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Protein

Hemoglobin subunit alpha

Gene

HBA1

more
Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Involved in oxygen transport from the lung to the various peripheral tissues.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Metal bindingi59 – 591Iron (heme distal ligand)
Metal bindingi88 – 881Iron (heme proximal ligand)

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

  • bicarbonate transport Source: Reactome
  • cellular oxidant detoxification Source: GOC
  • hydrogen peroxide catabolic process Source: BHF-UCL
  • oxygen transport Source: UniProtKB
  • positive regulation of cell death Source: BHF-UCL
  • protein heterooligomerization Source: BHF-UCL
  • receptor-mediated endocytosis Source: Reactome
  • response to hydrogen peroxide Source: BHF-UCL
  • small molecule metabolic process Source: Reactome
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Biological processi

Oxygen transport, Transport

Keywords - Ligandi

Heme, Iron, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-HSA-1237044. Erythrocytes take up carbon dioxide and release oxygen.
R-HSA-1247673. Erythrocytes take up oxygen and release carbon dioxide.
R-HSA-2168880. Scavenging of heme from plasma.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Hemoglobin subunit alpha
Alternative name(s):
Alpha-globin
Hemoglobin alpha chain
Gene namesi
Name:HBA1
AND
Name:HBA2
OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 Componenti: Chromosome 16

Organism-specific databases

HGNCiHGNC:4823. HBA1.
HGNC:4824. HBA2.

Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

  • blood microparticle Source: UniProtKB
  • cytosol Source: Reactome
  • cytosolic small ribosomal subunit Source: UniProtKB
  • endocytic vesicle lumen Source: Reactome
  • extracellular exosome Source: UniProtKB
  • extracellular region Source: Reactome
  • haptoglobin-hemoglobin complex Source: BHF-UCL
  • hemoglobin complex Source: UniProtKB
  • membrane Source: UniProtKB
Complete GO annotation...

Pathology & Biotechi

Involvement in diseasei

Heinz body anemias (HEIBAN)1 Publication
The disease may be caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
Disease descriptionForm of non-spherocytic hemolytic anemia of Dacie type 1. After splenectomy, which has little benefit, basophilic inclusions called Heinz bodies are demonstrable in the erythrocytes. Before splenectomy, diffuse or punctate basophilia may be evident. Most of these cases are probably instances of hemoglobinopathy. The hemoglobin demonstrates heat lability. Heinz bodies are observed also with the Ivemark syndrome (asplenia with cardiovascular anomalies) and with glutathione peroxidase deficiency.
See also OMIM:140700
Alpha-thalassemia (A-THAL)
The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
Disease descriptionA form of thalassemia. Thalassemias are common monogenic diseases occurring mostly in Mediterranean and Southeast Asian populations. The hallmark of alpha-thalassemia is an imbalance in globin-chain production in the adult HbA molecule. The level of alpha chain production can range from none to very nearly normal levels. Deletion of both copies of each of the two alpha-globin genes causes alpha(0)-thalassemia, also known as homozygous alpha thalassemia. Due to the complete absence of alpha chains, the predominant fetal hemoglobin is a tetramer of gamma-chains (Bart hemoglobin) that has essentially no oxygen carrying capacity. This causes oxygen starvation in the fetal tissues leading to prenatal lethality or early neonatal death. The loss of two alpha genes results in mild alpha-thalassemia, also known as heterozygous alpha-thalassemia. Affected individuals have small red cells and a mild anemia (microcytosis). If three of the four alpha-globin genes are functional, individuals are completely asymptomatic. Some rare forms of alpha-thalassemia are due to point mutations (non-deletional alpha-thalassemia).
See also OMIM:604131

Alpha(0)-thalassemia is associated with non-immune hydrops fetalis, a generalized edema of the fetus with fluid accumulation in the body cavities due to non-immune causes. Non-immune hydrops fetalis is not a diagnosis in itself but a symptom, a feature of many genetic disorders, and the end-stage of a wide variety of disorders.

Hemoglobin H disease (HBH)1 Publication
The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
Disease descriptionA form of alpha-thalassemia due to the loss of three alpha genes. This results in high levels of a tetramer of four beta chains (hemoglobin H), causing a severe and life-threatening anemia. Untreated, most patients die in childhood or early adolescence.
See also OMIM:613978
Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Natural varianti63 – 631Missing in HBH; hemoglobin Aghia Sophia. 1 Publication
VAR_066401

Keywords - Diseasei

Disease mutation, Hereditary hemolytic anemia

Organism-specific databases

MalaCardsiHBA1.
HBA2.
MIMi140700. phenotype.
141800. gene+phenotype.
604131. phenotype.
613978. phenotype.
Orphaneti98791. Alpha-thalassemia - intellectual disability syndrome linked to chromosome 16.
330041. Autosomal dominant methemoglobinemia.
163596. Hb Bart's hydrops fetalis.
93616. Hemoglobin H disease.
PharmGKBiPA29199.

Chemistry

ChEMBLiCHEMBL2095168.
DrugBankiDB00893. Iron Dextran.
DB00358. Mefloquine.

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiHBA1.
DMDMi57013850.

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Initiator methionineiRemoved4 Publications
Chaini2 – 142141Hemoglobin subunit alphaPRO_0000052653Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Modified residuei4 – 41PhosphoserineCombined sources
Modified residuei8 – 81N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity
Glycosylationi8 – 81N-linked (Glc) (glycation); alternate
Modified residuei9 – 91PhosphothreonineCombined sources
Modified residuei12 – 121N6-succinyllysineBy similarity
Modified residuei17 – 171N6-acetyllysine; alternateCombined sources
Modified residuei17 – 171N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity
Glycosylationi17 – 171N-linked (Glc) (glycation); alternate
Modified residuei25 – 251PhosphotyrosineCombined sources
Modified residuei36 – 361PhosphoserineCombined sources
Modified residuei41 – 411N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity
Glycosylationi41 – 411N-linked (Glc) (glycation); alternate
Modified residuei50 – 501PhosphoserineCombined sources
Glycosylationi62 – 621N-linked (Glc) (glycation)
Modified residuei103 – 1031PhosphoserineBy similarity
Modified residuei109 – 1091PhosphothreonineBy similarity
Modified residuei125 – 1251PhosphoserineBy similarity
Modified residuei132 – 1321PhosphoserineBy similarity
Modified residuei135 – 1351PhosphothreonineBy similarity
Modified residuei138 – 1381PhosphothreonineBy similarity
Modified residuei139 – 1391PhosphoserineBy similarity

Post-translational modificationi

The initiator Met is not cleaved in variant Thionville and is acetylated.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Sitei12 – 121Not glycated
Sitei57 – 571Not glycated
Sitei61 – 611Not glycated
Sitei91 – 911Not glycated
Sitei100 – 1001Not glycated

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Glycation, Glycoprotein, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

EPDiP69905.
MaxQBiP69905.
PaxDbiP69905.
PeptideAtlasiP69905.
PRIDEiP69905.
TopDownProteomicsiP69905.

2D gel databases

DOSAC-COBS-2DPAGEP69905.
REPRODUCTION-2DPAGEIPI00410714.
SWISS-2DPAGEP69905.
UCD-2DPAGEP01922.
P69905.

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP69905.
PhosphoSiteiP69905.

Miscellaneous databases

PMAP-CutDBP69905.

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Red blood cells.

Gene expression databases

BgeeiP69905.
CleanExiHS_HBA1.
HS_HBA2.
ExpressionAtlasiP69905. baseline and differential.
GenevisibleiP69905. HS.

Organism-specific databases

HPAiCAB032534.
CAB038417.
HPA043780.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Heterotetramer of two alpha chains and two beta chains in adult hemoglobin A (HbA); two alpha chains and two delta chains in adult hemoglobin A2 (HbA2); two alpha chains and two epsilon chains in early embryonic hemoglobin Gower-2; two alpha chains and two gamma chains in fetal hemoglobin F (HbF).

Binary interactionsi

WithEntry#Exp.IntActNotes
CCDC57Q2TAC23EBI-714680,EBI-2808286
HBBP6887120EBI-714680,EBI-715554
KRT40Q6A1623EBI-714680,EBI-10171697

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi109289. 21 interactions.
109290. 38 interactions.
DIPiDIP-35199N.
IntActiP69905. 26 interactions.
MINTiMINT-1519936.
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000322421.

Structurei

Secondary structure

1
142
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strand
Show more details
Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Helixi5 – 1814Combined sources
Helixi19 – 213Combined sources
Helixi22 – 3615Combined sources
Helixi38 – 436Combined sources
Beta strandi45 – 473Combined sources
Beta strandi50 – 523Combined sources
Helixi54 – 7219Combined sources
Turni73 – 753Combined sources
Helixi77 – 804Combined sources
Helixi82 – 909Combined sources
Turni91 – 933Combined sources
Helixi97 – 11317Combined sources
Turni115 – 1173Combined sources
Helixi120 – 13819Combined sources
Helixi139 – 1413Combined sources

