Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Protein

Transcription factor E2F2

Gene

E2f2

Organism
Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Transcriptional repressor that binds to E2f sites and represses E2f-regulated target genes. Binding to E2f sites requires transcription factor Dp. Acts synergistically with Rbf2 to antagonize E2f1-mediated transcriptional activation. Component of the DREAM complex, a multiprotein complex that can both act as a transcription activator or repressor depending on the context. The DREAM complex is required for recruiting E2f2 at differentiation-specific promoters and for stabilizing E2f2-Rbf complexes during S phase. During development, the complex represses transcription of developmentally controlled E2f target genes. During oogenesis, plays a role in restricting DNA synthesis to sites of chorion gene amplification in late stage ovarian follicle cells. Plays an inhibitory role in ionizing radiation (IR)-induced p53-independent apoptosis. May be involved in cell cycle exit by temporarily limiting CycE-dependent activation of E2f-regulated transcription.10 Publications

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
DNA bindingi72 – 13766Sequence analysisCuratedAdd
BLAST

GO - Molecular functioni

  • protein heterodimerization activity Source: UniProtKB
  • RNA polymerase II regulatory region DNA binding Source: FlyBase
  • transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding Source: InterPro
  • transcription factor binding Source: FlyBase

GO - Biological processi

  • DNA endoreduplication Source: FlyBase
  • endomitotic cell cycle Source: FlyBase
  • G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle Source: FlyBase
  • imaginal disc development Source: FlyBase
  • negative regulation of apoptotic process Source: UniProtKB
  • negative regulation of DNA replication Source: FlyBase
  • negative regulation of G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle Source: FlyBase
  • negative regulation of transcription, DNA-templated Source: UniProtKB
  • negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter Source: FlyBase
  • oocyte anterior/posterior axis specification Source: FlyBase
  • oocyte dorsal/ventral axis specification Source: FlyBase
  • oogenesis Source: FlyBase
  • transcription, DNA-templated Source: UniProtKB-KW
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Repressor

Keywords - Biological processi

Transcription, Transcription regulation

Keywords - Ligandi

DNA-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-DME-1538133. G0 and Early G1.
R-DME-2173796. SMAD2/SMAD3:SMAD4 heterotrimer regulates transcription.
SignaLinkiO77051.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Transcription factor E2F2
Short name:
dE2F21 Publication
Alternative name(s):
E2F transcription factor 2Imported
E2F-like transcription factor E2F2
Gene namesi
Name:E2f2
ORF Names:CG1071
OrganismiDrosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly)
Taxonomic identifieri7227 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaEcdysozoaArthropodaHexapodaInsectaPterygotaNeopteraEndopterygotaDipteraBrachyceraMuscomorphaEphydroideaDrosophilidaeDrosophilaSophophora
Proteomesi
  • UP000000803 Componenti: Chromosome 2L

Organism-specific databases

FlyBaseiFBgn0024371. E2f2.

Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

  • chromatin Source: FlyBase
  • Myb complex Source: FlyBase
  • Rb-E2F complex Source: FlyBase
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Nucleus

Pathology & Biotechi

Disruption phenotypei

Flies show reduced viability, with between 20 to 35% surviving until adult stages and both male and female flies showing significantly reduced fertility (PubMed:11511545). E2f1 and E2f2 double mutants die at the pupal stage during development compared with E2f1 mutants that die earlier at the larval stage, indicating that E2f1 and E2f2 functionally antagonize each other in vivo. According to PubMed:11748144, flies are viable, with males that are fully fertile and females that are partially sterile. p53 and E2f2 double mutants exhibit substantially more apoptosis at 20 and 24 hours after exposure to IR as compared to p53 single mutants, indicating that E2f2 limits IR-induced p53-independent apoptosis.4 Publications

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Chaini1 – 370370Transcription factor E2F2PRO_0000420434Add
BLAST

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiO77051.
PRIDEiO77051.

