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Protein

Lysozyme C

Gene

LYZ

Organism
Colobus guereza (Mantled guereza) (Eastern black-and-white colobus monkey)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 3 out of 5-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Lysozymes have primarily a bacteriolytic function; those in tissues and body fluids are associated with the monocyte-macrophage system and enhance the activity of immunoagents.

Catalytic activityi

Hydrolysis of (1->4)-beta-linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in a peptidoglycan and between N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in chitodextrins.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Active sitei53 – 531PROSITE-ProRule annotation
Active sitei71 – 711PROSITE-ProRule annotation

GO - Molecular functioni

  1. lysozyme activity Source: UniProtKB-EC

GO - Biological processi

  1. cell wall macromolecule catabolic process Source: InterPro
  2. cytolysis Source: UniProtKB-KW
  3. defense response to bacterium Source: UniProtKB-KW
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Antimicrobial, Bacteriolytic enzyme, Glycosidase, Hydrolase

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGH22. Glycoside Hydrolase Family 22.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Lysozyme C (EC:3.2.1.17)
Alternative name(s):
1,4-beta-N-acetylmuramidase C
Gene namesi
Name:LYZ
Synonyms:LZM
OrganismiColobus guereza (Mantled guereza) (Eastern black-and-white colobus monkey)
Taxonomic identifieri33548 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniCercopithecidaeColobinaeColobus

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Signal peptidei1 – 1818By similarityAdd
BLAST
Chaini19 – 148130Lysozyme CPRO_0000018463Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Disulfide bondi24 ↔ 146PROSITE-ProRule annotation
Disulfide bondi48 ↔ 134PROSITE-ProRule annotation
Disulfide bondi83 ↔ 99PROSITE-ProRule annotation
Disulfide bondi95 ↔ 113PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Monomer.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP61632.
SMRiP61632. Positions 19-148.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the glycosyl hydrolase 22 family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

HOVERGENiHBG052297.

Family and domain databases

InterProiIPR001916. Glyco_hydro_22.
IPR019799. Glyco_hydro_22_CS.
IPR000974. Glyco_hydro_22_lys.
IPR023346. Lysozyme-like_dom.
IPR030056. Lysozyme_C.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR11407:SF22. PTHR11407:SF22. 1 hit.
PfamiPF00062. Lys. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00137. LYSOZYME.
PR00135. LYZLACT.
SMARTiSM00263. LYZ1. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF53955. SSF53955. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00128. LACTALBUMIN_LYSOZYME_1. 1 hit.
PS51348. LACTALBUMIN_LYSOZYME_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P61632-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to Basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MKALIILGLV LLSVTVQGKI FERCELARTL KKLGLDGYKG VSLANWVCLA
60 70 80 90 100
KWESGYNTDA TNYNPGDEST DYGIFQINSR YWCNNGKTPG AVNACHISCN
110 120 130 140
ALLQNNIADA VACAKRVVSD PQGIRAWVAW KKHCQNRDVS QYVEGCGV
Length:148
Mass (Da):16,258
Last modified:June 7, 2004 - v1
Checksum:i2402FC175CA271AA
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U76916 mRNA. Translation: AAB41202.1.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U76916 mRNA. Translation: AAB41202.1.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP61632.
SMRiP61632. Positions 19-148.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGH22. Glycoside Hydrolase Family 22.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

HOVERGENiHBG052297.

Family and domain databases

InterProiIPR001916. Glyco_hydro_22.
IPR019799. Glyco_hydro_22_CS.
IPR000974. Glyco_hydro_22_lys.
IPR023346. Lysozyme-like_dom.
IPR030056. Lysozyme_C.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR11407:SF22. PTHR11407:SF22. 1 hit.
PfamiPF00062. Lys. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00137. LYSOZYME.
PR00135. LYZLACT.
SMARTiSM00263. LYZ1. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF53955. SSF53955. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00128. LACTALBUMIN_LYSOZYME_1. 1 hit.
PS51348. LACTALBUMIN_LYSOZYME_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

  1. "Episodic adaptive evolution of primate lysozymes."
    Messier W., Stewart C.B.
    Nature 385:151-154(1997) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA].
    Tissue: Blood and Stomach.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiLYSC_COLGU
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P61632
Secondary accession number(s): P79151, P79698
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: June 7, 2004
Last sequence update: June 7, 2004
Last modified: January 7, 2015
This is version 44 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Miscellaneous

Lysozyme C is capable of both hydrolysis and transglycosylation; it shows also a slight esterase activity. It acts rapidly on both peptide-substituted and unsubstituted peptidoglycan, and slowly on chitin oligosaccharides.

Documents

  1. Glycosyl hydrolases
    Classification of glycosyl hydrolase families and list of entries
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into Uniref entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.