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Protein

Agouti-related protein

Gene

AGRP

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 3 out of 5-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Plays a role in weight homeostasis. Involved in the control of feeding behavior through the central melanocortin system. Acts as alpha melanocyte-stimulating hormone antagonist by inhibiting cAMP production mediated by stimulation of melanocortin receptors within the hypothalamus and adrenal gland. Has very low activity with MC5R. Is an inverse agonist for MC3R and MC4R being able to suppress their constitutive activity. It promotes MC3R and MC4R endocytosis in an arrestin-dependent manner.By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Complete GO annotation...

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Agouti-related protein
Gene namesi
Name:AGRP
Synonyms:AGRT, ART
OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 Componenti: Unplaced

Subcellular locationi

  • Secreted By similarity
  • Golgi apparatus lumen By similarity

GO - Cellular componenti

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Golgi apparatus, Secreted

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Signal peptidei1 – 2020Sequence analysisAdd
BLAST
Propeptidei21 – 8464By similarityPRO_0000434043Add
BLAST
Chaini85 – 13450Agouti-related proteinPRO_0000001033Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Disulfide bondi89 ↔ 104PROSITE-ProRule annotationBy similarity
Disulfide bondi96 ↔ 110PROSITE-ProRule annotationBy similarity
Disulfide bondi103 ↔ 121PROSITE-ProRule annotationBy similarity
Disulfide bondi107 ↔ 131PROSITE-ProRule annotationBy similarity
Disulfide bondi112 ↔ 119PROSITE-ProRule annotationBy similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Sitei84 – 852Cleavage; by PCSK1By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP56413.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Interacts with melanocortin receptors MC3R, MC4R and MC5R.By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000019347.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP56413.
SMRiP56413. Positions 89-134.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Domaini89 – 13143AgoutiPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd
BLAST

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Regioni113 – 1153Interaction with melanocortin receptorsBy similarity

Domaini

The presence of a 'disulfide through disulfide knot' structurally defines this protein as a knottin.By similarity

Sequence similaritiesi

Contains 1 agouti domain.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Knottin, Signal

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410J14P. Eukaryota.
ENOG410Z66T. LUCA.
HOGENOMiHOG000033861.
HOVERGENiHBG050467.
InParanoidiP56413.
KOiK05231.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di4.10.760.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR007733. Agouti.
IPR027300. Agouti_dom.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR16551. PTHR16551. 1 hit.
PfamiPF05039. Agouti. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SMARTiSM00792. Agouti. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF57055. SSF57055. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS60024. AGOUTI_1. 1 hit.
PS51150. AGOUTI_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P56413-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MLTAVLLSCA LLLAMPPLQG AQMGPAPLEG IGRPEEALFL ELQGLSLQPS
60 70 80 90 100
LKRITEEQAE ESLLQEAEAK ALAEVLDPEG RKPRSPRRCV RLHESCLGHQ
110 120 130
VPCCDPCATC YCRFFNAFCY CRKLGTTTNP CSRT
Length:134
Mass (Da):14,706
Last modified:July 15, 1998 - v1
Checksum:iF4B7AE1458B6A24B
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ002025 mRNA. Translation: CAA05148.1.
RefSeqiNP_776408.1. NM_173983.1.
UniGeneiBt.91.

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi280987.
KEGGibta:280987.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ002025 mRNA. Translation: CAA05148.1.
RefSeqiNP_776408.1. NM_173983.1.
UniGeneiBt.91.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP56413.
SMRiP56413. Positions 89-134.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000019347.

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP56413.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi280987.
KEGGibta:280987.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi181.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410J14P. Eukaryota.
ENOG410Z66T. LUCA.
HOGENOMiHOG000033861.
HOVERGENiHBG050467.
InParanoidiP56413.
KOiK05231.

Miscellaneous databases

NextBioi20805088.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di4.10.760.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR007733. Agouti.
IPR027300. Agouti_dom.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR16551. PTHR16551. 1 hit.
PfamiPF05039. Agouti. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SMARTiSM00792. Agouti. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF57055. SSF57055. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS60024. AGOUTI_1. 1 hit.
PS51150. AGOUTI_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

  1. Oulmouden A., Petit J.-M., Julien R.
    Submitted (OCT-1997) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA].

Entry informationi

Entry nameiAGRP_BOVIN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P56413
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 15, 1998
Last sequence update: July 15, 1998
Last modified: November 11, 2015
This is version 89 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.