Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Protein

Glycophorin-C

Gene

GYPC

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

This protein is a minor sialoglycoprotein in human erythrocyte membranes. The blood group Gerbich antigens and receptors for Plasmodium falciparum merozoites are most likely located within the extracellular domain. Glycophorin-C plays an important role in regulating the stability of red cells.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Sitei8Not glycosylated; in variant Webb antigen1

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionBlood group antigen
LigandSialic acid

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-HSA-202733. Cell surface interactions at the vascular wall.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glycophorin-C
Alternative name(s):
Glycoconnectin
Glycophorin-D
Short name:
GPD
Glycoprotein beta
PAS-2'
Sialoglycoprotein D
CD_antigen: CD236
Gene namesi
Name:GYPC
Synonyms:GLPC, GPC
OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

HGNCiHGNC:4704. GYPC.

Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Topological domaini1 – 57ExtracellularAdd BLAST57
Transmembranei58 – 81Helical; Signal-anchor for type III membrane proteinAdd BLAST24
Topological domaini82 – 128CytoplasmicAdd BLAST47

GO - Cellular componenti

  • cell-cell adherens junction Source: GO_Central
  • cortical cytoskeleton Source: UniProtKB
  • integral component of plasma membrane Source: ProtInc
  • membrane Source: UniProtKB
  • plasma membrane Source: Reactome

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Membrane

Pathology & Biotechi

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNETi2995.
MalaCardsiGYPC.
MIMi611162. phenotype.
616089. phenotype.
OpenTargetsiENSG00000136732.
Orphaneti288. Hereditary elliptocytosis.
PharmGKBiPA29082.

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiGYPC.
DMDMi121407.

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00001490501 – 128Glycophorin-CAdd BLAST128

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Glycosylationi3O-linked (GalNAc...) serine2 Publications1
Glycosylationi4O-linked (GalNAc...) threonine2 Publications1
Glycosylationi6O-linked (GalNAc...) serine2 Publications1
Glycosylationi8N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine1 Publication1
Glycosylationi9O-linked (GalNAc...) serine1 Publication1
Glycosylationi10O-linked (GalNAc...) threonine1 Publication1
Glycosylationi15O-linked (GalNAc...) serine2 Publications1
Glycosylationi24O-linked (GalNAc...) serine2 Publications1
Glycosylationi26O-linked (GalNAc...) serine2 Publications1
Glycosylationi27O-linked (GalNAc...) threonine2 Publications1
Glycosylationi28O-linked (GalNAc...) threonine2 Publications1
Glycosylationi31O-linked (GalNAc...) threonine2 Publications1
Glycosylationi32O-linked (GalNAc...) threonine2 Publications1
Glycosylationi33O-linked (GalNAc...) threonine2 Publications1
Glycosylationi42O-linked (GalNAc...) serine3 Publications1
Modified residuei104PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei122PhosphoserineCombined sources1

Post-translational modificationi

O-glycosylated with core 1 or possibly core 8 glycans.2 Publications

Keywords - PTMi

Glycoprotein, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

EPDiP04921.
MaxQBiP04921.
PaxDbiP04921.
PeptideAtlasiP04921.
PRIDEiP04921.

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP04921.
PhosphoSitePlusiP04921.
UniCarbKBiP04921.

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Glycophorin-C is expressed in erythrocytes. Glycophorin-D and IsoGPC are ubiquitously expressed.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000136732.
CleanExiHS_GYPC.
GenevisibleiP04921. HS.

Organism-specific databases

HPAiCAB009445.
HPA008965.

Interactioni

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi109250. 1 interactor.
ELMiP04921.
IntActiP04921. 1 interactor.
MINTiMINT-1527497.
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000259254.

Structurei

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBei
RCSB PDBi
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
2EJYNMR-B117-126[»]
ProteinModelPortaliP04921.
SMRiP04921.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP04921.

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the glycophorin-C family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410J2G2. Eukaryota.
ENOG410YT9G. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00510000049102.
HOGENOMiHOG000112742.
HOVERGENiHBG094619.
InParanoidiP04921.
KOiK06576.
OMAiLRYMYRH.
OrthoDBiEOG091G1481.
PhylomeDBiP04921.
TreeFamiTF337016.

