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Protein

Endothelin-converting enzyme-like 1

Gene

ECEL1

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

May contribute to the degradation of peptide hormones and be involved in the inactivation of neuronal peptides.

Cofactori

Zn2+By similarityNote: Binds 1 zinc ion.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Metal bindingi612 – 6121Zinc; catalyticPROSITE-ProRule annotation
Active sitei613 – 6131PROSITE-ProRule annotation
Metal bindingi616 – 6161Zinc; catalyticPROSITE-ProRule annotation
Metal bindingi672 – 6721Zinc; catalyticPROSITE-ProRule annotation

GO - Molecular functioni

  1. metal ion binding Source: UniProtKB-KW
  2. metalloendopeptidase activity Source: Ensembl
  3. metallopeptidase activity Source: ProtInc

GO - Biological processi

  1. neuropeptide signaling pathway Source: ProtInc
  2. respiratory system process Source: UniProtKB
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Hydrolase, Metalloprotease, Protease

Keywords - Ligandi

Metal-binding, Zinc

Protein family/group databases

MEROPSiM13.007.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Endothelin-converting enzyme-like 1 (EC:3.4.24.-)
Alternative name(s):
Xce protein
Gene namesi
Name:ECEL1
Synonyms:XCE
ORF Names:UNQ2431/PRO4991
OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
ProteomesiUP000005640 Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

HGNCiHGNC:3147. ECEL1.

Subcellular locationi

  1. Membrane By similarity; Single-pass type II membrane protein By similarity

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Topological domaini1 – 5959CytoplasmicSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Transmembranei60 – 8223Helical; Signal-anchor for type II membrane proteinSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Topological domaini83 – 775693LumenalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST

GO - Cellular componenti

  1. integral component of plasma membrane Source: ProtInc
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane

Pathology & Biotechi

Involvement in diseasei

Arthrogryposis, distal, 5D (DA5D)4 Publications

The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. ECEL1 mutations have also been found in patients with arthrogryposis, significant ophthalmoplegia, and refractive errors (PubMed:23808592).

Disease descriptionAn autosomal recessive form of distal arthrogryposis, a disease characterized by congenital joint contractures that mainly involve two or more distal parts of the limbs, in the absence of a primary neurological or muscle disease. DA5D is characterized by severe camptodactyly of the hands, mild camptodactyly of the toes, clubfoot and/or a calcaneovalgus deformity, extension contractures of the knee, unilateral ptosis or ptosis that is more severe on one side, a round-shaped face, arched eyebrows, a bulbous upturned nose, and micrognathia. Patients do not have ophthalmoplegia.

See also OMIM:615065
Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Natural varianti404 – 4041R → C in DA5D. 1 Publication
VAR_069993
Natural varianti418 – 4181R → S in DA5D. 1 Publication
VAR_069747
Natural varianti607 – 6071G → S in DA5D; patients have ophthalmoplegia. 1 Publication
VAR_069994
Natural varianti760 – 7601C → R in DA5D. 1 Publication
VAR_069995

Keywords - Diseasei

Disease mutation

Organism-specific databases

MIMi615065. phenotype.
Orphaneti329457. Distal arthrogryposis type 5D.
PharmGKBiPA27595.

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiECEL1.

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Chaini1 – 775775Endothelin-converting enzyme-like 1PRO_0000078224Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Glycosylationi255 – 2551N-linked (GlcNAc...)Sequence Analysis
Glycosylationi322 – 3221N-linked (GlcNAc...)Sequence Analysis
Glycosylationi656 – 6561N-linked (GlcNAc...)Sequence Analysis

Post-translational modificationi

N-glycosylated.

Keywords - PTMi

Glycoprotein

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiO95672.
PaxDbiO95672.
PRIDEiO95672.

PTM databases

PhosphoSiteiO95672.

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Highly expressed in the CNS, in particular in putamen, spinal cord, medulla and subthalamic nucleus. A strong signal was also detected in uterine subepithelial cells and around renal blood vessels. Detected at lower levels in amygdala, caudate, thalamus, pancreas and skeletal muscle. Detected at very low levels in substantia nigra, cerebellum, cortex, corpus callosum and hippocampus.

Gene expression databases

BgeeiO95672.
CleanExiHS_ECEL1.
ExpressionAtlasiO95672. baseline and differential.
GenevestigatoriO95672.

Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi114820. 7 interactions.
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000302051.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliO95672.
SMRiO95672. Positions 112-775.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the peptidase M13 family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Signal-anchor, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG3590.
GeneTreeiENSGT00760000119162.
HOGENOMiHOG000245574.
HOVERGENiHBG005554.
InParanoidiO95672.
KOiK09610.
OMAiRHAIPDD.
OrthoDBiEOG7PZRWQ.
PhylomeDBiO95672.
TreeFamiTF315192.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.390.10. 2 hits.
InterProiIPR029736. ECEL1.
IPR024079. MetalloPept_cat_dom.
IPR000718. Peptidase_M13.
IPR018497. Peptidase_M13_C.
IPR008753. Peptidase_M13_N.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR11733. PTHR11733. 1 hit.
PTHR11733:SF108. PTHR11733:SF108. 1 hit.
PfamiPF01431. Peptidase_M13. 1 hit.
PF05649. Peptidase_M13_N. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00786. NEPRILYSIN.
PROSITEiPS00142. ZINC_PROTEASE. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequences (2)i

Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 2 isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket

Isoform 1 (identifier: O95672-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MEPPYSLTAH YDEFQEVKYV SRCGAGGARG ASLPPGFPLG AARSATGARS
60 70 80 90 100
GLPRWNRREV CLLSGLVFAA GLCAILAAML ALKYLGPVAA GGGACPEGCP
110 120 130 140 150
ERKAFARAAR FLAANLDASI DPCQDFYSFA CGGWLRRHAI PDDKLTYGTI
160 170 180 190 200
AAIGEQNEER LRRLLARPGG GPGGAAQRKV RAFFRSCLDM REIERLGPRP
210 220 230 240 250
MLEVIEDCGG WDLGGAEERP GVAARWDLNR LLYKAQGVYS AAALFSLTVS
260 270 280 290 300
LDDRNSSRYV IRIDQDGLTL PERTLYLAQD EDSEKILAAY RVFMERVLSL
310 320 330 340 350
LGADAVEQKA QEILQVEQQL ANITVSEHDD LRRDVSSMYN KVTLGQLQKI
360 370 380 390 400
TPHLRWKWLL DQIFQEDFSE EEEVVLLATD YMQQVSQLIR STPHRVLHNY
410 420 430 440 450
LVWRVVVVLS EHLSPPFREA LHELAQEMEG SDKPQELARV CLGQANRHFG
460 470 480 490 500
MALGALFVHE HFSAASKAKV QQLVEDIKYI LGQRLEELDW MDAETRAAAR
510 520 530 540 550
AKLQYMMVMV GYPDFLLKPD AVDKEYEFEV HEKTYFKNIL NSIRFSIQLS
560 570 580 590 600
VKKIRQEVDK STWLLPPQAL NAYYLPNKNQ MVFPAGILQP TLYDPDFPQS
610 620 630 640 650
LNYGGIGTII GHELTHGYDD WGGQYDRSGN LLHWWTEASY SRFLRKAECI
660 670 680 690 700
VRLYDNFTVY NQRVNGKHTL GENIADMGGL KLAYHAYQKW VREHGPEHPL
710 720 730 740 750
PRLKYTHDQL FFIAFAQNWC IKRRSQSIYL QVLTDKHAPE HYRVLGSVSQ
760 770
FEEFGRAFHC PKDSPMNPAH KCSVW
Length:775
Mass (Da):87,791
Last modified:March 21, 2006 - v3
Checksum:iC4ED98DE848BE822
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: O95672-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     561-562: Missing.

Note: No experimental confirmation available.

Show »
Length:773
Mass (Da):87,603
Checksum:i56AADA3EB8A1A6E0
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Sequence conflicti45 – 451A → V in AAQ89282 (PubMed:12975309).Curated
Sequence conflicti124 – 1241Q → R in AAZ22338 (Ref. 3) Curated
Sequence conflicti152 – 1521A → T in AAZ22338 (Ref. 3) Curated
Sequence conflicti163 – 1631R → C in AAZ22338 (Ref. 3) Curated
Sequence conflicti286 – 2861I → V in CAA76113 (PubMed:9931490).Curated
Sequence conflicti293 – 2931F → L in AAZ22338 (Ref. 3) Curated
Sequence conflicti544 – 5441R → P in AAQ89282 (PubMed:12975309).Curated
Sequence conflicti679 – 6791G → V in AAQ89282 (PubMed:12975309).Curated
Sequence conflicti757 – 7582AF → VL in CAA76113 (PubMed:9931490).Curated
Sequence conflicti763 – 7631D → V in CAA76113 (PubMed:9931490).Curated

