Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Protein

Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase

Gene

HPRT1

Organism
Cricetulus griseus (Chinese hamster) (Cricetulus barabensis griseus)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Converts guanine to guanosine monophosphate, and hypoxanthine to inosine monophosphate. Transfers the 5-phosphoribosyl group from 5-phosphoribosylpyrophosphate onto the purine. Plays a central role in the generation of purine nucleotides through the purine salvage pathway (By similarity).By similarity

Catalytic activityi

IMP + diphosphate = hypoxanthine + 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate.
GMP + diphosphate = guanine + 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate.

Cofactori

Mg2+By similarityNote: Binds 2 magnesium ions per subunit. The magnesium ions are essentially bound to the substrate and have few direct interactions with the protein.By similarity

Pathway: IMP biosynthesis via salvage pathway

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes IMP from hypoxanthine.
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT1)
This subpathway is part of the pathway IMP biosynthesis via salvage pathway, which is itself part of Purine metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes IMP from hypoxanthine, the pathway IMP biosynthesis via salvage pathway and in Purine metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Binding sitei69 – 691GMPBy similarity
Active sitei138 – 1381Proton acceptorBy similarity
Binding sitei166 – 1661GMPBy similarity
Metal bindingi194 – 1941MagnesiumBy similarity
Binding sitei194 – 1941GMP; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Nucleotide bindingi134 – 1429GMPBy similarity
Nucleotide bindingi186 – 1883GMPBy similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Glycosyltransferase, Transferase

Keywords - Biological processi

Purine salvage

Keywords - Ligandi

Magnesium, Metal-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00591; UER00648.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (EC:2.4.2.8)
Short name:
HGPRT
Short name:
HGPRTase
Gene namesi
Name:HPRT1
Synonyms:HPRT
OrganismiCricetulus griseus (Chinese hamster) (Cricetulus barabensis griseus)
Taxonomic identifieri10029 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaSciurognathiMuroideaCricetidaeCricetinaeCricetulus

Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Initiator methioninei1 – 11RemovedBy similarity
Chaini2 – 218217Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferasePRO_0000139584Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Modified residuei2 – 21N-acetylalanineBy similarity
Modified residuei103 – 1031N6-acetyllysineBy similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiP00494.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Homotetramer.By similarity

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP00494.
SMRiP00494. Positions 5-218.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

HOVERGENiHBG000242.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.2020. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR005904. Hxn_phspho_trans.
IPR000836. PRibTrfase_dom.
IPR029057. PRTase-like.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00156. Pribosyltran. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF53271. SSF53271. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01203. HGPRTase. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00103. PUR_PYR_PR_TRANSFER. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P00494-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MATRSPSVVI SDDEPGYDLD LFCIPNHYVE DLEKVFIPHG VIMDRTERLA
60 70 80 90 100
RDVMKEMGGH HIVALCVLKG GYKFFADLLD YIKALNRNSD RSIPMTVDFI
110 120 130 140 150
RLKSYCNDQS TGDIKVIGGD DLSTLTGKNV LIVEDIIDTG KTMQTLLSLV
160 170 180 190 200
KRYNLKMVKV ASLLVKRTSR SVGYRPDFVG FEIPDKFVVG YALDYNEYFR
210
DLNHICVISE TGKAKYKA
Length:218
Mass (Da):24,644
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v2
Checksum:i21DA6A26D92B7511
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Sequence conflicti32 – 321L → M in AAP13884 (PubMed:1383700).Curated

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
J00060 mRNA. Translation: AAA36990.1.
X53073
, X53074, X53075, X53076, X53077, X53078, X53079, X53080 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA37247.1.
S46270 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAP13884.1.
PIRiS14402. RTHYG.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
J00060 mRNA. Translation: AAA36990.1.
X53073
, X53074, X53075, X53076, X53077, X53078, X53079, X53080 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA37247.1.
S46270 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAP13884.1.
PIRiS14402. RTHYG.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP00494.
SMRiP00494. Positions 5-218.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiP00494.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

HOVERGENiHBG000242.

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00591; UER00648.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.2020. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR005904. Hxn_phspho_trans.
IPR000836. PRibTrfase_dom.
IPR029057. PRTase-like.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00156. Pribosyltran. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF53271. SSF53271. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01203. HGPRTase. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00103. PUR_PYR_PR_TRANSFER. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

  1. "Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase genes of mouse and Chinese hamster: construction and sequence analysis of cDNA recombinants."
    Konecki D.S., Brennand J., Fuscoe J.C., Caskey C.T., Chinault A.C.
    Nucleic Acids Res. 10:6763-6775(1982) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA].
  2. "The Chinese hamster HPRT gene: restriction map, sequence analysis, and multiplex PCR deletion screen."
    Rossiter B.J.F., Fuscoe J.C., Muzny D.M., Fox M., Caskey C.T.
    Genomics 9:247-256(1991) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].
  3. "Analysis of X-ray-induced HPRT mutations in CHO cells: insertion and deletions."
    Fuscoe J.C., Zimmerman L.J., Fekete A., Setzer R.W., Rossiter B.J.
    Mutat. Res. 269:171-183(1992) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA] OF 32-42.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiHPRT_CRIGR
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P00494
Secondary accession number(s): Q80XX0
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 21, 1986
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: March 4, 2015
This is version 89 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Miscellaneous

The cell lines from which this sequence was cloned are revertants from mutants with no detectable enzyme activity. The phenotypic reversions are the result of overproduction of variant enzymes because of gene amplification. This variant sequence is expected to be very similar to the wild-type.

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into Uniref entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.