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Protein

Proteasome subunit alpha type-2

Gene

Psma2

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Component of the 20S core proteasome complex involved in the proteolytic degradation of most intracellular proteins. This complex plays numerous essential roles within the cell by associating with different regulatory particles. Associated with two 19S regulatory particles, forms the 26S proteasome and thus participates in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins. The 26S proteasome plays a key role in the maintenance of protein homeostasis by removing misfolded or damaged proteins that could impair cellular functions, and by removing proteins whose functions are no longer required. Associated with the PA200 or PA28, the 20S proteasome mediates ubiquitin-independent protein degradation. This type of proteolysis is required in several pathways including spermatogenesis (20S-PA200 complex) or generation of a subset of MHC class I-presented antigenic peptides (20S-PA28 complex).By similarity

Catalytic activityi

Cleavage of peptide bonds with very broad specificity.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionHydrolase, Protease, Threonine protease

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-1169091. Activation of NF-kappaB in B cells.
R-RNO-1234176. Oxygen-dependent proline hydroxylation of Hypoxia-inducible Factor Alpha.
R-RNO-1236978. Cross-presentation of soluble exogenous antigens (endosomes).
R-RNO-174084. Autodegradation of Cdh1 by Cdh1:APC/C.
R-RNO-174113. SCF-beta-TrCP mediated degradation of Emi1.
R-RNO-174154. APC/C:Cdc20 mediated degradation of Securin.
R-RNO-174178. APC/C:Cdh1 mediated degradation of Cdc20 and other APC/C:Cdh1 targeted proteins in late mitosis/early G1.
R-RNO-174184. Cdc20:Phospho-APC/C mediated degradation of Cyclin A.
R-RNO-187577. SCF(Skp2)-mediated degradation of p27/p21.
R-RNO-195253. Degradation of beta-catenin by the destruction complex.
R-RNO-202424. Downstream TCR signaling.
R-RNO-2467813. Separation of Sister Chromatids.
R-RNO-2871837. FCERI mediated NF-kB activation.
R-RNO-349425. Autodegradation of the E3 ubiquitin ligase COP1.
R-RNO-350562. Regulation of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC).
R-RNO-382556. ABC-family proteins mediated transport.
R-RNO-450408. AUF1 (hnRNP D0) binds and destabilizes mRNA.
R-RNO-4608870. Asymmetric localization of PCP proteins.
R-RNO-4641257. Degradation of AXIN.
R-RNO-4641258. Degradation of DVL.
R-RNO-5358346. Hedgehog ligand biogenesis.
R-RNO-5607761. Dectin-1 mediated noncanonical NF-kB signaling.
R-RNO-5607764. CLEC7A (Dectin-1) signaling.
R-RNO-5610780. Degradation of GLI1 by the proteasome.
R-RNO-5610785. GLI3 is processed to GLI3R by the proteasome.
R-RNO-5632684. Hedgehog 'on' state.
R-RNO-5658442. Regulation of RAS by GAPs.
R-RNO-5668541. TNFR2 non-canonical NF-kB pathway.
R-RNO-5676590. NIK-->noncanonical NF-kB signaling.
R-RNO-5687128. MAPK6/MAPK4 signaling.
R-RNO-5689603. UCH proteinases.
R-RNO-5689880. Ub-specific processing proteases.
R-RNO-6798695. Neutrophil degranulation.
R-RNO-68827. CDT1 association with the CDC6:ORC:origin complex.
R-RNO-68949. Orc1 removal from chromatin.
R-RNO-69017. CDK-mediated phosphorylation and removal of Cdc6.
R-RNO-69229. Ubiquitin-dependent degradation of Cyclin D1.
R-RNO-69481. G2/M Checkpoints.
R-RNO-69601. Ubiquitin Mediated Degradation of Phosphorylated Cdc25A.
R-RNO-8852276. The role of GTSE1 in G2/M progression after G2 checkpoint.
R-RNO-8854050. FBXL7 down-regulates AURKA during mitotic entry and in early mitosis.
R-RNO-983168. Antigen processing: Ubiquitination & Proteasome degradation.

Protein family/group databases

MEROPSiT01.972.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Proteasome subunit alpha type-2 (EC:3.4.25.1By similarity)
Alternative name(s):
Macropain subunit C3
Multicatalytic endopeptidase complex subunit C3
Proteasome component C3
Gene namesi
Name:Psma2
OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 Componenti: Chromosome 17

Organism-specific databases

RGDi61842. Psma2.

