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P0A6X2 (HEM1_ECO57) Reviewed, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

Last modified May 14, 2014. Version 72. Feed History...

Clusters with 100%, 90%, 50% identity | Documents (2) | Third-party data text xml rdf/xml gff fasta
to top of pageNames·Attributes·General annotation·Ontologies·Sequence annotation·Sequences·References·Cross-refs·Entry info·DocumentsCustomize order

Names and origin

Protein namesRecommended name:
Glutamyl-tRNA reductase

Short name=GluTR
EC=1.2.1.70
Gene names
Name:hemA
Ordered Locus Names:Z1981, ECs1715
OrganismEscherichia coli O157:H7 [Complete proteome] [HAMAP]
Taxonomic identifier83334 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacterialesEnterobacteriaceaeEscherichia

Protein attributes

Sequence length418 AA.
Sequence statusComplete.
Protein existenceInferred from homology

General annotation (Comments)

Function

Catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) to glutamate 1-semialdehyde (GSA) By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Catalytic activity

L-glutamate 1-semialdehyde + NADP+ + tRNA(Glu) = L-glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) + NADPH. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Pathway

Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism; protoporphyrin-IX biosynthesis; 5-aminolevulinate from L-glutamyl-tRNA(Glu): step 1/2. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Subunit structure

Homodimer By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Domain

Possesses an unusual extended V-shaped dimeric structure with each monomer consisting of three distinct domains arranged along a curved 'spinal' alpha-helix. The N-terminal catalytic domain specifically recognizes the glutamate moiety of the substrate. The second domain is the NADPH-binding domain, and the third C-terminal domain is responsible for dimerization By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Miscellaneous

During catalysis, the active site Cys acts as a nucleophile attacking the alpha-carbonyl group of tRNA-bound glutamate with the formation of a thioester intermediate between enzyme and glutamate, and the concomitant release of tRNA(Glu). The thioester intermediate is finally reduced by direct hydride transfer from NADPH, to form the product GSA By similarity.

Sequence similarities

Belongs to the glutamyl-tRNA reductase family.

Ontologies

Keywords
   Biological processPorphyrin biosynthesis
   LigandNADP
   Molecular functionOxidoreductase
   Technical termComplete proteome
Gene Ontology (GO)
   Biological_processprotoporphyrinogen IX biosynthetic process

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: UniProtKB-UniPathway

   Molecular_functionNADP binding

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: InterPro

glutamyl-tRNA reductase activity

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: UniProtKB-HAMAP

Complete GO annotation...

Sequence annotation (Features)

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifier

Molecule processing

Chain1 – 418418Glutamyl-tRNA reductase HAMAP-Rule MF_00087
PRO_0000114024

Regions

Nucleotide binding189 – 1946NADP By similarity
Region49 – 524Substrate binding By similarity
Region114 – 1163Substrate binding By similarity

Sites

Active site501Nucleophile By similarity
Binding site1091Substrate By similarity
Binding site1201Substrate By similarity
Site991Important for activity By similarity

Sequences

Sequence LengthMass (Da)Tools
P0A6X2 [UniParc].

Last modified March 29, 2005. Version 1.
Checksum: 3CEE59AC53610A88

FASTA41846,307
        10         20         30         40         50         60 
MTLLALGINH KTAPVSLRER VSFSPDKLDQ ALDSLLAQPM VQGGVVLSTC NRTELYLSVE 

        70         80         90        100        110        120 
EQDNLQEALI RWLCDYHNLN EEDLRKSLYW HQDNDAVSHL MRVASGLDSL VLGEPQILGQ 

       130        140        150        160        170        180 
VKKAFADSQK GHMKASELER MFQKSFSVAK RVRTETDIGA SAVSVAFAAC TLARQIFESL 

       190        200        210        220        230        240 
STVTVLLVGA GETIELVARH LREHKVQKMI IANRTRERAQ ILADEVGAEV IALSDIDERL 

