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Protein

Glycogen phosphorylase, muscle form

Gene

PYGM

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Phosphorylase is an important allosteric enzyme in carbohydrate metabolism. Enzymes from different sources differ in their regulatory mechanisms and in their natural substrates. However, all known phosphorylases share catalytic and structural properties.

Catalytic activityi

((1->4)-alpha-D-glucosyl)(n) + phosphate = ((1->4)-alpha-D-glucosyl)(n-1) + alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate.

Cofactori

Enzyme regulationi

Activity of phosphorylase is controlled both by allosteric means (through the noncovalent binding of metabolites) and by covalent modification. Thus AMP allosterically activates, whereas ATP, ADP, and glucose-6-phosphate allosterically inhibit, phosphorylase B.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Binding sitei76 – 761AMPBy similarity
Sitei109 – 1091Involved in the association of subunitsBy similarity
Sitei143 – 1431Involved in the association of subunitsBy similarity
Sitei156 – 1561May be involved in allosteric controlBy similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

  1. glycogen phosphorylase activity Source: ProtInc
  2. nucleotide binding Source: UniProtKB-KW
  3. pyridoxal phosphate binding Source: InterPro

GO - Biological processi

  1. carbohydrate metabolic process Source: Reactome
  2. glucose metabolic process Source: Reactome
  3. glycogen catabolic process Source: Reactome
  4. glycogen metabolic process Source: ProtInc
  5. small molecule metabolic process Source: Reactome
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Glycosyltransferase, Transferase

Keywords - Biological processi

Carbohydrate metabolism, Glycogen metabolism

Keywords - Ligandi

Nucleotide-binding, Pyridoxal phosphate

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciMetaCyc:HS00949-MONOMER.
ReactomeiREACT_1008. Glycogen breakdown (glycogenolysis).

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGT35. Glycosyltransferase Family 35.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glycogen phosphorylase, muscle form (EC:2.4.1.1)
Alternative name(s):
Myophosphorylase
Gene namesi
Name:PYGM
OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
ProteomesiUP000005640: Chromosome 11

Organism-specific databases

HGNCiHGNC:9726. PYGM.

Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

  1. cytosol Source: Reactome
  2. extracellular vesicular exosome Source: UniProtKB
Complete GO annotation...

Pathology & Biotechi

Involvement in diseasei

Glycogen storage disease 513 Publications

The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Disease descriptionA metabolic disorder resulting in myopathy characterized by exercise intolerance, cramps, muscle weakness and recurrent myoglobinuria.

See also OMIM:232600
Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Natural varianti116 – 1161L → P in GSD5. 2 Publications
VAR_014002
Natural varianti194 – 1941R → W in GSD5. 1 Publication
VAR_014003
Natural varianti205 – 2051G → S in GSD5. 5 Publications
Corresponds to variant rs119103251 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_003431
Natural varianti292 – 2921L → P in GSD5; rare mutation. 1 Publication
VAR_014004
Natural varianti349 – 3491E → K in GSD5. 1 Publication
VAR_014005
Natural varianti397 – 3971L → P in GSD5. 2 Publications
VAR_003432
Natural varianti488 – 4881T → N in GSD5. 2 Publications
VAR_014006
Natural varianti543 – 5431K → T in GSD5. 2 Publications
VAR_003433
Natural varianti602 – 6021R → W in GSD5. 1 Publication
VAR_014007
Natural varianti655 – 6551E → K in GSD5. 2 Publications
VAR_003434
Natural varianti660 – 6601A → D in GSD5. 2 Publications
VAR_014008
Natural varianti666 – 6661Q → E in GSD5. 1 Publication
VAR_014009
Natural varianti685 – 6851N → Y in GSD5. 2 Publications
VAR_014010
Natural varianti686 – 6861G → R in GSD5. 1 Publication
VAR_014011
Natural varianti687 – 6871A → P in GSD5. 1 Publication
VAR_014012
Natural varianti704 – 7041A → V in GSD5. 1 Publication
VAR_014013
Natural varianti709 – 7091Missing in GSD5; common in Japanese patients. 1 Publication
VAR_014014
Natural varianti798 – 7981W → R in GSD5. 3 Publications
VAR_014015

Keywords - Diseasei

Disease mutation, Glycogen storage disease

Organism-specific databases

MIMi232600. phenotype.
Orphaneti368. Glycogen storage disease due to muscle glycogen phosphorylase deficiency.
PharmGKBiPA34069.