Subcellular locationi

  • Cytoplasm 1 Publication
  • Nucleus 1 Publication
  • CytoplasmP-body By similarity

  • Note: Colocalizes with TRIM5 in the cytoplasmic bodies.By similarity

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus, Proteasome

Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Mutagenesisi121Y → F: Abolishes nuclear localization and phosphorylation. 1 Publication1

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Initiator methionineiRemoved1 Publication
ChainiPRO_00001240792 – 234Proteasome subunit alpha type-2Add BLAST233

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Modified residuei2N-acetylalanine1 Publication1
Modified residuei6PhosphotyrosineBy similarity1
Modified residuei7PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei14PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei16PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei24PhosphotyrosineBy similarity1
Modified residuei70N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei76PhosphotyrosineBy similarity1
Modified residuei121Phosphotyrosine1 Publication1
Modified residuei171N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1

Post-translational modificationi

Phosphorylated on tyrosine residues; which may be important for nuclear import.1 Publication

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP17220.
PRIDEiP17220.

2D gel databases

World-2DPAGEi0004:P17220.

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP17220.
PhosphoSitePlusiP17220.

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Ubiquitous.

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000049920.
GenevisibleiP17220. RN.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

The 26S proteasome consists of a 20S proteasome core and two 19S regulatory subunits. The 20S proteasome core is a barrel-shaped complex made of 28 subunits that are arranged in four stacked rings. The two outer rings are each formed by seven alpha subunits, and the two inner rings are formed by seven beta subunits. The proteolytic activity is exerted by three beta-subunits PSMB5, PSMB6 and PSMB7.By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi248290. 5 interactors.
IntActiP17220. 1 interactor.
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000066950.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP17220.
SMRiP17220.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the peptidase T1A family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0181. Eukaryota.
ENOG410XPQ8. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00550000074870.
HOVERGENiHBG003005.
InParanoidiP17220.
KOiK02726.
OMAiWKATALG.
OrthoDBiEOG091G0GX6.
PhylomeDBiP17220.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.60.20.10. 1 hit.
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029055. Ntn_hydrolases_N.
IPR023332. Proteasome_alpha-type.
IPR000426. Proteasome_asu_N.
IPR001353. Proteasome_sua/b.
IPR034644. Proteasome_subunit_alpha2.
PANTHERiPTHR11599:SF89. PTHR11599:SF89. 1 hit.
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00227. Proteasome. 1 hit.
PF10584. Proteasome_A_N. 1 hit.
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00948. Proteasome_A_N. 1 hit.
SUPFAMiSSF56235. SSF56235. 1 hit.
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00388. PROTEASOME_ALPHA_1. 1 hit.
PS51475. PROTEASOME_ALPHA_2. 1 hit.

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P17220-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MAERGYSFSL TTFSPSGKLV QIEYALAAVA GGAPSVGIKA ANGVVLATEK
60 70 80 90 100
KQKSILYDER SVHKVEPITK HIGLVYSGMG PDYRVLVHRA RKLAQQYYLV
110 120 130 140 150
YQEPIPTAQL VQRVASVMQE YTQSGGVRPF GVSLLICGWN EGRPYLFQSD
160 170 180 190 200
PSGAYFAWKA TAMGKNYVNG KTFLEKRYNE DLELEDAIHT AILTLKESFE
210 220 230
GQMTEDNIEV GICNEAGFRR LTPTEVRDYL AAIA
Length:234
Mass (Da):25,927
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v3
Checksum:i4ECB56A233583821
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
J02897 mRNA. Translation: AAA40838.1.
PIRiA34535. SNRTC3.
RefSeqiNP_058975.1. NM_017279.1.
UniGeneiRn.1617.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000073834; ENSRNOP00000066950; ENSRNOG00000049920.
GeneIDi29669.
KEGGirno:29669.
UCSCiRGD:61842. rat.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
J02897 mRNA. Translation: AAA40838.1.
PIRiA34535. SNRTC3.
RefSeqiNP_058975.1. NM_017279.1.
UniGeneiRn.1617.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP17220.
SMRiP17220.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi248290. 5 interactors.
IntActiP17220. 1 interactor.
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000066950.

Protein family/group databases

MEROPSiT01.972.

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP17220.
PhosphoSitePlusiP17220.

2D gel databases

World-2DPAGEi0004:P17220.