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBei
RCSB PDBi
PDBji
Links Updated
EntryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1A00X-ray2.00A/C2-142[»]
1A01X-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1A0UX-ray2.14A/C2-142[»]
1A0ZX-ray2.00A/C2-142[»]
1A3NX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1A3OX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1A9WX-ray2.90A/C2-142[»]
1ABWX-ray2.00A1-142[»]
1ABYX-ray2.60A1-142[»]
1AJ9X-ray2.20A2-142[»]
1B86X-ray2.50A/C2-142[»]
1BABX-ray1.50A/C1-142[»]
1BBBX-ray1.70A/C2-142[»]
1BIJX-ray2.30A/C2-142[»]
1BUWX-ray1.90A/C2-142[»]
1BZ0X-ray1.50A/C2-142[»]
1BZ1X-ray1.59A/C1-142[»]
1BZZX-ray1.59A/C2-142[»]
1C7BX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1C7CX-ray1.80A2-142[»]
1C7DX-ray1.80A2-142[»]
1CLSX-ray1.90A/C2-142[»]
1CMYX-ray3.00A/C2-142[»]
1COHX-ray2.90A/C2-142[»]
1DKEX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1DXTX-ray1.70A/C2-142[»]
1DXUX-ray1.70A/C2-142[»]
1DXVX-ray1.70A/C2-142[»]
1FDHX-ray2.50A/B2-142[»]
1FN3X-ray2.48A/C2-142[»]
1G9VX-ray1.85A/C2-142[»]
1GBUX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1GBVX-ray2.00A/C2-142[»]
1GLIX-ray2.50A/C3-142[»]
1GZXX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1HABX-ray2.30A/C2-142[»]
1HACX-ray2.60A/C2-142[»]
1HBAX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1HBBX-ray1.90A/C2-142[»]
1HBSX-ray3.00A/C/E/G2-142[»]
1HCOX-ray2.70A2-142[»]
1HDBX-ray2.20A/C2-142[»]
1HGAX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1HGBX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1HGCX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1HHOX-ray2.10A2-142[»]
1IRDX-ray1.25A2-142[»]
1J3YX-ray1.55A/C/E/G2-142[»]
1J3ZX-ray1.60A/C/E/G2-142[»]
1J40X-ray1.45A/C/E/G2-142[»]
1J41X-ray1.45A/C/E/G2-142[»]
1J7SX-ray2.20A/C2-142[»]
1J7WX-ray2.00A/C2-142[»]
1J7YX-ray1.70A/C2-142[»]
1JY7X-ray3.20A/C/P/R/U/W2-142[»]
1K0YX-ray1.87A/C2-142[»]
1K1KX-ray2.00A2-142[»]
1KD2X-ray1.87A/C2-142[»]
1LFLX-ray2.70A/C/P/R2-142[»]
1LFQX-ray2.60A2-142[»]
1LFTX-ray2.60A2-142[»]
1LFVX-ray2.80A2-142[»]
1LFYX-ray3.30A2-142[»]
1LFZX-ray3.10A2-142[»]
1LJWX-ray2.16A2-142[»]
1M9PX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1MKOX-ray2.18A/C2-142[»]
1NEJX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1NIHX-ray2.60A/C2-142[»]
1NQPX-ray1.73A/C2-142[»]
1O1IX-ray2.30A2-142[»]
1O1JX-ray1.90A2-142[»]
1O1KX-ray2.00A/C3-142[»]
1O1LX-ray1.80A2-142[»]
1O1MX-ray1.85A2-142[»]
1O1NX-ray1.80A2-142[»]
1O1OX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1O1PX-ray1.80A2-142[»]
1QI8X-ray1.80A/C3-142[»]
1QSHX-ray1.70A/C2-142[»]
1QSIX-ray1.70A/C2-142[»]
1QXDX-ray2.25A/C2-142[»]
1QXEX-ray1.85A/C2-142[»]
1R1XX-ray2.15A2-142[»]
1R1YX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1RPSX-ray2.11A/C2-142[»]
1RQ3X-ray1.91A/C2-142[»]
1RQ4X-ray2.11A/C2-142[»]
1RQAX-ray2.11A/C2-142[»]
1RVWX-ray2.50A2-142[»]
1SDKX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1SDLX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1SHRX-ray1.88A/C2-142[»]
1SI4X-ray2.20A/C2-142[»]
1THBX-ray1.50A/C2-142[»]
1UIWX-ray1.50A/C/E/G2-142[»]
1VWTX-ray1.90A/C2-142[»]
1XXTX-ray1.91A/C2-142[»]
1XY0X-ray1.99A/C2-142[»]
1XYEX-ray2.13A/C3-142[»]
1XZ2X-ray1.90A/C2-142[»]
1XZ4X-ray2.00A/C3-142[»]
1XZ5X-ray2.11A/C2-142[»]
1XZ7X-ray1.90A/C2-142[»]
1XZUX-ray2.16A/C2-142[»]
1XZVX-ray2.11A/C2-142[»]
1Y01X-ray2.80B1-142[»]
1Y09X-ray2.25A/C2-142[»]
1Y0AX-ray2.22A/C2-140[»]
1Y0CX-ray2.30A/C2-140[»]
1Y0DX-ray2.10A/C2-141[»]
1Y0TX-ray2.14A/C2-142[»]
1Y0WX-ray2.14A/C2-142[»]
1Y22X-ray2.16A/C2-142[»]
1Y2ZX-ray2.07A/C2-142[»]
1Y31X-ray2.13A/C2-142[»]
1Y35X-ray2.12A/C2-142[»]
1Y45X-ray2.00A/C2-142[»]
1Y46X-ray2.22A/C2-142[»]
1Y4BX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1Y4FX-ray2.00A/C2-142[»]
1Y4GX-ray1.91A/C2-142[»]
1Y4PX-ray1.98A/C2-142[»]
1Y4QX-ray2.11A/C2-142[»]
1Y4RX-ray2.22A/C2-142[»]
1Y4VX-ray1.84A/C2-142[»]
1Y5FX-ray2.14A/C2-142[»]
1Y5JX-ray2.03A/C2-142[»]
1Y5KX-ray2.20A/C2-142[»]
1Y7CX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1Y7DX-ray1.90A/C2-142[»]
1Y7GX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1Y7ZX-ray1.98A/C2-142[»]
1Y83X-ray1.90A/C2-142[»]
1Y85X-ray2.13A/C2-142[»]
1Y8WX-ray2.90A/C2-142[»]
1YDZX-ray3.30A/C2-140[»]
1YE0X-ray2.50A/C2-142[»]
1YE1X-ray4.50A/C2-142[»]
1YE2X-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1YENX-ray2.80A/C2-142[»]
1YEOX-ray2.22A/C2-142[»]
1YEQX-ray2.75A/C2-142[»]
1YEUX-ray2.12A/C2-142[»]
1YEVX-ray2.11A/C2-142[»]
1YFFX-ray2.40A/C/E/G2-142[»]
1YG5X-ray2.70A/C2-142[»]
1YGDX-ray2.73A/C2-142[»]
1YGFX-ray2.70A/C2-142[»]
1YH9X-ray2.20A/C2-142[»]
1YHEX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1YHRX-ray2.60A/C2-142[»]
1YIEX-ray2.40A/C2-142[»]
1YIHX-ray2.00A/C2-142[»]
1YVQX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1YVTX-ray1.80A2-142[»]
1YZIX-ray2.07A2-142[»]
1Z8UX-ray2.40B/D1-142[»]
2D5ZX-ray1.45A/C2-142[»]
2D60X-ray1.70A/C2-142[»]
2DN1X-ray1.25A2-142[»]
2DN2X-ray1.25A/C2-142[»]
2DN3X-ray1.25A2-142[»]
2DXMneutron diffraction2.10A/C2-142[»]
2H35NMR-A/C2-142[»]
2HBCX-ray2.10A2-142[»]
2HBDX-ray2.20A2-142[»]
2HBEX-ray2.00A2-142[»]
2HBFX-ray2.20A2-142[»]
2HBSX-ray2.05A/C/E/G2-142[»]
2HCOX-ray2.70A2-142[»]
2HHBX-ray1.74A/C2-142[»]
2HHDX-ray2.20A/C2-142[»]
2HHEX-ray2.20A/C2-142[»]
2M6ZNMR-A/C2-142[»]
2W6VX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
2W72X-ray1.07A2-142[»]
C3-142[»]
2YRSX-ray2.30A/C/I/M2-142[»]
3B75X-ray2.30A/C/E/G/S2-142[»]
3D17X-ray2.80A/C2-142[»]
3D7OX-ray1.80A2-142[»]
3DUTX-ray1.55A/C2-142[»]
3HHBX-ray1.74A/C2-142[»]
3HXNX-ray2.00A/C2-142[»]
3IA3X-ray3.20B/D1-142[»]
3IC0X-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
3IC2X-ray2.40A/C2-142[»]
3KMFneutron diffraction2.00A/E2-142[»]
3NL7X-ray1.80A2-142[»]
3NMMX-ray1.60A/C2-142[»]
3ODQX-ray3.10A/C2-142[»]
3ONZX-ray2.09A2-142[»]
3OO4X-ray1.90A2-142[»]
3OO5X-ray2.10A2-142[»]
3OVUX-ray2.83C2-142[»]
3P5QX-ray2.00A2-142[»]
3QJBX-ray1.80A2-142[»]
3QJCX-ray2.00A2-142[»]
3QJDX-ray1.56A/C2-142[»]
3QJEX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
3R5IX-ray2.20A/C2-142[»]
3S48X-ray3.05C/D2-142[»]
3S65X-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
3S66X-ray1.40A2-142[»]
3SZKX-ray3.01A/D2-142[»]
3WCPX-ray1.94A/C2-142[»]
3WHMX-ray1.85A/E2-142[»]
4FC3X-ray2.26A2-142[»]
4HHBX-ray1.74A/C2-142[»]
4IJ2X-ray4.24A/C2-142[»]
4L7YX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
4M4AX-ray2.05A2-142[»]
4M4BX-ray2.00A2-142[»]
4MQCX-ray2.20A2-142[»]
4MQGX-ray1.68A2-142[»]
4MQHX-ray2.50A2-140[»]
4MQIX-ray1.92A2-141[»]
4MQJX-ray1.80A/C/E/G2-142[»]
4MQKX-ray2.24A/C/E/G2-142[»]
4N7NX-ray2.75A/C/E/G/I/K2-142[»]
4N7OX-ray2.50A/C/E/G/I/K2-142[»]
4N7PX-ray2.81A/C/E/G/I/K2-142[»]
4N8TX-ray1.90A2-142[»]
4NI0X-ray2.15A2-142[»]
4NI1X-ray1.90A2-142[»]
4ROLX-ray1.70A/C2-142[»]
4ROMX-ray1.90A/C2-142[»]
4WJGX-ray3.10A/F/K/P/U/Z2-142[»]
4X0LX-ray2.05A2-142[»]
4XS0X-ray2.55A2-142[»]
5E29X-ray1.85A/C2-142[»]
5E6EX-ray1.76A2-142[»]
5EE4X-ray2.30C/E2-142[»]
5HU6X-ray2.90A2-142[»]
6HBWX-ray2.00A/C2-142[»]
ProteinModelPortaliP69905.
SMRiP69905. Positions 2-142.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP69905.

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the globin family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3378. Eukaryota.
COG1018. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00760000119197.
HOVERGENiHBG009709.
InParanoidiP69905.
KOiK13822.
OMAiDKFLCAV.
OrthoDBiEOG7KH9MP.
PhylomeDBiP69905.
TreeFamiTF332328.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.490.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR000971. Globin.
IPR009050. Globin-like.
IPR012292. Globin/Proto.
IPR002338. Haemoglobin_a.
IPR002339. Haemoglobin_pi.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00042. Globin. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00612. ALPHAHAEM.
PR00815. PIHAEM.
SUPFAMiSSF46458. SSF46458. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS01033. GLOBIN. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P69905-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

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        10         20         30         40         50
MVLSPADKTN VKAAWGKVGA HAGEYGAEAL ERMFLSFPTT KTYFPHFDLS
60 70 80 90 100
HGSAQVKGHG KKVADALTNA VAHVDDMPNA LSALSDLHAH KLRVDPVNFK
110 120 130 140
LLSHCLLVTL AAHLPAEFTP AVHASLDKFL ASVSTVLTSK YR
Length:142
Mass (Da):15,258
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v2
Checksum:i15E13666573BBBAE
GO

Sequence cautioni

The sequence BAD97112.1 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Sequence conflicti10 – 101N → H in BAD97112 (Ref. 13) Curated

