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Protein

Alanine racemase

Gene

alr

Organism
Synechocystis sp. (strain PCC 6803 / Kazusa)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 3 out of 5-Protein inferred from homologyi

Functioni

Catalyzes the interconversion of L-alanine and D-alanine. May also act on other amino acids.UniRule annotation

Catalytic activityi

L-alanine = D-alanine.UniRule annotation

Cofactori

pyridoxal 5'-phosphateUniRule annotation

Pathway: D-alanine biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes D-alanine from L-alanine.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Alanine racemase (alr)
This subpathway is part of the pathway D-alanine biosynthesis, which is itself part of Amino-acid biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes D-alanine from L-alanine, the pathway D-alanine biosynthesis and in Amino-acid biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Active sitei37 – 371Proton acceptor; specific for D-alanineUniRule annotation
Binding sitei136 – 1361SubstrateUniRule annotation
Active sitei265 – 2651Proton acceptor; specific for L-alanineUniRule annotation
Binding sitei313 – 3131Substrate; via amide nitrogenUniRule annotation

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Isomerase

Keywords - Ligandi

Pyridoxal phosphate

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00042; UER00497.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Alanine racemaseUniRule annotation (EC:5.1.1.1UniRule annotation)
Gene namesi
Name:alr
Ordered Locus Names:slr0827
OrganismiSynechocystis sp. (strain PCC 6803 / Kazusa)
Taxonomic identifieri1111708 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaCyanobacteriaOscillatoriophycideaeChroococcalesSynechocystis
ProteomesiUP000001425 Componenti: Chromosome

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Chaini1 – 372372Alanine racemasePRO_0000114587Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Modified residuei37 – 371N6-(pyridoxal phosphate)lysineUniRule annotation

Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi1148.SYNGTS_2548.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP54918.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the alanine racemase family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0787.
HOGENOMiHOG000031444.
InParanoidiP54918.
KOiK01775.
OMAiITMDQLM.
OrthoDBiEOG6PP9NJ.
PhylomeDBiP54918.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.40.37.10. 1 hit.
3.20.20.10. 1 hit.
HAMAPiMF_01201. Ala_racemase.
InterProiIPR000821. Ala_racemase.
IPR009006. Ala_racemase/Decarboxylase_C.
IPR011079. Ala_racemase_C.
IPR001608. Ala_racemase_N.
IPR020622. Ala_racemase_pyridoxalP-BS.
IPR029066. PLP-binding_barrel.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00842. Ala_racemase_C. 1 hit.
PF01168. Ala_racemase_N. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00992. ALARACEMASE.
SMARTiSM01005. Ala_racemase_C. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF50621. SSF50621. 1 hit.
SSF51419. SSF51419. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00492. alr. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00395. ALANINE_RACEMASE. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

P54918-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MIRQRAWVEI DQAALVHNVR QFRQYVGPKT NLMAVVKADA YGHGAVRVAQ
60 70 80 90 100
TALQAGADWL AIATLGEGIE LREAGITAPI LLLGGINSPE EIEAIAHWRL
110 120 130 140 150
QPTLCSPEQA QLFNDILLKL GKVLPVHLKL DTGMTRLGTP WPQAANFVGL
160 170 180 190 200
VQSLPQLRLA SLYSHLATAD DPNTATMLQQ QERFAKAIAS LRQARLPIPK
210 220 230 240 250
LHLANSAATL HGQAWHYDMV RVGLGLYGLY PAPHLGDCLD LKPVLTVRAK
260 270 280 290 300
ITQIRTIPPG TGVSYGHQFV SEETMPMAVV GIGYADGVPR NLSNQLEVLL
310 320 330 340 350
RGQPVRQIGA ITMDQMMVDL RGIDDPQVGE VVTLIGQDGD RQITADHWAS
360 370
TLGTISWEIL CGFKHRLPRI LI
Length:372
Mass (Da):40,673
Last modified:March 5, 2002 - v2
Checksum:i130C355A2835087B
GO

Sequence cautioni

The sequence BAA10510.1 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Curated

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BA000022 Genomic DNA. Translation: BAA10510.1. Different initiation.
PIRiS75775.
RefSeqiYP_005652501.1. NC_017277.1.
YP_007452316.1. NC_020286.1.

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiBAA10510; BAA10510; BAA10510.
KEGGisyn:slr0827.
PATRICi23842580. VBISynSp132158_2829.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BA000022 Genomic DNA. Translation: BAA10510.1. Different initiation.
PIRiS75775.
RefSeqiYP_005652501.1. NC_017277.1.
YP_007452316.1. NC_020286.1.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP54918.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi1148.SYNGTS_2548.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiBAA10510; BAA10510; BAA10510.
KEGGisyn:slr0827.
PATRICi23842580. VBISynSp132158_2829.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0787.
HOGENOMiHOG000031444.
InParanoidiP54918.
KOiK01775.
OMAiITMDQLM.
OrthoDBiEOG6PP9NJ.
PhylomeDBiP54918.

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00042; UER00497.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.40.37.10. 1 hit.
3.20.20.10. 1 hit.
HAMAPiMF_01201. Ala_racemase.
InterProiIPR000821. Ala_racemase.
IPR009006. Ala_racemase/Decarboxylase_C.
IPR011079. Ala_racemase_C.
IPR001608. Ala_racemase_N.
IPR020622. Ala_racemase_pyridoxalP-BS.
IPR029066. PLP-binding_barrel.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00842. Ala_racemase_C. 1 hit.
PF01168. Ala_racemase_N. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00992. ALARACEMASE.
SMARTiSM01005. Ala_racemase_C. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF50621. SSF50621. 1 hit.
SSF51419. SSF51419. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00492. alr. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00395. ALANINE_RACEMASE. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

  1. "Sequence analysis of the genome of the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC6803. I. Sequence features in the 1 Mb region from map positions 64% to 92% of the genome."
    Kaneko T., Tanaka A., Sato S., Kotani H., Sazuka T., Miyajima N., Sugiura M., Tabata S.
    DNA Res. 2:153-166(1995) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
    Strain: ATCC 27184 / PCC 6803 / N-1.
  2. "Sequence analysis of the genome of the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC6803. II. Sequence determination of the entire genome and assignment of potential protein-coding regions."
    Kaneko T., Sato S., Kotani H., Tanaka A., Asamizu E., Nakamura Y., Miyajima N., Hirosawa M., Sugiura M., Sasamoto S., Kimura T., Hosouchi T., Matsuno A., Muraki A., Nakazaki N., Naruo K., Okumura S., Shimpo S.
    , Takeuchi C., Wada T., Watanabe A., Yamada M., Yasuda M., Tabata S.
    DNA Res. 3:109-136(1996) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
    Strain: PCC 6803 / Kazusa.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiALR_SYNY3
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P54918
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1996
Last sequence update: March 5, 2002
Last modified: June 24, 2015
This is version 110 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  3. Synechocystis PCC 6803
    Synechocystis (strain PCC 6803): entries and gene names

External Data

Dasty 3

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into Uniref entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.