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP17220.
PRIDEiP17220.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000073834; ENSRNOP00000066950; ENSRNOG00000049920.
GeneIDi29669.
KEGGirno:29669.
UCSCiRGD:61842. rat.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi5683.
RGDi61842. Psma2.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0181. Eukaryota.
ENOG410XPQ8. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00550000074870.
HOVERGENiHBG003005.
InParanoidiP17220.
KOiK02726.
OMAiWKATALG.
OrthoDBiEOG091G0GX6.
PhylomeDBiP17220.

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-1169091. Activation of NF-kappaB in B cells.
R-RNO-1234176. Oxygen-dependent proline hydroxylation of Hypoxia-inducible Factor Alpha.
R-RNO-1236978. Cross-presentation of soluble exogenous antigens (endosomes).
R-RNO-174084. Autodegradation of Cdh1 by Cdh1:APC/C.
R-RNO-174113. SCF-beta-TrCP mediated degradation of Emi1.
R-RNO-174154. APC/C:Cdc20 mediated degradation of Securin.
R-RNO-174178. APC/C:Cdh1 mediated degradation of Cdc20 and other APC/C:Cdh1 targeted proteins in late mitosis/early G1.
R-RNO-174184. Cdc20:Phospho-APC/C mediated degradation of Cyclin A.
R-RNO-187577. SCF(Skp2)-mediated degradation of p27/p21.
R-RNO-195253. Degradation of beta-catenin by the destruction complex.
R-RNO-202424. Downstream TCR signaling.
R-RNO-2467813. Separation of Sister Chromatids.
R-RNO-2871837. FCERI mediated NF-kB activation.
R-RNO-349425. Autodegradation of the E3 ubiquitin ligase COP1.
R-RNO-350562. Regulation of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC).
R-RNO-382556. ABC-family proteins mediated transport.
R-RNO-450408. AUF1 (hnRNP D0) binds and destabilizes mRNA.
R-RNO-4608870. Asymmetric localization of PCP proteins.
R-RNO-4641257. Degradation of AXIN.
R-RNO-4641258. Degradation of DVL.
R-RNO-5358346. Hedgehog ligand biogenesis.
R-RNO-5607761. Dectin-1 mediated noncanonical NF-kB signaling.
R-RNO-5607764. CLEC7A (Dectin-1) signaling.
R-RNO-5610780. Degradation of GLI1 by the proteasome.
R-RNO-5610785. GLI3 is processed to GLI3R by the proteasome.
R-RNO-5632684. Hedgehog 'on' state.
R-RNO-5658442. Regulation of RAS by GAPs.
R-RNO-5668541. TNFR2 non-canonical NF-kB pathway.
R-RNO-5676590. NIK-->noncanonical NF-kB signaling.
R-RNO-5687128. MAPK6/MAPK4 signaling.
R-RNO-5689603. UCH proteinases.
R-RNO-5689880. Ub-specific processing proteases.
R-RNO-6798695. Neutrophil degranulation.
R-RNO-68827. CDT1 association with the CDC6:ORC:origin complex.
R-RNO-68949. Orc1 removal from chromatin.
R-RNO-69017. CDK-mediated phosphorylation and removal of Cdc6.
R-RNO-69229. Ubiquitin-dependent degradation of Cyclin D1.
R-RNO-69481. G2/M Checkpoints.
R-RNO-69601. Ubiquitin Mediated Degradation of Phosphorylated Cdc25A.
R-RNO-8852276. The role of GTSE1 in G2/M progression after G2 checkpoint.
R-RNO-8854050. FBXL7 down-regulates AURKA during mitotic entry and in early mitosis.
R-RNO-983168. Antigen processing: Ubiquitination & Proteasome degradation.

Miscellaneous databases

PROiPR:P17220.

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000049920.
GenevisibleiP17220. RN.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.60.20.10. 1 hit.
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029055. Ntn_hydrolases_N.
IPR023332. Proteasome_alpha-type.
IPR000426. Proteasome_asu_N.
IPR001353. Proteasome_sua/b.
IPR034644. Proteasome_subunit_alpha2.
PANTHERiPTHR11599:SF89. PTHR11599:SF89. 1 hit.
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00227. Proteasome. 1 hit.
PF10584. Proteasome_A_N. 1 hit.
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00948. Proteasome_A_N. 1 hit.
SUPFAMiSSF56235. SSF56235. 1 hit.
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00388. PROTEASOME_ALPHA_1. 1 hit.
PS51475. PROTEASOME_ALPHA_2. 1 hit.
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiPSA2_RAT
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P17220
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 1, 1990
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: May 10, 2017
This is version 149 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Peptidase families
    Classification of peptidase families and list of entries
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.