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Natural varianti2 – 21V → E in Thionville; O(2) affinity down. 1 Publication
VAR_002719
Natural varianti3 – 31L → R in ChongQing; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
Corresponds to variant rs36030576 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002720
Natural varianti6 – 61A → D in J-Toronto.
Corresponds to variant rs34090856 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002721
Natural varianti6 – 61A → P in Karachi.
Corresponds to variant rs34751764 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002722
Natural varianti7 – 71D → A in Sawara; O(2) affinity up. 2 Publications
Corresponds to variant rs33986902 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002723
Natural varianti7 – 71D → G in Swan River. 1 Publication
VAR_002724
Natural varianti7 – 71D → N in Dunn; O(2) affinity up. 2 Publications
Corresponds to variant rs33961916 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002725
Natural varianti7 – 71D → V in Ferndown; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002726
Natural varianti7 – 71D → Y in Woodville; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002727
Natural varianti8 – 81K → E in Kurosaki. 1 Publication
Corresponds to variant rs34817956 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002728
Natural varianti10 – 101N → T in Broomfield.
VAR_038149
Natural varianti11 – 111V → F.
Corresponds to variant rs1799896 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_014605
Natural varianti12 – 121K → E in Anantharaj.
VAR_002729
Natural varianti13 – 131A → D in J-Paris 1/J-Aljezur.
Corresponds to variant rs35615982 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002730
Natural varianti14 – 141A → P in Ravenscourt Park; causes alpha-thalassemia.
Corresponds to variant rs35331909 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_038150
Natural varianti15 – 151W → R in Evanston; O(2) affinity up. 2 Publications
Corresponds to variant rs33964317 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002731
Natural varianti16 – 161G → R in Ottawa/Siam.
Corresponds to variant rs35816645 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002732
Natural varianti17 – 171K → M in Harbin; slightly unstable. 1 Publication
Corresponds to variant rs35210126 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002733
Natural varianti17 – 171K → N in Beijing.
Corresponds to variant rs33923844 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002734
Natural varianti19 – 191G → D in Al-Ain Abu Dhabi. 1 Publication
Corresponds to variant rs35993097 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002735
Natural varianti19 – 191G → R in Handsworth.
Corresponds to variant rs34504387 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002736
Natural varianti20 – 201A → D in J-Kurosh.
VAR_002737
Natural varianti20 – 201A → E in J-Tashikuergan.
Corresponds to variant rs35628685 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002738
Natural varianti21 – 211H → Q in Le Lamentin.
Corresponds to variant rs41525149 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002739
Natural varianti21 – 211H → R in Hobart. 1 Publication
Corresponds to variant rs33943087 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002740
Natural varianti22 – 221A → D in J-Nyanza.
Corresponds to variant rs11548605 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002741
Natural varianti22 – 221A → P in Fontainebleau.
Corresponds to variant rs34324664 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002742
Natural varianti23 – 231G → D in J-Medellin.
Corresponds to variant rs34608326 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002743
Natural varianti24 – 241E → G in Reims; slightly unstable. 1 Publication
Corresponds to variant rs33939421 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002744
Natural varianti24 – 241E → K in Chad.
VAR_002745
Natural varianti25 – 251Y → H in Luxembourg; unstable. 1 Publication
VAR_002746
Natural varianti27 – 271A → E in Shenyang; unstable. 1 Publication
VAR_002747
Natural varianti27 – 271A → V in Campinas. 1 Publication
VAR_025387
Natural varianti28 – 281E → D in Hekinan.
VAR_002748
Natural varianti28 – 281E → G in Fort Worth.
VAR_002749
Natural varianti28 – 281E → V in Spanish town. 1 Publication
VAR_002750
Natural varianti31 – 311E → K in O-Padova.
VAR_002751
Natural varianti32 – 321R → K Causes alpha-thalassemia. 1 Publication
VAR_025002
Natural varianti32 – 321R → S in Prato; unstable. 1 Publication
VAR_002752
Natural varianti35 – 351L → R in Queens/Ogi.
VAR_002753
Natural varianti38 – 381P → PE in Catonsville. 1 Publication
VAR_002755
Natural varianti38 – 381P → R in Bourmedes.
VAR_002754
Natural varianti41 – 411K → M in Kanagawa; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002756
Natural varianti42 – 421T → S in Miyano; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002757
Natural varianti44 – 441F → L in Hirosaki; unstable. 1 Publication
VAR_002758
Natural varianti45 – 451P → L in Milledgeville; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
Corresponds to variant rs41514946 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002759
Natural varianti45 – 451P → R in Kawachi; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002760
Natural varianti46 – 461H → Q in Bari.
VAR_002761
Natural varianti46 – 461H → R in Fort de France; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002762
Natural varianti48 – 481D → A in Cordele; unstable. 1 Publication
VAR_002763
Natural varianti48 – 481D → G in Kokura; also in Umi/Michigan; unstable. 1 Publication
VAR_002764
Natural varianti48 – 481D → H in Hasharon/Sinai; unstable. 1 Publication
VAR_002765
Natural varianti48 – 481D → Y in Kurdistan. 1 Publication
VAR_002766
Natural varianti49 – 491L → R in Montgomery. 1 Publication
VAR_002767
Natural varianti50 – 501S → R in Savaria.
VAR_002768
Natural varianti51 – 511H → R in Aichi; slightly unstable. 1 Publication
VAR_002769
Natural varianti52 – 521G → D in J-Abidjan.
VAR_002770
Natural varianti52 – 521G → R in Russ.
VAR_002771
Natural varianti54 – 541A → D in J-Rovigo; unstable. 1 Publication
VAR_002772
Natural varianti55 – 551Q → R in Hikoshima/Shimonoseki.
VAR_002773
Natural varianti57 – 571K → R in Port Huron. 1 Publication
VAR_002774
Natural varianti57 – 571K → T in Thailand.
VAR_002775
Natural varianti58 – 581G → R in L-Persian Gulf.
VAR_002776
Natural varianti59 – 591H → Q in Boghe. 1 Publication
VAR_025388
Natural varianti59 – 591H → Y in M-Boston/M-Osaka; O(2) affinity down. 1 Publication
VAR_002777
Natural varianti60 – 601G → D in Adana; unstable; causes alpha-thalassemia. 1 Publication
Corresponds to variant rs28928878 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002778
Natural varianti60 – 601G → V in Tottori; unstable. 1 Publication
VAR_002779
Natural varianti61 – 611K → N in Zambia.
Corresponds to variant rs28928887 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002780
Natural varianti61 – 611Missing in Clinic; unstable; causes alpha-thalassemia. 1 Publication
VAR_002781
Natural varianti62 – 621K → N in J-Buda. 1 Publication
VAR_002782
Natural varianti62 – 621K → T in J-Anatolia.
VAR_002783
Natural varianti63 – 631V → M in Evans; unstable. 2 Publications
VAR_002784
Natural varianti63 – 631Missing in HBH; hemoglobin Aghia Sophia. 1 Publication
VAR_066401
Natural varianti64 – 641A → D in Pontoise; unstable. 1 Publication
VAR_002785
Natural varianti65 – 651D → Y in Persepolis.
VAR_002786
Natural varianti69 – 691N → K in G-Philadelphia. 1 Publication
Corresponds to variant rs1060339 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002787
Natural varianti72 – 721A → E in J-Habana.
VAR_002788
Natural varianti72 – 721A → V in Ozieri.
VAR_002789
Natural varianti73 – 731H → R in Daneskgah-Teheran.
VAR_002790
Natural varianti75 – 751D → A in Lille.
VAR_002791
Natural varianti75 – 751D → G in Chapel Hill.
VAR_002792
Natural varianti75 – 751D → N in G-Pest. 1 Publication
VAR_002793
Natural varianti76 – 761D → A in Duan.
VAR_002794
Natural varianti76 – 761D → H in Q-Iran.
VAR_002795
Natural varianti77 – 771M → K in Noko.
VAR_002796
Natural varianti77 – 771M → T in Aztec.
VAR_002797
Natural varianti78 – 781P → R in Guizhou.
VAR_002798
Natural varianti79 – 791N → H in Davenport. 1 Publication
VAR_002799
Natural varianti79 – 791N → K in Stanleyville-2.
VAR_002800
Natural varianti80 – 801A → G in Singapore.
VAR_012662
Natural varianti81 – 811L → R in Ann Arbor; unstable. 1 Publication
VAR_002801
Natural varianti82 – 821S → C in Nigeria.
VAR_002802
Natural varianti83 – 831A → D in Garden State.
VAR_002803
Natural varianti85 – 851S → R in Etobicoke; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002804
Natural varianti86 – 861D → V in Inkster; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002805
Natural varianti86 – 861D → Y in Atago; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002806
Natural varianti87 – 871L → R in Moabit; unstable. 1 Publication
VAR_002807
Natural varianti88 – 881H → N in Auckland; unstable. 1 Publication
VAR_002808
Natural varianti88 – 881H → R in Iwata; unstable.
VAR_002809
Natural varianti89 – 891A → S in Loire; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002810
Natural varianti91 – 911K → M in Handa; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002811
Natural varianti92 – 921L → F.
Corresponds to variant rs17407508 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_049272
Natural varianti92 – 921L → P in Port Phillip; unstable. 1 Publication
Corresponds to variant rs17407508 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002812
Natural varianti93 – 931R → Q in J-Cape Town; O(2) affinity up. 2 Publications
VAR_002813
Natural varianti93 – 931R → W in Cemenelum; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_020775
Natural varianti95 – 951D → A in Bassett; markedly reduced oxygen affinity. 1 Publication
VAR_025389
Natural varianti95 – 951D → Y in Setif; unstable. 1 Publication
VAR_002814
Natural varianti96 – 961P → A in Denmark Hill; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002815
Natural varianti96 – 961P → T in Godavari; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002816
Natural varianti98 – 981N → K in Dallas; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002817
Natural varianti100 – 1001K → E in Turriff. 1 Publication
VAR_002818
Natural varianti103 – 1031S → R in Manitoba; slightly unstable. 1 Publication
Corresponds to variant rs41344646 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_002819
Natural varianti104 – 1041H → R in Contaldo; unstable. 1 Publication
VAR_002820
Natural varianti104 – 1041H → Y in Charolles. 1 Publication
VAR_025390
Natural varianti110 – 1101L → R in Suan-Dok; unstable; causes alpha-thalassemia. 1 Publication
VAR_002821
Natural varianti111 – 1111A → D in Petah Tikva; unstable; causes alpha-thalassemia. 1 Publication
VAR_002822
Natural varianti113 – 1131H → D in Hopkins-II; unstable. 1 Publication
VAR_002823
Natural varianti114 – 1141L → H in Twin Peaks.
VAR_002824
Natural varianti115 – 1151P → L in Nouakchott.
VAR_002825
Natural varianti115 – 1151P → R in Chiapas.
VAR_002826
Natural varianti115 – 1151P → S in Melusine. 1 Publication
VAR_002827
Natural varianti116 – 1161A → D in J-Tongariki.
VAR_002828
Natural varianti117 – 1171E → A in Ube-4.
VAR_002829
Natural varianti117 – 1171E → EHLPAE in Zaire. 1 Publication
VAR_002830
Natural varianti118 – 1181F → FI in Phnom Penh. 1 Publication
VAR_002831
Natural varianti119 – 1191T → TEFT in Grady. 1 Publication
VAR_002832
Natural varianti121 – 1211A → E in J-Meerut/J-Birmingham. 1 Publication
VAR_002833
Natural varianti122 – 1221V → M in Owari.
VAR_002834
Natural varianti123 – 1231H → Q in Westmead. 1 Publication
VAR_002835
Natural varianti126 – 1261L → P in Quong Sze; causes alpha-thalassemia.
VAR_002836
Natural varianti126 – 1261L → R in Plasencia; family with moderate microcytosis and hypochromia. 1 Publication
VAR_025391
Natural varianti127 – 1271D → G in West One. 1 Publication
VAR_025392
Natural varianti127 – 1271D → V in Fukutomi; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002837
Natural varianti127 – 1271D → Y in Montefiore; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002838
Natural varianti128 – 1281K → N in Jackson.
VAR_002839
Natural varianti130 – 1301L → P in Tunis-Bizerte; unstable; causes alpha-thalassemia. 1 Publication
VAR_002840
Natural varianti131 – 1311A → D in Yuda; O(2) affinity down. 1 Publication
VAR_002842
Natural varianti131 – 1311A → P in Sun Prairie; unstable. 1 Publication
VAR_002841
Natural varianti132 – 1321S → P in Questembert; highly unstable; causes alpha-thalassemia. 1 Publication
VAR_002843
Natural varianti134 – 1341S → R in Val de Marne; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002844
Natural varianti136 – 1361V → E in Pavie.
VAR_002845
Natural varianti137 – 1371L → M in Chicago.
VAR_002846
Natural varianti137 – 1371L → P in Bibba; unstable; causes alpha-thalassemia. 1 Publication
VAR_002847
Natural varianti137 – 1371L → R in Toyama. 1 Publication
VAR_035242
Natural varianti139 – 1391S → P in Attleboro; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002848
Natural varianti140 – 1401K → E in Hanamaki; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002849
Natural varianti140 – 1401K → T in Tokoname; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002850
Natural varianti141 – 1411Y → H in Rouen/Ethiopia; O(2) affinity up. 2 Publications
VAR_002851
Natural varianti142 – 1421R → C in Nunobiki; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002852
Natural varianti142 – 1421R → H in Suresnes; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002854
Natural varianti142 – 1421R → L in Legnano; O(2) affinity up. 1 Publication
VAR_002853
Natural varianti142 – 1421R → P in Singapore.
VAR_002855

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
J00153 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAB59407.1.
J00153 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAB59408.1.
V00491 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA23750.1.
V00493 mRNA. Translation: CAA23752.1.
V00488 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA23748.1.
V00516 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA23774.1.
AF230076 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAF72612.1.
AF525460 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAM83102.1.
DQ431198 Genomic DNA. Translation: ABD95910.1.
DQ431198 Genomic DNA. Translation: ABD95911.1.
AF097635 mRNA. Translation: AAC72839.1.
AF105974 mRNA. Translation: AAC97373.1.
AF349571 mRNA. Translation: AAK37554.1.
AF536204 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAN04486.1.
DQ499017 Genomic DNA. Translation: ABF56144.1.
DQ499018 Genomic DNA. Translation: ABF56145.1.
AK223392 mRNA. Translation: BAD97112.1. Different initiation.
AE006462 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAK61215.1.
AE006462 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAK61216.1.
Z84721 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAB06554.1.
Z84721 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAB06555.1.
BC005931 mRNA. Translation: AAH05931.1.
BC008572 mRNA. Translation: AAH08572.1.
BC032122 mRNA. Translation: AAH32122.1.
BC050661 mRNA. Translation: AAH50661.1.
BC101846 mRNA. Translation: AAI01847.1.
BC101848 mRNA. Translation: AAI01849.1.
CCDSiCCDS10398.1.
CCDS10399.1.
PIRiA90807. HAHU.
C93303. HACZP.
I58217. HACZ.
RefSeqiNP_000508.1. NM_000517.4.
NP_000549.1. NM_000558.4.
UniGeneiHs.449630.
Hs.654744.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000251595; ENSP00000251595; ENSG00000188536.
ENST00000320868; ENSP00000322421; ENSG00000206172.
GeneIDi3039.
3040.
KEGGihsa:3039.
hsa:3040.
UCSCiuc002cfv.4. human.

