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P08359

- ENV_FLVGL

UniProt

P08359 - ENV_FLVGL

Protein

Envelope glycoprotein

Gene

env

Organism
Feline leukemia virus (strain A/Glasgow-1)
Status
Reviewed - Annotation score: 5 out of 5- Protein inferred from homologyi
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    • History
      Entry version 88 (01 Oct 2014)
      Sequence version 1 (01 Aug 1988)
      Previous versions | rss
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    Functioni

    The surface protein (SU) attaches the virus to the host cell by binding to its receptor. This interaction triggers the refolding of the transmembrane protein (TM) and is thought to activate its fusogenic potential by unmasking its fusion peptide. Fusion occurs at the host cell plasma membrane By similarity.By similarity
    The transmembrane protein (TM) acts as a class I viral fusion protein. Under the current model, the protein has at least 3 conformational states: pre-fusion native state, pre-hairpin intermediate state, and post-fusion hairpin state. During viral and target cell membrane fusion, the coiled coil regions (heptad repeats) assume a trimer-of-hairpins structure, positioning the fusion peptide in close proximity to the C-terminal region of the ectodomain. The formation of this structure appears to drive apposition and subsequent fusion of viral and target cell membranes. Membranes fusion leads to delivery of the nucleocapsid into the cytoplasm By similarity.By similarity

    Sites

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Sitei445 – 4462Cleavage; by hostBy similarity
    Sitei625 – 6262Cleavage; by viral proteaseBy similarity

    GO - Molecular functioni

    1. structural molecule activity Source: InterPro

    GO - Biological processi

    1. fusion of virus membrane with host plasma membrane Source: UniProtKB-KW
    2. virion attachment to host cell Source: UniProtKB-KW

    Keywords - Biological processi

    Fusion of virus membrane with host cell membrane, Fusion of virus membrane with host membrane, Host-virus interaction, Viral attachment to host cell, Viral penetration into host cytoplasm, Virus entry into host cell

    Names & Taxonomyi

    Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    Envelope glycoprotein
    Alternative name(s):
    Env polyprotein
    Cleaved into the following 3 chains:
    Surface protein
    Short name:
    SU
    Alternative name(s):
    Glycoprotein 70
    Short name:
    gp70
    Transmembrane protein
    Short name:
    TM
    Alternative name(s):
    Envelope protein p15E
    Alternative name(s):
    p2E
    Gene namesi
    Name:env
    OrganismiFeline leukemia virus (strain A/Glasgow-1)
    Taxonomic identifieri11769 [NCBI]
    Taxonomic lineageiVirusesRetro-transcribing virusesRetroviridaeOrthoretrovirinaeGammaretrovirus
    Virus hostiFelidae (cat family) [TaxID: 9681]

    Subcellular locationi

    Chain Surface protein : Virion membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Host cell membrane By similarity; Peripheral membrane protein By similarity
    Note: The surface protein is not anchored to the viral envelope, but associates with the extravirion surface through its binding to TM. Both proteins are thought to be concentrated at the site of budding and incorporated into the virions possibly by contacts between the cytoplasmic tail of Env and the N-terminus of Gag By similarity.By similarity
    R-peptide : Host cell membrane By similarity; Peripheral membrane protein By similarity
    Note: The R-peptide is membrane-associated through its palmitate.By similarity

    GO - Cellular componenti

    1. host cell plasma membrane Source: UniProtKB-SubCell
    2. integral component of membrane Source: UniProtKB-KW
    3. viral capsid Source: InterPro
    4. viral envelope Source: UniProtKB-KW
    5. virion membrane Source: UniProtKB-SubCell

    Keywords - Cellular componenti

    Host cell membrane, Host membrane, Membrane, Viral envelope protein, Virion

    PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Signal peptidei1 – 3434Sequence AnalysisAdd
    BLAST
    Chaini35 – 642608Envelope glycoproteinPRO_0000239564Add
    BLAST
    Chaini35 – 445411Surface proteinBy similarityPRO_0000040712Add
    BLAST
    Chaini446 – 625180Transmembrane proteinBy similarityPRO_0000040713Add
    BLAST
    Peptidei626 – 64217R-peptideBy similarityPRO_0000239565Add
    BLAST

    Amino acid modifications

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Glycosylationi35 – 351N-linked (GlcNAc...); by hostSequence Analysis
    Glycosylationi43 – 431N-linked (GlcNAc...); by hostSequence Analysis
    Glycosylationi58 – 581N-linked (GlcNAc...); by hostSequence Analysis
    Glycosylationi91 – 911N-linked (GlcNAc...); by hostSequence Analysis
    Disulfide bondi125 ↔ 147By similarity
    Disulfide bondi139 ↔ 152By similarity
    Glycosylationi267 – 2671N-linked (GlcNAc...); by hostSequence Analysis
    Glycosylationi302 – 3021N-linked (GlcNAc...); by hostSequence Analysis
    Glycosylationi307 – 3071N-linked (GlcNAc...); by hostSequence Analysis
    Disulfide bondi312 ↔ 539Interchain (between SU and TM chains, or C-315 with C-339); in linked formBy similarity
    Disulfide bondi312 ↔ 315By similarity
    Glycosylationi334 – 3341N-linked (GlcNAc...); by hostSequence Analysis
    Glycosylationi374 – 3741N-linked (GlcNAc...); by hostSequence Analysis
    Glycosylationi390 – 3901N-linked (GlcNAc...); by hostSequence Analysis
    Glycosylationi410 – 4101N-linked (GlcNAc...); by hostSequence Analysis
    Disulfide bondi531 ↔ 538By similarity
    Lipidationi606 – 6061S-palmitoyl cysteine; by hostBy similarity

    Post-translational modificationi

    Specific enzymatic cleavages in vivo yield mature proteins. Envelope glycoproteins are synthesized as a inactive precursor that is N-glycosylated and processed likely by host cell furin or by a furin-like protease in the Golgi to yield the mature SU and TM proteins. The cleavage site between SU and TM requires the minimal sequence [KR]-X-[KR]-R. The R-peptide is released from the C-terminus of the cytoplasmic tail of the TM protein upon particle formation as a result of proteolytic cleavage by the viral protease. Cleavage of this peptide is required for TM to become fusogenic By similarity.By similarity
    The CXXC motif is highly conserved across a broad range of retroviral envelope proteins. It is thought to participate in the formation of a labile disulfide bond possibly with the CX6CC motif present in the transmembrane protein. Isomerization of the intersubunit disulfide bond to an SU intrachain disulfide bond is thought to occur upon receptor recognition in order to allow membrane fusion By similarity.By similarity
    The transmembrane protein is palmitoylated.By similarity
    The R-peptide is palmitoylated.By similarity

    Keywords - PTMi

    Cleavage on pair of basic residues, Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein, Lipoprotein, Palmitate

    Interactioni

    Subunit structurei

    The mature envelope protein (Env) consists of a trimer of SU-TM heterodimers attached by a labile interchain disulfide bond.By similarity

    Structurei

    3D structure databases

    ProteinModelPortaliP08359.
    ModBaseiSearch...
    MobiDBiSearch...

    Topological domain

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Topological domaini35 – 586552ExtracellularSequence AnalysisAdd
    BLAST
    Topological domaini608 – 64235CytoplasmicSequence AnalysisAdd
    BLAST

    Transmembrane

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Transmembranei587 – 60721HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
    BLAST

    Family & Domainsi

    Region

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Regioni448 – 46821Fusion peptideSequence AnalysisAdd
    BLAST
    Regioni514 – 53017ImmunosuppressionBy similarityAdd
    BLAST

    Coiled coil

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Coiled coili476 – 52550Sequence AnalysisAdd
    BLAST
    Coiled coili535 – 57137Sequence AnalysisAdd
    BLAST

    Motif

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Motifi312 – 3154CXXC
    Motifi531 – 5399CX6CC

    Domaini

    The 17 amino acids long immunosuppressive region is present in many retroviral envelope proteins. Synthetic peptides derived from this relatively conserved sequence inhibit immune function in vitro and in vivo By similarity.By similarity

    Keywords - Domaini

    Coiled coil, Signal, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3Di3.90.310.10. 1 hit.
    InterProiIPR008981. FMuLV_rcpt-bd.
    IPR018154. TLV/ENV_coat_polyprotein.
    [Graphical view]
    PANTHERiPTHR10424. PTHR10424. 1 hit.
    PfamiPF00429. TLV_coat. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view]
    SUPFAMiSSF49830. SSF49830. 1 hit.