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Natural varianti10 – 101H → Q.
Corresponds to variant rs2741281 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_012813
Natural varianti328 – 3281H → Y.5 Publications
Corresponds to variant rs1529874 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_012814
Natural varianti404 – 4041R → C in DA5D. 1 Publication
VAR_069993
Natural varianti418 – 4181R → S in DA5D. 1 Publication
VAR_069747
Natural varianti607 – 6071G → S in DA5D; patients have ophthalmoplegia. 1 Publication
VAR_069994
Natural varianti760 – 7601C → R in DA5D. 1 Publication
VAR_069995

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Alternative sequencei561 – 5622Missing in isoform 2. 1 PublicationVSP_017544

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
Y16187 mRNA. Translation: CAA76113.1.
AJ130734 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAB86601.1.
DQ114476 mRNA. Translation: AAZ22338.1.
AY358923 mRNA. Translation: AAQ89282.1.
AC092165 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAY24101.1.
BC050453 mRNA. Translation: AAH50453.2.
CCDSiCCDS2493.1. [O95672-1]
RefSeqiNP_001277716.1. NM_001290787.1. [O95672-2]
NP_004817.2. NM_004826.3. [O95672-1]
UniGeneiHs.26880.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000304546; ENSP00000302051; ENSG00000171551. [O95672-1]
ENST00000409941; ENSP00000386333; ENSG00000171551. [O95672-2]
GeneIDi9427.
KEGGihsa:9427.
UCSCiuc002vsv.2. human. [O95672-1]
uc010fya.1. human. [O95672-2]

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiECEL1.

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing, Polymorphism

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
Y16187 mRNA. Translation: CAA76113.1.
AJ130734 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAB86601.1.
DQ114476 mRNA. Translation: AAZ22338.1.
AY358923 mRNA. Translation: AAQ89282.1.
AC092165 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAY24101.1.
BC050453 mRNA. Translation: AAH50453.2.
CCDSiCCDS2493.1. [O95672-1]
RefSeqiNP_001277716.1. NM_001290787.1. [O95672-2]
NP_004817.2. NM_004826.3. [O95672-1]
UniGeneiHs.26880.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliO95672.
SMRiO95672. Positions 112-775.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi114820. 7 interactions.
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000302051.

Protein family/group databases

MEROPSiM13.007.

PTM databases

PhosphoSiteiO95672.

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiECEL1.

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiO95672.
PaxDbiO95672.
PRIDEiO95672.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000304546; ENSP00000302051; ENSG00000171551. [O95672-1]
ENST00000409941; ENSP00000386333; ENSG00000171551. [O95672-2]
GeneIDi9427.
KEGGihsa:9427.
UCSCiuc002vsv.2. human. [O95672-1]
uc010fya.1. human. [O95672-2]

Organism-specific databases

CTDi9427.
GeneCardsiGC02M233308.
H-InvDBHIX0029775.
HIX0030407.
HGNCiHGNC:3147. ECEL1.
MIMi605896. gene.
615065. phenotype.
neXtProtiNX_O95672.
Orphaneti329457. Distal arthrogryposis type 5D.
PharmGKBiPA27595.
GenAtlasiSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG3590.
GeneTreeiENSGT00760000119162.
HOGENOMiHOG000245574.
HOVERGENiHBG005554.
InParanoidiO95672.
KOiK09610.
OMAiRHAIPDD.
OrthoDBiEOG7PZRWQ.
PhylomeDBiO95672.
TreeFamiTF315192.

Miscellaneous databases

GeneWikiiECEL1.
GenomeRNAii9427.
NextBioi35318.
PROiO95672.
SOURCEiSearch...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiO95672.
CleanExiHS_ECEL1.
ExpressionAtlasiO95672. baseline and differential.
GenevestigatoriO95672.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.390.10. 2 hits.
InterProiIPR029736. ECEL1.
IPR024079. MetalloPept_cat_dom.
IPR000718. Peptidase_M13.
IPR018497. Peptidase_M13_C.
IPR008753. Peptidase_M13_N.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR11733. PTHR11733. 1 hit.
PTHR11733:SF108. PTHR11733:SF108. 1 hit.
PfamiPF01431. Peptidase_M13. 1 hit.
PF05649. Peptidase_M13_N. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00786. NEPRILYSIN.
PROSITEiPS00142. ZINC_PROTEASE. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

