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Protein

Protein kinase C alpha type

Gene

PRKCA

Organism
Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Calcium-activated, phospholipid- and diacylglycerol (DAG)-dependent serine/threonine-protein kinase that is involved in positive and negative regulation of cell proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation, migration and adhesion, cardiac hypertrophy, angiogenesis, platelet function and inflammation, by directly phosphorylating targets such as RAF1, BCL2, CSPG4, TNNT2/CTNT, or activating signaling cascades involving MAPK1/3 (ERK1/2) and RAP1GAP. Depending on the cell type, is involved in cell proliferation and cell growth arrest by positive and negative regulation of the cell cycle. Can promote cell growth by phosphorylating and activating RAF1, which mediates the activation of the MAPK/ERK signaling cascade, and/or by up-regulating CDKN1A, which facilitates active cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) complex formation. In cells stimulated by the phorbol ester PMA, can trigger a cell cycle arrest program which is associated with the accumulation of the hyper-phosphorylated growth-suppressive form of RB1 and induction of the CDK inhibitors CDKN1A and CDKN1B. Depending on the cell type, exhibits anti-apoptotic function and protects cells from apoptosis by suppressing the p53/TP53-mediated activation of IGFBP3, or mediates anti-apoptotic action by phosphorylating BCL2. During macrophage differentiation induced by macrophage colony-stimulating factor (CSF1), is translocated to the nucleus and is associated with macrophage development. After wounding, translocates from focal contacts to lamellipodia and participates in the modulation of desmosomal adhesion. Plays a role in cell motility by phosphorylating CSPG4, which induces association of CSPG4 with extensive lamellipodia at the cell periphery and polarization of the cell accompanied by increases in cell motility. Negatively regulates myocardial contractility and positively regulates angiogenesis, platelet aggregation and thrombus formation in arteries. Mediates hypertrophic growth of neonatal cardiomyocytes, in part through a MAPK1/3 (ERK1/2)-dependent signaling pathway, and upon PMA treatment, is required to induce cardiomyocyte hypertrophy up to heart failure and death, by increasing protein synthesis, protein-DNA ratio and cell surface area. Regulates cardiomyocyte function by phosphorylating cardiac troponin T (TNNT2/CTNT), which induces significant reduction in actomyosin ATPase activity, myofilament calcium sensitivity and myocardial contractility. In angiogenesis, is required for full endothelial cell migration, adhesion to vitronectin (VTN), and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA)-dependent regulation of kinase activation and vascular tube formation. Involved in the stabilization of VEGFA mRNA at post-transcriptional level and mediates VEGFA-induced cell proliferation. In the regulation of calcium-induced platelet aggregation, mediates signals from the CD36/GP4 receptor for granule release, and activates the integrin heterodimer ITGA2B-ITGB3 through the RAP1GAP pathway for adhesion. During response to lipopolysaccharides (LPS), may regulate selective LPS-induced macrophage functions involved in host defense and inflammation. But in some inflammatory responses, may negatively regulate NF-kappa-B-induced genes, through IL1A-dependent induction of NF-kappa-B inhibitor alpha (NFKBIA/IKBA). Upon stimulation with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), phosphorylates EIF4G1, which modulates EIF4G1 binding to MKNK1 and may be involved in the regulation of EIF4E phosphorylation. Phosphorylates KIT, leading to inhibition of KIT activity. Phosphorylates ATF2 which promotes cooperation between ATF2 and JUN, activating transcription (By similarity).By similarity

Catalytic activityi

ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein.

Cofactori

Ca2+By similarityNote: Binds 3 Ca2+ ions per subunit. The ions are bound to the C2 domain.By similarity

Enzyme regulationi

Classical (or conventional) PKCs (PRKCA, PRKCB and PRKCG) are activated by calcium and diacylglycerol (DAG) in the presence of phosphatidylserine. Three specific sites; Thr-497 (activation loop of the kinase domain), Thr-638 (turn motif) and Ser-657 (hydrophobic region), need to be phosphorylated for its full activation.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Metal bindingi186 – 1861Calcium 1; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity
Metal bindingi187 – 1871Calcium 1By similarity
Metal bindingi187 – 1871Calcium 2By similarity
Metal bindingi193 – 1931Calcium 2By similarity
Binding sitei195 – 1951Inositol phosphate groupBy similarity
Binding sitei245 – 2451Inositol phosphate groupBy similarity
Metal bindingi246 – 2461Calcium 1By similarity
Metal bindingi246 – 2461Calcium 2By similarity
Metal bindingi247 – 2471Calcium 2; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity
Metal bindingi248 – 2481Calcium 1By similarity
Metal bindingi248 – 2481Calcium 2By similarity
Metal bindingi248 – 2481Calcium 3By similarity
Metal bindingi252 – 2521Calcium 3; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity
Metal bindingi254 – 2541Calcium 1By similarity
Metal bindingi254 – 2541Calcium 3By similarity
Binding sitei368 – 3681ATPPROSITE-ProRule annotation
Active sitei463 – 4631Proton acceptorPROSITE-ProRule annotation