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Polymorphism

Cross-referencesi

Web resourcesi

HbVar

Human hemoglobin variants and thalassemias

HbVar

Human hemoglobin variants and thalassemias

SHMPD

The Singapore human mutation and polymorphism database

Wikipedia

Hemoglobin entry

Protein Spotlight

Journey into a tiny world - Issue 84 of July 2007

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
J00153 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAB59407.1.
J00153 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAB59408.1.
V00491 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA23750.1.
V00493 mRNA. Translation: CAA23752.1.
V00488 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA23748.1.
V00516 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA23774.1.
AF230076 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAF72612.1.
AF525460 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAM83102.1.
DQ431198 Genomic DNA. Translation: ABD95910.1.
DQ431198 Genomic DNA. Translation: ABD95911.1.
AF097635 mRNA. Translation: AAC72839.1.
AF105974 mRNA. Translation: AAC97373.1.
AF349571 mRNA. Translation: AAK37554.1.
AF536204 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAN04486.1.
DQ499017 Genomic DNA. Translation: ABF56144.1.
DQ499018 Genomic DNA. Translation: ABF56145.1.
AK223392 mRNA. Translation: BAD97112.1. Different initiation.
AE006462 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAK61215.1.
AE006462 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAK61216.1.
Z84721 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAB06554.1.
Z84721 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAB06555.1.
BC005931 mRNA. Translation: AAH05931.1.
BC008572 mRNA. Translation: AAH08572.1.
BC032122 mRNA. Translation: AAH32122.1.
BC050661 mRNA. Translation: AAH50661.1.
BC101846 mRNA. Translation: AAI01847.1.
BC101848 mRNA. Translation: AAI01849.1.
CCDSiCCDS10398.1.
CCDS10399.1.
PIRiA90807. HAHU.
C93303. HACZP.
I58217. HACZ.
RefSeqiNP_000508.1. NM_000517.4.
NP_000549.1. NM_000558.4.
UniGeneiHs.449630.
Hs.654744.

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBei
RCSB PDBi
PDBji
Links Updated
EntryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1A00X-ray2.00A/C2-142[»]
1A01X-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1A0UX-ray2.14A/C2-142[»]
1A0ZX-ray2.00A/C2-142[»]
1A3NX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1A3OX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1A9WX-ray2.90A/C2-142[»]
1ABWX-ray2.00A1-142[»]
1ABYX-ray2.60A1-142[»]
1AJ9X-ray2.20A2-142[»]
1B86X-ray2.50A/C2-142[»]
1BABX-ray1.50A/C1-142[»]
1BBBX-ray1.70A/C2-142[»]
1BIJX-ray2.30A/C2-142[»]
1BUWX-ray1.90A/C2-142[»]
1BZ0X-ray1.50A/C2-142[»]
1BZ1X-ray1.59A/C1-142[»]
1BZZX-ray1.59A/C2-142[»]
1C7BX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1C7CX-ray1.80A2-142[»]
1C7DX-ray1.80A2-142[»]
1CLSX-ray1.90A/C2-142[»]
1CMYX-ray3.00A/C2-142[»]
1COHX-ray2.90A/C2-142[»]
1DKEX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1DXTX-ray1.70A/C2-142[»]
1DXUX-ray1.70A/C2-142[»]
1DXVX-ray1.70A/C2-142[»]
1FDHX-ray2.50A/B2-142[»]
1FN3X-ray2.48A/C2-142[»]
1G9VX-ray1.85A/C2-142[»]
1GBUX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1GBVX-ray2.00A/C2-142[»]
1GLIX-ray2.50A/C3-142[»]
1GZXX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1HABX-ray2.30A/C2-142[»]
1HACX-ray2.60A/C2-142[»]
1HBAX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1HBBX-ray1.90A/C2-142[»]
1HBSX-ray3.00A/C/E/G2-142[»]
1HCOX-ray2.70A2-142[»]
1HDBX-ray2.20A/C2-142[»]
1HGAX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1HGBX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1HGCX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1HHOX-ray2.10A2-142[»]
1IRDX-ray1.25A2-142[»]
1J3YX-ray1.55A/C/E/G2-142[»]
1J3ZX-ray1.60A/C/E/G2-142[»]
1J40X-ray1.45A/C/E/G2-142[»]
1J41X-ray1.45A/C/E/G2-142[»]
1J7SX-ray2.20A/C2-142[»]
1J7WX-ray2.00A/C2-142[»]
1J7YX-ray1.70A/C2-142[»]
1JY7X-ray3.20A/C/P/R/U/W2-142[»]
1K0YX-ray1.87A/C2-142[»]
1K1KX-ray2.00A2-142[»]
1KD2X-ray1.87A/C2-142[»]
1LFLX-ray2.70A/C/P/R2-142[»]
1LFQX-ray2.60A2-142[»]
1LFTX-ray2.60A2-142[»]
1LFVX-ray2.80A2-142[»]
1LFYX-ray3.30A2-142[»]
1LFZX-ray3.10A2-142[»]
1LJWX-ray2.16A2-142[»]
1M9PX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1MKOX-ray2.18A/C2-142[»]
1NEJX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1NIHX-ray2.60A/C2-142[»]
1NQPX-ray1.73A/C2-142[»]
1O1IX-ray2.30A2-142[»]
1O1JX-ray1.90A2-142[»]
1O1KX-ray2.00A/C3-142[»]
1O1LX-ray1.80A2-142[»]
1O1MX-ray1.85A2-142[»]
1O1NX-ray1.80A2-142[»]
1O1OX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1O1PX-ray1.80A2-142[»]
1QI8X-ray1.80A/C3-142[»]
1QSHX-ray1.70A/C2-142[»]
1QSIX-ray1.70A/C2-142[»]
1QXDX-ray2.25A/C2-142[»]
1QXEX-ray1.85A/C2-142[»]
1R1XX-ray2.15A2-142[»]
1R1YX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1RPSX-ray2.11A/C2-142[»]
1RQ3X-ray1.91A/C2-142[»]
1RQ4X-ray2.11A/C2-142[»]
1RQAX-ray2.11A/C2-142[»]
1RVWX-ray2.50A2-142[»]
1SDKX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1SDLX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1SHRX-ray1.88A/C2-142[»]
1SI4X-ray2.20A/C2-142[»]
1THBX-ray1.50A/C2-142[»]
1UIWX-ray1.50A/C/E/G2-142[»]
1VWTX-ray1.90A/C2-142[»]
1XXTX-ray1.91A/C2-142[»]
1XY0X-ray1.99A/C2-142[»]
1XYEX-ray2.13A/C3-142[»]
1XZ2X-ray1.90A/C2-142[»]
1XZ4X-ray2.00A/C3-142[»]
1XZ5X-ray2.11A/C2-142[»]
1XZ7X-ray1.90A/C2-142[»]
1XZUX-ray2.16A/C2-142[»]
1XZVX-ray2.11A/C2-142[»]
1Y01X-ray2.80B1-142[»]
1Y09X-ray2.25A/C2-142[»]
1Y0AX-ray2.22A/C2-140[»]
1Y0CX-ray2.30A/C2-140[»]
1Y0DX-ray2.10A/C2-141[»]
1Y0TX-ray2.14A/C2-142[»]
1Y0WX-ray2.14A/C2-142[»]
1Y22X-ray2.16A/C2-142[»]
1Y2ZX-ray2.07A/C2-142[»]
1Y31X-ray2.13A/C2-142[»]
1Y35X-ray2.12A/C2-142[»]
1Y45X-ray2.00A/C2-142[»]
1Y46X-ray2.22A/C2-142[»]
1Y4BX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1Y4FX-ray2.00A/C2-142[»]
1Y4GX-ray1.91A/C2-142[»]
1Y4PX-ray1.98A/C2-142[»]
1Y4QX-ray2.11A/C2-142[»]
1Y4RX-ray2.22A/C2-142[»]
1Y4VX-ray1.84A/C2-142[»]
1Y5FX-ray2.14A/C2-142[»]
1Y5JX-ray2.03A/C2-142[»]
1Y5KX-ray2.20A/C2-142[»]
1Y7CX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1Y7DX-ray1.90A/C2-142[»]
1Y7GX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1Y7ZX-ray1.98A/C2-142[»]
1Y83X-ray1.90A/C2-142[»]
1Y85X-ray2.13A/C2-142[»]
1Y8WX-ray2.90A/C2-142[»]
1YDZX-ray3.30A/C2-140[»]
1YE0X-ray2.50A/C2-142[»]
1YE1X-ray4.50A/C2-142[»]
1YE2X-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1YENX-ray2.80A/C2-142[»]
1YEOX-ray2.22A/C2-142[»]
1YEQX-ray2.75A/C2-142[»]
1YEUX-ray2.12A/C2-142[»]
1YEVX-ray2.11A/C2-142[»]
1YFFX-ray2.40A/C/E/G2-142[»]
1YG5X-ray2.70A/C2-142[»]
1YGDX-ray2.73A/C2-142[»]
1YGFX-ray2.70A/C2-142[»]
1YH9X-ray2.20A/C2-142[»]
1YHEX-ray2.10A/C2-142[»]
1YHRX-ray2.60A/C2-142[»]
1YIEX-ray2.40A/C2-142[»]
1YIHX-ray2.00A/C2-142[»]
1YVQX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
1YVTX-ray1.80A2-142[»]
1YZIX-ray2.07A2-142[»]
1Z8UX-ray2.40B/D1-142[»]
2D5ZX-ray1.45A/C2-142[»]
2D60X-ray1.70A/C2-142[»]
2DN1X-ray1.25A2-142[»]
2DN2X-ray1.25A/C2-142[»]
2DN3X-ray1.25A2-142[»]
2DXMneutron diffraction2.10A/C2-142[»]
2H35NMR-A/C2-142[»]
2HBCX-ray2.10A2-142[»]
2HBDX-ray2.20A2-142[»]
2HBEX-ray2.00A2-142[»]
2HBFX-ray2.20A2-142[»]
2HBSX-ray2.05A/C/E/G2-142[»]
2HCOX-ray2.70A2-142[»]
2HHBX-ray1.74A/C2-142[»]
2HHDX-ray2.20A/C2-142[»]
2HHEX-ray2.20A/C2-142[»]
2M6ZNMR-A/C2-142[»]
2W6VX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
2W72X-ray1.07A2-142[»]
C3-142[»]
2YRSX-ray2.30A/C/I/M2-142[»]
3B75X-ray2.30A/C/E/G/S2-142[»]
3D17X-ray2.80A/C2-142[»]
3D7OX-ray1.80A2-142[»]
3DUTX-ray1.55A/C2-142[»]
3HHBX-ray1.74A/C2-142[»]
3HXNX-ray2.00A/C2-142[»]
3IA3X-ray3.20B/D1-142[»]
3IC0X-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
3IC2X-ray2.40A/C2-142[»]
3KMFneutron diffraction2.00A/E2-142[»]
3NL7X-ray1.80A2-142[»]
3NMMX-ray1.60A/C2-142[»]
3ODQX-ray3.10A/C2-142[»]
3ONZX-ray2.09A2-142[»]
3OO4X-ray1.90A2-142[»]
3OO5X-ray2.10A2-142[»]
3OVUX-ray2.83C2-142[»]
3P5QX-ray2.00A2-142[»]
3QJBX-ray1.80A2-142[»]
3QJCX-ray2.00A2-142[»]
3QJDX-ray1.56A/C2-142[»]
3QJEX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
3R5IX-ray2.20A/C2-142[»]
3S48X-ray3.05C/D2-142[»]
3S65X-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
3S66X-ray1.40A2-142[»]
3SZKX-ray3.01A/D2-142[»]
3WCPX-ray1.94A/C2-142[»]
3WHMX-ray1.85A/E2-142[»]
4FC3X-ray2.26A2-142[»]
4HHBX-ray1.74A/C2-142[»]
4IJ2X-ray4.24A/C2-142[»]
4L7YX-ray1.80A/C2-142[»]
4M4AX-ray2.05A2-142[»]
4M4BX-ray2.00A2-142[»]
4MQCX-ray2.20A2-142[»]
4MQGX-ray1.68A2-142[»]
4MQHX-ray2.50A2-140[»]
4MQIX-ray1.92A2-141[»]
4MQJX-ray1.80A/C/E/G2-142[»]
4MQKX-ray2.24A/C/E/G2-142[»]
4N7NX-ray2.75A/C/E/G/I/K2-142[»]
4N7OX-ray2.50A/C/E/G/I/K2-142[»]
4N7PX-ray2.81A/C/E/G/I/K2-142[»]
4N8TX-ray1.90A2-142[»]
4NI0X-ray2.15A2-142[»]
4NI1X-ray1.90A2-142[»]
4ROLX-ray1.70A/C2-142[»]
4ROMX-ray1.90A/C2-142[»]
4WJGX-ray3.10A/F/K/P/U/Z2-142[»]
4X0LX-ray2.05A2-142[»]
4XS0X-ray2.55A2-142[»]
5E29X-ray1.85A/C2-142[»]
5E6EX-ray1.76A2-142[»]
5EE4X-ray2.30C/E2-142[»]
5HU6X-ray2.90A2-142[»]
6HBWX-ray2.00A/C2-142[»]
ProteinModelPortaliP69905.
SMRiP69905. Positions 2-142.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi109289. 21 interactions.
109290. 38 interactions.
DIPiDIP-35199N.
IntActiP69905. 26 interactions.
MINTiMINT-1519936.
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000322421.

Chemistry

ChEMBLiCHEMBL2095168.
DrugBankiDB00893. Iron Dextran.
DB00358. Mefloquine.

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP69905.
PhosphoSiteiP69905.

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiHBA1.
DMDMi57013850.

2D gel databases

DOSAC-COBS-2DPAGEP69905.
REPRODUCTION-2DPAGEIPI00410714.
SWISS-2DPAGEP69905.
UCD-2DPAGEP01922.
P69905.

Proteomic databases

EPDiP69905.
MaxQBiP69905.
PaxDbiP69905.
PeptideAtlasiP69905.
PRIDEiP69905.
TopDownProteomicsiP69905.

Protocols and materials databases

DNASUi3039.
Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000251595; ENSP00000251595; ENSG00000188536.
ENST00000320868; ENSP00000322421; ENSG00000206172.
GeneIDi3039.
3040.
KEGGihsa:3039.
hsa:3040.
UCSCiuc002cfv.4. human.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi3039.
3040.
GeneCardsiHBA1.
HBA2.
GeneReviewsiHBA1.
HBA2.
HGNCiHGNC:4823. HBA1.
HGNC:4824. HBA2.
HPAiCAB032534.
CAB038417.
HPA043780.
MalaCardsiHBA1.
HBA2.
MIMi140700. phenotype.
141800. gene+phenotype.
141850. gene.
141860. gene.
604131. phenotype.
613978. phenotype.
neXtProtiNX_P69905.
Orphaneti98791. Alpha-thalassemia - intellectual disability syndrome linked to chromosome 16.
330041. Autosomal dominant methemoglobinemia.
163596. Hb Bart's hydrops fetalis.
93616. Hemoglobin H disease.
PharmGKBiPA29199.
GenAtlasiSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3378. Eukaryota.
COG1018. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00760000119197.
HOVERGENiHBG009709.
InParanoidiP69905.
KOiK13822.
OMAiDKFLCAV.
OrthoDBiEOG7KH9MP.
PhylomeDBiP69905.
TreeFamiTF332328.

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-HSA-1237044. Erythrocytes take up carbon dioxide and release oxygen.
R-HSA-1247673. Erythrocytes take up oxygen and release carbon dioxide.
R-HSA-2168880. Scavenging of heme from plasma.

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRSiHBA1. human.
HBA2. human.
EvolutionaryTraceiP69905.
GeneWikiiHBA2.
Hemoglobin,_alpha_1.
Hemoglobin,_alpha_2.
NextBioi12034.
PMAP-CutDBP69905.
PROiP69905.
SOURCEiSearch...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiP69905.
CleanExiHS_HBA1.
HS_HBA2.
ExpressionAtlasiP69905. baseline and differential.
GenevisibleiP69905. HS.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.490.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR000971. Globin.
IPR009050. Globin-like.
IPR012292. Globin/Proto.
IPR002338. Haemoglobin_a.
IPR002339. Haemoglobin_pi.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00042. Globin. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00612. ALPHAHAEM.
PR00815. PIHAEM.
SUPFAMiSSF46458. SSF46458. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS01033. GLOBIN. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