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Ubiquitously expressed in eye disk.1 Publication

Developmental stagei

Expressed throughout embryonic development, with highest levels detected in cycling cells including in mitotically active cells during germ-band extended stages, as well as proliferating cells of the CNS and endoreduplicating cells of tissues such as the midgut at later embryonic stages. Maternal mRNA detected in syncytial stage embryos and disappears by the cellular blastoderm stage. A single transcript of 1.4 kb is detected at the highest level in 4 to 8 hour embryos, and at a relatively high level in 0 to 2 hour embryos. Lower levels of the transcript are detected in unfertilized eggs, larvae, pupae and adult.2 Publications

Gene expression databases

BgeeiO77051.
ExpressionAtlasiO77051. differential.
GenevisibleiO77051. DM.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Forms a heterodimer with Dp. Interacts with Rbf/Rbf1 and Rbf2. Component of the DREAM complex, which is at least composed of Myb, Caf1, mip40, mip120, mip130, E2f2, Dp, Rbf, Rbf2, lin-52, Rpd3 and l3mbt.5 Publications

Binary interactionsi

WithEntry#Exp.IntActNotes
mip130Q9W5424EBI-93258,EBI-75943

GO - Molecular functioni

  • protein heterodimerization activity Source: UniProtKB
  • transcription factor binding Source: FlyBase

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi61336. 69 interactions.
DIPiDIP-18289N.
IntActiO77051. 43 interactions.
MINTiMINT-298755.
STRINGi7227.FBpp0081029.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliO77051.
SMRiO77051. Positions 73-137.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Regioni137 – 22690DimerizationSequence analysisCuratedAdd
BLAST

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the E2F/DP family.Sequence analysis

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2577. Eukaryota.
ENOG410XNYI. LUCA.
HOGENOMiHOG000004796.
InParanoidiO77051.
OMAiFQNYLSG.
OrthoDBiEOG72RMZK.
PhylomeDBiO77051.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.10.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR015633. E2F.
IPR003316. E2F_WHTH_DNA-bd_dom.
IPR011991. WHTH_DNA-bd_dom.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR12081. PTHR12081. 1 hit.
PfamiPF02319. E2F_TDP. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SMARTiSM01372. E2F_TDP. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF46785. SSF46785. 1 hit.

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

O77051-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MYKRKTASIV KRDSSAAGTT SSAMMMKVDS AETSVRSQSY ESTPVSMDTS
60 70 80 90 100
PDPPTPIKSP SNSQSQSQPG QQRSVGSLVL LTQKFVDLVK ANEGSIDLKA
110 120 130 140 150
ATKILDVQKR RIYDITNVLE GIGLIDKGRH CSLVRWRGGG FNNAKDQENY
160 170 180 190 200
DLARSRTNHL KMLEDDLDRQ LEYAQRNLRY VMQDPSNRSY AYVTRDDLLD
210 220 230 240 250
IFGDDSVFTI PNYDEEVDIK RNHYELAVSL DNGSAIDIRL VTNQGKSTTN
260 270 280 290 300
PHDVDGFFDY HRLDTPSPST SSHSSEDGNA PACAGNVITD EHGYSCNPGM
310 320 330 340 350
KDEMKLLENE LTAKIIFQNY LSGHSLRRFY PDDPNLENPP LLQLNPPQED
360 370
FNFALKSDEG ICELFDVQCS
Length:370
Mass (Da):41,395
Last modified:November 1, 1998 - v1
Checksum:i20BE683AED914842
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB016824 mRNA. Translation: BAA33742.1.
AA202711 mRNA. No translation available.
AE014134 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAF53965.1.
AY069118 mRNA. Translation: AAL39263.1.
PIRiJE0342.
RefSeqiNP_001286115.1. NM_001299186.1.
NP_477355.1. NM_058007.5.
UniGeneiDm.2078.

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblMetazoaiFBtr0081501; FBpp0081029; FBgn0024371.
FBtr0346451; FBpp0312101; FBgn0024371.
GeneIDi35381.
KEGGidme:Dmel_CG1071.
UCSCiCG1071-RA. d. melanogaster.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB016824 mRNA. Translation: BAA33742.1.
AA202711 mRNA. No translation available.
AE014134 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAF53965.1.
AY069118 mRNA. Translation: AAL39263.1.
PIRiJE0342.
RefSeqiNP_001286115.1. NM_001299186.1.
NP_477355.1. NM_058007.5.
UniGeneiDm.2078.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliO77051.
SMRiO77051. Positions 73-137.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi61336. 69 interactions.
DIPiDIP-18289N.
IntActiO77051. 43 interactions.
MINTiMINT-298755.
STRINGi7227.FBpp0081029.

