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Protein

Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2

Gene

GABRA2

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 4 out of 5-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel.

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionChloride channel, Ion channel, Ligand-gated ion channel, Receptor
Biological processIon transport, Transport
LigandChloride

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2
Alternative name(s):
GABA(A) receptor subunit alpha-2
Gene namesi
Name:GABRA2
OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 Componenti: Unplaced

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Topological domaini29 – 251ExtracellularCuratedAdd BLAST223
Transmembranei252 – 273HelicalCuratedAdd BLAST22
Transmembranei279 – 300HelicalCuratedAdd BLAST22
Transmembranei313 – 334HelicalCuratedAdd BLAST22
Topological domaini335 – 419CytoplasmicCuratedAdd BLAST85
Transmembranei420 – 441HelicalCuratedAdd BLAST22

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell junction, Cell membrane, Cytoplasmic vesicle, Membrane, Postsynaptic cell membrane, Synapse

Pathology & Biotechi

Chemistry databases

ChEMBLiCHEMBL2094107.

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Signal peptidei1 – 28Sequence analysisAdd BLAST28
ChainiPRO_000000043229 – 451Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2Add BLAST423

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Glycosylationi38N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi138N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Disulfide bondi166 ↔ 180By similarity
Glycosylationi201N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP10063.
PRIDEiP10063.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Generally pentameric. There are five types of GABA(A) receptor chains: alpha, beta, gamma, delta, and rho. Binds UBQLN1. Interacts with KIF21B.By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000015688.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP10063.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Signal, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

HOGENOMiHOG000231337.
HOVERGENiHBG051707.
InParanoidiP10063.
KOiK05175.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.20.58.390. 1 hit.
2.70.170.10. 1 hit.
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR006028. GABAA/Glycine_rcpt.
IPR001390. GABAAa_rcpt.
IPR005432. GABBAa2_rcpt.
IPR006202. Neur_chan_lig-bd.
IPR036734. Neur_chan_lig-bd_sf.
IPR006201. Neur_channel.
IPR036719. Neuro-gated_channel_TM_sf.
IPR006029. Neurotrans-gated_channel_TM.
IPR018000. Neurotransmitter_ion_chnl_CS.
PANTHERiPTHR18945. PTHR18945. 1 hit.
PTHR18945:SF218. PTHR18945:SF218. 1 hit.
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02931. Neur_chan_LBD. 1 hit.
PF02932. Neur_chan_memb. 1 hit.
PRINTSiPR01079. GABAARALPHA.
PR01615. GABAARALPHA2.
PR00253. GABAARECEPTR.
PR00252. NRIONCHANNEL.
SUPFAMiSSF63712. SSF63712. 1 hit.
SSF90112. SSF90112. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00860. LIC. 1 hit.
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00236. NEUROTR_ION_CHANNEL. 1 hit.

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P10063-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MKTKLNSSNM QLLLFVFLAW DPARLVLANI QEDEAKNNIT IFTRILDRLL
60 70 80 90 100
DGYDNRLRPG LGDSITEVFT NIYVTSFGPV SDTDMEYTID VFFRQKWKDE
110 120 130 140 150
RLKFKGPMNI LRLNNLMASK IWTPDTFFHN GKKSVAHNMT MPNKLLRIQD
160 170 180 190 200
DGTLLYTMRL TVQAECPMHL EDFPMDAHSC PLKFGSYAYT TSEVTYIWTY
210 220 230 240 250
NASDSVQVAP DGSRLNQYDL PGQSIGKETI KSSTGEYTVM TAHFHLKRKI
260 270 280 290 300
GYFVIQTYLP CIMTVILSQV SFWLNRESVP ARTVFGVTTV LTMTTLSISA
310 320 330 340 350
RNSLPKVAYA TAMDWFIAVC YAFVFSALIE FATVNYFTKR GWAWDGKSVV
360 370 380 390 400
NDKKKEKASV MIQNNAYAVA VANYAPNLSK DPVLSTISKS ATTPEPNKKP
410 420 430 440 450
ENKPAEAKKT FNSVSKIDRM SRIVFPVLFG TFNLVYWATY LNREPVLGVS

P
Length:451
Mass (Da):51,146
Last modified:July 1, 1989 - v1
Checksum:i74DBDA860E6EB551
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X12361 mRNA. Translation: CAA30924.1.
PIRiS12510. ACBOG2.
RefSeqiNP_776966.1. NM_174541.2.
XP_010804413.1. XM_010806111.1.
XP_015319236.1. XM_015463750.1.
UniGeneiBt.174.

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi104972746.
282236.
KEGGibta:104972746.
bta:282236.

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiGBRA2_BOVIN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P10063
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 1, 1989
Last sequence update: July 1, 1989
Last modified: January 31, 2018
This is version 135 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families