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P00157

- CYB_BOVIN

UniProt

P00157 - CYB_BOVIN

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Protein

Cytochrome b

Gene

MT-CYB

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed - Annotation score: 4 out of 5- Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Component of the ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase complex (complex III or cytochrome b-c1 complex), which is a respiratory chain that generates an electrochemical potential coupled to ATP synthesis.

Cofactori

Binds 2 heme groups non-covalently.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Metal bindingi83 – 831Iron 1 (heme b562 axial ligand)1 PublicationPROSITE-ProRule annotation
Metal bindingi97 – 971Iron 2 (heme b566 axial ligand)
Metal bindingi182 – 1821Iron 1 (heme b562 axial ligand)
Metal bindingi196 – 1961Iron 2 (heme b566 axial ligand)

GO - Molecular functioni

  1. electron carrier activity Source: InterPro
  2. metal ion binding Source: UniProtKB-KW
  3. oxidoreductase activity Source: InterPro

GO - Biological processi

  1. respiratory electron transport chain Source: InterPro
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Biological processi

Electron transport, Respiratory chain, Transport

Keywords - Ligandi

Heme, Iron, Metal-binding

Protein family/group databases

TCDBi3.D.3.2.1. the proton-translocating quinol:cytochrome c reductase (qcr) superfamily.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Cytochrome b
Alternative name(s):
Complex III subunit 3
Complex III subunit III
Cytochrome b-c1 complex subunit 3
Ubiquinol-cytochrome-c reductase complex cytochrome b subunit
Gene namesi
Name:MT-CYB
Synonyms:COB, CYTB, MTCYB
Encoded oniMitochondrion
OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
ProteomesiUP000009136: Mitochondrion

Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

  1. integral component of membrane Source: UniProtKB-KW
  2. mitochondrial inner membrane Source: UniProtKB-KW
  3. respiratory chain Source: UniProtKB-KW
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane, Mitochondrion, Mitochondrion inner membrane

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Chaini1 – 379379Cytochrome bPRO_0000060686Add
BLAST

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiP00157.

Expressioni

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiP00157. baseline.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

The bc1 complex contains 11 subunits: 3 respiratory subunits (cytochrome b, cytochrome c1 and Rieske/UQCRFS1), 2 core proteins (UQCRC1/QCR1 and UQCRC2/QCR2) and 6 low-molecular weight proteins (UQCRH/QCR6, UQCRB/QCR7, UQCRQ/QCR8, UQCR10/QCR9, UQCR11/QCR10 and a cleavage product of Rieske/UQCRFS1).

Protein-protein interaction databases

DIPiDIP-350N.
IntActiP00157. 2 interactions.

Structurei

Secondary structure

1
379
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strand
Show more details
Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Helixi4 – 74
Helixi9 – 1810
Beta strandi22 – 243
Helixi29 – 313
Helixi33 – 5220
Turni59 – 613
Helixi62 – 7211
Beta strandi73 – 753
Helixi76 – 10328
Helixi106 – 1083
Helixi110 – 13223
Helixi137 – 14711
Helixi148 – 1525
Turni154 – 1563
Helixi157 – 1659
Beta strandi167 – 1704
Helixi172 – 20332
Helixi214 – 2163
Beta strandi217 – 2193
Helixi220 – 24526
Turni247 – 2504
Helixi253 – 2564
Turni261 – 2633
Helixi272 – 2743
Helixi275 – 2828
Beta strandi284 – 2863
Helixi287 – 29913
Helixi300 – 3078
Beta strandi311 – 3155
Helixi319 – 33921
Helixi347 – 36317
Helixi365 – 37612

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBe
RCSB PDB
PDBj
Links Updated
EntryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1BE3X-ray3.00C1-379[»]
1BGYX-ray3.00C/O1-379[»]
1L0LX-ray2.35C1-379[»]
1L0NX-ray2.60C1-379[»]
1NTKX-ray2.60C1-379[»]
1NTMX-ray2.40C1-379[»]
1NTZX-ray2.60C1-379[»]
1NU1X-ray3.20C1-379[»]
1PP9X-ray2.10C/P1-379[»]
1PPJX-ray2.10C/P1-379[»]
1QCRX-ray2.70C2-379[»]
1SQBX-ray2.69C1-379[»]
1SQPX-ray2.70C1-379[»]
1SQQX-ray3.00C1-379[»]
1SQVX-ray2.85C1-379[»]
1SQXX-ray2.60C1-379[»]
2A06X-ray2.10C/P1-379[»]
2FYUX-ray2.26C1-379[»]
2YBBelectron microscopy19.00C/c1-379[»]
ProteinModelPortaliP00157.
SMRiP00157. Positions 1-379.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP00157.

