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P22005

- PENK_MOUSE

UniProt

P22005 - PENK_MOUSE

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Protein
Proenkephalin-A
Gene
Penk, Penk1
Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse)
Status
Reviewed - Annotation score: 5 out of 5 - Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Met- and Leu-enkephalins compete with and mimic the effects of opiate drugs. They play a role in a number of physiologic functions, including pain perception and responses to stress. PENK(114-133) and PENK(238-259) increase glutamate release in the striatum. PENK(114-133) decreases GABA concentration in the striatum.

GO - Biological processi

  1. aggressive behavior Source: MGI
  2. behavioral fear response Source: MGI
  3. locomotory behavior Source: MGI
  4. neuropeptide signaling pathway Source: UniProtKB-KW
  5. sensory perception of pain Source: MGI
  6. startle response Source: MGI
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Endorphin, Neuropeptide, Opioid peptide

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Proenkephalin-A
Cleaved into the following 8 chains:
Gene namesi
Name:Penk
Synonyms:Penk1
OrganismiMus musculus (Mouse)
Taxonomic identifieri10090 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaSciurognathiMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeMusMus
ProteomesiUP000000589: Chromosome 4

Organism-specific databases

MGIiMGI:104629. Penk.

Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

  1. extracellular region Source: UniProtKB-SubCell
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Secreted

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Signal peptidei1 – 2424
Add
BLAST
Peptidei25 – 9773Synenkephalin
PRO_0000008268Add
BLAST
Peptidei100 – 1045Met-enkephalin
PRO_0000008269
Peptidei107 – 1115Met-enkephalin
PRO_0000008270
Peptidei114 – 13320PENK(114-133) By similarity
PRO_0000377694Add
BLAST
Peptidei136 – 1405Met-enkephalin
PRO_0000008272
Peptidei143 – 18442PENK(143-184) By similarity
PRO_0000377695Add
BLAST
Peptidei187 – 1948Met-enkephalin-Arg-Ser-Leu
PRO_0000008274
Propeptidei197 – 20812
PRO_0000008275Add
BLAST
Peptidei211 – 2155Met-enkephalin
PRO_0000008276
Propeptidei218 – 22811
PRO_0000008277Add
BLAST
Peptidei231 – 2355Leu-enkephalin
PRO_0000008278
Peptidei238 – 25922PENK(238-259) By similarity
PRO_0000377696Add
BLAST
Peptidei262 – 2687Met-enkephalin-Arg-Phe
PRO_0000008280

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Disulfide bondi26 ↔ 48 By similarity
Disulfide bondi30 ↔ 52 By similarity
Disulfide bondi33 ↔ 65 By similarity

Post-translational modificationi

The N-terminal domain contains 6 conserved cysteines thought to be involved in disulfide bonding and/or processing.

Keywords - PTMi

Cleavage on pair of basic residues, Disulfide bond

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiP22005.
PaxDbiP22005.
PRIDEiP22005.

PTM databases

PhosphoSiteiP22005.

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Spermatogenic and somatic cells.

Developmental stagei

Highest expression in late pachytene spermatocytes and postmeiotic round spermatids.

Gene expression databases

ArrayExpressiP22005.
BgeeiP22005.
CleanExiMM_PENK1.
GenevestigatoriP22005.

Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi202109. 1 interaction.
IntActiP22005. 1 interaction.
MINTiMINT-4107012.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP22005.

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiNOG40630.
GeneTreeiENSGT00530000063761.
HOGENOMiHOG000013003.
HOVERGENiHBG000063.
InParanoidiQ68G73.
OMAiGGFMKKD.
OrthoDBiEOG75TMCR.
PhylomeDBiP22005.
TreeFamiTF332620.

Family and domain databases

InterProiIPR006024. Opioid_neupept.
IPR000703. Proenkphlin_A.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR11438. PTHR11438. 1 hit.
PTHR11438:SF3. PTHR11438:SF3. 1 hit.
PfamiPF01160. Opiods_neuropep. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR01028. OPIOIDPRCRSR.
PR01029. PENKAPRCRSR.
PROSITEiPS01252. OPIOIDS_PRECURSOR. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P22005-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to Basket

« Hide

MARFLRLCTW LLALGSCLLA TVQAECSQDC AKCSYRLVRP GDINFLACTL    50
ECEGQLPSFK IWETCKDLLQ VSRPEFPWDN IDMYKDSSKQ DESHLLAKKY 100
GGFMKRYGGF MKKMDELYPM EPEEEANGGE ILAKRYGGFM KKDADEGDTL 150
ANSSDLLKEL LGTGDNRAKD SHQQESTNND EDMSKRYGGF MRSLKRSPQL 200
EDEAKELQKR YGGFMRRVGR PEWWMDYQKR YGGFLKRFAE SLPSDEEGEN 250
YSKEVPEIEK RYGGFMRF 268
Length:268
Mass (Da):31,004
Last modified:June 16, 2009 - v2
Checksum:i637F848B49F44013
GO

Sequence conflict

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Sequence conflicti34 – 341S → T in AAA40128. 1 Publication
Sequence conflicti184 – 1841S → SS in AAA40128. 1 Publication

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
Links Updated
M55181 mRNA. Translation: AAA40128.1.
AK161272 mRNA. Translation: BAE36283.1.
BX004841 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM26883.1.
CH466538 Genomic DNA. Translation: EDL05699.1.
CH466538 Genomic DNA. Translation: EDL05700.1.
BC049766 mRNA. Translation: AAH49766.1.
M13227 mRNA. Translation: AAA37553.1.
CCDSiCCDS17946.1.
PIRiB35678.
RefSeqiNP_001002927.1. NM_001002927.2.
XP_006537738.1. XM_006537675.1.
UniGeneiMm.475097.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSMUST00000070375; ENSMUSP00000066822; ENSMUSG00000045573.
GeneIDi18619.
KEGGimmu:18619.
UCSCiuc008rwz.1. mouse.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
Links Updated
M55181 mRNA. Translation: AAA40128.1 .
AK161272 mRNA. Translation: BAE36283.1 .
BX004841 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM26883.1 .
CH466538 Genomic DNA. Translation: EDL05699.1 .
CH466538 Genomic DNA. Translation: EDL05700.1 .
BC049766 mRNA. Translation: AAH49766.1 .
M13227 mRNA. Translation: AAA37553.1 .
CCDSi CCDS17946.1.
PIRi B35678.
RefSeqi NP_001002927.1. NM_001002927.2.
XP_006537738.1. XM_006537675.1.
UniGenei Mm.475097.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortali P22005.
ModBasei Search...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi 202109. 1 interaction.
IntActi P22005. 1 interaction.
MINTi MINT-4107012.

PTM databases

PhosphoSitei P22005.

Proteomic databases

MaxQBi P22005.
PaxDbi P22005.
PRIDEi P22005.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology Knowledgebase Search...

Genome annotation databases

Ensembli ENSMUST00000070375 ; ENSMUSP00000066822 ; ENSMUSG00000045573 .
GeneIDi 18619.
KEGGi mmu:18619.
UCSCi uc008rwz.1. mouse.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi 5179.
MGIi MGI:104629. Penk.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGi NOG40630.
GeneTreei ENSGT00530000063761.
HOGENOMi HOG000013003.
HOVERGENi HBG000063.
InParanoidi Q68G73.
OMAi GGFMKKD.
OrthoDBi EOG75TMCR.
PhylomeDBi P22005.
TreeFami TF332620.

Miscellaneous databases

NextBioi 294568.
PROi P22005.
SOURCEi Search...

Gene expression databases

ArrayExpressi P22005.
Bgeei P22005.
CleanExi MM_PENK1.
Genevestigatori P22005.

Family and domain databases

InterProi IPR006024. Opioid_neupept.
IPR000703. Proenkphlin_A.
[Graphical view ]
PANTHERi PTHR11438. PTHR11438. 1 hit.
PTHR11438:SF3. PTHR11438:SF3. 1 hit.
Pfami PF01160. Opiods_neuropep. 1 hit.
[Graphical view ]
PRINTSi PR01028. OPIOIDPRCRSR.
PR01029. PENKAPRCRSR.
PROSITEi PS01252. OPIOIDS_PRECURSOR. 1 hit.
[Graphical view ]
ProtoNeti Search...

Publicationsi

« Hide 'large scale' publications
  1. "Transcription of the rat and mouse proenkephalin genes is initiated at distinct sites in spermatogenic and somatic cells."
    Kilpatrick D.L., Zinn S.A., Fitzgerald M., Higuchi H., Sabol S.L., Meyerhardt J.
    Mol. Cell. Biol. 10:3717-3726(1990) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA].
    Tissue: Testis.
  2. "The transcriptional landscape of the mammalian genome."
    Carninci P., Kasukawa T., Katayama S., Gough J., Frith M.C., Maeda N., Oyama R., Ravasi T., Lenhard B., Wells C., Kodzius R., Shimokawa K., Bajic V.B., Brenner S.E., Batalov S., Forrest A.R., Zavolan M., Davis M.J.
    , Wilming L.G., Aidinis V., Allen J.E., Ambesi-Impiombato A., Apweiler R., Aturaliya R.N., Bailey T.L., Bansal M., Baxter L., Beisel K.W., Bersano T., Bono H., Chalk A.M., Chiu K.P., Choudhary V., Christoffels A., Clutterbuck D.R., Crowe M.L., Dalla E., Dalrymple B.P., de Bono B., Della Gatta G., di Bernardo D., Down T., Engstrom P., Fagiolini M., Faulkner G., Fletcher C.F., Fukushima T., Furuno M., Futaki S., Gariboldi M., Georgii-Hemming P., Gingeras T.R., Gojobori T., Green R.E., Gustincich S., Harbers M., Hayashi Y., Hensch T.K., Hirokawa N., Hill D., Huminiecki L., Iacono M., Ikeo K., Iwama A., Ishikawa T., Jakt M., Kanapin A., Katoh M., Kawasawa Y., Kelso J., Kitamura H., Kitano H., Kollias G., Krishnan S.P., Kruger A., Kummerfeld S.K., Kurochkin I.V., Lareau L.F., Lazarevic D., Lipovich L., Liu J., Liuni S., McWilliam S., Madan Babu M., Madera M., Marchionni L., Matsuda H., Matsuzawa S., Miki H., Mignone F., Miyake S., Morris K., Mottagui-Tabar S., Mulder N., Nakano N., Nakauchi H., Ng P., Nilsson R., Nishiguchi S., Nishikawa S., Nori F., Ohara O., Okazaki Y., Orlando V., Pang K.C., Pavan W.J., Pavesi G., Pesole G., Petrovsky N., Piazza S., Reed J., Reid J.F., Ring B.Z., Ringwald M., Rost B., Ruan Y., Salzberg S.L., Sandelin A., Schneider C., Schoenbach C., Sekiguchi K., Semple C.A., Seno S., Sessa L., Sheng Y., Shibata Y., Shimada H., Shimada K., Silva D., Sinclair B., Sperling S., Stupka E., Sugiura K., Sultana R., Takenaka Y., Taki K., Tammoja K., Tan S.L., Tang S., Taylor M.S., Tegner J., Teichmann S.A., Ueda H.R., van Nimwegen E., Verardo R., Wei C.L., Yagi K., Yamanishi H., Zabarovsky E., Zhu S., Zimmer A., Hide W., Bult C., Grimmond S.M., Teasdale R.D., Liu E.T., Brusic V., Quackenbush J., Wahlestedt C., Mattick J.S., Hume D.A., Kai C., Sasaki D., Tomaru Y., Fukuda S., Kanamori-Katayama M., Suzuki M., Aoki J., Arakawa T., Iida J., Imamura K., Itoh M., Kato T., Kawaji H., Kawagashira N., Kawashima T., Kojima M., Kondo S., Konno H., Nakano K., Ninomiya N., Nishio T., Okada M., Plessy C., Shibata K., Shiraki T., Suzuki S., Tagami M., Waki K., Watahiki A., Okamura-Oho Y., Suzuki H., Kawai J., Hayashizaki Y.
    Science 309:1559-1563(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
    Strain: C57BL/6J.
    Tissue: Testis.
  3. Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
    Strain: C57BL/6J.
  4. Mural R.J., Adams M.D., Myers E.W., Smith H.O., Venter J.C.
    Submitted (SEP-2005) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
  5. "The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC)."
    The MGC Project Team
    Genome Res. 14:2121-2127(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
    Tissue: Testis.
  6. "Activation of mouse T-helper cells induces abundant preproenkephalin mRNA synthesis."
    Zurawski G., Benedik M., Kamb B.J., Abrams J.S., Zurawski S.M., Lee F.D.
    Science 232:772-775(1986) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] OF 29-268.
    Tissue: T-cell.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiPENK_MOUSE
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P22005
Secondary accession number(s): Q68G73
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 1, 1991
Last sequence update: June 16, 2009
Last modified: July 9, 2014
This is version 103 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. MGD cross-references
    Mouse Genome Database (MGD) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

Similar proteinsi