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Protein

Alpha-crystallin A chain

Gene

CRYAA

Organism
Cavia porcellus (Guinea pig)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 3 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Contributes to the transparency and refractive index of the lens. Has chaperone-like activity, preventing aggregation of various proteins under a wide range of stress conditions (By similarity).By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Metal bindingi79Zinc 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi100Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi102Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi107Zinc 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi115Zinc 1By similarity1

GO - Molecular functioni

Keywordsi

Molecular functionChaperone, Eye lens protein
LigandMetal-binding, Zinc

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Alpha-crystallin A chain
Gene namesi
Name:CRYAA
OrganismiCavia porcellus (Guinea pig)
Taxonomic identifieri10141 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaHystricomorphaCaviidaeCavia
Proteomesi
  • UP000005447 Componenti: Unassembled WGS sequence

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00001258521 – 173Alpha-crystallin A chainAdd BLAST173

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Modified residuei1N-acetylmethionineBy similarityCurated1
Modified residuei6Deamidated glutamine; partialBy similarity1
Modified residuei21Omega-N-methylated arginineBy similarity1
Modified residuei45PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei50Deamidated glutamine; partialBy similarity1
Modified residuei70N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei90Deamidated glutamine; partialBy similarity1
Modified residuei99N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei101Deamidated asparagine; partialBy similarity1
Modified residuei122PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei123Deamidated asparagine; partialBy similarity1
Modified residuei147Deamidated glutamine; partialBy similarity1
Glycosylationi162O-linked (GlcNAc) serineBy similarity1

Post-translational modificationi

Acetylation at Lys-70 seems to increase chaperone activity.By similarity
Undergoes age-dependent proteolytical cleavage at the C-terminus.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Glycoprotein, Methylation, Phosphoprotein

Expressioni

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSCPOG00000004350.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Heteropolymer composed of three CRYAA and one CRYAB subunits. Inter-subunit bridging via zinc ions enhances stability, which is crucial as there is no protein turn over in the lens (By similarity).By similarity

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP68281.
SMRiP68281.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Domaini52 – 162sHSPPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST111

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the small heat shock protein (HSP20) family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

GeneTreeiENSGT00760000119238.
HOGENOMiHOG000233954.
HOVERGENiHBG054766.
InParanoidiP68281.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.60.40.790. 1 hit.
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002068. A-crystallin/Hsp20_dom.
IPR001436. Alpha-crystallin/HSP.
IPR012274. Alpha-crystallin_A.
IPR003090. Alpha-crystallin_N.
IPR031107. HSP20.
IPR008978. HSP20-like_chaperone.
PANTHERiPTHR11527. PTHR11527. 1 hit.
PTHR11527:SF205. PTHR11527:SF205. 1 hit.
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00525. Crystallin. 1 hit.
PF00011. HSP20. 1 hit.
PIRSFiPIRSF036514. Sm_HSP_B1. 1 hit.
PRINTSiPR00299. ACRYSTALLIN.
SUPFAMiSSF49764. SSF49764. 1 hit.
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS01031. SHSP. 1 hit.

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

P68281-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MDVTIQHPWF KRALGPFYPS RLFDQFFGEG LFEYDLLPFL SSTISPYYRQ
60 70 80 90 100
SLFRTVLDSG ISEVRSDRDK FVIFLDVKHF SPEDLTVKVQ EDFVEIHGKH
110 120 130 140 150
NERQDDHGYI SREFHRRYRL PSNVDQSALS CSLSADGMLT FSGPKVQSGL
160 170
DAGHSERAIP VSREEKPSSA PSS
Length:173
Mass (Da):19,807
Last modified:July 21, 1986 - v1
Checksum:i6D8BE3E147B33A5C
GO

Sequence databases

PIRiA02894. CYGPAA.
RefSeqiXP_005001048.1. XM_005000991.2.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSCPOT00000027446; ENSCPOP00000017479; ENSCPOG00000004350.
GeneIDi100135506.

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiCRYAA_CAVPO
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P68281
Secondary accession number(s): P02491
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 21, 1986
Last sequence update: July 21, 1986
Last modified: August 30, 2017
This is version 62 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families