Transmembrane

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Transmembranei33 – 5321HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Transmembranei76 – 9823HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Transmembranei115 – 13521HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Transmembranei140 – 15819HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Transmembranei178 – 19821HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Transmembranei229 – 24921HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Transmembranei288 – 30821HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Transmembranei323 – 34321HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Transmembranei346 – 36621HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the cytochrome b family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG1290.
HOGENOMiHOG000255206.
HOVERGENiHBG017694.
InParanoidiP00157.
KOiK00412.
OMAiNTINQIF.
OrthoDBiEOG7BGHKX.
TreeFamiTF353088.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.20.810.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR005798. Cyt_b/b6_C.
IPR005797. Cyt_b/b6_N.
IPR027387. Cytb/b6-like.
IPR016174. Di-haem_cyt_TM.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00032. Cytochrom_B_C. 1 hit.
PF13631. Cytochrom_B_N_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF81342. SSF81342. 1 hit.
SSF81648. SSF81648. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS51003. CYTB_CTER. 1 hit.
PS51002. CYTB_NTER. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

P00157 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to Basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MTNIRKSHPL MKIVNNAFID LPAPSNISSW WNFGSLLGIC LILQILTGLF
60 70 80 90 100
LAMHYTSDTT TAFSSVTHIC RDVNYGWIIR YMHANGASMF FICLYMHVGR
110 120 130 140 150
GLYYGSYTFL ETWNIGVILL LTVMATAFMG YVLPWGQMSF WGATVITNLL
160 170 180 190 200
SAIPYIGTNL VEWIWGGFSV DKATLTRFFA FHFILPFIIM AIAMVHLLFL
210 220 230 240 250
HETGSNNPTG ISSDVDKIPF HPYYTIKDIL GALLLILALM LLVLFAPDLL
260 270 280 290 300
GDPDNYTPAN PLNTPPHIKP EWYFLFAYAI LRSIPNKLGG VLALAFSILI
310 320 330 340 350
LALIPLLHTS KQRSMMFRPL SQCLFWALVA DLLTLTWIGG QPVEHPYITI
360 370
GQLASVLYFL LILVLMPTAG TIENKLLKW
Length:379
Mass (Da):42,591
Last modified:July 21, 1986 - v1
Checksum:i90160B99E031E016
GO

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Natural varianti90 – 901F → V in strain: 65, 66 and D.

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
Links Updated
V00654 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA24007.1.
AF490528 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAM08329.1.
AF490529 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAM08342.1.
AF493541 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAM12801.1.
AF493542 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAM12814.1.
PIRiA00152. CBBO.
RefSeqiYP_209217.1. NC_006853.1.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000060567; ENSBTAP00000053148; ENSBTAG00000043550.
GeneIDi3283889.
KEGGibta:3283889.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
Links Updated
V00654 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA24007.1 .
AF490528 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAM08329.1 .
AF490529 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAM08342.1 .
AF493541 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAM12801.1 .
AF493542 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAM12814.1 .
PIRi A00152. CBBO.
RefSeqi YP_209217.1. NC_006853.1.

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBe
RCSB PDB
PDBj
Links Updated
Entry Method Resolution (Å) Chain Positions PDBsum
1BE3 X-ray 3.00 C 1-379 [» ]
1BGY X-ray 3.00 C/O 1-379 [» ]
1L0L X-ray 2.35 C 1-379 [» ]
1L0N X-ray 2.60 C 1-379 [» ]
1NTK X-ray 2.60 C 1-379 [» ]
1NTM X-ray 2.40 C 1-379 [» ]
1NTZ X-ray 2.60 C 1-379 [» ]
1NU1 X-ray 3.20 C 1-379 [» ]
1PP9 X-ray 2.10 C/P 1-379 [» ]
1PPJ X-ray 2.10 C/P 1-379 [» ]
1QCR X-ray 2.70 C 2-379 [» ]
1SQB X-ray 2.69 C 1-379 [» ]
1SQP X-ray 2.70 C 1-379 [» ]
1SQQ X-ray 3.00 C 1-379 [» ]
1SQV X-ray 2.85 C 1-379 [» ]
1SQX X-ray 2.60 C 1-379 [» ]
2A06 X-ray 2.10 C/P 1-379 [» ]
2FYU X-ray 2.26 C 1-379 [» ]
2YBB electron microscopy 19.00 C/c 1-379 [» ]
ProteinModelPortali P00157.
SMRi P00157. Positions 1-379.
ModBasei Search...
MobiDBi Search...

Protein-protein interaction databases

DIPi DIP-350N.
IntActi P00157. 2 interactions.

Protein family/group databases

TCDBi 3.D.3.2.1. the proton-translocating quinol:cytochrome c reductase (qcr) superfamily.

Proteomic databases

PRIDEi P00157.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology Knowledgebase Search...

Genome annotation databases

Ensembli ENSBTAT00000060567 ; ENSBTAP00000053148 ; ENSBTAG00000043550 .
GeneIDi 3283889.
KEGGi bta:3283889.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi 4519.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGi COG1290.
HOGENOMi HOG000255206.
HOVERGENi HBG017694.
InParanoidi P00157.
KOi K00412.
OMAi NTINQIF.
OrthoDBi EOG7BGHKX.
TreeFami TF353088.

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTracei P00157.
NextBioi 20810196.

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasi P00157. baseline.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di 1.20.810.10. 1 hit.
InterProi IPR005798. Cyt_b/b6_C.
IPR005797. Cyt_b/b6_N.
IPR027387. Cytb/b6-like.
IPR016174. Di-haem_cyt_TM.
[Graphical view ]
Pfami PF00032. Cytochrom_B_C. 1 hit.
PF13631. Cytochrom_B_N_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view ]
SUPFAMi SSF81342. SSF81342. 1 hit.
SSF81648. SSF81648. 1 hit.
PROSITEi PS51003. CYTB_CTER. 1 hit.
PS51002. CYTB_NTER. 1 hit.
[Graphical view ]
ProtoNeti Search...

Publicationsi

  1. "Complete sequence of bovine mitochondrial DNA. Conserved features of the mammalian mitochondrial genome."
    Anderson S., de Bruijn M.H.L., Coulson A.R., Eperon I.C., Sanger F., Young I.G.
    J. Mol. Biol. 156:683-717(1982) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].
    Tissue: Heart.
  2. "Evolution of the cytochrome b gene of mammals."
    Irwin D.M., Kocher T.D., Wilson A.C.
    J. Mol. Evol. 32:128-144(1991) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].
  3. "Bos taurus mitochondrial protein coding regions."
    Wettstein P.J.
    Submitted (MAR-2002) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].
    Strain: 65, 66, D and F.
  4. "Crystal structure of the cytochrome bc1 complex from bovine heart mitochondria."
    Xia D., Yu C.A., Kim H., Xia J.Z., Kachurin A.M., Zhang L., Yu L., Deisenhofer J.
    Science 277:60-66(1997) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (2.7 ANGSTROMS).
  5. "Complete structure of the 11-subunit bovine mitochondrial cytochrome bc1 complex."
    Iwata S., Lee J.W., Okada K., Lee J.K., Iwata M., Rasmussen B., Link T.A., Ramaswamy S., Jap B.K.
    Science 281:64-71(1998) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (3.0 ANGSTROMS).
  6. "The crystal structure of mitochondrial cytochrome bc1 in complex with famoxadone: the role of aromatic-aromatic interaction in inhibition."
    Gao X., Wen X., Yu C., Esser L., Tsao S., Quinn B., Zhang L., Yu L., Xia D.
    Biochemistry 41:11692-11702(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (2.35 ANGSTROMS).
  7. "Crystallographic studies of quinol oxidation site inhibitors: a modified classification of inhibitors for the cytochrome bc(1) complex."
    Esser L., Quinn B., Li Y.F., Zhang M., Elberry M., Yu L., Yu C.A., Xia D.
    J. Mol. Biol. 341:281-302(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (2.69 ANGSTROMS).
  8. "Binding of the respiratory chain inhibitor antimycin to the mitochondrial bc1 complex: a new crystal structure reveals an altered intramolecular hydrogen-bonding pattern."
    Huang L.S., Cobessi D., Tung E.Y., Berry E.A.
    J. Mol. Biol. 351:573-597(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (2.1 ANGSTROMS).
  9. "Surface-modulated motion switch: capture and release of iron-sulfur protein in the cytochrome bc1 complex."
    Esser L., Gong X., Yang S., Yu L., Yu C.A., Xia D.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103:13045-13050(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (2.26 ANGSTROMS).

Entry informationi

Entry nameiCYB_BOVIN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P00157
Secondary accession number(s): Q8SE06
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 21, 1986
Last sequence update: July 21, 1986
Last modified: October 29, 2014
This is version 120 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Miscellaneous

Heme 1 (or BL or b562) is low-potential and absorbs at about 562 nm, and heme 2 (or BH or b566) is high-potential and absorbs at about 566 nm.

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3