    Sequencei

    Sequence statusi: Complete.

    Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

    P08359-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to Basket

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    MESPTHPKPS KDKTLSWNLA FLVGILFTID IGMANPSPHQ IYNVTWVITN    50
    VQTNTQANAT SMLGTLTDAY PTLHVDLCDL VGDTWEPIVL NPTNVKHGAR 100
    YSSSKYGCKT TDRKKQQQTY PFYVCPGHAP SLGPKGTHCG GAQDGFCAAW 150
    GCETTGEAWW KPTSSWDYIT VKRGSSQDNS CEGKCNPLVL QFTQKGRQAS 200
    WDGPKMWGLR LYRTGYDPIA LFTVSRQVST ITPPQAMGPN LVLPDQKPPS 250
    RQSQTGSKVA TQRPQTNESA PRSVAPTTMG PKRIGTGDRL INLVQGTYLA 300
    LNATDPNKTK DCWLCLVSRP PYYEGIAILG NYSNQTNPPP SCLSTPQHKL 350
    TISEVSGQGM CIGTVPKTHQ ALCNKTQQGH TGAHYLAAPN GTYWACNTGL 400
    TPCISMAVLN WTSDFCVLIE LWPRVTYHQP EYVYTHFAKA VRFRREPISL 450
    TVALMLGGLT VGGIAAGVGT GTKALLETAQ FRQLQMAMHT DIQALEESIS 500
    ALEKSLTSLS EVVLQNRRGL DILFLQEGGL CAALKEECCF YADHTGLVRD 550
    NMAKLRERLK QRQQLFDSQQ GWFEGWFNKS PWFTTLISSI MGPLLILLLI 600
    LLFGPCILNR LVQFVKDRIS VVQALILTQQ YQQIKQYDPD RP 642
    Length:642
    Mass (Da):71,053
    Last modified:August 1, 1988 - v1
    Checksum:i2DEF5A9EFFC245EC
    GO

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBL
    GenBank
    DDBJ
    Links Updated
    M12500 Genomic RNA. Translation: AAA43053.1.
    PIRiA24300. VCMVFG.

    Cross-referencesi

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBL
    GenBank
    DDBJ
    Links Updated
    M12500 Genomic RNA. Translation: AAA43053.1 .
    PIRi A24300. VCMVFG.

    3D structure databases

    ProteinModelPortali P08359.
    ModBasei Search...
    MobiDBi Search...

    Protocols and materials databases

    Structural Biology Knowledgebase Search...

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3Di 3.90.310.10. 1 hit.
    InterProi IPR008981. FMuLV_rcpt-bd.
    IPR018154. TLV/ENV_coat_polyprotein.
    [Graphical view ]
    PANTHERi PTHR10424. PTHR10424. 1 hit.
    Pfami PF00429. TLV_coat. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view ]
    SUPFAMi SSF49830. SSF49830. 1 hit.
    ProtoNeti Search...

    Publicationsi

    1. "Nucleotide sequences of a feline leukemia virus subgroup A envelope gene and long terminal repeat and evidence for the recombinational origin of subgroup B viruses."
      Stewart M.A., Warnock M., Wheeler A., Wilkie N., Mullins J.I., Onions D.E., Neil J.C.
      J. Virol. 58:825-834(1986) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC RNA].

    Entry informationi

    Entry nameiENV_FLVGL
    AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P08359
    Entry historyi
    Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 1, 1988
    Last sequence update: August 1, 1988
    Last modified: October 1, 2014
    This is version 88 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
    Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    Annotation programViral Protein Annotation Program