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Protein

Interleukin-1 beta

Gene

IL1B

Organism
Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 3 out of 5-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Potent proinflammatory cytokine. Initially discovered as the major endogenous pyrogen, induces prostaglandin synthesis, neutrophil influx and activation, T-cell activation and cytokine production, B-cell activation and antibody production, and fibroblast proliferation and collagen production.By similarity

GO - Biological processi

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Cytokine, Mitogen, Pyrogen

Keywords - Biological processi

Inflammatory response

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Interleukin-1 beta
Short name:
IL-1 beta
Alternative name(s):
Lymphocyte proliferation-potentiating factor
Gene namesi
Name:IL1B
OrganismiOryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit)
Taxonomic identifieri9986 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresLagomorphaLeporidaeOryctolagus
Proteomesi
  • UP000001811 Componenti: Unplaced

Subcellular locationi

  • Cytoplasmcytosol By similarity
  • Lysosome By similarity
  • Secretedexosome By similarity
  • Cytoplasmic vesicleautophagosome By similarity
  • Secreted By similarity

  • Note: The precursor is cytosolic. In response to inflammasome-activating signals, such as ATP for NLRP3 inflammasome or bacterial flagellin for NLRC4 inflammasome, cleaved and secreted. IL1B lacks any known signal sequence and the pathway(s) of its secretion is(are) not yet fully understood. On the basis of experimental results, several unconventional secretion mechanisms have been proposed. 1. Secretion via secretory lysosomes: a fraction of CASP1 and IL1B precursor may be incorporated, by a yet undefined mechanism, into secretory lysosomes that undergo Ca2+-dependent exocytosis with release of mature IL1B. 2. Secretory autophagy: IL1B-containing autophagosomes may fuse with endosomes or multivesicular bodies (MVBs) and then merge with the plasma membrane releasing soluble IL1B or IL1B-containing exosomes. However, autophagy impacts IL1B production at several levels and its role in secretion is still controversial. 3. Secretion via exosomes: ATP-activation of P2RX7 leads to the formation of MVBs containing exosomes with entrapped IL1B, CASP1 and other inflammasome components. These MVBs undergo exocytosis with the release of exosomes. The release of soluble IL1B occurs after the lysis of exosome membranes. 4. Secretion by microvesicle shedding: activation of the ATP receptor P2RX7 may induce an immediate shedding of membrane-derived microvesicles containing IL1B and possibly inflammasome components. The cytokine is then released in the extracellular compartment after microvesicle lysis. 5. Release by translocation through permeabilized plasma membrane. This may occur in cells undergoing pyroptosis due to sustained activation of the inflammasome. These mechanisms may not be not mutually exclusive.By similarity

GO - Cellular componenti

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Cytoplasmic vesicle, Lysosome, Secreted

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Propeptidei1 – 116116PRO_0000015315Add
BLAST
Chaini117 – 268152Interleukin-1 betaPRO_0000015316Add
BLAST

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Monomer. Interacts with MEFV (By similarity).By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9986.ENSOCUP00000021869.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP14628.
SMRiP14628. Positions 118-268.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the IL-1 family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IGSZ. Eukaryota.
ENOG410XU2E. LUCA.
HOVERGENiHBG007328.
InParanoidiP14628.
KOiK04519.

Family and domain databases

InterProiIPR008996. Cytokine_IL1-like.
IPR003294. IL-1_alpha/beta.
IPR003296. IL-1_beta.
IPR020877. IL-1_CS.
IPR000975. IL-1_fam.
IPR028142. IL-1_fam/FGF_fam.
IPR003502. IL-1_propep.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR10078:SF20. PTHR10078:SF20. 1 hit.
PfamiPF00340. IL1. 1 hit.
PF02394. IL1_propep. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00262. IL1HBGF.
PR00264. INTERLEUKIN1.
PR01357. INTRLEUKN1AB.
SUPFAMiSSF50353. SSF50353. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00253. INTERLEUKIN_1. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P14628-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MATVPELTSE MMAYHSGNEN DLFFEADGPN YMKSCFQDLD LCCPDEGIQL
60 70 80 90 100
RISCQPYNKS FRQVLSVVVA LEKLRQKAVP CPQAFQDDGL RTFFSLIFEE
110 120 130 140 150
EPVLCNTWDD YSLECDAVRS LHCRLQDAQQ KSLVLSGTYE LKALHLNAEN
160 170 180 190 200
LNQQVVFSMS FVQGEESNDK IPVALGLRGK NLYLSCVMKD DKPTLQLESV
210 220 230 240 250
DPNRYPKKKM EKRFVFNKIE IKDKLEFESA QFPNWYISTS QTEYMPVFLG
260
NNSGGQDLID FSMEFVSS
Length:268
Mass (Da):30,665
Last modified:April 1, 1990 - v1
Checksum:i55BF44DD78D1B297
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
D21835 mRNA. Translation: BAA04863.1.
M26295 mRNA. Translation: AAA31373.1.
PIRiA27714. A30584.
RefSeqiNP_001075670.1. NM_001082201.1.
UniGeneiOcu.1993.

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi100008990.
KEGGiocu:100008990.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
D21835 mRNA. Translation: BAA04863.1.
M26295 mRNA. Translation: AAA31373.1.
PIRiA27714. A30584.
RefSeqiNP_001075670.1. NM_001082201.1.
UniGeneiOcu.1993.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP14628.
SMRiP14628. Positions 118-268.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9986.ENSOCUP00000021869.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi100008990.
KEGGiocu:100008990.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi3553.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IGSZ. Eukaryota.
ENOG410XU2E. LUCA.
HOVERGENiHBG007328.
InParanoidiP14628.
KOiK04519.

Family and domain databases

InterProiIPR008996. Cytokine_IL1-like.
IPR003294. IL-1_alpha/beta.
IPR003296. IL-1_beta.
IPR020877. IL-1_CS.
IPR000975. IL-1_fam.
IPR028142. IL-1_fam/FGF_fam.
IPR003502. IL-1_propep.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR10078:SF20. PTHR10078:SF20. 1 hit.
PfamiPF00340. IL1. 1 hit.
PF02394. IL1_propep. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00262. IL1HBGF.
PR00264. INTERLEUKIN1.
PR01357. INTRLEUKN1AB.
SUPFAMiSSF50353. SSF50353. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00253. INTERLEUKIN_1. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiIL1B_RABIT
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P14628
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 1, 1990
Last sequence update: April 1, 1990
Last modified: December 9, 2015
This is version 91 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Miscellaneous

IL1B production occurs in 2 steps, each being controlled by different stimuli. First, inflammatory signals, such as LPS, stimulate the synthesis and promote the accumulation of cytosolic stores of pro-IL1B (priming). Then additional signals are required for inflammasome assembly, leading to CASP1 activation, pro-IL1B processing and eventually secretion of the active cytokine. IL1B processing and secretion are temporarily associated.By similarity

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.