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiO77051.
PRIDEiO77051.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblMetazoaiFBtr0081501; FBpp0081029; FBgn0024371.
FBtr0346451; FBpp0312101; FBgn0024371.
GeneIDi35381.
KEGGidme:Dmel_CG1071.
UCSCiCG1071-RA. d. melanogaster.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi1870.
FlyBaseiFBgn0024371. E2f2.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2577. Eukaryota.
ENOG410XNYI. LUCA.
HOGENOMiHOG000004796.
InParanoidiO77051.
OMAiFQNYLSG.
OrthoDBiEOG72RMZK.
PhylomeDBiO77051.

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-DME-1538133. G0 and Early G1.
R-DME-2173796. SMAD2/SMAD3:SMAD4 heterotrimer regulates transcription.
SignaLinkiO77051.

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRSiE2f2. fly.
GenomeRNAii35381.
NextBioi793246.
PROiO77051.

Gene expression databases

BgeeiO77051.
ExpressionAtlasiO77051. differential.
GenevisibleiO77051. DM.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.10.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR015633. E2F.
IPR003316. E2F_WHTH_DNA-bd_dom.
IPR011991. WHTH_DNA-bd_dom.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR12081. PTHR12081. 1 hit.
PfamiPF02319. E2F_TDP. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SMARTiSM01372. E2F_TDP. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF46785. SSF46785. 1 hit.
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

« Hide 'large scale' publications
  1. "dE2F2, a novel E2F-family transcription factor in Drosophila melanogaster."
    Sawado T., Yamaguchi M., Nishimoto Y., Ohno K., Sakaguchi K., Matsukage A.
    Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 251:409-415(1998) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA], FUNCTION, DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION.
  2. "BDGP/HHMI Drosophila EST Project."
    Harvey D., Hong L., Evans-Holm M., Pendleton J., Su C., Brokstein P., Lewis S., Rubin G.M.
    Submitted (JAN-1997) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
    Tissue: Embryo1 Publication.
  3. "The genome sequence of Drosophila melanogaster."
    Adams M.D., Celniker S.E., Holt R.A., Evans C.A., Gocayne J.D., Amanatides P.G., Scherer S.E., Li P.W., Hoskins R.A., Galle R.F., George R.A., Lewis S.E., Richards S., Ashburner M., Henderson S.N., Sutton G.G., Wortman J.R., Yandell M.D.
    , Zhang Q., Chen L.X., Brandon R.C., Rogers Y.-H.C., Blazej R.G., Champe M., Pfeiffer B.D., Wan K.H., Doyle C., Baxter E.G., Helt G., Nelson C.R., Miklos G.L.G., Abril J.F., Agbayani A., An H.-J., Andrews-Pfannkoch C., Baldwin D., Ballew R.M., Basu A., Baxendale J., Bayraktaroglu L., Beasley E.M., Beeson K.Y., Benos P.V., Berman B.P., Bhandari D., Bolshakov S., Borkova D., Botchan M.R., Bouck J., Brokstein P., Brottier P., Burtis K.C., Busam D.A., Butler H., Cadieu E., Center A., Chandra I., Cherry J.M., Cawley S., Dahlke C., Davenport L.B., Davies P., de Pablos B., Delcher A., Deng Z., Mays A.D., Dew I., Dietz S.M., Dodson K., Doup L.E., Downes M., Dugan-Rocha S., Dunkov B.C., Dunn P., Durbin K.J., Evangelista C.C., Ferraz C., Ferriera S., Fleischmann W., Fosler C., Gabrielian A.E., Garg N.S., Gelbart W.M., Glasser K., Glodek A., Gong F., Gorrell J.H., Gu Z., Guan P., Harris M., Harris N.L., Harvey D.A., Heiman T.J., Hernandez J.R., Houck J., Hostin D., Houston K.A., Howland T.J., Wei M.-H., Ibegwam C., Jalali M., Kalush F., Karpen G.H., Ke Z., Kennison J.A., Ketchum K.A., Kimmel B.E., Kodira C.D., Kraft C.L., Kravitz S., Kulp D., Lai Z., Lasko P., Lei Y., Levitsky A.A., Li J.H., Li Z., Liang Y., Lin X., Liu X., Mattei B., McIntosh T.C., McLeod M.P., McPherson D., Merkulov G., Milshina N.V., Mobarry C., Morris J., Moshrefi A., Mount S.M., Moy M., Murphy B., Murphy L., Muzny D.M., Nelson D.L., Nelson D.R., Nelson K.A., Nixon K., Nusskern D.R., Pacleb J.M., Palazzolo M., Pittman G.S., Pan S., Pollard J., Puri V., Reese M.G., Reinert K., Remington K., Saunders R.D.C., Scheeler F., Shen H., Shue B.C., Siden-Kiamos I., Simpson M., Skupski M.P., Smith T.J., Spier E., Spradling A.C., Stapleton M., Strong R., Sun E., Svirskas R., Tector C., Turner R., Venter E., Wang A.H., Wang X., Wang Z.-Y., Wassarman D.A., Weinstock G.M., Weissenbach J., Williams S.M., Woodage T., Worley K.C., Wu D., Yang S., Yao Q.A., Ye J., Yeh R.-F., Zaveri J.S., Zhan M., Zhang G., Zhao Q., Zheng L., Zheng X.H., Zhong F.N., Zhong W., Zhou X., Zhu S.C., Zhu X., Smith H.O., Gibbs R.A., Myers E.W., Rubin G.M., Venter J.C.
    Science 287:2185-2195(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
    Strain: Berkeley.
  4. Cited for: GENOME REANNOTATION.
    Strain: Berkeley.
  5. Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
    Strain: BerkeleyImported.
    Tissue: Head.
  6. "Drosophila E2f2 promotes the conversion from genomic DNA replication to gene amplification in ovarian follicle cells."
    Cayirlioglu P., Bonnette P.C., Dickson M.R., Duronio R.J.
    Development 128:5085-5098(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: FUNCTION, SUBUNIT, DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE, DISRUPTION PHENOTYPE.
  7. Cited for: FUNCTION, HETERODIMER WITH DP, INTERACTION WITH RBF, TISSUE SPECIFICITY, DISRUPTION PHENOTYPE.
  8. "Distinct mechanisms of E2F regulation by Drosophila RBF1 and RBF2."
    Stevaux O., Dimova D., Frolov M.V., Taylor-Harding B., Morris E., Dyson N.
    EMBO J. 21:4927-4937(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: FUNCTION, INTERACTION WITH RBF AND RBF2.
  9. "Transcriptional repressor functions of Drosophila E2F1 and E2F2 cooperate to inhibit genomic DNA synthesis in ovarian follicle cells."
    Cayirlioglu P., Ward W.O., Silver Key S.C., Duronio R.J.
    Mol. Cell. Biol. 23:2123-2134(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: FUNCTION, DISRUPTION PHENOTYPE.
  10. "Native E2F/RBF complexes contain Myb-interacting proteins and repress transcription of developmentally controlled E2F target genes."
    Korenjak M., Taylor-Harding B., Binne U.K., Satterlee J.S., Stevaux O., Aasland R., White-Cooper H., Dyson N., Brehm A.
    Cell 119:181-193(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: FUNCTION, IDENTIFICATION IN THE DREAM COMPLEX.
  11. "Identification of a Drosophila Myb-E2F2/RBF transcriptional repressor complex."
    Lewis P.W., Beall E.L., Fleischer T.C., Georlette D., Link A.J., Botchan M.R.
    Genes Dev. 18:2929-2940(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: IDENTIFICATION IN THE DREAM COMPLEX.
  12. "p55, the Drosophila ortholog of RbAp46/RbAp48, is required for the repression of dE2F2/RBF-regulated genes."
    Taylor-Harding B., Binne U.K., Korenjak M., Brehm A., Dyson N.J.
    Mol. Cell. Biol. 24:9124-9136(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: FUNCTION.
  13. "E2F1 and E2F2 have opposite effects on radiation-induced p53-independent apoptosis in Drosophila."
    Wichmann A., Uyetake L., Su T.T.
    Dev. Biol. 346:80-89(2010) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: FUNCTION, DISRUPTION PHENOTYPE.
  14. "A robust cell cycle control mechanism limits E2F-induced proliferation of terminally differentiated cells in vivo."
    Buttitta L.A., Katzaroff A.J., Edgar B.A.
    J. Cell Biol. 189:981-996(2010) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: FUNCTION.
  15. "A dual role for the dREAM/MMB complex in the regulation of differentiation-specific E2F/RB target genes."
    Lee H., Ragusano L., Martinez A., Gill J., Dimova D.K.
    Mol. Cell. Biol. 32:2110-2120(2012) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: FUNCTION.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiE2F2_DROME
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O77051
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 28, 2012
Last sequence update: November 1, 1998
Last modified: May 11, 2016
This is version 147 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programDrosophila annotation project

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Drosophila
    Drosophila: entries, gene names and cross-references to FlyBase
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.