« Hide 'large scale' publications
  1. "The 3' untranslated regions of the duplicated human alpha-globin genes are unexpectedly divergent."
    Michelson A.M., Orkin S.H.
    Cell 22:371-377(1980) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA] (HBA1).
  2. "Nucleotide sequence of the coding portion of human alpha globin messenger RNA."
    Wilson J.T., Wilson L.B., Reddy V.B., Cavallesco C., Ghosh P.K., Deriel J.K., Forget B.G., Weissman S.M.
    J. Biol. Chem. 255:2807-2815(1980) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] (HBA2).
  3. "Cloning and complete nucleotide sequence of human 5'-alpha-globin gene."
    Liebhaber S.A., Goossens M.J., Kan Y.W.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 77:7054-7058(1980) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA] (HBA2).
  4. "Mutation in an intervening sequence splice junction in man."
    Orkin S.H., Goff S.C., Hechtman R.L.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 78:5041-5045(1981) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].
  5. "Alpha2(CD31 AGG-->AAG, Arg-->Lys) causing non-deletional alpha-thalassemia in a Chinese family with HbH disease."
    Zhao Y., Xu X.
    Haematologica 86:541-542(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA], VARIANT LYS-32.
  6. "Rapid detection of the common alpha-thalassemia-2 determinants by PCR assay."
    Zhao Y., Zhong M., Liu Z., Xu X.
    Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi 18:216-218(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA] (HBA1).
  7. Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA] (ALPHA-1 AND ALPHA-2).
  8. "Rapid sequencing of mRNA of the human alpha two globin, directly isolated from reticulocytes in whole blood."
    Kutlar F., Leithner C., Kutlar A.
    Submitted (OCT-1998) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] (HBA2).
    Tissue: Blood.
  9. "cDNA sequencing of human alpha one globin mRNA, the 3'untranslated region is different than alpha two globin."
    Kutlar F., Leithner C., Kutlar A.
    Submitted (NOV-1998) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] (HBA1).
    Tissue: Blood.
  10. "An alpha chain variant 'Hemoglobin J-Toronto (Cd.5 /Ala to Asp)' mutation was detected on the alpha-1 globin mRNA by sequencing of cDNA."
    Kutlar F., Holley L., Leithner C., Kutlar A.
    Submitted (FEB-2001) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA].
    Tissue: Blood.
  11. "Unstable Hb 'Evans' (GTG->ATG/Val 62 Met) was detected on the alpha-2 globin gene of an Hispanic girl."
    Kutlar F., Elam D., Hoff J.V., Holley L., Kutlar A.
    Submitted (AUG-2002) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA] (HBA2), VARIANT EVANS MET-63.
    Tissue: Blood.
  12. "Hb G-Philadelphia (Alpha,Codon 68;AAC>AAG/Asn>Lys)in black is detected on a chromosome that carries alpha 3.7 kb deletion showed completely normal alpha-2 globin gene sequence."
    Kutlar F., Davis D.H., Nechtman J., Elam D.
    Submitted (APR-2006) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA] (HBA2), VARIANT G-PHILADELPHIA LYS-69.
  13. Totoki Y., Toyoda A., Takeda T., Sakaki Y., Tanaka A., Yokoyama S.
    Submitted (APR-2005) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
    Tissue: Thymus.
  14. "Sequence, structure and pathology of the fully annotated terminal 2 Mb of the short arm of human chromosome 16."
    Daniels R.J., Peden J.F., Lloyd C., Horsley S.W., Clark K., Tufarelli C., Kearney L., Buckle V.J., Doggett N.A., Flint J., Higgs D.R.
    Hum. Mol. Genet. 10:339-352(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA] (HBA1 AND HBA2).
  15. "The sequence and analysis of duplication-rich human chromosome 16."
    Martin J., Han C., Gordon L.A., Terry A., Prabhakar S., She X., Xie G., Hellsten U., Chan Y.M., Altherr M., Couronne O., Aerts A., Bajorek E., Black S., Blumer H., Branscomb E., Brown N.C., Bruno W.J.
    , Buckingham J.M., Callen D.F., Campbell C.S., Campbell M.L., Campbell E.W., Caoile C., Challacombe J.F., Chasteen L.A., Chertkov O., Chi H.C., Christensen M., Clark L.M., Cohn J.D., Denys M., Detter J.C., Dickson M., Dimitrijevic-Bussod M., Escobar J., Fawcett J.J., Flowers D., Fotopulos D., Glavina T., Gomez M., Gonzales E., Goodstein D., Goodwin L.A., Grady D.L., Grigoriev I., Groza M., Hammon N., Hawkins T., Haydu L., Hildebrand C.E., Huang W., Israni S., Jett J., Jewett P.B., Kadner K., Kimball H., Kobayashi A., Krawczyk M.-C., Leyba T., Longmire J.L., Lopez F., Lou Y., Lowry S., Ludeman T., Manohar C.F., Mark G.A., McMurray K.L., Meincke L.J., Morgan J., Moyzis R.K., Mundt M.O., Munk A.C., Nandkeshwar R.D., Pitluck S., Pollard M., Predki P., Parson-Quintana B., Ramirez L., Rash S., Retterer J., Ricke D.O., Robinson D.L., Rodriguez A., Salamov A., Saunders E.H., Scott D., Shough T., Stallings R.L., Stalvey M., Sutherland R.D., Tapia R., Tesmer J.G., Thayer N., Thompson L.S., Tice H., Torney D.C., Tran-Gyamfi M., Tsai M., Ulanovsky L.E., Ustaszewska A., Vo N., White P.S., Williams A.L., Wills P.L., Wu J.-R., Wu K., Yang J., DeJong P., Bruce D., Doggett N.A., Deaven L., Schmutz J., Grimwood J., Richardson P., Rokhsar D.S., Eichler E.E., Gilna P., Lucas S.M., Myers R.M., Rubin E.M., Pennacchio L.A.
    Nature 432:988-994(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA] (HBA1 AND HBA2).
  16. "The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC)."
    The MGC Project Team
    Genome Res. 14:2121-2127(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA] (HBA1 AND HBA2).
    Tissue: Bone marrow, Brain, Lung and Spleen.
  17. "The constitution of normal adult human haemoglobin."
    Braunitzer G., Gehring-Muller R., Hilschmann N., Hilse K., Hobom G., Rudloff V., Wittmann-Liebold B.
    Hoppe-Seyler's Z. Physiol. Chem. 325:283-286(1961) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: PROTEIN SEQUENCE OF 2-142.
  18. "The structure of human hemoglobin: IV. The chymotryptic digestion of the alpha chain of human hemoglobin."
    Hill R.J., Konigsberg W.
    J. Biol. Chem. 237:3151-3156(1962) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: PROTEIN SEQUENCE OF 2-142.
  19. "The amino acid sequence of the alpha chain of human fetal hemoglobin."
    Schroeder W.A., Shelton J.R., Shelton J.B., Cormick J.
    Biochemistry 2:1353-1357(1963) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: PROTEIN SEQUENCE OF 2-142.
  20. "Exploring proteomes and analyzing protein processing by mass spectrometric identification of sorted N-terminal peptides."
    Gevaert K., Goethals M., Martens L., Van Damme J., Staes A., Thomas G.R., Vandekerckhove J.
    Nat. Biotechnol. 21:566-569(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: PROTEIN SEQUENCE OF 2-32.
    Tissue: Platelet.
  21. "Hb Ethiopia or alpha 2(140)(HC2)Tyr----His beta 2."
    Webber B.B., Wilson J.B., Gu L.-H., Huisman T.H.J.
    Hemoglobin 16:441-443(1992) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: PROTEIN SEQUENCE OF 128-142, VARIANT ETHIOPIA HIS-141.
    Tissue: Umbilical cord blood.
  22. "Sites of nonenzymatic glycosylation of human hemoglobin A."
    Shapiro R., McManus M.J., Zalut C., Bunn H.F.
    J. Biol. Chem. 255:3120-3127(1980) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: GLYCATION AT LYS-8; LYS-17; LYS-41 AND LYS-62, LACK OF GLYCATION AT LYS-12; LYS-57; LYS-61; LYS-91 AND LYS-100.
  23. "Lysine acetylation targets protein complexes and co-regulates major cellular functions."
    Choudhary C., Kumar C., Gnad F., Nielsen M.L., Rehman M., Walther T.C., Olsen J.V., Mann M.
    Science 325:834-840(2009) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: ACETYLATION [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS] AT LYS-17, IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS].
  24. Cited for: IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS].
  25. "An enzyme assisted RP-RPLC approach for in-depth analysis of human liver phosphoproteome."
    Bian Y., Song C., Cheng K., Dong M., Wang F., Huang J., Sun D., Wang L., Ye M., Zou H.
    J. Proteomics 96:253-262(2014) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: PHOSPHORYLATION [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS] AT SER-4; THR-9; TYR-25; SER-36 AND SER-50, IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS].
    Tissue: Liver.
  26. Cited for: IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS].
  27. "Three-dimensional Fourier synthesis of human deoxyhaemoglobin at 2.5-A resolution: refinement of the atomic model."
    Fermi G.
    J. Mol. Biol. 97:237-256(1975) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (2.5 ANGSTROMS) OF DEOXYHEMOGLOBIN.
  28. "The structure of human carbonmonoxy haemoglobin at 2.7-A resolution."
    Baldwin J.M.
    J. Mol. Biol. 136:103-128(1980) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (2.7 ANGSTROMS).
  29. "A third quaternary structure of human hemoglobin A at 1.7-A resolution."
    Silva M.M., Rogers P.H., Arnone A.
    J. Biol. Chem. 267:17248-17256(1992) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (1.7 ANGSTROMS) OF LIGANDED R2 STATE.
  30. "Crystal structure of a human embryonic haemoglobin: the carbonmonoxy form of Gower II (alpha2 epsilon2) haemoglobin at 2.9-A resolution."
    Sutherland-Smith A.J., Baker H.M., Hofmann O.M., Brittain T., Baker E.N.
    J. Mol. Biol. 280:475-484(1998) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (2.9 ANGSTROMS) OF HB GOWER-2.
  31. "Accommodation of insertions in helices: the mutation in hemoglobin Catonsville (Pro 37 alpha-Glu-Thr 38 alpha) generates a 3(10)-->alpha bulge."
    Kavanaugh J.S., Moo-Penn W.F., Arnone A.
    Biochemistry 32:2509-2513(1993) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (1.5 ANGSTROMS) OF VARIANT HB CATONSVILLE GLU-38 INS.
  32. "Hemoglobin J Cape Town-alpha-2 92 arginine replaced by glutamine beta-2."
    Botha M.C., Beale D., Isaacs W.A., Lehmann H.
    Nature 212:792-795(1966) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT J-CAPE TOWN GLN-93.
  33. "Subunit dissociation of the unstable hemoglobin Bibba (alpha 2-136Pro(H19)beta 2)."
    Smith L.L., Barton B.P., Huisman T.H.
    J. Biol. Chem. 245:2185-2188(1970) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT BIBBA PRO-137.
  34. Cited for: CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANT J-CAPE TOWN GLN-93.
  35. "Clinical studies and physiological properties of Hopkins-2 haemoglobin."
    Charache S., Ostertag W., von Ehrenstein G.
    Nature New Biol. 234:248-251(1971) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT HOPKINS-II ASP-113.
  36. "Haemoglobin Denmark Hill 95 (G2) Pro-Ala, a variant with unusual electrophoretic and oxygen-binding properties."
    Wiltshire B.G., Clark K.G., Lorkin P.A., Lehmann H.
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta 278:459-464(1972) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT DENMARK HILL ALA-96.
  37. "Hb Setif: G1 (94) Asp-Tyr. A new chain hemoglobin variant with substitution of the residue involved in hydrogen bond between unlike subunits."
    Wajcman H., Belkhodja O., Labie D.
    FEBS Lett. 27:298-300(1972) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT SETIF TYR-95.
  38. "Biosynthesis of hemoglobin Ann Arbor: evidence for catabolic and feedback regulation."
    Adams J.G. III, Winter W.P., Rucknagel D.L., Spencer H.H.
    Science 176:1427-1429(1972) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT ANN ARBOR ARG-81.
  39. "Hemoglobin Sawara: alpha 6(A4) aspartic acid leads to alanine."
    Sumida I., Ohta Y., Imamura T., Yanase T.
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta 322:23-26(1973) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT SAWARA ALA-7.
  40. "Structure of hemoglobin M Boston, a variant with a five-coordinated ferric heme."
    Pulsinelli P.D., Perutz M.F., Nagel R.L.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 70:3870-3874(1973) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT M-BOSTON/M-OSAKA TYR-59.
  41. "A new haemoglobin variant: J-Rovigo alpha 53 (E-2) alanine leads to aspartic acid."
    Alberti R., Mariuzzi G.M., Artibani L., Bruni E., Tentori L.
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta 342:1-4(1974) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT J-ROVIGO ASP-54.
  42. "Hemoglobin Hirosaki (alpha 43 [CE 1] Phe replaced by Leu), a new unstable variant."
    Ohba Y., Miyaji T., Matsuoka M., Yokoyama M., Numakura H.
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta 405:155-160(1975) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT HIROSAKI LEU-44.
  43. "Hemoglobin Pontoise alpha63 Ala replaced by Asp(E12). A new fast moving variant."
