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P47897 (SYQ_HUMAN) Reviewed, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

Last modified July 9, 2014. Version 142. Feed History...

Clusters with 100%, 90%, 50% identity | Documents (4) | Third-party data text xml rdf/xml gff fasta
to top of pageNames·Attributes·General annotation·Ontologies·Interactions·Alt products·Sequence annotation·Sequences·References·Cross-refs·Entry info·DocumentsCustomize order

Names and origin

Protein namesRecommended name:
Glutamine--tRNA ligase

EC=6.1.1.18
Alternative name(s):
Glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase
Short name=GlnRS
Gene names
Name:QARS
OrganismHomo sapiens (Human) [Reference proteome]
Taxonomic identifier9606 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo

Protein attributes

Sequence length775 AA.
Sequence statusComplete.
Sequence processingThe displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.
Protein existenceEvidence at protein level

General annotation (Comments)

Catalytic activity

ATP + L-glutamine + tRNA(Gln) = AMP + diphosphate + L-glutaminyl-tRNA(Gln).

Subunit structure

Part of a multisubunit complex that groups tRNA ligases for Arg, Asp, Glu, Gln, Ile, Leu, Lys, Met and Pro.

Subcellular location

Cytoplasm.

Sequence similarities

Belongs to the class-I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase family.

Binary interactions

With

Entry

#Exp.

IntAct

Notes

PRRC2AP486341EBI-347462,EBI-347545

Alternative products

This entry describes 2 isoforms produced by alternative splicing. [Align] [Select]
Isoform 1 (identifier: P47897-1)

This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.
Isoform 2 (identifier: P47897-2)

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     78-89: SKKIHTEPQLSA → T

Sequence annotation (Features)

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifier

Molecule processing

Initiator methionine11Removed Ref.5
Chain2 – 775774Glutamine--tRNA ligase
PRO_0000195860

Regions

Motif270 – 28011"HIGH" region
Motif493 – 4975"KMSKS" region

Sites

Binding site4961ATP By similarity

Amino acid modifications

Modified residue21N-acetylalanine Ref.5 Ref.7 Ref.10 Ref.11
Modified residue701Phosphoserine Ref.6
Modified residue3091N6-acetyllysine Ref.8

Natural variations

Alternative sequence78 – 8912SKKIH…PQLSA → T in isoform 2.
VSP_055107

Sequences

Sequence LengthMass (Da)Tools
Isoform 1 [UniParc].

Last modified February 1, 1996. Version 1.
Checksum: ADDE23E6C442FF73

FASTA77587,799
        10         20         30         40         50         60 
MAALDSLSLF TSLGLSEQKA RETLKNSALS AQLREAATQA QQTLGSTIDK ATGILLYGLA 

        70         80         90        100        110        120 
SRLRDTRRLS FLVSYIASKK IHTEPQLSAA LEYVRSHPLD PIDTVDFERE CGVGVIVTPE 

       130        140        150        160        170        180 
QIEEAVEAAI NRHRPQLLVE RYHFNMGLLM GEARAVLKWA DGKMIKNEVD MQVLHLLGPK 

       190        200        210        220        230        240 
LEADLEKKFK VAKARLEETD RRTAKDVVEN GETADQTLSL MEQLRGEALK FHKPGENYKT 

       250        260        270        280        290        300 
PGYVVTPHTM NLLKQHLEIT GGQVRTRFPP EPNGILHIGH AKAINFNFGY AKANNGICFL 

       310        320        330        340        350        360 
RFDDTNPEKE EAKFFTAICD MVAWLGYTPY KVTYASDYFD QLYAWAVELI RRGLAYVCHQ 

       370        380        390        400        410        420 
RGEELKGHNT LPSPWRDRPM EESLLLFEAM RKGKFSEGEA TLRMKLVMED GKMDPVAYRV 

       430        440        450        460        470        480 
KYTPHHRTGD KWCIYPTYDY THCLCDSIEH ITHSLCTKEF QARRSSYFWL CNALDVYCPV 

       490        500        510        520        530        540 
QWEYGRLNLH YAVVSKRKIL QLVATGAVRD WDDPRLFTLT ALRRRGFPPE AINNFCARVG 

       550        560        570        580        590        600 
VTVAQTTMEP HLLEACVRDV LNDTAPRAMA VLESLRVIIT NFPAAKSLDI QVPNFPADET 

       610        620        630        640        650        660 
KGFHQVPFAP IVFIERTDFK EEPEPGFKRL AWGQPVGLRH TGYVIELQHV VKGPSGCVES 

       670        680        690        700        710        720 
LEVTCRRADA GEKPKAFIHW VSQPLMCEVR LYERLFQHKN PEDPTEVPGG FLSDLNLASL 

       730        740        750        760        770 
HVVDAALVDC SVALAKPFDK FQFERLGYFS VDPDSHQGKL VFNRTVTLKE DPGKV 

« Hide

Isoform 2 [UniParc].

Checksum: BA9B1C92EE0C2F72
Show »

FASTA76486,579

References

« Hide 'large scale' references
[1]"Evolution of the Glx-tRNA synthetase family: the glutaminyl enzyme as a case of horizontal gene transfer."
Lamour V., Quevillon S., Diriong S., N'Guyen V.C., Lipinski M., Mirande M.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 91:8670-8674(1994) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] (ISOFORM 1).
Tissue: Brain and Liver.
[2]"Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs."
Ota T., Suzuki Y., Nishikawa T., Otsuki T., Sugiyama T., Irie R., Wakamatsu A., Hayashi K., Sato H., Nagai K., Kimura K., Makita H., Sekine M., Obayashi M., Nishi T., Shibahara T., Tanaka T., Ishii S. expand/collapse author list , Yamamoto J., Saito K., Kawai Y., Isono Y., Nakamura Y., Nagahari K., Murakami K., Yasuda T., Iwayanagi T., Wagatsuma M., Shiratori A., Sudo H., Hosoiri T., Kaku Y., Kodaira H., Kondo H., Sugawara M., Takahashi M., Kanda K., Yokoi T., Furuya T., Kikkawa E., Omura Y., Abe K., Kamihara K., Katsuta N., Sato K., Tanikawa M., Yamazaki M., Ninomiya K., Ishibashi T., Yamashita H., Murakawa K., Fujimori K., Tanai H., Kimata M., Watanabe M., Hiraoka S., Chiba Y., Ishida S., Ono Y., Takiguchi S., Watanabe S., Yosida M., Hotuta T., Kusano J., Kanehori K., Takahashi-Fujii A., Hara H., Tanase T.-O., Nomura Y., Togiya S., Komai F., Hara R., Takeuchi K., Arita M., Imose N., Musashino K., Yuuki H., Oshima A., Sasaki N., Aotsuka S., Yoshikawa Y., Matsunawa H., Ichihara T., Shiohata N., Sano S., Moriya S., Momiyama H., Satoh N., Takami S., Terashima Y., Suzuki O., Nakagawa S., Senoh A., Mizoguchi H., Goto Y., Shimizu F., Wakebe H., Hishigaki H., Watanabe T., Sugiyama A., Takemoto M., Kawakami B., Yamazaki M., Watanabe K., Kumagai A., Itakura S., Fukuzumi Y., Fujimori Y., Komiyama M., Tashiro H., Tanigami A., Fujiwara T., Ono T., Yamada K., Fujii Y., Ozaki K., Hirao M., Ohmori Y., Kawabata A., Hikiji T., Kobatake N., Inagaki H., Ikema Y., Okamoto S., Okitani R., Kawakami T., Noguchi S., Itoh T., Shigeta K., Senba T., Matsumura K., Nakajima Y., Mizuno T., Morinaga M., Sasaki M., Togashi T., Oyama M., Hata H., Watanabe M., Komatsu T., Mizushima-Sugano J., Satoh T., Shirai Y., Takahashi Y., Nakagawa K., Okumura K., Nagase T., Nomura N., Kikuchi H., Masuho Y., Yamashita R., Nakai K., Yada T., Nakamura Y., Ohara O., Isogai T., Sugano S.
Nat. Genet. 36:40-45(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA] (ISOFORM 2).
Tissue: Mammary gland.
[3]"The DNA sequence, annotation and analysis of human chromosome 3."
Muzny D.M., Scherer S.E., Kaul R., Wang J., Yu J., Sudbrak R., Buhay C.J., Chen R., Cree A., Ding Y., Dugan-Rocha S., Gill R., Gunaratne P., Harris R.A., Hawes A.C., Hernandez J., Hodgson A.V., Hume J. expand/collapse author list , Jackson A., Khan Z.M., Kovar-Smith C., Lewis L.R., Lozado R.J., Metzker M.L., Milosavljevic A., Miner G.R., Morgan M.B., Nazareth L.V., Scott G., Sodergren E., Song X.-Z., Steffen D., Wei S., Wheeler D.A., Wright M.W., Worley K.C., Yuan Y., Zhang Z., Adams C.Q., Ansari-Lari M.A., Ayele M., Brown M.J., Chen G., Chen Z., Clendenning J., Clerc-Blankenburg K.P., Chen R., Chen Z., Davis C., Delgado O., Dinh H.H., Dong W., Draper H., Ernst S., Fu G., Gonzalez-Garay M.L., Garcia D.K., Gillett W., Gu J., Hao B., Haugen E., Havlak P., He X., Hennig S., Hu S., Huang W., Jackson L.R., Jacob L.S., Kelly S.H., Kube M., Levy R., Li Z., Liu B., Liu J., Liu W., Lu J., Maheshwari M., Nguyen B.-V., Okwuonu G.O., Palmeiri A., Pasternak S., Perez L.M., Phelps K.A., Plopper F.J., Qiang B., Raymond C., Rodriguez R., Saenphimmachak C., Santibanez J., Shen H., Shen Y., Subramanian S., Tabor P.E., Verduzco D., Waldron L., Wang J., Wang J., Wang Q., Williams G.A., Wong G.K.-S., Yao Z., Zhang J., Zhang X., Zhao G., Zhou J., Zhou Y., Nelson D., Lehrach H., Reinhardt R., Naylor S.L., Yang H., Olson M., Weinstock G., Gibbs R.A.
Nature 440:1194-1198(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
[4]"The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC)."
The MGC Project Team
Genome Res. 14:2121-2127(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA] (ISOFORM 1).
Tissue: Lung, Ovary and Placenta.
[5]Bienvenut W.V., Boldt K., von Kriegsheim A.F., Kolch W.
Submitted (JUL-2007) to UniProtKB
Cited for: PROTEIN SEQUENCE OF 2-19; 206-225; 377-391 AND 602-616, CLEAVAGE OF INITIATOR METHIONINE, ACETYLATION AT ALA-2, IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY.
Tissue: Hepatoma.
[6]"A quantitative atlas of mitotic phosphorylation."
Dephoure N., Zhou C., Villen J., Beausoleil S.A., Bakalarski C.E., Elledge S.J., Gygi S.P.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105:10762-10767(2008) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: PHOSPHORYLATION [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS] AT SER-70, IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS].
Tissue: Cervix carcinoma.
[7]"Lys-N and trypsin cover complementary parts of the phosphoproteome in a refined SCX-based approach."
Gauci S., Helbig A.O., Slijper M., Krijgsveld J., Heck A.J., Mohammed S.
Anal. Chem. 81:4493-4501(2009) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: ACETYLATION [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS] AT ALA-2, IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS].
[8]"Lysine acetylation targets protein complexes and co-regulates major cellular functions."
Choudhary C., Kumar C., Gnad F., Nielsen M.L., Rehman M., Walther T.C., Olsen J.V., Mann M.
Science 325:834-840(2009) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: ACETYLATION [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS] AT LYS-309, IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS].
[9]"Initial characterization of the human central proteome."
Burkard T.R., Planyavsky M., Kaupe I., Breitwieser F.P., Buerckstuemmer T., Bennett K.L., Superti-Furga G., Colinge J.
BMC Syst. Biol. 5:17-17(2011) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS].
[10]"Comparative large-scale characterisation of plant vs. mammal proteins reveals similar and idiosyncratic N-alpha acetylation features."
Bienvenut W.V., Sumpton D., Martinez A., Lilla S., Espagne C., Meinnel T., Giglione C.
Mol. Cell. Proteomics 11:M111.015131-M111.015131(2012) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: ACETYLATION [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS] AT ALA-2, IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS].
[11]"N-terminal acetylome analyses and functional insights of the N-terminal acetyltransferase NatB."
Van Damme P., Lasa M., Polevoda B., Gazquez C., Elosegui-Artola A., Kim D.S., De Juan-Pardo E., Demeyer K., Hole K., Larrea E., Timmerman E., Prieto J., Arnesen T., Sherman F., Gevaert K., Aldabe R.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109:12449-12454(2012) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: ACETYLATION [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS] AT ALA-2, IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS].
+Additional computationally mapped references.

Cross-references

Sequence databases

EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
X76013 mRNA. Translation: CAA53600.1.
AK301559 mRNA. Translation: BAG63054.1.
AC135506 Genomic DNA. No translation available.
BC000394 mRNA. Translation: AAH00394.1.
BC001567 mRNA. Translation: AAH01567.1.
BC029739 mRNA. Translation: AAH29739.1.
CCDSCCDS2788.1.
PIRI37422.
RefSeqNP_001259002.1. NM_001272073.1.
NP_005042.1. NM_005051.2.
UniGeneHs.79322.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortalP47897.
SMRP47897. Positions 9-185, 231-774.
ModBaseSearch...
MobiDBSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGrid111797. 92 interactions.
IntActP47897. 33 interactions.
MINTMINT-5004268.
STRING9606.ENSP00000307567.

Chemistry

BindingDBP47897.
ChEMBLCHEMBL3054.
DrugBankDB00130. L-Glutamine.

PTM databases

PhosphoSiteP47897.

Polymorphism databases

DMDM1351170.

Proteomic databases

MaxQBP47897.
PaxDbP47897.
PRIDEP47897.

Protocols and materials databases

DNASU5859.
StructuralBiologyKnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblENST00000306125; ENSP00000307567; ENSG00000172053.
ENST00000414533; ENSP00000390015; ENSG00000172053.
GeneID5859.
KEGGhsa:5859.
UCSCuc003cvx.4. human.

Organism-specific databases

CTD5859.
GeneCardsGC03M049108.
HGNCHGNC:9751. QARS.
HPAHPA036986.
MIM603727. gene.
neXtProtNX_P47897.
PharmGKBPA34093.
GenAtlasSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGCOG0008.
HOGENOMHOG000259233.
HOVERGENHBG000889.
InParanoidP47897.
KOK01886.
OMARMQKRAK.
OrthoDBEOG75XGK9.
PhylomeDBP47897.
TreeFamTF105683.

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeREACT_71. Gene Expression.

Gene expression databases

ArrayExpressP47897.
BgeeP47897.
CleanExHS_QARS.
GenevestigatorP47897.

Family and domain databases

Gene3D1.10.1160.10. 1 hit.
2.40.240.10. 2 hits.
3.40.50.620. 2 hits.
InterProIPR001412. aa-tRNA-synth_I_CS.
IPR004514. Gln-tRNA-synth.
IPR007638. Gln-tRNA-synth_Ib_RNA-bd_2.
IPR007639. Gln-tRNA-synth_Ib_RNA-bd_N.
IPR000924. Glu/Gln-tRNA-synth.
IPR020061. Glu/Gln-tRNA-synth_Ib_a-bdl.
IPR020058. Glu/Gln-tRNA-synth_Ib_cat-dom.
IPR020059. Glu/Gln-tRNA-synth_Ib_codon-bd.
IPR020056. Rbsml_L25/Gln-tRNA_synth_b-brl.
IPR011035. Ribosomal_L25/Gln-tRNA_synth.
IPR014729. Rossmann-like_a/b/a_fold.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERPTHR10119. PTHR10119. 1 hit.
PfamPF00749. tRNA-synt_1c. 1 hit.
PF03950. tRNA-synt_1c_C. 1 hit.
PF04558. tRNA_synt_1c_R1. 1 hit.
PF04557. tRNA_synt_1c_R2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSPR00987. TRNASYNTHGLU.
SUPFAMSSF50715. SSF50715. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsTIGR00440. glnS. 1 hit.
PROSITEPS00178. AA_TRNA_LIGASE_I. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetSearch...

Other

ChiTaRSQARS. human.
GeneWikiQARS.
GenomeRNAi5859.
NextBio22754.
PROP47897.
SOURCESearch...

Entry information

Entry nameSYQ_HUMAN
AccessionPrimary (citable) accession number: P47897
Secondary accession number(s): B4DWJ2
Entry history
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 1, 1996
Last sequence update: February 1, 1996
Last modified: July 9, 2014
This is version 142 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

Relevant documents

SIMILARITY comments

Index of protein domains and families

MIM cross-references

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

Human chromosome 3

Human chromosome 3: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM

Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases

List of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase entries