIVEKLCT VAQRPDTHGY STSRGIPRLR RAISRWYQDR YDVEIDPESE 100
AIVTIGSKEG LAHLMLATLD HGDTVLVPNP SYPIHIYGAV IAGAQVRSVP 150
LVEGVDFFNE LERAIRESYP KPKMMILGFP SNPTAQCVEL EFFEKVVALA 200
KRYDVLVVHD LAYADIVYDG WKAPSIMQVP GARDVAVEFF TLSKSYNMAG 250
WRIGFMVGNK TLVSALARIK SYHDYGTFTP LQVAAIAALE GDQQCVRDIA 300
EQYKRRRDVL VKGLHEAGWM VEMPKASMYV WAKIPEPYAA MGSLEFAKKL 350
LNEAKVCVSP GIGFGDYGDT HVRFALIENR DRIRQAIRGI KAMFRADGLL 400
PASSKHIHEN AE 412
Length:412
Mass (Da):46,216
Last modified:February 1, 1997 - v1
Checksum:iF0F62F84344E588E
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
Links Updated
U00096 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAC75438.1.
AP009048 Genomic DNA. Translation: BAA16249.1.
PIRiH65011.
RefSeqiNP_416880.1. NC_000913.3.
YP_490621.1. NC_007779.1.

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAC75438; AAC75438; b2379.
BAA16249; BAA16249; BAA16249.
GeneIDi12931937.
946850.
KEGGiecj:Y75_p2346.
eco:b2379.
PATRICi32120137. VBIEscCol129921_2477.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
Links Updated
U00096 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAC75438.1 .
AP009048 Genomic DNA. Translation: BAA16249.1 .
PIRi H65011.
RefSeqi NP_416880.1. NC_000913.3.
YP_490621.1. NC_007779.1.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortali P77434.
ModBasei Search...

Protein-protein interaction databases

DIPi DIP-12010N.
IntActi P77434. 8 interactions.
STRINGi 511145.b2379.

Proteomic databases

PaxDbi P77434.
PRIDEi P77434.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology Knowledgebase Search...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriai AAC75438 ; AAC75438 ; b2379 .
BAA16249 ; BAA16249 ; BAA16249 .
GeneIDi 12931937.
946850.
KEGGi ecj:Y75_p2346.
eco:b2379.
PATRICi 32120137. VBIEscCol129921_2477.

Organism-specific databases

EchoBASEi EB3950.
EcoGenei EG14198. alaC.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGi COG0436.
HOGENOMi HOG000223051.
KOi K14261.
OMAi RGSIPKP.
OrthoDBi EOG6W721W.
PhylomeDBi P77434.

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyci EcoCyc:G7242-MONOMER.
ECOL316407:JW2376-MONOMER.
MetaCyc:G7242-MONOMER.

Miscellaneous databases

PROi P77434.

Gene expression databases

Genevestigatori P77434.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di 3.40.640.10. 1 hit.
3.90.1150.10. 1 hit.
InterProi IPR004839. Aminotransferase_I/II.
IPR015424. PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase.
IPR015421. PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_major_sub1.
IPR015422. PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_major_sub2.
[Graphical view ]
Pfami PF00155. Aminotran_1_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view ]
SUPFAMi SSF53383. SSF53383. 1 hit.
ProtoNeti Search...

Publicationsi

« Hide 'large scale' publications
  1. "Construction of a contiguous 874-kb sequence of the Escherichia coli-K12 genome corresponding to 50.0-68.8 min on the linkage map and analysis of its sequence features."
    Yamamoto Y., Aiba H., Baba T., Hayashi K., Inada T., Isono K., Itoh T., Kimura S., Kitagawa M., Makino K., Miki T., Mitsuhashi N., Mizobuchi K., Mori H., Nakade S., Nakamura Y., Nashimoto H., Oshima T.
    , Oyama S., Saito N., Sampei G., Satoh Y., Sivasundaram S., Tagami H., Takahashi H., Takeda J., Takemoto K., Uehara K., Wada C., Yamagata S., Horiuchi T.
    DNA Res. 4:91-113(1997) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
    Strain: K12 / W3110 / ATCC 27325 / DSM 5911.
  2. Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
    Strain: K12 / MG1655 / ATCC 47076.
  3. "Highly accurate genome sequences of Escherichia coli K-12 strains MG1655 and W3110."
    Hayashi K., Morooka N., Yamamoto Y., Fujita K., Isono K., Choi S., Ohtsubo E., Baba T., Wanner B.L., Mori H., Horiuchi T.
    Mol. Syst. Biol. 2:E1-E5(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
    Strain: K12 / W3110 / ATCC 27325 / DSM 5911.
  4. "The novel transcription factor SgrR coordinates the response to glucose-phosphate stress."
    Vanderpool C.K., Gottesman S.
    J. Bacteriol. 189:2238-2248(2007) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: INDUCTION BY SGRR.
  5. "Genetics and regulation of the major enzymes of alanine synthesis in Escherichia coli."
    Kim S.H., Schneider B.L., Reitzer L.
    J. Bacteriol. 192:5304-5311(2010) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: FUNCTION AS AN AMINOTRANSFERASE AND IN ALANINE BIOSYNTHESIS, BIOPHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES, SUBUNIT, INDUCTION, NOMENCLATURE.
  6. "Isolation of a mutant auxotrophic for L-alanine and identification of three major aminotransferases that synthesize L-alanine in Escherichia coli."
    Yoneyama H., Hori H., Lim S.J., Murata T., Ando T., Isogai E., Katsumata R.
    Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 75:930-938(2011) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: FUNCTION IN ALANINE BIOSYNTHESIS.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiALAC_ECOLI
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P77434
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 15, 1998
Last sequence update: February 1, 1997
Last modified: June 11, 2014
This is version 104 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Escherichia coli
    Escherichia coli (strain K12): entries and cross-references to EcoGene
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

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