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001195. Glycophorin.
IPR003585. Neurexin-like.
PIRSFiPIRSF002466. Glycophorin. 1 hit.
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00294. 4.1m. 1 hit.

Sequences (3)i

Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 3 isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket

Isoform Glycophorin-C (identifier: P04921-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MWSTRSPNST AWPLSLEPDP GMASASTTMH TTTIAEPDPG MSGWPDGRME
60 70 80 90 100
TSTPTIMDIV VIAGVIAAVA IVLVSLLFVM LRYMYRHKGT YHTNEAKGTE
110 120
FAESADAALQ GDPALQDAGD SSRKEYFI
Length:128
Mass (Da):13,811
Last modified:August 13, 1987 - v1
Checksum:iC9C654009A5642D5
GO
Isoform Glycophorin-D (identifier: P04921-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     1-21: Missing.

Show »
Length:107
Mass (Da):11,499
Checksum:iB7D025DEF0555290
GO
Isoform 3 (identifier: P04921-3) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
Also known as: IsoGPC

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     18-36: Missing.

Show »
Length:109
Mass (Da):11,910
Checksum:i226D848E8D619180
GO

Sequence cautioni

The sequence CAA32093 differs from that shown. Reason: Frameshift at position 35.Curated

Polymorphismi

GYPC is responsible for the Gerbich blood group system (Ge) [MIMi:616089]. Ge negative individuals carry a deletion of GYPC exon 3.1 Publication
Deletion of exon 3 in GYPC results in resistance to Plasmodium falciparum invasion and protection against severe malaria [MIMi:611162].1 Publication

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Natural variantiVAR_0031938N → S Polymorphism; Webb (WB) antigen. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs121912760Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_00319414L → F Polymorphism; Duch (DH(a)) antigen. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs121912761Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_00319523A → S Polymorphism; Ahonen (AN(a)) antigen. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs774359594Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_021342124K → E1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs28370000Ensembl.1

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Alternative sequenceiVSP_0017771 – 21Missing in isoform Glycophorin-D. CuratedAdd BLAST21
Alternative sequenceiVSP_05479018 – 36Missing in isoform 3. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST19

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M11802 mRNA. Translation: AAA60023.1.
M36284 mRNA. Translation: AAA52625.1.
X12496 mRNA. Translation: CAA31016.1.
M28335 mRNA. Translation: AAA52574.1.
X51973 mRNA. Translation: CAA36235.1.
AK312032 mRNA. Translation: BAG34969.1.
AY838876 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAV80423.1.
AC013474 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAY14660.1.
BC106051 mRNA. Translation: AAI06052.1.
BC104246 mRNA. Translation: AAI04247.1.
BC104247 mRNA. Translation: AAI04248.1.
X14242 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA32458.1.
M29662 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAA52626.1.
X13890, X13892, X13893 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA32093.1. Frameshift.
CCDSiCCDS2136.1. [P04921-1]
CCDS46402.1. [P04921-3]
CCDS58724.1. [P04921-2]
PIRiA92573. GFHUC.
RefSeqiNP_001243513.1. NM_001256584.1. [P04921-2]
NP_002092.1. NM_002101.4. [P04921-1]
NP_058131.1. NM_016815.3. [P04921-3]
UniGeneiHs.59138.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000259254; ENSP00000259254; ENSG00000136732. [P04921-1]
ENST00000356887; ENSP00000349354; ENSG00000136732. [P04921-2]
ENST00000409836; ENSP00000386904; ENSG00000136732. [P04921-3]
GeneIDi2995.
KEGGihsa:2995.
UCSCiuc002tnq.5. human. [P04921-1]

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing, Polymorphism

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiGLPC_HUMAN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P04921
Secondary accession number(s): B2R522, Q53SV9, Q92642
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 13, 1987
Last sequence update: August 13, 1987
Last modified: August 30, 2017
This is version 171 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Blood group antigen proteins
    Nomenclature of blood group antigens and list of entries
  2. Human cell differentiation molecules
    CD nomenclature of surface proteins of human leucocytes and list of entries
  3. Human chromosome 2
    Human chromosome 2: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  4. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
  5. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  6. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  7. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  8. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families