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Protein

Casein kinase I isoform delta

Gene

CSNK1D

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Essential serine/threonine-protein kinase that regulates diverse cellular growth and survival processes including Wnt signaling, DNA repair and circadian rhythms. It can phosphorylate a large number of proteins. Casein kinases are operationally defined by their preferential utilization of acidic proteins such as caseins as substrates. Phosphorylates connexin-43/GJA1, MAP1A, SNAPIN, MAPT/TAU, TOP2A, DCK, HIF1A, EIF6, p53/TP53, DVL2, DVL3, ESR1, AIB1/NCOA3, DNMT1, PKD2, YAP1, PER1 and PER2. Central component of the circadian clock. In balance with PP1, determines the circadian period length through the regulation of the speed and rhythmicity of PER1 and PER2 phosphorylation. Controls PER1 and PER2 nuclear transport and degradation. YAP1 phosphorylation promotes its SCF(beta-TRCP) E3 ubiquitin ligase-mediated ubiquitination and subsequent degradation. DNMT1 phosphorylation reduces its DNA-binding activity. Phosphorylation of ESR1 and AIB1/NCOA3 stimulates their activity and coactivation. Phosphorylation of DVL2 and DVL3 regulates WNT3A signaling pathway that controls neurite outgrowth. EIF6 phosphorylation promotes its nuclear export. Triggers down-regulation of dopamine receptors in the forebrain. Activates DCK in vitro by phosphorylation. TOP2A phosphorylation favors DNA cleavable complex formation. May regulate the formation of the mitotic spindle apparatus in extravillous trophoblast. Modulates connexin-43/GJA1 gap junction assembly by phosphorylation. Probably involved in lymphocyte physiology. Regulates fast synaptic transmission mediated by glutamate (By similarity).By similarity

Catalytic activityi

ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein.
ATP + [tau protein] = ADP + [tau protein] phosphate.

Enzyme regulationi

Drug-mediated inhibition leads to a delay of the oscillations with the magnitude of this effect dependent upon the timing of drug administration. Inhibited by phosphorylation (By similarity). Exhibits substrate-dependent heparin activation.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Binding sitei38ATPPROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Active sitei128Proton acceptorPROSITE-ProRule annotation1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Nucleotide bindingi15 – 23ATPPROSITE-ProRule annotation9

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionKinase, Serine/threonine-protein kinase, Transferase
Biological processBiological rhythms, Wnt signaling pathway
LigandATP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-BTA-204005 COPII-mediated vesicle transport
R-BTA-2565942 Regulation of PLK1 Activity at G2/M Transition
R-BTA-380259 Loss of Nlp from mitotic centrosomes
R-BTA-380270 Recruitment of mitotic centrosome proteins and complexes
R-BTA-380320 Recruitment of NuMA to mitotic centrosomes
R-BTA-5620912 Anchoring of the basal body to the plasma membrane
R-BTA-8854518 AURKA Activation by TPX2

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Casein kinase I isoform delta (EC:2.7.11.1)
Short name:
CKI-delta
Short name:
CKId
Alternative name(s):
Tau-protein kinase CSNK1D (EC:2.7.11.26)
Gene namesi
Name:CSNK1D
Synonyms:HCKID
OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 Componenti: Chromosome 19

Organism-specific databases

VGNCiVGNC:27766 CSNK1D

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Cytoskeleton, Golgi apparatus, Membrane, Nucleus

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00001928321 – 415Casein kinase I isoform deltaAdd BLAST415

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Modified residuei328PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei331PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei370PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei375Omega-N-methylarginineBy similarity1
Modified residuei382PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei383PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei384PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei407PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei411PhosphoserineBy similarity1

Post-translational modificationi

Autophosphorylated on serine and threonine residues; this autophosphorylation represses activity. Reactivated by phosphatase-mediated dephosphorylation. May be dephosphorylated by PP1 (By similarity).By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Methylation, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP35508
PRIDEiP35508

Expressioni

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000019986
ExpressionAtlasiP35508 baseline and differential

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Binds to DNMT1 and MAP1A. Monomer. Component of the circadian core oscillator, which includes the CRY proteins, CLOCK, or NPAS2, ARTNL/BMAL1 or ARTNL2/BMAL2, CSNK1D and/or CSNK1E, TIMELESS and the PER proteins. Interacts directly with PER1 and PER2 which may lead to their degradation. Interacts with MAPT/TAU, SNAPIN, DBNDD2, AIB1/NCOA3 and ESR1. AKAP9/AKAP450 binding promotes centrosomal subcellular location. Binds to tubulins in mitotic cells upon DNA damage (By similarity).By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000026621

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP35508
SMRiP35508
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Domaini9 – 277Protein kinasePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST269

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Regioni278 – 364Centrosomal localization signal (CLS)By similarityAdd BLAST87
Regioni317 – 342AutoinhibitoryBy similarityAdd BLAST26

Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1164 Eukaryota
ENOG410XPGP LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00760000119040
HOGENOMiHOG000182055
HOVERGENiHBG000176
InParanoidiP35508
OMAiRWYGTEC
OrthoDBiEOG091G0AFG
TreeFamiTF300544

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011009 Kinase-like_dom_sf
IPR000719 Prot_kinase_dom
IPR017441 Protein_kinase_ATP_BS
IPR008271 Ser/Thr_kinase_AS
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00069 Pkinase, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00220 S_TKc, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF56112 SSF56112, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00107 PROTEIN_KINASE_ATP, 1 hit
PS50011 PROTEIN_KINASE_DOM, 1 hit
PS00108 PROTEIN_KINASE_ST, 1 hit

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

P35508-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MELRVGNRYR LGRKIGSGSF GDIYLGTDIA AGEEVAIKLE CVKTKHPQLH
60 70 80 90 100
IESKIYKMMQ GGVGIPTIRW CGAEGDYNVM VMELLGPSLE DLFNFCSRKF
110 120 130 140 150
SLKTVLLLAD QMISRIEYIH SKNFIHRDVK PDNFLMGLGK KGNLVYIIDF
160 170 180 190 200
GLAKKYRDAR THQHIPYREN KNLTGTARYA SINTHLGIEQ SRRDDLESLG
210 220 230 240 250
YVLMYFNLGS LPWQGLKAAT KRQKYERISE KKMSTPIEVL CKGYPSEFAT
260 270 280 290 300
YLNFCRSLRF DDKPDYSYLR QLFRNLFHRQ GFSYDYVFDW NMLKFGASRA
310 320 330 340 350
ADDAERERRD REERLRHSRN PATRGLPSTA SGRLRGTQEV APPTPLTPTS
360 370 380 390 400
HTANTSPRPV SGMERERKVS MRLHRGAPVN ISSSDLTGRQ DTSRMSTSQI
410
PGRVASSGLQ SVVHR
Length:415
Mass (Da):47,330
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v2
Checksum:iB97F1717A52466D2
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M76545 mRNA Translation: AAA30453.1
PIRiC56406
RefSeqiXP_005221107.1, XM_005221050.2
UniGeneiBt.106858
Bt.46945

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000026621; ENSBTAP00000026621; ENSBTAG00000019986
GeneIDi523542

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiKC1D_BOVIN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P35508
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: June 1, 1994
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: May 23, 2018
This is version 149 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

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