« Hide 'large scale' publications
  1. "XCE, a new member of the endothelin-converting enzyme and neutral endopeptidase family, is preferentially expressed in the CNS."
    Valdenaire O., Richards J.G., Faull R.L.M., Schweizer A.
    Brain Res. Mol. Brain Res. 64:211-221(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] (ISOFORM 1), VARIANT TYR-328.
    Tissue: Caudate nucleus and Spinal cord.
  2. "Organization and chromosomal localization of the human ECEL1 (XCE) gene encoding a zinc metallopeptidase involved in the nervous control of respiration."
    Valdenaire O., Rohrbacher E., Langeveld A., Schweizer A., Meijers C.
    Biochem. J. 346:611-616(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA], VARIANT TYR-328.
  3. Lin L., Nong W., Zhou G., Ke R., Shen C., Zhong G., Zheng Z., Liang M., Huang B., Li H., Yang S.
    Submitted (JUL-2005) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] (ISOFORM 2), VARIANT TYR-328.
  4. Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA] (ISOFORM 1), VARIANT TYR-328.
  5. "Generation and annotation of the DNA sequences of human chromosomes 2 and 4."
    Hillier L.W., Graves T.A., Fulton R.S., Fulton L.A., Pepin K.H., Minx P., Wagner-McPherson C., Layman D., Wylie K., Sekhon M., Becker M.C., Fewell G.A., Delehaunty K.D., Miner T.L., Nash W.E., Kremitzki C., Oddy L., Du H.
    , Sun H., Bradshaw-Cordum H., Ali J., Carter J., Cordes M., Harris A., Isak A., van Brunt A., Nguyen C., Du F., Courtney L., Kalicki J., Ozersky P., Abbott S., Armstrong J., Belter E.A., Caruso L., Cedroni M., Cotton M., Davidson T., Desai A., Elliott G., Erb T., Fronick C., Gaige T., Haakenson W., Haglund K., Holmes A., Harkins R., Kim K., Kruchowski S.S., Strong C.M., Grewal N., Goyea E., Hou S., Levy A., Martinka S., Mead K., McLellan M.D., Meyer R., Randall-Maher J., Tomlinson C., Dauphin-Kohlberg S., Kozlowicz-Reilly A., Shah N., Swearengen-Shahid S., Snider J., Strong J.T., Thompson J., Yoakum M., Leonard S., Pearman C., Trani L., Radionenko M., Waligorski J.E., Wang C., Rock S.M., Tin-Wollam A.-M., Maupin R., Latreille P., Wendl M.C., Yang S.-P., Pohl C., Wallis J.W., Spieth J., Bieri T.A., Berkowicz N., Nelson J.O., Osborne J., Ding L., Meyer R., Sabo A., Shotland Y., Sinha P., Wohldmann P.E., Cook L.L., Hickenbotham M.T., Eldred J., Williams D., Jones T.A., She X., Ciccarelli F.D., Izaurralde E., Taylor J., Schmutz J., Myers R.M., Cox D.R., Huang X., McPherson J.D., Mardis E.R., Clifton S.W., Warren W.C., Chinwalla A.T., Eddy S.R., Marra M.A., Ovcharenko I., Furey T.S., Miller W., Eichler E.E., Bork P., Suyama M., Torrents D., Waterston R.H., Wilson R.K.
    Nature 434:724-731(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
  6. "The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC)."
    The MGC Project Team
    Genome Res. 14:2121-2127(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA] (ISOFORM 1), VARIANT TYR-328.
    Tissue: PNS.
  7. Cited for: VARIANT DA5D SER-418.
  8. "Expanding the phenotypic spectrum of ECEL1-related congenital contracture syndromes."
    Shaaban S., Duzcan F., Yildirim C., Chan W.M., Andrews C., Akarsu N., Engle E.
    Clin. Genet. 85:562-567(2014) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT DA5D SER-607.
  9. "Identification of three novel ECEL1 mutations in three families with distal arthrogryposis type 5D."
    Shaheen R., Al-Owain M., Khan A., Zaki M., Hossni H., Al-Tassan R., Eyaid W., Alkuraya F.
    Clin. Genet. 85:568-572(2014) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANT DA5D CYS-404.
  10. Cited for: VARIANT DA5D ARG-760.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiECEL1_HUMAN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O95672
Secondary accession number(s): Q45UD9
, Q53RF9, Q6UW86, Q86TH4, Q9NY95
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 27, 2002
Last sequence update: March 21, 2006
Last modified: April 29, 2015
This is version 125 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Human chromosome 2
    Human chromosome 2: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  2. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
  3. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  4. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  5. Peptidase families
    Classification of peptidase families and list of entries
  6. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into Uniref entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.