       250        260        270        280        290        300 
READIIISST ASPLPIIGKG MVERALKSRR NQPMLLVDIA VPRDVEPEVG KLANAYLYSV 

       310        320        330        340        350        360 
DDLQSIISHN LAQRKAAAVE AETIVAQETS EFMAWLRAQS ASETIREYRS QAEQVRDELT 

       370        380        390        400        410 
AKALAALEQG GDAQAIMQDL AWKLTNRLIH APTKSLQQAA RDGDNERLNI LRDSLGLE 

« Hide

References

[1]"Genome sequence of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7."
Perna N.T., Plunkett G. III, Burland V., Mau B., Glasner J.D., Rose D.J., Mayhew G.F., Evans P.S., Gregor J., Kirkpatrick H.A., Posfai G., Hackett J., Klink S., Boutin A., Shao Y., Miller L., Grotbeck E.J., Davis N.W. expand/collapse author list , Lim A., Dimalanta E.T., Potamousis K., Apodaca J., Anantharaman T.S., Lin J., Yen G., Schwartz D.C., Welch R.A., Blattner F.R.
Nature 409:529-533(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
Strain: O157:H7 / EDL933 / ATCC 700927 / EHEC.
[2]"Complete genome sequence of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 and genomic comparison with a laboratory strain K-12."
Hayashi T., Makino K., Ohnishi M., Kurokawa K., Ishii K., Yokoyama K., Han C.-G., Ohtsubo E., Nakayama K., Murata T., Tanaka M., Tobe T., Iida T., Takami H., Honda T., Sasakawa C., Ogasawara N., Yasunaga T. expand/collapse author list , Kuhara S., Shiba T., Hattori M., Shinagawa H.
DNA Res. 8:11-22(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
Strain: O157:H7 / Sakai / RIMD 0509952 / EHEC.

Cross-references

Sequence databases

EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
AE005174 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAG56068.1.
BA000007 Genomic DNA. Translation: BAB35138.1.
PIRC90843.
RefSeqNP_287456.1. NC_002655.2.
NP_309742.1. NC_002695.1.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortalP0A6X2.
SMRP0A6X2. Positions 3-398.
ModBaseSearch...
MobiDBSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING155864.Z1981.

Protocols and materials databases

StructuralBiologyKnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaAAG56068; AAG56068; Z1981.
BAB35138; BAB35138; BAB35138.
GeneID913148.
960460.
KEGGece:Z1981.
ecs:ECs1715.
PATRIC18352682. VBIEscCol44059_1566.

Organism-specific databases

CMRSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGCOG0373.
HOGENOMHOG000109650.
KOK02492.
OMALAHKLTN.
OrthoDBEOG6MWNBM.

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCycECOL386585:GJFA-1696-MONOMER.
ECOO157:HEMA-MONOMER.
UniPathwayUPA00251; UER00316.

Family and domain databases

Gene3D3.40.50.720. 1 hit.
HAMAPMF_00087. Glu_tRNA_reductase.
InterProIPR000343. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase.
IPR015896. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_dimer.
IPR015895. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_N.
IPR016040. NAD(P)-bd_dom.
IPR018214. Pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_CS.
IPR006151. Shikm_DH/Glu-tRNA_Rdtase.
[Graphical view]
PfamPF00745. GlutR_dimer. 1 hit.
PF05201. GlutR_N. 1 hit.
PF01488. Shikimate_DH. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFPIRSF000445. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase. 1 hit.
SUPFAMSSF69075. SSF69075. 1 hit.
SSF69742. SSF69742. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsTIGR01035. hemA. 1 hit.
PROSITEPS00747. GLUTR. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetSearch...

Entry information

Entry nameHEM1_ECO57
AccessionPrimary (citable) accession number: P0A6X2
Secondary accession number(s): P13580, Q59405
Entry history
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 29, 2005
Last sequence update: March 29, 2005
Last modified: May 14, 2014
This is version 72 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

Relevant documents

SIMILARITY comments

Index of protein domains and families

PATHWAY comments

Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways