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Protein

Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1

Gene

MT-CO1

Organism
Ovis aries (Sheep)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Cytochrome c oxidase is the component of the respiratory chain that catalyzes the reduction of oxygen to water. Subunits 1-3 form the functional core of the enzyme complex. CO I is the catalytic subunit of the enzyme. Electrons originating in cytochrome c are transferred via the copper A center of subunit 2 and heme A of subunit 1 to the bimetallic center formed by heme A3 and copper B.

Catalytic activityi

4 ferrocytochrome c + O2 + 4 H+ = 4 ferricytochrome c + 2 H2O.

Pathwayi: oxidative phosphorylation

This protein is involved in the pathway oxidative phosphorylation, which is part of Energy metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway oxidative phosphorylation and in Energy metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Metal bindingi61Iron (heme A axial ligand)Curated1
Metal bindingi240Copper BCurated1
Metal bindingi244Copper BCurated1
Metal bindingi290Copper BCurated1
Metal bindingi291Copper BCurated1
Metal bindingi376Iron (heme A3 axial ligand)Curated1
Metal bindingi378Iron (heme A axial ligand)Curated1

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processElectron transport, Respiratory chain, Transport
LigandCopper, Heme, Iron, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00705

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (EC:1.9.3.1)
Alternative name(s):
Cytochrome c oxidase polypeptide I
Gene namesi
Name:MT-CO1
Synonyms:COI, COXI, MTCO1
Encoded oniMitochondrion
OrganismiOvis aries (Sheep)
Taxonomic identifieri9940 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeCaprinaeOvis
Proteomesi
  • UP000002356 Componenti: Mitochondrion

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Transmembranei17 – 37HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei63 – 83HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei102 – 122HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei145 – 165HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei183 – 203HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei234 – 254HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei268 – 288HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei310 – 330HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei338 – 358HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei380 – 400HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei412 – 432HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei456 – 476HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane, Mitochondrion, Mitochondrion inner membrane

Pathology & Biotechi

Chemistry databases

ChEMBLiCHEMBL6011

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00001834181 – 514Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1Add BLAST514

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Cross-linki240 ↔ 2441'-histidyl-3'-tyrosine (His-Tyr)By similarity

Expressioni

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiO78749 baseline

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

As a newly synthesized protein, rapidly incorporates into a multi-subunit assembly intermediate in the inner membrane, called MITRAC (mitochondrial translation regulation assembly intermediate of cytochrome c oxidase) complex, whose core components are COA3/MITRAC12 and COX14. Within the MITRAC complex, interacts with COA3 and with SMIM20/MITRAC7; the interaction with SMIM20 stabilizes the newly synthesized MT-CO1 and prevents its premature turnover. Interacts with TMEM177 in a COX20-dependent manner.By similarity

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiO78749

Structurei

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBei
RCSB PDBi
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
5J4Zelectron microscopy5.80BN1-514[»]
5J7Yelectron microscopy6.70BN1-514[»]
ProteinModelPortaliO78749
SMRiO78749
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

GeneTreeiENSGT00390000001518
HOVERGENiHBG003841
KOiK02256
OMAiMSFWLLP
OrthoDBiEOG091G035B

Family and domain databases

CDDicd01663 Cyt_c_Oxidase_I, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.20.210.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR023616 Cyt_c_oxase-like_su1_dom
IPR036927 Cyt_c_oxase-like_su1_sf
IPR000883 Cyt_C_Oxase_1
IPR023615 Cyt_c_Oxase_su1_BS
IPR033944 Cyt_c_oxase_su1_dom
PANTHERiPTHR10422 PTHR10422, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00115 COX1, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01165 CYCOXIDASEI
SUPFAMiSSF81442 SSF81442, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50855 COX1, 1 hit
PS00077 COX1_CUB, 1 hit

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

O78749-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MFINRWLFST NHKDIGTLYL LFGAWAGMVG TALSLLIRAE LGQPGTLLGD
60 70 80 90 100
DQIYNVIVTA HAFVMIFFMV MPIMIGGFGN WLVPLMIGAP DMAFPRMNNM
110 120 130 140 150
SFWLLPPSFL LLLASSMVEA GAGTGWTVYP PLAGNLAHAG ASVDLTIFSL
160 170 180 190 200
HLAGVSSILG AINFITTIIN MKPPAMSQYQ TPLFVWSVLI TAVLLLLSLP
210 220 230 240 250
VLAAGITMLL TDRNLNTTFF DPAGGGDPIL YQHLFWFFGH PEVYILILPG
260 270 280 290 300
FGMISHIVTY YSGKKEPFGY MGMVWAMMSI GFLGFIVWAH HMFTVGMDVD
310 320 330 340 350
TRAYFTSATM IIAIPTGVKV FSWLATLHGG NIKWSPAMMW ALGFIFLFTV
360 370 380 390 400
GGLTGIVLAN SSLDIVLHDT YYVVAHFHYV LSMGAVFAIM GGFVHWFPLF
410 420 430 440 450
SGYTLNDTWA KIHFAIMFVG VNMTFFPQHF LGLSGMPRRY SDYPDAYTMW
460 470 480 490 500
NTISSMGSFI SLTAVMLMIF IIWEAFASKR EVLTVDLTTT NLEWLNGCPP
510
PYHTFEEPTY VNLK
Length:514
Mass (Da):57,042
Last modified:November 1, 1998 - v1
Checksum:i1619A9A1546CAC45
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF010406 Genomic DNA Translation: AAD10098.1
PIRiT11052
RefSeqiNP_008408.1, NC_001941.1

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSOART00000000016; ENSOARP00000000003; ENSOARG00000000016
GeneIDi808251
KEGGioas:808251

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiCOX1_SHEEP
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O78749
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 15, 1998
Last sequence update: November 1, 1998
Last modified: May 23, 2018
This is version 116 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

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