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Initiator methioninei1 – 11RemovedBy similarity
Chaini2 – 842841Glycogen phosphorylase, muscle formPRO_0000188529Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Modified residuei2 – 21N-acetylserineBy similarity
Modified residuei15 – 151Phosphoserine; by PHK; in form phosphorylase A1 Publication
Modified residuei473 – 4731PhosphotyrosineBy similarity
Modified residuei681 – 6811N6-(pyridoxal phosphate)lysineBy similarity

Post-translational modificationi

Phosphorylation of Ser-15 converts phosphorylase B (unphosphorylated) to phosphorylase A.1 Publication

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiP11217.
PaxDbiP11217.
PRIDEiP11217.

PTM databases

PhosphoSiteiP11217.

Expressioni

Gene expression databases

BgeeiP11217.
CleanExiHS_PYGM.
GenevestigatoriP11217.

Organism-specific databases

HPAiHPA056003.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Homodimer. Dimers associate into a tetramer to form the enzymatically active phosphorylase A.

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi111795. 10 interactions.
IntActiP11217. 21 interactions.
MINTiMINT-1134630.
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000164139.

Structurei

Secondary structure

1
842
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strand
Show more details
Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Helixi7 – 104Combined sources
Helixi11 – 133Combined sources
Helixi25 – 3814Combined sources
Turni44 – 463Combined sources
Helixi49 – 7830Combined sources
Beta strandi82 – 865Combined sources
Helixi96 – 1027Combined sources
Helixi106 – 1149Combined sources
Turni115 – 1173Combined sources
Helixi120 – 1267Combined sources
Helixi136 – 15015Combined sources
Beta strandi155 – 1606Combined sources
Beta strandi168 – 1725Combined sources
Beta strandi175 – 1795Combined sources
Turni183 – 1864Combined sources
Helixi195 – 1973Combined sources
Beta strandi199 – 2046Combined sources
Beta strandi206 – 2105Combined sources
Beta strandi213 – 2186Combined sources
Beta strandi220 – 23213Combined sources
Beta strandi234 – 2363Combined sources
Beta strandi239 – 24810Combined sources
Helixi263 – 2708Combined sources
Helixi271 – 2777Combined sources
Helixi291 – 31323Combined sources
Helixi330 – 3334Combined sources
Beta strandi334 – 3418Combined sources
Turni342 – 3454Combined sources
Helixi346 – 35611Combined sources
Helixi362 – 37211Combined sources
Beta strandi373 – 3764Combined sources
Helixi382 – 3843Combined sources
Beta strandi387 – 3893Combined sources
Helixi390 – 3967Combined sources
Helixi398 – 41821Combined sources
Helixi423 – 4297Combined sources
Beta strandi431 – 4333Combined sources
Beta strandi435 – 4373Combined sources
Beta strandi439 – 4413Combined sources
Helixi442 – 4487Combined sources
Beta strandi451 – 4577Combined sources
Helixi458 – 4669Combined sources
Turni467 – 4693Combined sources
Helixi470 – 4756Combined sources
Helixi477 – 4793Combined sources
Beta strandi480 – 4823Combined sources
Helixi490 – 4956Combined sources
Helixi498 – 50811Combined sources
Helixi511 – 5144Combined sources
Helixi516 – 52510Combined sources
Helixi529 – 55325Combined sources
Beta strandi562 – 5698Combined sources
Turni573 – 5764Combined sources
Helixi577 – 59317Combined sources
Beta strandi602 – 6076Combined sources
Helixi615 – 63117Combined sources
Turni635 – 6373Combined sources
Helixi638 – 6403Combined sources
Beta strandi641 – 6466Combined sources
Helixi651 – 6577Combined sources
Helixi658 – 6603Combined sources
Beta strandi662 – 6665Combined sources
Turni670 – 6723Combined sources
Helixi678 – 6847Combined sources
Beta strandi688 – 6914Combined sources
Helixi697 – 7048Combined sources
Helixi706 – 7083Combined sources
Beta strandi709 – 7113Combined sources
Helixi716 – 72510Combined sources
Helixi730 – 7334Combined sources
Helixi737 – 74812Combined sources
Turni749 – 7513Combined sources
Turni756 – 7594Combined sources
Helixi760 – 7689Combined sources
Helixi774 – 79219Combined sources
Helixi795 – 80612Combined sources
Helixi810 – 8123Combined sources
Helixi814 – 82411Combined sources

