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Protein

Pancreatic alpha-amylase

Gene

Amy2

Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Catalytic activityi

Endohydrolysis of (1->4)-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in polysaccharides containing three or more (1->4)-alpha-linked D-glucose units.By similarity

Cofactori

Protein has several cofactor binding sites:
  • Ca2+By similarityNote: Binds 1 Ca2+ ion per subunit.By similarity
  • chlorideBy similarityNote: Binds 1 Cl- ion per subunit.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Metal bindingi115CalciumBy similarity1
Metal bindingi170Calcium; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Metal bindingi179CalciumBy similarity1
Binding sitei207ChlorideBy similarity1
Active sitei209NucleophileBy similarity1
Metal bindingi213Calcium; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Active sitei245Proton donorBy similarity1
Binding sitei310ChlorideBy similarity1
Sitei312Transition state stabilizerBy similarity1
Binding sitei349ChlorideBy similarity1

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionGlycosidase, Hydrolase
Biological processCarbohydrate metabolism
LigandCalcium, Chloride, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-MMU-189085 Digestion of dietary carbohydrate

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGH13 Glycoside Hydrolase Family 13

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Pancreatic alpha-amylase (EC:3.2.1.1By similarity)
Short name:
PA
Alternative name(s):
1,4-alpha-D-glucan glucanohydrolase
Gene namesi
Name:Amy2
Synonyms:Amy2a
OrganismiMus musculus (Mouse)
Taxonomic identifieri10090 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeMusMus
Proteomesi
  • UP000000589 Componenti: Chromosome 3

Organism-specific databases

MGIiMGI:88020 Amy2

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Secreted

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Signal peptidei1 – 151 PublicationAdd BLAST15
ChainiPRO_000000139816 – 508Pancreatic alpha-amylaseAdd BLAST493

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Modified residuei16Pyrrolidone carboxylic acid1 Publication1
Disulfide bondi43 ↔ 101By similarity
Disulfide bondi85 ↔ 130By similarity
Disulfide bondi156 ↔ 172By similarity
Disulfide bondi390 ↔ 396By similarity
Disulfide bondi462 ↔ 474By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Pyrrolidone carboxylic acid

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiP00688
PaxDbiP00688
PeptideAtlasiP00688
PRIDEiP00688

2D gel databases

SWISS-2DPAGEiP00688

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP00688
PhosphoSitePlusiP00688

Expressioni

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSMUSG00000074268
GenevisibleiP00688 MM

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Monomer.By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi10090.ENSMUSP00000137025

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP00688
SMRiP00688
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the glycosyl hydrolase 13 family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2212 Eukaryota
COG0366 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000002882
HOGENOMiHOG000253313
HOVERGENiHBG000061
InParanoidiP00688
KOiK01176
OMAiHPWWEVY
OrthoDBiEOG091G07V6
TreeFamiTF312850

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.60.40.1180, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR006048 A-amylase/branching_C
IPR031319 A-amylase_C
IPR006046 Alpha_amylase
IPR006047 Glyco_hydro_13_cat_dom
IPR013780 Glyco_hydro_b
IPR017853 Glycoside_hydrolase_SF
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00128 Alpha-amylase, 1 hit
PF02806 Alpha-amylase_C, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00110 ALPHAAMYLASE
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00642 Aamy, 1 hit
SM00632 Aamy_C, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51445 SSF51445, 1 hit

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P00688-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MKFVLLLSLI GFCWAQYDPH TSDGRTAIVH LFEWRWVDIA KECERYLAPK
60 70 80 90 100
GFGGVQVSPP NENVVVHNPS RPWWERYQPI SYKICTRSGN EDEFRDMVTR
110 120 130 140 150
CNNVGVRIYV DAVINHMCGA GNPAGTSSTC GSYLNPNNRE FPAVPYSAWD
160 170 180 190 200
FNDNKCNGEI DNYNDAYQVR NCRLTGLLDL ALEKDYVRTK VADYMNHLID
210 220 230 240 250
IGVAGFRLDA AKHMWPGDIK AVLDKLHNLN TKWFSQGSRP FIFQEVIDLG
260 270 280 290 300
GEAIKGSEYF GNGRVTEFKY GAKLGTVIRK WNGEKMSYLK NWGEGWGLVP
310 320 330 340 350
SDRALVFVDN HDNQRGHGAG GSSILTFWDA RMYKMAVGFM LAHPYGFTRV
360 370 380 390 400
MSSYRWNRNF QNGKDQNDWI GPPNNNGVTK EVTINADTTC GNDWVCEHRW
410 420 430 440 450
RQIRNMVAFR NVVNGQPFSN WWDNNSNQVA FSRGNRGFIV FNNDDWALSA
460 470 480 490 500
TLQTGLPAGT YCDVISGDKV DGNCTGLRVN VGSDGKAHFS ISNSAEDPFI