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Zinc fingeri36 – 8651Phorbol-ester/DAG-type 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd
BLAST
Zinc fingeri101 – 15151Phorbol-ester/DAG-type 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd
BLAST
Nucleotide bindingi345 – 3539ATPPROSITE-ProRule annotation

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Kinase, Serine/threonine-protein kinase, Transferase

Keywords - Biological processi

Angiogenesis, Apoptosis, Cell adhesion

Keywords - Ligandi

ATP-binding, Calcium, Metal-binding, Nucleotide-binding, Zinc

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDAi2.7.11.13. 1749.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Protein kinase C alpha type (EC:2.7.11.13)
Short name:
PKC-A
Short name:
PKC-alpha
Gene namesi
Name:PRKCA
OrganismiOryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit)
Taxonomic identifieri9986 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresLagomorphaLeporidaeOryctolagus
Proteomesi
  • UP000001811 Componenti: Unplaced

Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Membrane, Mitochondrion, Nucleus

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Initiator methionineiRemovedBy similarity
Chaini2 – 672671Protein kinase C alpha typePRO_0000055681Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Modified residuei2 – 21N-acetylalanineBy similarity
Modified residuei226 – 2261PhosphoserineBy similarity
Modified residuei319 – 3191PhosphoserineBy similarity
Modified residuei497 – 4971Phosphothreonine; by PDPK1By similarity
Modified residuei628 – 6281N6-acetyllysineBy similarity
Modified residuei631 – 6311Phosphothreonine; by autocatalysisSequence analysis
Modified residuei638 – 6381Phosphothreonine; by autocatalysisBy similarity
Modified residuei651 – 6511PhosphoserineBy similarity
Modified residuei657 – 6571PhosphoserineBy similarity
Modified residuei658 – 6581Phosphotyrosine; by SYKBy similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Phosphoprotein

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP10102.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Interacts with ADAP1/CENTA1, CSPG4 and PRKCABP. Binds to SDPR in the presence of phosphatidylserine (By similarity). Interacts with PICK1 (via PDZ domain) (By similarity). Interacts with TRIM41 (By similarity). Recruited in a circadian manner into a nuclear complex which also includes BMAL1 and RACK1 (By similarity).By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9986.ENSOCUP00000025402.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP10102.
SMRiP10102. Positions 37-292, 336-666.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Domaini172 – 26089C2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd
BLAST
Domaini339 – 597259Protein kinasePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd
BLAST
Domaini598 – 66871AGC-kinase C-terminalAdd
BLAST

Sequence similaritiesi

Contains 1 AGC-kinase C-terminal domain.Curated
Contains 1 C2 domain.PROSITE-ProRule annotation
Contains 2 phorbol-ester/DAG-type zinc fingers.PROSITE-ProRule annotation
Contains 1 protein kinase domain.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Zinc finger

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Zinc fingeri36 – 8651Phorbol-ester/DAG-type 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd
BLAST
Zinc fingeri101 – 15151Phorbol-ester/DAG-type 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd
BLAST

