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P49085

- PSY_MAIZE

UniProt

P49085 - PSY_MAIZE

Protein

Phytoene synthase, chloroplastic

Gene

Y1

Organism
Zea mays (Maize)
Status
Reviewed - Annotation score: 3 out of 5- Protein inferred from homologyi
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    • History
      Entry version 72 (01 Oct 2014)
      Sequence version 1 (01 Feb 1996)
      Previous versions | rss
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    • Comment

    Functioni

    Catalyzes the reaction from prephytoene diphosphate to phytoene.

    Catalytic activityi

    2 geranylgeranyl diphosphate = 15-cis-phytoene + 2 diphosphate.

    Pathwayi

    GO - Molecular functioni

    1. geranylgeranyl-diphosphate geranylgeranyltransferase activity Source: UniProtKB-EC

    GO - Biological processi

    1. carotenoid biosynthetic process Source: UniProtKB-KW

    Keywords - Molecular functioni

    Transferase

    Keywords - Biological processi

    Carotenoid biosynthesis, Isoprene biosynthesis

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BioCyciMetaCyc:GBWI-61910-MONOMER.
    UniPathwayiUPA00799; UER00773.

    Names & Taxonomyi

    Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    Phytoene synthase, chloroplastic (EC:2.5.1.32)
    Gene namesi
    Name:Y1
    OrganismiZea mays (Maize)
    Taxonomic identifieri4577 [NCBI]
    Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliophytaLiliopsidaPoalesPoaceaePACMAD cladePanicoideaeAndropogoneaeZea

    Organism-specific databases

    GrameneiP49085.
    MaizeGDBi66643.

    Subcellular locationi

    GO - Cellular componenti

    1. chloroplast Source: UniProtKB-SubCell

    Keywords - Cellular componenti

    Chloroplast, Plastid

    PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Chaini? – 410Phytoene synthase, chloroplasticPRO_0000029858
    Transit peptidei1 – ?ChloroplastSequence Analysis

    Interactioni

    Subunit structurei

    Monomer.By similarity

    Structurei

    3D structure databases

    ProteinModelPortaliP49085.
    ModBaseiSearch...
    MobiDBiSearch...

    Family & Domainsi

    Sequence similaritiesi

    Belongs to the phytoene/squalene synthase family.Curated

    Keywords - Domaini

    Transit peptide

    Phylogenomic databases

    HOGENOMiHOG000220848.

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3Di1.10.600.10. 1 hit.
    InterProiIPR002060. Squ/phyt_synthse.
    IPR019845. Squalene/phytoene_synthase_CS.
    IPR008949. Terpenoid_synth.
    [Graphical view]
    PfamiPF00494. SQS_PSY. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view]
    SUPFAMiSSF48576. SSF48576. 1 hit.
    PROSITEiPS01044. SQUALEN_PHYTOEN_SYN_1. 1 hit.
    PS01045. SQUALEN_PHYTOEN_SYN_2. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view]

    Sequencei

    Sequence statusi: Complete.

    Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

    P49085-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to Basket

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    MAIILVRAAS PGLSAADSIS HQGTLQCSTL LKTKRPAARR WMPCSLLGLH    50
    PWEAGRPSPA VYSSLPVNPA GEAVVSSEQK VYDVVLKQAA LLKRQLRTPV 100
    LDARPQDMDM PRNGLKEAYD RCGEICEEYA KTFYLGTMLM TEERRRAIWA 150
    IYVWCRRTDE LVDGPNANYI TPTALDRWEK RLEDLFTGRP YDMLDAALSD 200
    TISRFPIDIQ PFRDMIEGMR SDLRKTRYNN FDELYMYCYY VAGTVGLMSV 250
    PVMGIATESK ATTESVYSAA LALGIANQLT NILRDVGEDA RRGRIYLPQD 300
    ELAQAGLSDE DIFKGVVTNR WRNFMKRQIK RARMFFEEAE RGVNELSQAS 350
    RWPVWASLLL YRQILDEIEA NDYNNFTKRA YVGKGKKLLA LPVAYGKSLL 400
    LPCSLRNGQT 410
    Length:410
    Mass (Da):46,481
    Last modified:February 1, 1996 - v1
    Checksum:i21070A33624EED79
    GO

    Natural variant

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Natural varianti344 – 3441N → T in allele B73.

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBL
    GenBank
    DDBJ
    Links Updated
    U32636 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAB60314.1.
    PIRiS68307.
    UniGeneiZm.94272.

    Cross-referencesi

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBL
    GenBank
    DDBJ
    Links Updated
    U32636 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAB60314.1 .
    PIRi S68307.
    UniGenei Zm.94272.

    3D structure databases

    ProteinModelPortali P49085.
    ModBasei Search...
    MobiDBi Search...

    Protocols and materials databases

    Structural Biology Knowledgebase Search...

    Organism-specific databases

    Gramenei P49085.
    MaizeGDBi 66643.

    Phylogenomic databases

    HOGENOMi HOG000220848.

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    UniPathwayi UPA00799 ; UER00773 .
    BioCyci MetaCyc:GBWI-61910-MONOMER.

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3Di 1.10.600.10. 1 hit.
    InterProi IPR002060. Squ/phyt_synthse.
    IPR019845. Squalene/phytoene_synthase_CS.
    IPR008949. Terpenoid_synth.
    [Graphical view ]
    Pfami PF00494. SQS_PSY. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view ]
    SUPFAMi SSF48576. SSF48576. 1 hit.
    PROSITEi PS01044. SQUALEN_PHYTOEN_SYN_1. 1 hit.
    PS01045. SQUALEN_PHYTOEN_SYN_2. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view ]
    ProtoNeti Search...

    Publicationsi

    1. "The y1 gene of maize codes for phytoene synthase."
      Buckner B., Sanmiguel P., Janick-Buckner D., Bennetzen J.L.
      Genetics 143:479-488(1996) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].

    Entry informationi

    Entry nameiPSY_MAIZE
    AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P49085
    Entry historyi
    Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 1, 1996
    Last sequence update: February 1, 1996
    Last modified: October 1, 2014
    This is version 72 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
    Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

    Miscellaneousi

    Keywords - Technical termi

    Multifunctional enzyme

    Documents

    1. PATHWAY comments
      Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
    2. SIMILARITY comments
      Index of protein domains and families

    External Data

    Dasty 3