O55099 (AURKB_RAT) Reviewed, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
Last modified July 9, 2014. Version 132. History...
Names and origin
|Protein names||Recommended name:|
Aurora kinase B
Aurora- and IPL1-like midbody-associated protein 1
Aurora/IPL1-related kinase 2
Short name=Aurora-related kinase 2
Serine/threonine-protein kinase 12
Serine/threonine-protein kinase 5
Serine/threonine-protein kinase aurora-B
|Organism||Rattus norvegicus (Rat) [Reference proteome]|
|Taxonomic identifier||10116 [NCBI]|
|Taxonomic lineage||Eukaryota › Metazoa › Chordata › Craniata › Vertebrata › Euteleostomi › Mammalia › Eutheria › Euarchontoglires › Glires › Rodentia › Sciurognathi › Muroidea › Muridae › Murinae › Rattus|
|Sequence length||343 AA.|
|Protein existence||Evidence at protein level|
General annotation (Comments)
Serine/threonine-protein kinase component of the chromosomal passenger complex (CPC), a complex that acts as a key regulator of mitosis. The CPC complex has essential functions at the centromere in ensuring correct chromosome alignment and segregation and is required for chromatin-induced microtubule stabilization and spindle assembly. Involved in the bipolar attachment of spindle microtubules to kinetochores and is a key regulator for the onset of cytokinesis during mitosis. Required for central/midzone spindle assembly and cleavage furrow formation. Key component of the cytokinesis checkpoint, a process required to delay abscission to prevent both premature resolution of intercellular chromosome bridges and accumulation of DNA damage: phosphorylates CHMP4C, leading to retain abscission-competent VPS4 (VPS4A and/or VPS4B) at the midbody ring until abscission checkpoint signaling is terminated at late cytokinesis. AURKB phosphorylates the CPC complex subunits BIRC5/survivin, CDCA8/borealin and INCENP. Phosphorylation of INCENP leads to increased AURKB activity. Other known AURKB substrates involved in centromeric functions and mitosis are CENPA, DES/desmin, GPAF, KIF2C, NSUN2, RACGAP1, SEPT1, VIM/vimentin, GSG2/Haspin and histone H3. A positive feedback loop involving GSG2 and AURKB contributes to localization of CPC to centromeres. Phosphorylation of VIM controls vimentin filament segregation in cytokinetic process, whereas histone H3 is phosphorylated at 'Ser-10' and 'Ser-28' during mitosis (H3S10ph and H3S28ph, respectively). AURKB is also required for kinetochore localization of BUB1 and SGOL1. Phosphorylation of p53/TP53 negatively regulates its transcriptional activity. Key regulator of active promoters in resting B- and T-lymphocytes: acts by mediating phosphorylation of H3S28ph at active promoters in resting B-cells, inhibiting RNF2/RING1B-mediated ubiquitination of histone H2A and enhancing binding and activity of the USP16 deubiquitinase at transcribed genes By similarity. Ref.1
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein.
Activity is greatly increased when AURKB is within the CPC complex. In particular, AURKB-phosphorylated INCENP acts as an activator of AURKB By similarity.
Component of the chromosomal passenger complex (CPC) composed of at least BIRC5/survivin, CDCA8/borealin, INCENP, AURKB and AURKC By similarity. Associates with RACGAP1 during M phase. Interacts with CDCA1, EVI5, JTB, NDC80, PSMA3, SEPT1 and TACC1 By similarity. Interacts with SPDYC; this interaction may be required for proper localization of active, Thr-235-phosphorylated AURKB form during prometaphase and metaphase By similarity. Interacts with TTC28. Interacts with RNF2/RING1B By similarity.
Nucleus By similarity. Chromosome By similarity. Chromosome › centromere By similarity. Cytoplasm › cytoskeleton › spindle By similarity. Note: Localizes on chromosome arms and inner centromeres from prophase through metaphase and then transferring to the spindle midzone and midbody from anaphase through cytokinesis. Colocalized with gamma tubulin in the mid-body By similarity. Proper localization of the active, Thr-235-phosphorylated form during metaphase may be dependent upon interaction with SPDYC. Interacts with p53/TP53. Interacts (via the middle kinase domain) with NOC2L (via the N- and C-terminus domains) By similarity.
High level expression seen in the testis. It is also expressed in the spleen, lung and heart. Expressed in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle. Ref.1
The phosphorylation of Thr-235 requires the binding to INCENP and occurs by means of an autophosphorylation mechanism. Thr-235 phosphorylation is indispensable for the AURKB kinase activity By similarity.
Ubiquitinated by different BCR (BTB-CUL3-RBX1) E3 ubiquitin ligase complexes. Ubiquitinated by the BCR(KLHL9-KLHL13) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, ubiquitination leads to removal from mitotic chromosomes and is required for cytokinesis. During anaphase, the BCR(KLHL21) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex recruits the CPC complex from chromosomes to the spindle midzone and mediates the ubiquitination of AURKB. Ubiquitination of AURKB by BCR(KLHL21) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex may not lead to its degradation by the proteasome By similarity.
Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
Sequence annotation (Features)
|Feature key||Position(s)||Length||Description||Graphical view||Feature identifier|
|Chain||1 – 343||343||Aurora kinase B||PRO_0000085659|
|Domain||80 – 330||251||Protein kinase|
|Nucleotide binding||86 – 94||9||ATP By similarity|
|Active site||203||1||Proton acceptor By similarity|
Amino acid modifications
|Modified residue||235||1||Phosphothreonine; by autocatalysis By similarity|
|Mutagenesis||109||1||K → R: Loss of kinase activity, disruption of cleavage furrow formation, failure of cytokinesis leading to cell polyploidy death. Ref.1|
|||"AIM-1: a mammalian midbody-associated protein required for cytokinesis."|
Terada Y., Tatsuka M., Suzuki F., Yasuda Y., Fujita S., Otsu M.
EMBO J. 17:667-676(1998) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA], FUNCTION, TISSUE SPECIFICITY, MUTAGENESIS OF LYS-109.
|||"The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC)."|
The MGC Project Team
Genome Res. 14:2121-2127(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
|+||Additional computationally mapped references.|
|D89731 mRNA. Translation: BAA23794.1.|
BC097297 mRNA. Translation: AAH97297.1.
|RefSeq||NP_446201.1. NM_053749.1. |
3D structure databases
|SMR||O55099. Positions 75-340. |
Protein-protein interaction databases
Protocols and materials databases
Genome annotation databases
|Ensembl||ENSRNOT00000008492; ENSRNOP00000008492; ENSRNOG00000005659. |
|UCSC||RGD:621625. rat. |
|RGD||621625. Aurkb. |
Gene expression databases
Family and domain databases
|InterPro||IPR028772. AURKB. |
|PANTHER||PTHR24350:SF4. PTHR24350:SF4. 1 hit. |
|Pfam||PF00069. Pkinase. 1 hit. |
|SMART||SM00220. S_TKc. 1 hit. |
|SUPFAM||SSF56112. SSF56112. 1 hit. |
|PROSITE||PS00107. PROTEIN_KINASE_ATP. 1 hit. |
PS50011. PROTEIN_KINASE_DOM. 1 hit.
PS00108. PROTEIN_KINASE_ST. 1 hit.
|Accession||Primary (citable) accession number: O55099|
Secondary accession number(s): Q4V8N1
|Entry status||Reviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)|
|Annotation program||Chordata Protein Annotation Program|
Index of protein domains and families