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat, Zinc-finger

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0694. Eukaryota.
ENOG410XNPH. LUCA.
HOGENOMiHOG000233022.
HOVERGENiHBG108317.
InParanoidiP10102.
KOiK02677.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.60.40.150. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR000961. AGC-kinase_C.
IPR000008. C2_dom.
IPR020454. DAG/PE-bd.
IPR011009. Kinase-like_dom.
IPR002219. PE/DAG-bd.
IPR017892. Pkinase_C.
IPR000719. Prot_kinase_dom.
IPR017441. Protein_kinase_ATP_BS.
IPR014375. Protein_kinase_C_a/b/g.
IPR008271. Ser/Thr_kinase_AS.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00130. C1_1. 2 hits.
PF00168. C2. 1 hit.
PF00069. Pkinase. 1 hit.
PF00433. Pkinase_C. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF000550. PKC_alpha. 1 hit.
PRINTSiPR00360. C2DOMAIN.
PR00008. DAGPEDOMAIN.
SMARTiSM00109. C1. 2 hits.
SM00239. C2. 1 hit.
SM00133. S_TK_X. 1 hit.
SM00220. S_TKc. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF49562. SSF49562. 1 hit.
SSF56112. SSF56112. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS51285. AGC_KINASE_CTER. 1 hit.
PS50004. C2. 1 hit.
PS00107. PROTEIN_KINASE_ATP. 1 hit.
PS50011. PROTEIN_KINASE_DOM. 1 hit.
PS00108. PROTEIN_KINASE_ST. 1 hit.
PS00479. ZF_DAG_PE_1. 2 hits.
PS50081. ZF_DAG_PE_2. 2 hits.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P10102-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MADVFPANDS TASQDVANRF ARKGALRQKN VHEVKDHKFI ARFFKQPTFC
60 70 80 90 100
SHCTDFIWGF GKQGFQCQVC CFVVHKRCHE FVTFSCPGAD KGPDTDDPRS
110 120 130 140 150
KHKFKIHTYG SPTFCDHCGS LLYGLIHQGM KCDTCDMNVH KQCVINVPSL
160 170 180 190 200
CGMDHTEKRG RIYLKAEVTD EKLHVTVRDA KNLIPMDPNG LSDPYVKLKL
210 220 230 240 250
IPDPKNESKQ KTKTIRSTLN PQWNESFTFK LKPSDKDRRL SVEIWDWDRT
260 270 280 290 300
TRNDFMGSLS FGVSELMKMP ASGWYKLLNQ EEGEYYNVPI PEGDEDGNVE
310 320 330 340 350
LRQKFEKAKL GPAGNKVISP SEDRKQPSNN LDRVKLTDFN FLMVLGKGSF
360 370 380 390 400
GKVMLADRKG TEELYAIKIL KKDVVIQDDD VECTMVEKRV LALMDKPPFL
410 420 430 440 450
TQLHSCFQTV DRLYFVMEYV NGGDLMYHIQ QVGKFKEPQA VFYAAEISIG
460 470 480 490 500
LFFLHKRGII YRDLKLDNVM LDSEGHIKIA DFGMCKEHMM DGVTTRTFCG
510 520 530 540 550
TPDYIAPEII AYQPYGKSVD WWAYGVLLYE MLAGQPPFDG EDEDELFQSI
560 570 580 590 600
MEHNVSYPKS LSKEAVSICK GLMTKHPAKR LGCGPEGERD VREHAFFRRI
610 620 630 640 650
DWEKLENREI QPPFKPKVCG KGAENFDKFF TRGQPVVTPP DQLVIANIDQ
660 670
SDFEGFSYVN PQFVHPILQS SV
Length:672
Mass (Da):76,782
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v3
Checksum:i3D311367D3577A77
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X04796 mRNA. Translation: CAA28483.1.
PIRiC26037. KIRBC.
RefSeqiNP_001095194.1. NM_001101724.1.
UniGeneiOcu.3268.

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi100037720.
KEGGiocu:100037720.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X04796 mRNA. Translation: CAA28483.1.
PIRiC26037. KIRBC.
RefSeqiNP_001095194.1. NM_001101724.1.
UniGeneiOcu.3268.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP10102.
SMRiP10102. Positions 37-292, 336-666.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9986.ENSOCUP00000025402.

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP10102.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi100037720.
KEGGiocu:100037720.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi5578.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0694. Eukaryota.
ENOG410XNPH. LUCA.
HOGENOMiHOG000233022.
HOVERGENiHBG108317.
InParanoidiP10102.
KOiK02677.

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDAi2.7.11.13. 1749.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.60.40.150. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR000961. AGC-kinase_C.
IPR000008. C2_dom.
IPR020454. DAG/PE-bd.
IPR011009. Kinase-like_dom.
IPR002219. PE/DAG-bd.
IPR017892. Pkinase_C.
IPR000719. Prot_kinase_dom.
IPR017441. Protein_kinase_ATP_BS.
IPR014375. Protein_kinase_C_a/b/g.
IPR008271. Ser/Thr_kinase_AS.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00130. C1_1. 2 hits.
PF00168. C2. 1 hit.
PF00069. Pkinase. 1 hit.
PF00433. Pkinase_C. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF000550. PKC_alpha. 1 hit.
PRINTSiPR00360. C2DOMAIN.
PR00008. DAGPEDOMAIN.
SMARTiSM00109. C1. 2 hits.
SM00239. C2. 1 hit.
SM00133. S_TK_X. 1 hit.
SM00220. S_TKc. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF49562. SSF49562. 1 hit.
SSF56112. SSF56112. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS51285. AGC_KINASE_CTER. 1 hit.
PS50004. C2. 1 hit.
PS00107. PROTEIN_KINASE_ATP. 1 hit.
PS50011. PROTEIN_KINASE_DOM. 1 hit.
PS00108. PROTEIN_KINASE_ST. 1 hit.
PS00479. ZF_DAG_PE_1. 2 hits.
PS50081. ZF_DAG_PE_2. 2 hits.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

  1. "Tissue-specific expression of three distinct types of rabbit protein kinase C."
    Ohno S., Kawasaki H., Imajoh S., Suzuki K., Inagaki M., Yokokura H., Sakoh T., Hidaka H.
    Nature 325:161-166(1987) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA].
    Tissue: Brain.
  2. "The molecular heterogeneity of protein kinase C and its implications for cellular regulation."
    Nishizuka Y.
    Nature 334:661-665(1988) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: REVIEW.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiKPCA_RABIT
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P10102
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 1, 1989
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: May 11, 2016
This is version 150 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.