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBei
RCSB PDBi
PDBji
Links Updated
EntryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1Z8DX-ray2.30A1-842[»]
ProteinModelPortaliP11217.
SMRiP11217. Positions 3-837.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP11217.

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the glycogen phosphorylase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0058.
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000016886.
HOGENOMiHOG000278444.
HOVERGENiHBG006848.
InParanoidiP11217.
KOiK00688.
OMAiWPVHLIE.
OrthoDBiEOG7JQBMK.
PhylomeDBiP11217.
TreeFamiTF300309.

Family and domain databases

InterProiIPR011833. Glycg_phsphrylas.
IPR000811. Glyco_trans_35.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR11468. PTHR11468. 1 hit.
PfamiPF00343. Phosphorylase. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF000460. Pprylas_GlgP. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR02093. P_ylase. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00102. PHOSPHORYLASE. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequences (2)i

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

This entry describes 2 isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. Align

Isoform 1 (identifier: P11217-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to Basket

This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MSRPLSDQEK RKQISVRGLA GVENVTELKK NFNRHLHFTL VKDRNVATPR
60 70 80 90 100
DYYFALAHTV RDHLVGRWIR TQQHYYEKDP KRIYYLSLEF YMGRTLQNTM
110 120 130 140 150
VNLALENACD EATYQLGLDM EELEEIEEDA GLGNGGLGRL AACFLDSMAT
160 170 180 190 200
LGLAAYGYGI RYEFGIFNQK ISGGWQMEEA DDWLRYGNPW EKARPEFTLP
210 220 230 240 250
VHFYGHVEHT SQGAKWVDTQ VVLAMPYDTP VPGYRNNVVN TMRLWSAKAP
260 270 280 290 300
NDFNLKDFNV GGYIQAVLDR NLAENISRVL YPNDNFFEGK ELRLKQEYFV
310 320 330 340 350
VAATLQDIIR RFKSSKFGCR DPVRTNFDAF PDKVAIQLND THPSLAIPEL
360 370 380 390 400
MRILVDLERM DWDKAWDVTV RTCAYTNHTV LPEALERWPV HLLETLLPRH
410 420 430 440 450
LQIIYEINQR FLNRVAAAFP GDVDRLRRMS LVEEGAVKRI NMAHLCIAGS
460 470 480 490 500
HAVNGVARIH SEILKKTIFK DFYELEPHKF QNKTNGITPR RWLVLCNPGL
510 520 530 540 550
AEVIAERIGE DFISDLDQLR KLLSFVDDEA FIRDVAKVKQ ENKLKFAAYL
560 570 580 590 600
EREYKVHINP NSLFDIQVKR IHEYKRQLLN CLHVITLYNR IKREPNKFFV
610 620 630 640 650
PRTVMIGGKA APGYHMAKMI IRLVTAIGDV VNHDPAVGDR LRVIFLENYR
660 670 680 690 700
VSLAEKVIPA ADLSEQISTA GTEASGTGNM KFMLNGALTI GTMDGANVEM
710 720 730 740 750
AEEAGEENFF IFGMRVEDVD KLDQRGYNAQ EYYDRIPELR QVIEQLSSGF
760 770 780 790 800
FSPKQPDLFK DIVNMLMHHD RFKVFADYED YIKCQEKVSA LYKNPREWTR
810 820 830 840
MVIRNIATSG KFSSDRTIAQ YAREIWGVEP SRQRLPAPDE AI
Length:842
Mass (Da):97,092
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v6
Checksum:iEBDB7D80D740B68F
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: P11217-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to Basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     82-169: Missing.

