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Protein

Tumor necrosis factor

Gene

TNF

Organism
Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Cytokine that binds to TNFRSF1A/TNFR1 and TNFRSF1B/TNFBR. It is mainly secreted by macrophages and can induce cell death of certain tumor cell lines. It is potent pyrogen causing fever by direct action or by stimulation of interleukin-1 secretion and is implicated in the induction of cachexia, Under certain conditions it can stimulate cell proliferation and induce cell differentiation.
The TNF intracellular domain (ICD) form induces IL12 production in dendritic cells.By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Cytokine

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Tumor necrosis factor
Alternative name(s):
Cachectin
TNF-alpha
Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 2
Short name:
TNF-a
Cleaved into the following 6 chains:
Gene namesi
Name:TNF
Synonyms:TNFA, TNFSF2
OrganismiOryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit)
Taxonomic identifieri9986 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresLagomorphaLeporidaeOryctolagus
Proteomesi
  • UP000001811 Componenti: Chromosome 12

Subcellular locationi

C-domain 1 :
C-domain 2 :

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Topological domaini1 – 35CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST35
Transmembranei36 – 56Helical; Signal-anchor for type II membrane proteinSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini57 – 235ExtracellularSequence analysisAdd BLAST179

GO - Cellular componenti

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Membrane, Secreted

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00000344491 – 235Tumor necrosis factor, membrane formAdd BLAST235
ChainiPRO_00004172831 – 39Intracellular domain 1By similarityAdd BLAST39
ChainiPRO_00004172841 – 35Intracellular domain 2By similarityAdd BLAST35
ChainiPRO_000041728550 – ?C-domain 1By similarity
ChainiPRO_000041728652 – ?C-domain 2By similarity
ChainiPRO_000003445080 – 235Tumor necrosis factor, soluble formAdd BLAST156

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Modified residuei2Phosphoserine; by CK1By similarity1
Lipidationi19N6-myristoyl lysineBy similarity1
Lipidationi20N6-myristoyl lysineBy similarity1
Disulfide bondi148 ↔ 179By similarity

Post-translational modificationi

The soluble form derives from the membrane form by proteolytic processing. The membrane-bound form is further proteolytically processed by SPPL2A or SPPL2B through regulated intramembrane proteolysis producing TNF intracellular domains (ICD1 and ICD2) released in the cytosol and TNF C-domain 1 and C-domain 2 secreted into the extracellular space (By similarity).By similarity
The membrane form, but not the soluble form, is phosphorylated on serine residues. Dephosphorylation of the membrane form occurs by binding to soluble TNFRSF1A/TNFR1 (By similarity).By similarity
O-glycosylated; glycans contain galactose, N-acetylgalactosamine and N-acetylneuraminic acid.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Sitei34 – 35Cleavage; by SPPL2A or SPPL2BBy similarity2
Sitei39 – 40Cleavage; by SPPL2A or SPPL2BBy similarity2
Sitei49 – 50Cleavage; by SPPL2A or SPPL2BBy similarity2
Sitei51 – 52Cleavage; by SPPL2A or SPPL2BBy similarity2
Sitei79 – 80Cleavage; by ADAM17By similarity2

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Lipoprotein, Myristate, Phosphoprotein

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Homotrimer. Interacts with SPPL2B (By similarity).By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9986.ENSOCUP00000005787.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP04924.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the tumor necrosis factor family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Signal-anchor, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410ISAN. Eukaryota.
ENOG410YQC4. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00530000062992.
HOGENOMiHOG000048729.
HOVERGENiHBG012516.
InParanoidiP04924.
KOiK03156.
OMAiPWYEPIY.
OrthoDBiEOG091G0HIG.
TreeFamiTF332169.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.60.120.40. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR006053. TNF.
IPR002959. TNF_alpha.
IPR021184. TNF_CS.
IPR006052. TNF_dom.
IPR008983. Tumour_necrosis_fac-like_dom.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR11471:SF23. PTHR11471:SF23. 1 hit.
PfamiPF00229. TNF. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR01234. TNECROSISFCT.
PR01235. TNFALPHA.
SMARTiSM00207. TNF. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF49842. SSF49842. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00251. TNF_1. 1 hit.
PS50049. TNF_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P04924-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MSTESMIRDV ELAEGPLPKK AGGPQGSKRC LCLSLFSFLL VAGATTLFCL
60 70 80 90 100
LHFRVIGPQE EEQSPNNLHL VNPVAQMVTL RSASRALSDK PLAHVVANPQ
110 120 130 140 150
VEGQLQWLSQ RANALLANGM KLTDNQLVVP ADGLYLIYSQ VLFSGQGCRS
160 170 180 190 200
YVLLTHTVSR FAVSYPNKVN LLSAIKSPCH RETPEEAEPM AWYEPIYLGG
210 220 230
VFQLEKGDRL STEVNQPEYL DLAESGQVYF GIIAL
Length:235
Mass (Da):25,817
Last modified:August 13, 1987 - v1
Checksum:i610177D0BD2EF871
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Sequence conflicti63Missing in AAA31486 (PubMed:3519137).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M12845 mRNA. Translation: AAA31486.1.
M12846 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAA31482.1.
M60340 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAA31484.1.
PIRiA25454. A25451.
RefSeqiNP_001075732.1. NM_001082263.1.
XP_008260759.1. XM_008262537.2.
UniGeneiOcu.1971.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSOCUT00000006696; ENSOCUP00000005787; ENSOCUG00000006698.
GeneIDi100009088.
KEGGiocu:100009088.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M12845 mRNA. Translation: AAA31486.1.
M12846 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAA31482.1.
M60340 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAA31484.1.
PIRiA25454. A25451.
RefSeqiNP_001075732.1. NM_001082263.1.
XP_008260759.1. XM_008262537.2.
UniGeneiOcu.1971.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP04924.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9986.ENSOCUP00000005787.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSOCUT00000006696; ENSOCUP00000005787; ENSOCUG00000006698.
GeneIDi100009088.
KEGGiocu:100009088.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi7124.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410ISAN. Eukaryota.
ENOG410YQC4. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00530000062992.
HOGENOMiHOG000048729.
HOVERGENiHBG012516.
InParanoidiP04924.
KOiK03156.
OMAiPWYEPIY.
OrthoDBiEOG091G0HIG.
TreeFamiTF332169.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.60.120.40. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR006053. TNF.
IPR002959. TNF_alpha.
IPR021184. TNF_CS.
IPR006052. TNF_dom.
IPR008983. Tumour_necrosis_fac-like_dom.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR11471:SF23. PTHR11471:SF23. 1 hit.
PfamiPF00229. TNF. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR01234. TNECROSISFCT.
PR01235. TNFALPHA.
SMARTiSM00207. TNF. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF49842. SSF49842. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00251. TNF_1. 1 hit.
PS50049. TNF_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiTNFA_RABIT
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P04924
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 13, 1987
Last sequence update: August 13, 1987
Last modified: November 2, 2016
This is version 127 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.