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Protein

Myelin proteolipid protein

Gene

Plp1

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

This is the major myelin protein from the central nervous system. It plays an important role in the formation or maintenance of the multilamellar structure of myelin.

GO - Molecular functioni

  • structural constituent of myelin sheath Source: RGD
  • structural molecule activity Source: RGD

GO - Biological processi

  • astrocyte development Source: RGD
  • axon development Source: RGD
  • axon ensheathment Source: RGD
  • cell maturation Source: RGD
  • central nervous system myelination Source: RGD
  • glial cell differentiation Source: RGD
  • inflammatory response Source: RGD
  • integrin-mediated signaling pathway Source: RGD
  • long-chain fatty acid biosynthetic process Source: RGD
  • myelination Source: RGD
  • positive regulation of gene expression Source: RGD
  • substantia nigra development Source: RGD

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Myelin proteolipid protein
Short name:
PLP
Alternative name(s):
Lipophilin
Gene namesi
Name:Plp1
Synonyms:Plp
OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 Componenti: Chromosome X

Organism-specific databases

RGDi3354. Plp1.

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Topological domaini2 – 9CytoplasmicCurated8
Transmembranei10 – 36Helical; Name=1CuratedAdd BLAST27
Topological domaini37 – 63ExtracellularCuratedAdd BLAST27
Transmembranei64 – 88Helical; Name=2CuratedAdd BLAST25
Topological domaini89 – 151CytoplasmicCuratedAdd BLAST63
Transmembranei152 – 177Helical; Name=3CuratedAdd BLAST26
Topological domaini178 – 233ExtracellularCuratedAdd BLAST56
Transmembranei234 – 260Helical; Name=4CuratedAdd BLAST27
Topological domaini261 – 277CytoplasmicCuratedAdd BLAST17

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Membrane

Pathology & Biotechi

Involvement in diseasei

Defects in Plp1 are the causee of the dysmyelinating disease MD.

Keywords - Diseasei

Disease mutation

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Initiator methionineiRemovedBy similarity
ChainiPRO_00001590082 – 277Myelin proteolipid proteinAdd BLAST276

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Lipidationi6S-palmitoyl cysteineBy similarity1
Lipidationi7S-palmitoyl cysteineBy similarity1
Lipidationi10S-palmitoyl cysteineBy similarity1
Lipidationi109S-palmitoyl cysteineBy similarity1
Modified residuei114PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei116PhosphothreonineCombined sources1
Modified residuei118PhosphothreonineCombined sources1
Lipidationi139S-palmitoyl cysteineBy similarity1
Lipidationi141S-palmitoyl cysteineBy similarity1
Disulfide bondi184 ↔ 228By similarity
Lipidationi199O-palmitoyl serine1 Publication1
Disulfide bondi201 ↔ 220By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Lipoprotein, Palmitate, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP60203.
PRIDEiP60203.

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP60203.
PhosphoSitePlusiP60203.
SwissPalmiP60203.

Expressioni

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000002419.
GenevisibleiP60203. RN.

Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi247046. 1 interactor.
CORUMiP60203.
IntActiP60203. 1 interactor.
MINTiMINT-245388.
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000003283.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP60203.
SMRiP60203.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the myelin proteolipid protein family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG4800. Eukaryota.
ENOG4110EPW. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000006915.
HOGENOMiHOG000231338.
HOVERGENiHBG000096.
InParanoidiP60203.
KOiK17271.
OMAiYCIVLLA.
OrthoDBiEOG091G0IM5.
PhylomeDBiP60203.
TreeFamiTF315162.

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001614. Myelin_PLP.
IPR018237. Myelin_PLP_CS.
PANTHERiPTHR11683. PTHR11683. 1 hit.
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01275. Myelin_PLP. 1 hit.
PRINTSiPR00214. MYELINPLP.
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00002. PLP. 1 hit.
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00575. MYELIN_PLP_1. 1 hit.
PS01004. MYELIN_PLP_2. 1 hit.

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P60203-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MGLLECCARC LVGAPFASLV ATGLCFFGVA LFCGCGHEAL TGTEKLIETY
60 70 80 90 100
FSKNYQDYEY LINVIHAFQY VIYGTASFFF LYGALLLAEG FYTTGAVRQI
110 120 130 140 150
FGDYKTTICG KGLSATVTGG QKGRGSRGQH QAHSLERVCH CLGKWLGHPD
160 170 180 190 200
KFVGITYALT VVWLLVFACS AVPVYIYFNT WTTCQSIAFP SKTSASIGSL
210 220 230 240 250
CADARMYGVL PWNAFPGKVC GSNLLSICKT AEFQMTFHLF IAAFVGAAAT
260 270
LVSLLTFMIA ATYNFAVLKL MGRGTKF
Length:277
Mass (Da):30,077
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v2
Checksum:i3C2BC973C3061C38
GO

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Natural varianti75T → P in MD. 3 Publications1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X02809 mRNA. Translation: CAA26577.1.
M11185 mRNA. Translation: AAA41898.1.
BC093596 mRNA. Translation: AAH93596.1.
PIRiI52775. MPRTPL.
RefSeqiNP_112252.1. NM_030990.2.
XP_017457402.1. XM_017601913.1.
UniGeneiRn.4550.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000003283; ENSRNOP00000003283; ENSRNOG00000002419.
GeneIDi24943.
KEGGirno:24943.
UCSCiRGD:3354. rat.

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiMYPR_RAT
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P60203
Secondary accession number(s): P04400, P06905, Q561K5
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: January 1, 1988
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: November 22, 2017
This is version 101 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families