Note: No experimental confirmation available.

Show »
Length:754
Mass (Da):87,317
Checksum:iF5C64CA460DA3FC9
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Sequence conflicti791 – 7911L → W in AAA60231. (PubMed:3447177)Curated

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Natural varianti116 – 1161L → P in GSD5. 2 Publications
VAR_014002
Natural varianti194 – 1941R → W in GSD5. 1 Publication
VAR_014003
Natural varianti205 – 2051G → S in GSD5. 5 Publications
Corresponds to variant rs119103251 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_003431
Natural varianti292 – 2921L → P in GSD5; rare mutation. 1 Publication
VAR_014004
Natural varianti349 – 3491E → K in GSD5. 1 Publication
VAR_014005
Natural varianti397 – 3971L → P in GSD5. 2 Publications
VAR_003432
Natural varianti414 – 4141R → G.
Corresponds to variant rs11231866 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_061198
Natural varianti488 – 4881T → N in GSD5. 2 Publications
VAR_014006
Natural varianti543 – 5431K → T in GSD5. 2 Publications
VAR_003433
Natural varianti602 – 6021R → W in GSD5. 1 Publication
VAR_014007
Natural varianti655 – 6551E → K in GSD5. 2 Publications
VAR_003434
Natural varianti660 – 6601A → D in GSD5. 2 Publications
VAR_014008
Natural varianti666 – 6661Q → E in GSD5. 1 Publication
VAR_014009
Natural varianti685 – 6851N → Y in GSD5. 2 Publications
VAR_014010
Natural varianti686 – 6861G → R in GSD5. 1 Publication
VAR_014011
Natural varianti687 – 6871A → P in GSD5. 1 Publication
VAR_014012
Natural varianti704 – 7041A → V in GSD5. 1 Publication
VAR_014013
Natural varianti709 – 7091Missing in GSD5; common in Japanese patients. 1 Publication
VAR_014014
Natural varianti798 – 7981W → R in GSD5. 3 Publications
VAR_014015

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Alternative sequencei82 – 16988Missing in isoform 2. 1 PublicationVSP_043047Add
BLAST

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M32598
, M32579, M32580, M32581, M32582, M32583, M32584, M32585, M32586, M32587, M32588, M32589, M32590, M32591, M32592, M32593, M32594, M32595, M32596, M32597 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAA60231.1.
U94777
, U94774, U94775, U94776 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAC52081.1.
AF066859 mRNA. Translation: AAC17451.1.
AK056607 mRNA. Translation: BAG51762.1.
AP001462 Genomic DNA. No translation available.
CH471076 Genomic DNA. Translation: EAW74284.1.
BC126392 mRNA. Translation: AAI26393.1.
BC130514 mRNA. Translation: AAI30515.1.
X03031 mRNA. Translation: CAA26834.1.
M16013 mRNA. Translation: AAA36216.1.
CCDSiCCDS53659.1. [P11217-2]
CCDS8079.1. [P11217-1]
PIRiA27335.
RefSeqiNP_001158188.1. NM_001164716.1. [P11217-2]
NP_005600.1. NM_005609.2. [P11217-1]
UniGeneiHs.154084.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000164139; ENSP00000164139; ENSG00000068976. [P11217-1]
ENST00000377432; ENSP00000366650; ENSG00000068976. [P11217-2]
GeneIDi5837.
KEGGihsa:5837.
UCSCiuc001oax.4. human. [P11217-1]
uc001oay.4. human. [P11217-2]

Polymorphism databases

DMDMi3041717.

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing, Polymorphism

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M32598
, M32579, M32580, M32581, M32582, M32583, M32584, M32585, M32586, M32587, M32588, M32589, M32590, M32591, M32592, M32593, M32594, M32595, M32596, M32597 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAA60231.1.
U94777
, U94774, U94775, U94776 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAC52081.1.
AF066859 mRNA. Translation: AAC17451.1.
AK056607 mRNA. Translation: BAG51762.1.
AP001462 Genomic DNA. No translation available.
CH471076 Genomic DNA. Translation: EAW74284.1.
BC126392 mRNA. Translation: AAI26393.1.
BC130514 mRNA. Translation: AAI30515.1.
X03031 mRNA. Translation: CAA26834.1.
M16013 mRNA. Translation: AAA36216.1.
CCDSiCCDS53659.1. [P11217-2]
CCDS8079.1. [P11217-1]
PIRiA27335.
RefSeqiNP_001158188.1. NM_001164716.1. [P11217-2]
NP_005600.1. NM_005609.2. [P11217-1]
UniGeneiHs.154084.

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBei
RCSB PDBi
PDBji
Links Updated
EntryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1Z8DX-ray2.30A1-842[»]
ProteinModelPortaliP11217.
SMRiP11217. Positions 3-837.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi111795. 10 interactions.
IntActiP11217. 21 interactions.
MINTiMINT-1134630.
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000164139.

Chemistry

BindingDBiP11217.
ChEMBLiCHEMBL3526.

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGT35. Glycosyltransferase Family 35.

PTM databases

PhosphoSiteiP11217.

Polymorphism databases

DMDMi3041717.

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiP11217.
PaxDbiP11217.
PRIDEiP11217.

Protocols and materials databases

DNASUi5837.
Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000164139; ENSP00000164139; ENSG00000068976. [P11217-1]
ENST00000377432; ENSP00000366650; ENSG00000068976. [P11217-2]
GeneIDi5837.
KEGGihsa:5837.
UCSCiuc001oax.4. human. [P11217-1]
uc001oay.4. human. [P11217-2]

Organism-specific databases

CTDi5837.
GeneCardsiGC11M064513.
GeneReviewsiPYGM.
HGNCiHGNC:9726. PYGM.
HPAiHPA056003.
MIMi232600. phenotype.
608455. gene.
neXtProtiNX_P11217.
Orphaneti368. Glycogen storage disease due to muscle glycogen phosphorylase deficiency.
PharmGKBiPA34069.
GenAtlasiSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0058.
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000016886.
HOGENOMiHOG000278444.
HOVERGENiHBG006848.
InParanoidiP11217.
KOiK00688.
OMAiWPVHLIE.
OrthoDBiEOG7JQBMK.
PhylomeDBiP11217.
TreeFamiTF300309.

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciMetaCyc:HS00949-MONOMER.
ReactomeiREACT_1008. Glycogen breakdown (glycogenolysis).

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP11217.
GenomeRNAii5837.
NextBioi22746.
PROiP11217.
SOURCEiSearch...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiP11217.
CleanExiHS_PYGM.
GenevestigatoriP11217.

Family and domain databases

InterProiIPR011833. Glycg_phsphrylas.
IPR000811. Glyco_trans_35.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR11468. PTHR11468. 1 hit.
PfamiPF00343. Phosphorylase. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF000460. Pprylas_GlgP. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR02093. P_ylase. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00102. PHOSPHORYLASE. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

