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Protein

Actin, aortic smooth muscle

Gene

Acta2

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Actins are highly conserved proteins that are involved in various types of cell motility and are ubiquitously expressed in all eukaryotic cells.

Miscellaneous

In vertebrates 3 main groups of actin isoforms, alpha, beta and gamma have been identified. The alpha actins are found in muscle tissues and are a major constituent of the contractile apparatus. The beta and gamma actins coexist in most cell types as components of the cytoskeleton and as mediators of internal cell motility.

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

  • glomerular mesangial cell development Source: RGD
  • mesenchyme migration Source: AgBase
  • muscle contraction Source: RGD
  • positive regulation of ERK1 and ERK2 cascade Source: RGD
  • positive regulation of gene expression Source: AgBase
  • positive regulation of hepatic stellate cell activation Source: RGD
  • positive regulation of hepatic stellate cell contraction Source: RGD
  • positive regulation of hepatic stellate cell migration Source: RGD
  • regulation of blood pressure Source: RGD
  • regulation of wound healing Source: RGD
  • response to virus Source: RGD
  • vascular smooth muscle contraction Source: RGD

Keywordsi

Molecular functionMuscle protein
LigandATP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Actin, aortic smooth muscle
Alternative name(s):
Alpha-actin-2
Cleaved into the following chain:
Gene namesi
Name:Acta2
Synonyms:Actsa, Actvs
OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

RGDi621676 Acta2

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Cytoskeleton

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Initiator methionineiRemovedBy similarity
ChainiPRO_00004426092 – 377Actin, aortic smooth muscle, intermediate formBy similarityAdd BLAST376
ChainiPRO_00004426103 – 377Actin, aortic smooth muscleBy similarityAdd BLAST375

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Modified residuei2N-acetylcysteine; in intermediate formBy similarity1
Modified residuei46Methionine (R)-sulfoxideBy similarity1
Modified residuei49Methionine (R)-sulfoxideBy similarity1
Modified residuei75Tele-methylhistidineBy similarity1
Modified residuei86N6-methyllysineBy similarity1

Post-translational modificationi

Oxidation of Met-46 and Met-49 by MICALs (MICAL1, MICAL2 or MICAL3) to form methionine sulfoxide promotes actin filament depolymerization. MICAL1 and MICAL2 produce the (R)-S-oxide form. The (R)-S-oxide form is reverted by MSRB1 and MSRB2, which promotes actin repolymerization.By similarity
Monomethylation at Lys-86 (K84me1) regulates actin-myosin interaction and actomyosin-dependent processes. Demethylation by ALKBH4 is required for maintaining actomyosin dynamics supporting normal cleavage furrow ingression during cytokinesis and cell migration (By similarity).By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Methylation, Oxidation

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiP62738

PTM databases

CarbonylDBiP62738
PhosphoSitePlusiP62738

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Polymerization of globular actin (G-actin) leads to a structural filament (F-actin) in the form of a two-stranded helix. Each actin can bind to 4 others.

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi2495331 interactor.
IntActiP62738 2 interactors.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP62738
SMRiP62738
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the actin family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0676 Eukaryota
COG5277 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000233340
HOVERGENiHBG003771
InParanoidiP62738
KOiK12313

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR004000 Actin
IPR020902 Actin/actin-like_CS
IPR004001 Actin_CS
PANTHERiPTHR11937 PTHR11937, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00022 Actin, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00190 ACTIN
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00268 ACTIN, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00406 ACTINS_1, 1 hit
PS00432 ACTINS_2, 1 hit
PS01132 ACTINS_ACT_LIKE, 1 hit

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P62738-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MCEEEDSTAL VCDNGSGLCK AGFAGDDAPR AVFPSIVGRP RHQGVMVGMG
60 70 80 90 100
QKDSYVGDEA QSKRGILTLK YPIEHGIITN WDDMEKIWHH SFYNELRVAP
110 120 130 140 150
EEHPTLLTEA PLNPKANREK MTQIMFETFN VPAMYVAIQA VLSLYASGRT
160 170 180 190 200
TGIVLDSGDG VTHNVPIYEG YALPHAIMRL DLAGRDLTDY LMKILTERGY
210 220 230 240 250
SFVTTAEREI VRDIKEKLCY VALDFENEMA TAASSSSLEK SYELPDGQVI
260 270 280 290 300
TIGNERFRCP ETLFQPSFIG MESAGIHETT YNSIMKCDID IRKDLYANNV
310 320 330 340 350
LSGGTTMYPG IADRMQKEIT ALAPSTMKIK IIAPPERKYS VWIGGSILAS
360 370
LSTFQQMWIS KQEYDEAGPS IVHRKCF
Length:377
Mass (Da):42,009
Last modified:August 16, 2004 - v1
Checksum:i2D0543262DB35CA5
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X06801 mRNA Translation: CAA29957.1
X00306 mRNA Translation: CAA25083.1
M22757 mRNA Translation: AAA74457.1
PIRiJE0005
RefSeqiNP_112266.1, NM_031004.2
UniGeneiRn.195319
Rn.3114

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi81633
KEGGirno:81633

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiACTA_RAT
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P62738
Secondary accession number(s): P03996, P04108, P70476
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 23, 1986
Last sequence update: August 16, 2004
Last modified: April 25, 2018
This is version 98 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome