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Protein

Histone H1.4

Gene

Hist1h1e

Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Histone H1 protein binds to linker DNA between nucleosomes forming the macromolecular structure known as the chromatin fiber. Histones H1 are necessary for the condensation of nucleosome chains into higher-order structured fibers. Acts also as a regulator of individual gene transcription through chromatin remodeling, nucleosome spacing and DNA methylation.2 Publications

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

  • histone H3-K27 trimethylation Source: MGI
  • histone H3-K4 trimethylation Source: MGI
  • negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter Source: MGI
  • nucleosome assembly Source: InterPro
  • nucleosome positioning Source: MGI
  • regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter Source: MGI

Keywordsi

Molecular functionDNA-binding

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Histone H1.4
Alternative name(s):
H1 VAR.2
H1e
Gene namesi
Name:Hist1h1e
Synonyms:H1f4
OrganismiMus musculus (Mouse)
Taxonomic identifieri10090 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeMusMus
Proteomesi
  • UP000000589 Componenti: Chromosome 13

Organism-specific databases

MGIiMGI:1931527. Hist1h1e.

Subcellular locationi

  • Nucleus
  • Chromosome

  • Note: Mainly localizes in heterochromatin. Dysplays a punctuate staining pattern in the nucleus.By similarity

GO - Cellular componenti

  • extracellular exosome Source: Ensembl
  • nuclear heterochromatin Source: Ensembl
  • nuclear nucleosome Source: Ensembl
  • nucleus Source: UniProtKB

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Chromosome, Nucleus

Pathology & Biotechi

Disruption phenotypei

Triple-deficient mice (HIST1H1C/HIST1H1D/HIST1H1E) die by midgestation with a broad range of defects. These embryos have about 50% of the normal ratio of H1 to nucleosomes. This proves at least that a correct stoichiometry of linker histone deposition on chromatin is essential.2 Publications

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Initiator methionineiRemovedCombined sources
ChainiPRO_00001959172 – 219Histone H1.4Add BLAST218

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Modified residuei2N-acetylserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei2PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei17N6-acetyllysineCombined sources1
Modified residuei18PhosphothreonineCombined sources1
Modified residuei26N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei26N6-methyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei34N6-succinyllysineCombined sources1
Modified residuei36PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei54Citrulline1 Publication1
Modified residuei104PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei146PhosphothreonineBy similarity1
Modified residuei150ADP-ribosylserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei187PhosphoserineBy similarity1

Post-translational modificationi

Acetylated at Lys-26. Deacetylated at Lys-26 by SIRT1 (By similarity).By similarity
H1 histones are progressively phosphorylated during the cell cycle, becoming maximally phosphorylated during late G2 phase and M phase, and being dephosphorylated sharply thereafter.By similarity
Citrullination at Arg-54 (H1R54ci) by PADI4 takes place within the DNA-binding site of H1 and results in its displacement from chromatin and global chromatin decondensation, thereby promoting pluripotency and stem cell maintenance.1 Publication
ADP-ribosylated on Ser-55, Ser-113 and Ser-150 in response to DNA damage.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, ADP-ribosylation, Citrullination, Methylation, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

EPDiP43274.
MaxQBiP43274.
PaxDbiP43274.
PeptideAtlasiP43274.
PRIDEiP43274.

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP43274.
PhosphoSitePlusiP43274.

Expressioni

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSMUSG00000051627.
CleanExiMM_HIST1H1E.
GenevisibleiP43274. MM.

Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi206062. 5 interactors.
IntActiP43274. 6 interactors.
MINTiMINT-1868492.
STRINGi10090.ENSMUSP00000057308.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP43274.
SMRiP43274.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Domaini36 – 109H15PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST74

Domaini

The C-terminal domain is required for high-affinity binding to chromatin.By similarity

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the histone H1/H5 family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG4012. Eukaryota.
ENOG4112541. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00670000097781.
HOGENOMiHOG000251627.
HOVERGENiHBG009035.
InParanoidiP43274.
KOiK11275.
OMAiFVESKYH.
OrthoDBiEOG091G0XGD.
PhylomeDBiP43274.
TreeFamiTF313664.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.10.10. 1 hit.
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR005818. Histone_H1/H5_H15.
IPR005819. Histone_H5.
IPR011991. WHTH_DNA-bd_dom.
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00538. Linker_histone. 1 hit.
PRINTSiPR00624. HISTONEH5.
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00526. H15. 1 hit.
SUPFAMiSSF46785. SSF46785. 1 hit.
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51504. H15. 1 hit.

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P43274-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MSETAPAAPA APAPAEKTPV KKKARKAAGG AKRKTSGPPV SELITKAVAA
60 70 80 90 100
SKERSGVSLA ALKKALAAAG YDVEKNNSRI KLGLKSLVSK GTLVQTKGTG
110 120 130 140 150
ASGSFKLNKK AASGEAKPKA KRAGAAKAKK PAGAAKKPKK AAGTATAKKS
160 170 180 190 200
TKKTPKKAKK PAAAAGAKKA KSPKKAKATK AKKAPKSPAK AKTVKPKAAK
210
PKTSKPKAAK PKKTAAKKK
Length:219
Mass (Da):21,977
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v2
Checksum:i9463467F699F3625
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
L26163 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAA37760.1.
L04141 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAA37814.1.
Y12292 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA72971.1.
BC089600 mRNA. Translation: AAH89600.1.
CCDSiCCDS26355.1.
PIRiI49742.
RefSeqiNP_056602.1. NM_015787.4.
UniGeneiMm.170587.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSMUST00000062045; ENSMUSP00000057308; ENSMUSG00000051627.
GeneIDi50709.
KEGGimmu:50709.
UCSCiuc007puj.3. mouse.

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiH14_MOUSE
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P43274
Secondary accession number(s): Q5EBH3
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1995
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: August 30, 2017
This is version 149 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. MGD cross-references
    Mouse Genome Database (MGD) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families