« Hide 'large scale' publications
  1. "Intron/exon structure of the human gene for the muscle isozyme of glycogen phosphorylase."
    Burke J., Hwang P.K., Anderson L., Lebo R., Gorin F., Fletterick R.J.
    Proteins 2:177-187(1987) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].
  2. "Molecular diagnosis of McArdle disease: revised genomic structure of the myophosphorylase gene and identification of a novel mutation."
    Kubisch C., Wicklein E.M., Jentsch T.J.
    Hum. Mutat. 12:27-32(1998) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].
  3. Carty M.D., Clancy Y.C., Soeller W.C.
    Submitted (MAY-1998) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] (ISOFORM 1).
    Tissue: Muscle.
  4. "Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs."
    Ota T., Suzuki Y., Nishikawa T., Otsuki T., Sugiyama T., Irie R., Wakamatsu A., Hayashi K., Sato H., Nagai K., Kimura K., Makita H., Sekine M., Obayashi M., Nishi T., Shibahara T., Tanaka T., Ishii S.
    , Yamamoto J., Saito K., Kawai Y., Isono Y., Nakamura Y., Nagahari K., Murakami K., Yasuda T., Iwayanagi T., Wagatsuma M., Shiratori A., Sudo H., Hosoiri T., Kaku Y., Kodaira H., Kondo H., Sugawara M., Takahashi M., Kanda K., Yokoi T., Furuya T., Kikkawa E., Omura Y., Abe K., Kamihara K., Katsuta N., Sato K., Tanikawa M., Yamazaki M., Ninomiya K., Ishibashi T., Yamashita H., Murakawa K., Fujimori K., Tanai H., Kimata M., Watanabe M., Hiraoka S., Chiba Y., Ishida S., Ono Y., Takiguchi S., Watanabe S., Yosida M., Hotuta T., Kusano J., Kanehori K., Takahashi-Fujii A., Hara H., Tanase T.-O., Nomura Y., Togiya S., Komai F., Hara R., Takeuchi K., Arita M., Imose N., Musashino K., Yuuki H., Oshima A., Sasaki N., Aotsuka S., Yoshikawa Y., Matsunawa H., Ichihara T., Shiohata N., Sano S., Moriya S., Momiyama H., Satoh N., Takami S., Terashima Y., Suzuki O., Nakagawa S., Senoh A., Mizoguchi H., Goto Y., Shimizu F., Wakebe H., Hishigaki H., Watanabe T., Sugiyama A., Takemoto M., Kawakami B., Yamazaki M., Watanabe K., Kumagai A., Itakura S., Fukuzumi Y., Fujimori Y., Komiyama M., Tashiro H., Tanigami A., Fujiwara T., Ono T., Yamada K., Fujii Y., Ozaki K., Hirao M., Ohmori Y., Kawabata A., Hikiji T., Kobatake N., Inagaki H., Ikema Y., Okamoto S., Okitani R., Kawakami T., Noguchi S., Itoh T., Shigeta K., Senba T., Matsumura K., Nakajima Y., Mizuno T., Morinaga M., Sasaki M., Togashi T., Oyama M., Hata H., Watanabe M., Komatsu T., Mizushima-Sugano J., Satoh T., Shirai Y., Takahashi Y., Nakagawa K., Okumura K., Nagase T., Nomura N., Kikuchi H., Masuho Y., Yamashita R., Nakai K., Yada T., Nakamura Y., Ohara O., Isogai T., Sugano S.
    Nat. Genet. 36:40-45(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA] (ISOFORM 2).
    Tissue: Tongue.
  5. Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
  6. Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
  7. "The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC)."
    The MGC Project Team
    Genome Res. 14:2121-2127(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA] (ISOFORM 1).
  8. "Comparative sequence analysis of rat, rabbit, and human muscle glycogen phosphorylase cDNAs."
    Hwang P.K., See Y.P., Vincentini A.M., Powers M.A., Fletterick R.J., Crerar M.M.
    Eur. J. Biochem. 152:267-274(1985) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] OF 676-842 (ISOFORM 1).
  9. "Molecular mechanisms of McArdle's disease (muscle glycogen phosphorylase deficiency). RNA and DNA analysis."
    Gautron S., Daegelen D., Mennecier F., Dubocq D., Kahn A., Dreyfus J.-C.
    J. Clin. Invest. 79:275-281(1987) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] OF 455-676 (ISOFORM 1).
  10. "Regulation of glycogen phosphorylase. Role of the peptide region surrounding the phosphoserine residue in determining enzyme properties."
    Carty T.J., Tu J., Graves D.J.
    J. Biol. Chem. 250:4980-4985(1975) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: PHOSPHORYLATION AT SER-15.
  11. "Molecular genetic heterogeneity of myophosphorylase deficiency (McArdle's disease)."
    Tsujino S., Shanske S., Dimauro S.
    N. Engl. J. Med. 329:241-245(1993) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANTS GSD5 SER-205 AND THR-543.