    Thillet J., Blouquit Y., Perrone F., Rosa J.
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta 491:16-22(1977) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT PONTOISE ASP-64.
  44. "Increased oxygen affinity for hemoglobin Sawara: alphaA4(6) aspartic acid replaced by alanine."
    Sasaki J., Imamura T., Sumida I., Yanase T., Ohya M.
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta 495:183-186(1977) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANT SAWARA ALA-7.
  45. "Haemoglobin Port Phillip alpha91 (FG3) Leu replaced by Pro, a new unstable haemoglobin."
    Brennan S.O., Tauro G.P., Melrose W.
    FEBS Lett. 81:115-117(1977) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT PORT PHILLIP PRO-92.
  46. "Hemoglobin Moabit: alpha 86 (F7) Leu leads to Arg: a new unstable abnormal hemoglobin."
    Knuth A., Pribilla W., Marti H.R., Winterhalter K.H.
    Acta Haematol. 61:121-124(1979) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT MOABIT ARG-87.
  47. "A new abnormal human hemoglobin: Hb Prato (alpha 2 31 (B12) Arg leads to Ser beta 2)."
    Marinucci M., Mavilio F., Massa A., Gabbianelli M., Fontanarosa P.P., Camagna A., Ignesti C., Tentori L.
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta 578:534-540(1979) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT PRATO SER-32.
  48. "Hemoglobin Dunn: alpha 6 (A4) aspartic acid replaced by asparagine."
    Jue D.L., Johnson M.H., Patchen L.C., Moo-Penn W.F.
    Hemoglobin 3:137-143(1979) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT DUNN ASN-7.
  49. "Oxygen affinity and stability of hemoglobin Dunn alpha 6(A4)Asp replaced by Asn): use of isoelectric focusing in recognition of a new abnormal hemoglobin."
    Charache S., Brimhall B., Zaatari G.
    Am. J. Hematol. 9:151-160(1980) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANT DUNN ASN-7.
  50. "Hemoglobin Milledgeville (alpha 44 (CD2) Pro leads to Leu): a new variant with increased oxygen affinity."
    Honig G.R., Vida L.N., Shamsuddin M., Mason R.G., Schlumpf H.W., Luke R.A.
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta 626:424-431(1980) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT MILLEDGEVILLE LEU-45.
  51. "Hemoglobin Legnano (alpha 2 141 (HC3) Arg leads to Leu beta2) a new high oxygen affinity variant. Functional and structural studies."
    Giuliani A., Maffi D., Cappabianca M.P., Tentori L.
    J. Biochem. 88:1233-1237(1980) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT LEGNANO LEU-142.
  52. "Structural and functional studies of hemoglobin Suresnes (arg 141 alpha 2 replaced by His beta 2). Consequences of disrupting an oxygen-linked anion-binding site."
    Poyart C., Bursaux E., Arnone A., Bonaventura J., Bonaventura C.
    J. Biol. Chem. 255:9465-9473(1980) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT SURESNES HIS-142.
  53. "Haemoglobin Ferndown (alpha 6 [A4] aspartic acid replaced by valine)."
    Lee-Potter J.P., Deacon-Smith R.A., Lehmann H., Robb L.
    FEBS Lett. 126:117-119(1981) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT FERNDOWN VAL-7.
  54. "Hemoglobin Tottori (alpha 59[E8] glycine replaced by valine)."
    Nakatsuji T., Miwa S., Ohba Y., Miyaji T., Matsumoto N., Matsuoka I.
    Hemoglobin 5:427-439(1981) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT TOTTORI VAL-60.
  55. "Hemoglobin Kawachi [alpha 44 (CE2) Pro leads to Arg]: a new hemoglobin variant of high oxygen affinity with amino acid substitution at alpha 1 beta 2 contact."
    Harano T., Harano K., Ueda S., Shibata S., Imai K., Ohba Y., Shinohara T., Horio S., Nishioka K., Shirotani H.
    Hemoglobin 6:43-49(1982) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT KAWACHI ARG-45.
  56. "HB Kokura [alpha 47 (CE 5) Asp leads to Gly]: a slightly unstable variant."
    Ohba Y., Hattori Y., Matsuoka M., Miyaji T., Fuyuno K.
    Hemoglobin 6:69-74(1982) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT KOKURA GLY-48.
  57. "Hemoglobin Evanston: alpha 14(A12) Trp leads to Arg. A variant hemoglobin associated with alpha-thalassemia-2."
    Moo-Penn W.F., Baine R.M., Jue D.L., Johnson M.H., McGuffey J.E., Benson J.M.
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta 747:65-70(1983) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT EVANSTON ARG-15.
  58. "Hemoglobin Tokoname [alpha 139 (HC 1) Lys leads to Thr]: a new hemoglobin variant with a slightly increased oxygen affinity."
    Harano T., Harano K., Shibata S., Ueda S., Imai K., Seki M.
    Hemoglobin 7:85-90(1983) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT TOKONAME THR-140.
  59. "A case of hemoglobin Iwata [alpha 87(F8)His leads to Arg] in China."
    Liu G.Y., Zhang G.X., Nie S.Y., Luo H.Y., Teng Y.Q., Liu S.P., Song M., Son L., Chen S.S., Jia P.C., Liang C.C.
    Hemoglobin 7:279-282(1983) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT IWATA ARG-88.
  60. "Hb Etobicoke, alpha 85(F5) Ser leads to Arg found in a newborn of French-Indian-English descent."
    Headlee M.G., Nakatsuji T., Lam H., Wrightstone R.N., Huisman T.H.
    Hemoglobin 7:285-287(1983) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT ETOBICOKE ARG-85.
  61. "Hemoglobin Aichi [alpha 50(CE8) His----Arg]: a new slightly unstable hemoglobin variant discovered in Japan."
    Harano T., Harano K., Shibata S., Ueda S., Mori H., Seki M.
    FEBS Lett. 169:297-299(1984) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT AICHI ARG-51.
  62. "Hb Cordele alpha(2)47 (CE5)Asp----Ala beta 2. A mildly unstable variant observed in black twins."
    Nakatsuji T., Wilson J.B., Huisman T.H.
    Hemoglobin 8:37-46(1984) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT CORDELE ALA-48.
  63. "The characterization of hemoglobin Manitoba or alpha (2)102(G9)Ser----Arg beta 2 and hemoglobin Contaldo or alpha (2)103(G10)His----Arg beta 2 by high performance liquid chromatography."
    Sciarratta G.V., Ivaldi G., Molaro G.L., Sansone G., Salkie M.L., Wilson J.B., Reese A.L., Huisman T.H.
    Hemoglobin 8:169-181(1984) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT MANITOBA ARG-103, VARIANT CONTALDO ARG-104.
  64. "Hemoglobin Evanston (alpha 14 Trp----Arg). An unstable alpha-chain variant expressed as alpha-thalassemia."
    Honig G.R., Shamsuddin M., Vida L.N., Mompoint M., Valcourt E., Bowie L.J., Jones E.C., Powers P.A., Spritz R.A., Guis M.
    J. Clin. Invest. 73:1740-1749(1984) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANT EVANSTON ARG-15.
  65. "A new hemoglobin variant, hemoglobin Nunobiki [alpha 141 (HC3) Arg----Cys]. Notable influence of the carboxy-terminal cysteine upon various physico-chemical characteristics of hemoglobin."
    Shimasaki S.
    J. Clin. Invest. 75:695-701(1985) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT NUNOBIKI CYS-142.
  66. "Increased oxygen affinity with normal heterotropic effects in hemoglobin Loire [alpha 88(F9)Ala----Ser]."
    Baklouti F., Baudin-Chich V., Kister J., Marden M., Teyssier G., Poyart C., Delaunay J., Wajcman H.
    Eur. J. Biochem. 177:307-312(1988) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT LOIRE SER-89.
  67. "Hb Luxembourg [alpha 24(B5) Tyr----His]: a new unstable variant."
    Groff P., Galacteros F., Kalmes G., Blouquit Y., Wajcman H.
    Hemoglobin 13:429-436(1989) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT LUXEMBOURG HIS-25.
  68. "Hb Miyano or alpha 41(C6)Thr----Ser: a new high oxygen affinity alpha chain variant found in an erythremic blood donor."
    Ohba Y., Imai K., Uenaka R., Ami M., Fujisawa K., Itoh K., Hirakawa K., Miyaji T.
    Hemoglobin 13:637-647(1989) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT MIYANO SER-42.
  69. "Hb Reims [alpha 2(23)(B4)Glu----Gly beta 2]: a new alpha chain variant with slightly decreased stability."
    Bardakdjian-Michau J., Rosa J., Galacteros F., Lancelot M., Marquart F.X.
    Hemoglobin 13:733-735(1989) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT REIMS GLY-24.
  70. "Structural, functional, and subunit assembly properties of hemoglobin Attleboro [alpha 138 (H21) Ser----Pro], a variant possessing a site maturation at a critical C-terminal residue."
    McDonald M.J., Michalski L.A., Turci S.M., Guillette R.A., Jue D.L., Johnson M.H., Moo-Penn W.F.
    Biochemistry 29:173-178(1990) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT ATTLEBORO PRO-139.
  71. "Hb Fukutomi [alpha 126(H9)Asp----Val]: a new hemoglobin variant with high oxygen affinity."
    Hidaka K., Iuchi I., Kobayashi T., Katoh K., Yaguchi K.
    Hemoglobin 14:499-509(1990) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT FUKUTOMI VAL-127.
  72. "Hemoglobin Dallas (alpha 97(G4)Asn-->Lys): functional characterization of a high oxygen affinity natural mutant."
    Lendaro E., Ippoliti R., Brancaccio A., Bellelli A., Vallone B., Ivaldi G., Sciarratta G.V., Castello C., Tomova S., Brunori M.
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1180:15-20(1992) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT DALLAS LYS-98.
  73. "Hemoglobin Rouen (alpha-140 (HC2) Tyr-->His): alteration of the alpha-chain C-terminal region and moderate increase in oxygen affinity."
    Wajcman H., Kister J., Marden M., Lahary A., Monconduit M., Galacteros F.
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1180:53-57(1992) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT ROUEN/ETHIOPIA HIS-141.
  74. "HB Al-Ain Abu Dhabi [alpha 18(A16)Gly-->Asp]: a new hemoglobin variant discovered in an Emiratee family."
    Abbes S., M'Rad A., Fitzgerald P.A., Dormer P., Blouquit Y., Kister J., Galacteros F., Wajcman H.
    Hemoglobin 16:355-362(1992) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT AL-AIN ABU DHABI ASP-19.
  75. "Unstable alpha-chain hemoglobin variants with factitious beta-thalassemia biosynthetic ratio: Hb Questembert (alpha 131[H14]Ser-->Pro) and Hb Caen (alpha 132[H15]Val-->Gly)."
    Wajcman H., Vasseur C., Blouquit Y., Rosa J., Labie D., Najman A., Reman O., Leporrier M., Galacteros F.
    Am. J. Hematol. 42:367-374(1993) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT QUESTEMBERT PRO-132.
  76. "Hb Adana or alpha 2(59)(E8)Gly-->Asp beta 2, a severely unstable alpha 1-globin variant, observed in combination with the -(alpha)20.5 Kb alpha-thal-1 deletion in two Turkish patients."
    Cueruek M.A., Dimovski A.J., Baysal E., Gu L.H., Kutlar F., Molchanova T.P., Webber B.B., Altay C., Guergey A., Huisman T.H.
    Am. J. Hematol. 44:270-275(1993) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT ADANA ASP-60.
  77. "Hb Montefiore (126(H9)Asp-->Tyr). High oxygen affinity and loss of cooperativity secondary to C-terminal disruption."
    Wajcman H., Kister J., Galacteros F., Spielvogel A., Lin M.J., Vidugiris G.J., Hirsch R.E., Friedman J.M., Nagel R.L.
    J. Biol. Chem. 271:22990-22998(1996) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT MONTEFIORE TYR-127.
  78. "Hemoglobin Atago (alpha2-85 Tyr beta-2) a new abnormal human hemoglobin found in Nagasaki. Biochemical studies on hemoglobins and myoglobins. VI."
    Fujiwara N., Maekawa T., Matsuda G.
    Int. J. Protein Res. 3:35-39(1971) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT ATAGO TYR-86.
  79. "Hb Auckland [alpha 87(F8) His-->Asn]: a new mutation of the proximal histidine identified by electrospray mass spectrometry."
    Brennan S.O., Matthews J.R.
    Hemoglobin 21:393-403(1997) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT AUCKLAND ASN-88.
  80. "Structural characterizations of hemoglobins J-Buda (alpha 61 (E10) Lys-to-Asn) and G-Pest (alpha 74 (EF3) Asp-to-Asn)."
    Brimhall B.J., Duerst M., Hollan S.R., Stenzel P., Szelenyi J., Jones R.T.
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta 336:344-360(1974)
    Cited for: VARIANTS J-BUDA ASN-62 AND G-PEST ASN-75.
  81. "Hb Cemenelum [alpha 92 (FG4) Arg-->Trp]: a hemoglobin variant of the alpha 1/beta 2 interface that displays a moderate increase in oxygen affinity."
    Wajcman H., Kister J., M'Rad A., Soummer A.M., Galacteros F.
    Ann. Hematol. 68:73-76(1994) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT CEMENELUM TRP-93.
  82. "Hemoglobin Chongqing [alpha 2(NA2)Leu-->Arg] and hemoglobin Harbin [alpha 16(A14)Lys-->Met] found in China."
    Zeng Y.-T., Huang S.-Z., Qiu X.-K., Cheng G.-C., Ren Z.-R., Jin Q.-C., Chen C.-Y., Jiao C.-T., Tang Z.-G., Liu R.-H., Bao X.-H., Zeng L.-Z., Duan Y.-Q., Zhang G.-Y.
    Hemoglobin 8:569-581(1984) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANTS CHONGQING ARG-3 AND HARBIN MET-17.
