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Protein

Dihydrofolate reductase

Gene

folA

Organism
Citrobacter freundii
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 3 out of 5-Protein inferred from homologyi

Functioni

Key enzyme in folate metabolism. Catalyzes an essential reaction for de novo glycine and purine synthesis, and for DNA precursor synthesis (By similarity).By similarity

Catalytic activityi

5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate + NADP+ = 7,8-dihydrofolate + NADPH.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Pathway: tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate from 7,8-dihydrofolate.
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Dihydrofolate reductase (folA), Dihydrofolate reductase (dhfr), Dihydrofolate reductase (folA)
This subpathway is part of the pathway tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis, which is itself part of Cofactor biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate from 7,8-dihydrofolate, the pathway tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis and in Cofactor biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Binding sitei5 – 51Substrate; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity
Binding sitei7 – 71NADP; via amide nitrogen and carbonyl oxygenBy similarity
Binding sitei27 – 271SubstrateBy similarity
Binding sitei52 – 521SubstrateBy similarity
Binding sitei57 – 571SubstrateBy similarity
Binding sitei76 – 761NADP; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity
Binding sitei113 – 1131SubstrateBy similarity

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Nucleotide bindingi13 – 197NADPBy similarity
Nucleotide bindingi45 – 462NADPBy similarity
Nucleotide bindingi63 – 642NADPBy similarity
Nucleotide bindingi95 – 1028NADPBy similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Oxidoreductase

Keywords - Biological processi

One-carbon metabolism

Keywords - Ligandi

NADP

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00077; UER00158.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Dihydrofolate reductase (EC:1.5.1.3)
Gene namesi
Name:folA
OrganismiCitrobacter freundii
Taxonomic identifieri546 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacterialesEnterobacteriaceaeCitrobacterCitrobacter freundii complex

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Chaini1 – 159159Dihydrofolate reductasePRO_0000186386Add
BLAST

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP31073.
SMRiP31073. Positions 1-159.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Domaini1 – 158158DHFRPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd
BLAST

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the dihydrofolate reductase family.Curated
Contains 1 DHFR (dihydrofolate reductase) domain.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.430.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR012259. DHFR.
IPR024072. DHFR-like_dom.
IPR017925. DHFR_CS.
IPR001796. DHFR_dom.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00186. DHFR_1. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF000194. DHFR. 1 hit.
PRINTSiPR00070. DHFR.
SUPFAMiSSF53597. SSF53597. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00075. DHFR_1. 1 hit.
PS51330. DHFR_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

P31073-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MISLIAALAV DRVIGMENAM PWNLPADLAW FKRNTLNKPV VMGRHTWESI
60 70 80 90 100
GRPLPGRKNI VISSKPGTDD RVQWVKSVDE AIAACGDEPE IMVIGGGRVY
110 120 130 140 150
EQFLPKAQKL YLTHIDAEVE GDTHFPDYEP DDWESVFSEF HDADAQNSHS

YCFEILERR
Length:159
Mass (Da):18,028
Last modified:July 1, 1993 - v1
Checksum:i3CE7D7688577DCEE
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M26023 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAA23093.1.
PIRiB39799.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M26023 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAA23093.1.
PIRiB39799.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP31073.
SMRiP31073. Positions 1-159.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00077; UER00158.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.430.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR012259. DHFR.
IPR024072. DHFR-like_dom.
IPR017925. DHFR_CS.
IPR001796. DHFR_dom.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00186. DHFR_1. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF000194. DHFR. 1 hit.
PRINTSiPR00070. DHFR.
SUPFAMiSSF53597. SSF53597. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00075. DHFR_1. 1 hit.
PS51330. DHFR_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

  1. "Temporal and topological clustering of diverged residues among enterobacterial dihydrofolate reductases."
    Garvin L.D., Hardies S.C.
    Mol. Biol. Evol. 8:654-668(1991) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].

Entry informationi

Entry nameiDYR_CITFR
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P31073
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 1, 1993
Last sequence update: July 1, 1993
Last modified: October 1, 2014
This is version 67 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into Uniref entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.