  12. "Two novel missense mutations (E654K, L396P) in Caucasian patients with myophosphorylase deficiency (McArdle's disease)."
    Tsujino S., Shanske S., Martinuzzi A., Heiman-Patterson T., Dimauro S.
    Hum. Mutat. 6:276-277(1995) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANTS GSD5 PRO-397 AND LYS-655.
  13. "The molecular genetic basis of myophosphorylase deficiency (McArdle's disease)."
    Tsujino S., Shanske S., Nonaka I., DiMauro S.
    Muscle Nerve 3:S23-S27(1995) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANTS GSD5 SER-205; PRO-292; PRO-397; THR-543; LYS-655 AND PHE-709 DEL.
  14. Cited for: VARIANTS GSD5 GLU-666 AND ARG-686.
  15. "A new mutation in the regulatory domain of the myophosphorylase gene affecting protein dimer contact."
    Gamez J., Fernandez R., Bruno C., Andreu A.L., Cervera C., Navarro C., Schwartz S., Dimauro S.
    Muscle Nerve 22:1136-1138(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT GSD5 PRO-116.
  16. "A new mutation in the myophosphorylase gene (Asn684Tyr) in a Spanish patient with McArdle's disease."
    Andreu A.L., Bruno C., Tamburino L., Gamez J., Shanske S., Cervera C., Navarro C., DiMauro S.
    Neuromuscul. Disord. 9:171-173(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANTS GSD5 SER-205 AND TYR-685.
  17. "McArdle's disease associated with homozygosity for the missense mutation Gly204Ser of the myophosphorylase gene in a Spanish patient."
    Rubio J.C., Martin M.A., Garcia A., Campos Y., Cabello A., Culebras J.M., Arenas J.
    Neuromuscul. Disord. 9:174-175(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT GSD5 SER-205.
  18. "A novel missense mutation (W797R) in the myophosphorylase gene in Spanish patients with McArdle disease."
    Fernandez R., Navarro C., Andreu A.L., Bruno C., Shanske S., Gamez J., Teijeira S., Hernandez I., Teijeiro A., Fernandez J.M., Musumeci O., DiMauro S.
    Arch. Neurol. 57:217-219(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT GSD5 ARG-798.
  19. "A missense mutation W797R in the myophosphorylase gene in a Spanish patient with McArdle's disease."
    Rubio J.C., Martin M.A., Campos Y., Auciello R., Cabello A., Arenas J.
    Muscle Nerve 23:129-131(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT GSD5 ARG-798.
  20. "A missense mutation T487N in the myophosphorylase gene in a Spanish patient with McArdle's disease."
    Rubio J.C., Martin M.A., Campos Y., Cabello A., Arenas J.
    Neuromuscul. Disord. 10:138-140(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT GSD5 ASN-488.
  21. "A homozygous missense mutation (A659D) in the myophosphorylase gene in a Spanish patient with McArdle's disease."
    Martin M.A., Rubio J.C., Campos Y., Ricoy J.R., Cabello A., Arenas J.
    Neuromuscul. Disord. 10:447-449(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT GSD5 ASP-660.
  22. Cited for: VARIANTS GSD5 PRO-116; TRP-194; SER-205; LYS-349; ASN-488; TRP-602; ASP-660; TYR-685; VAL-704 AND ARG-798.
  23. "Two new mutations in the myophosphorylase gene in Italian patients with McArdle's disease."
    Bruno C., Lanzillo R., Biedi C., Iadicicco L., Minetti C., Santoro L.
    Neuromuscul. Disord. 12:498-500(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT GSD5 PRO-687.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiPYGM_HUMAN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P11217
Secondary accession number(s): A0AVK1, A6NDY6
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 1, 1989
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: February 4, 2015
This is version 181 of the entry and version 6 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Allosteric enzyme, Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Human chromosome 11
    Human chromosome 11: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  2. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
  3. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  4. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  5. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  6. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into Uniref entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.