  83. "Alpha-thalassaemia due to a single codon deletion in the alpha 1-globin gene. Computational structural analysis of the new alpha-chain variant."
    Ayala S., Colomer D., Gelpi J.L., Corron J.L.V.
    Hum. Mutat. 11:412-412(1998) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT CLINIC LYS-61 DEL.
  84. "Hb Davenport or alpha 2(78)(EF7)Asn-->His beta 2."
    Wilson J.B., Webber B.B., Plaseska D., de Alarcon P.A., McMillan S.K., Huisman T.H.J.
    Hemoglobin 14:599-605(1990) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT DAVENPORT HIS-79.
  85. "Hb Evans or alpha 262(E11)Val-->Met beta 2; an unstable hemoglobin causing a mild hemolytic anemia."
    Wilson J.B., Webber B.B., Kutlar A., Reese A.L., McKie V.C., Lutcher C.L., Felice A.E., Huisman T.H.J.
    Hemoglobin 13:557-566(1989) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT EVANS MET-63.
  86. "Locus assignment of two alpha-globin structural mutants from the Caribbean basin: alpha Fort de France (alpha 45 Arg) and alpha Spanish Town (alpha 27 Val)."
    Cash F.E., Monplaisir N., Goossens M., Liebhaber S.A.
    Blood 74:833-835(1989) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANTS SPANISH TOWN VAL-28 AND FORT DE FRANCE ARG-46.
  87. "Hb Godavari [alpha 95(G2)Pro-->Thr]: a neutral amino acid substitution in the alpha 1 beta 2 interface that modifies the electrophoretic mobility of hemoglobin."
    Wajcman H., Kister J., Riou J., Galacteros F., Girot R., Maier-Redelsperger M., Nayudu N.V.S., Giordano P.C.
    Hemoglobin 22:11-22(1998) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT GODAVARI THR-96.
  88. "Hemoglobin Grady: the first example of a variant with elongated chains due to an insertion of residues."
    Huisman T.H.J., Wilson J.B., Gravely M., Hubbard M.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 71:3270-3273(1974) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT GRADY GLU-PHE-THR-119 INS.
  89. "A new alpha chain variant, Hb Hanamaki or alpha 2(139)(HC1)Lys-->Glu beta 2, found in a Japanese family."
    Orisaka M., Tajima T., Harano T., Harano K., Kushida Y., Imai K.
    Hemoglobin 16:67-71(1992) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT HANAMAKI GLU-140.
  90. "HB Handa [alpha 90 (FG 2) Lys replaced by Met]: structure and biosynthesis of a new slightly higher oxygen affinity variant."
    Harano T., Harano K., Shibata S., Ueda S., Imai K., Seki M.
    Hemoglobin 6:379-389(1982) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT HANDA MET-91.
  91. "Hemoglobin Hasharon (alpha-2-47 his(CD5)beta-2): a hemoglobin found in low concentration."
    Charache S., Mondzac A.M., Gessner U.
    J. Clin. Invest. 48:834-847(1969) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT HASHARON HIS-48.
  92. "Hemoglobin Hobart or alpha 20(Bl)His-->Arg: a new alpha chain hemoglobin variant."
    Fleming P.J., Sumner D.R., Wyatt K., Hughes W.G., Melrose W.D., Jupe D.M.D., Baikie M.J.
    Hemoglobin 11:211-220(1987) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT HOBART ARG-21.
  93. "Haemoglobin Inkster (alpha2 85aspartic acid leads to valine beta2) coexisting with beta-thalassaemia in a Caucasian family."
    Reed R.E., Winter W.P., Rucknagel D.L.
    Br. J. Haematol. 26:475-484(1974) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT INKSTER VAL-86.
  94. "Hb Kanagawa [alpha 40(C5)Lys-->Met]: a new alpha chain variant with an increased oxygen affinity."
    Miyashita H., Hashimoto K., Mohri H., Ohokubo T., Harano T., Harano K., Imai K.
    Hemoglobin 16:1-10(1992) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT KANAGAWA MET-41.
  95. "Hb Kurdistan [alpha 47(CE5)Asp-->Tyr], a new alpha chain variant in combination with beta (0)-thalassemia."
    Giordano P.C., Harteveld C.L., Streng H., Oosterwijk J.C., Heister J.G.A.M., Amons R., Bernini L.F.
    Hemoglobin 18:11-18(1994) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT KURDISTAN TYR-48.
  96. "Hb Kurosaki [alpha 7(A5)Lys-->Glu]: a new alpha chain variant found in a Japanese woman."
    Harano T., Harano K., Imai K., Murakami T., Matsubara H.
    Hemoglobin 19:197-201(1995) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT KUROSAKI GLU-8.
  97. "A case of HB J-Meerut (or Hb J-Birmingham) [alpha 120(H3)Ala-->Glu]."
    Yalcin A., Avcu F., Beyan C., Guergey A., Ural A.U.
    Hemoglobin 18:433-435(1994) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT J-MEERUT/J-BIRMINGHAM GLU-121.
  98. "Hb Melusine [alpha 114(GH2)Pro-->Ser]: a new neutral hemoglobin variant."
    Wacjman H., Klames G., Groff P., Prome D., Riou J., Galacteros F.
    Hemoglobin 17:397-405(1993) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT MELUSINE SER-115.
  99. "Two new hemoglobins. Hemoglobin Alabama (beta39(C5)Gln leads to Lys) and hemoglobin Montgomery (alpha 48(CD 6) Leu leads to Arg)."
    Brimhall B., Jones R.T., Schneider R.G., Hosty T.S., Tomlin G., Atkins R.
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta 379:28-32(1975) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT MONTGOMERY ARG-49.
  100. "Hemoglobin Petah Tikva (alpha 110 Ala replaced by Asp): a new unstable variant with alpha-thalassemia-like expression."
    Honig G.R., Shamsuddin M., Zaizov R., Steinherz M., Solar I., Kirschman C.
    Blood 57:705-711(1981) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT PETAH TIKVA ASP-111.
  101. "Hemoglobin Phnom Penh [alpha117Phe(H1)-Ile-alpha118Thr(H2)]; evidence for a hotspot for insertion of residues in the third exon of the alpha1-globin gene."
    Wajcman H., Prehu M.O., Prehu C., Blouquit Y., Prome D., Galacteros F.
    Hum. Mutat. Suppl. 1:S20-S22(1998) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT PHNOM PENH ILE-118 INS.
  102. "Hb Port Huron [alpha 56 (E5)Lys-->Arg]: a new alpha chain variant."
    Zwerdling T., Williams S., Nasr S.A., Rucknagel D.L.
    Hemoglobin 15:381-391(1991) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT PORT HURON ARG-57.
  103. "Hb Shenyang (alpha 26 (B7) Ala replaced by Glu): a new unstable variant found in China."
    Zeng Y.-T., Huang S.-Z., Zhou X., Qiu X.-K., Dong Q., Li M., Bai J.
    Hemoglobin 6:625-628(1982) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT SHENYANG GLU-27.
  104. "Hemoglobin Suan-Dok (alpha 2 109 (G16) Leu replaced by Arg beta 2): an unstable variant associated with alpha-thalassemia."
    Sanguansermsri T., Matragoon S., Changloah L., Flatz G.
    Hemoglobin 3:161-174(1979) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT SUAN-DOK ARG-110.
  105. "Hyperunstable hemoglobin Toyama [alpha 2 136(H19)Leu----Arg beta 2]: detection and identification by in vitro biosynthesis with radioactive amino acids."
    Ohba Y., Yamamoto K., Hattori Y., Kawata R., Miyaji T.
    Hemoglobin 11:539-556(1987) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: INVOLVEMENT IN HEIBAN, VARIANT TOYAMA ARG-137.
  106. "Hb Sun Prairie or alpha(2)130(H13)Ala-->Pro beta 2, a new unstable variant occurring in low quantities."
    Harkness M., Harkness D.R., Kutlar F., Kutlar A., Wilson J.B., Webber B.B., Codrington J.F., Huisman T.H.J.
    Hemoglobin 14:479-489(1990) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT SUN PRAIRIE PRO-131.
  107. "HB Swan River [alpha 6(A4)Asp-->Gly] observed in a Japanese man."
    Harano T., Harano K., Imai K., Terunuma S.
    Hemoglobin 20:75-78(1996) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT SWAN RIVER GLY-7.
  108. "Hemoglobin Thionville. An alpha-chain variant with a substitution of a glutamate for valine at NA-1 and having an acetylated methionine NH2 terminus."
    Vasseur C., Blouquit Y., Kister J., Prome D., Kavanaugh J.S., Rogers P.H., Guillemin C., Arnone A., Galacteros F., Poyart C., Rosa J., Wajcman H.
    J. Biol. Chem. 267:12682-12691(1992) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT THIONVILLE GLU-2.
  109. "Haemoglobin Tunis-Bizerte: a new alpha 1 globin 129 Leu-->Pro unstable variant with thalassaemic phenotype."
    Darbellay R., Mach-Pascual S., Rose K., Graf J., Beris P.
    Br. J. Haematol. 90:71-76(1995) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT TUNIS-BIZERTE PRO-130.
  110. "A new alpha chain variant, Hb Turriff [alpha 99(G6)Lys-->Glu]: the interference of abnormal hemoglobins in Hb A1c determination."
    Langdown J.V., Davidson R.J., Williamson D.
    Hemoglobin 16:11-17(1992) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT TURRIFF GLU-100.
  111. "Hb Val de Marne [alpha 133(H16)Ser-->Arg]: a new hemoglobin variant with moderate increase in oxygen affinity."
    Wacjman H., Kister J., M'Rad A., Marden M.C., Riou J., Galacteros F.
    Hemoglobin 17:407-417(1993) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT VAL DE MARNE ARG-134.
  112. "Hb Westmead: an alpha 2-globin gene mutation detected by polymerase chain reaction and Stu I cleavage."
    Jiang N.H., Liang S., Wen X.J., Liang R., Su C., Tang Z.
    Hemoglobin 15:291-295(1991) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT WESTMEAD GLN-123.
  113. "Hemoglobin Woodville: alpha (2)6(A4) aspartic acid-->tyrosine."
    Como P.F., Barber S., Sage R.E., Kronenberg H.
    Hemoglobin 10:135-141(1986) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT WOODVILLE TYR-7.
  114. "Hb Yuda or alpha 130(H13)Ala-->Asp; a new alpha chain variant with low oxygen affinity."
    Fujisawa K., Hattori Y., Ohba Y., Ando S.
    Hemoglobin 16:435-439(1992) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT YUDA ASP-131.
  115. "Two new human hemoglobin variants caused by unusual mutational events: Hb Zaire contains a five residue repetition within the alpha-chain and Hb Duino has two residues substituted in the beta-chain."
    Wajcman H., Blouquit Y., Vasseur C., le Querrec A., Laniece M., Melevendi C., Rasore A., Galacteros F.
    Hum. Genet. 89:676-680(1992) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT ZAIRE HIS-LEU-PRO-ALA-GLU-117 INS.
  116. "Hb Aghia Sophia [alpha62(E11)Val-->0 (alpha1)], an 'in-frame' deletion causing alpha-thalassemia."
    Traeger-Synodinos J., Harteveld C.L., Kanavakis E., Giordano P.C., Kattamis C., Bernini L.F.
    Hemoglobin 23:317-324(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT HBH VAL-63 DEL.
  117. "Two new alpha chain variants: Hb Boghe [alpha58(E7)His-->Gln, alpha2], a variant on the distal histidine, and Hb Charolles [alpha103(G10)His-Tyr, alpha1]."
    Lacan P., Francina A., Souillet G., Aubry M., Couprie N., Dementhon L., Becchi M.
    Hemoglobin 23:345-352(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT BOGHE GLN-59, VARIANT CHAROLLES TYR-104.
  118. "Screening for mutations in human alpha-globin genes by nonradioactive single-strand conformation polymorphism."
    Jorge S.B., Melo M.B., Costa F.F., Sonati M.F.
    Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. 36:1471-1474(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT CAMPINAS VAL-27, VARIANT WEST ONE GLY-127.
  119. "Characterization of hemoglobin Bassett (alpha94Asp-->Ala), a variant with very low oxygen affinity."
    Abdulmalik O., Safo M.K., Lerner N.B., Ochotorena J., Daikhin E., Lakka V., Santacroce R., Abraham D.J., Asakura T.
    Am. J. Hematol. 77:268-276(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT BASSETT ALA-95, CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANT BASSETT ALA-95.
  120. "A novel mutation of the alpha2-globin causing alpha(+)-thalassemia: Hb Plasencia [alpha125(H8)Leu-->Arg (alpha2)."
    Martin G., Villegas A., Gonzalez F.A., Ropero P., Hojas R., Polo M., Mateo M., Salvador M., Benavente C.
    Hemoglobin 29:113-117(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT PLASENCIA ARG-126.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiHBA_HUMAN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P69905
Secondary accession number(s): P01922
, Q1HDT5, Q3MIF5, Q53F97, Q96KF1, Q9NYR7, Q9UCM0
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 21, 1986
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: April 13, 2016
This is version 149 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

Miscellaneousi

Miscellaneous

Gives blood its red color.

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Human chromosome 16
    Human chromosome 16: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  2. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
  3. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  4. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  5. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  6. Protein Spotlight
    Protein Spotlight articles and cited UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries
  7. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.