AIHADSKL
Length:508
Mass (Da):57,318
Last modified:July 27, 2011 - v2
Checksum:iB204B03768132593
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Sequence conflicti70S → T in AAA37228 (PubMed:6176715).Curated1
Sequence conflicti85C → S in AAA37228 (PubMed:6176715).Curated1
Sequence conflicti217G → R in CAA24098 (PubMed:6157477).Curated1
Sequence conflicti217G → R in CAA26413 (PubMed:6098446).Curated1
Sequence conflicti217G → R in CAA26414 (PubMed:6098446).Curated1
Sequence conflicti217G → R in CAA26415 (PubMed:6098446).Curated1

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Natural varianti64V → I in A1, B(C) and AMY-2.2Y. 1
Natural varianti66V → I in AMY-2.2Y. 1
Natural varianti120A → S in A1, B(A) and B(C). 1
Natural varianti161D → S in A1, B(A) and B(C); requires 2 nucleotide substitutions. 1
Natural varianti174L → V in A1 and B(C). 1
Natural varianti175T → S in B(A). 1
Natural varianti254I → V in A1 and B(C). 1
Natural varianti270 – 272YGA → FGV in A1 and B(C). 3
Natural varianti298L → M in A1, B(A) and B(C). Combined sources1
Natural varianti322S → A in B(A). 1
Natural varianti419S → A in B1. 1
Natural varianti450A → E in B(C). 1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
V00718 mRNA Translation: CAA24098.1
X02576 mRNA Translation: CAA26413.1
X02577 mRNA Translation: CAA26414.1
X02578 mRNA Translation: CAA26415.1
AK133526 mRNA Translation: BAE21706.1
BC094924 mRNA Translation: AAH94924.1
BC100579 mRNA Translation: AAI00580.1
J00357 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA37228.1
J00358 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA37229.1
J00361 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA37233.1
X02343 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA26202.1
M16540 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA37223.1
M15965 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA37226.1
M11895 mRNA Translation: AAA37224.1
M11896 mRNA Translation: AAA37227.1
M11891 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA37222.1
CCDSiCCDS17775.1
PIRiA90995 ALMSP1
B90798 ALMSP
B90995 ALMSPC
C90995 ALMSPA
I49493
I49494
RefSeqiNP_001036176.1, NM_001042711.2
NP_001153622.1, NM_001160150.1
NP_001153623.1, NM_001160151.1
NP_001153624.1, NM_001160152.1
UniGeneiMm.275426
Mm.443376
Mm.462977

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSMUST00000098667; ENSMUSP00000096264; ENSMUSG00000096569
ENSMUST00000098673; ENSMUSP00000096270; ENSMUSG00000074268
ENSMUST00000179314; ENSMUSP00000136894; ENSMUSG00000093931
ENSMUST00000179568; ENSMUSP00000137025; ENSMUSG00000096770
GeneIDi100043684
100043686
100043688
109959
KEGGimmu:100043684
mmu:100043686
mmu:100043688
mmu:109959
UCSCiuc008rav.2 mouse

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Polymorphism

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiAMYP_MOUSE
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P00688
Secondary accession number(s): Q4VBW6
, Q61295, Q61296, Q64301
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 21, 1986
Last sequence update: July 27, 2011
Last modified: March 28, 2018
This is version 169 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Glycosyl hydrolases
    Classification of glycosyl hydrolase families and list of entries
  2. MGD cross-references
    Mouse Genome Database (MGD) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

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