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O54754

- AOXA_MOUSE

UniProt

O54754 - AOXA_MOUSE

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Protein
Aldehyde oxidase 1
Gene
Aox1, Ao, Ro
Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse)
Status
Reviewed - Annotation score: 5 out of 5 - Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Oxidase with broad substrate specificity, oxidizing aromatic azaheterocycles, such as N1-methylnicotinamide and N-methylphthalazinium, as well as aldehydes, such as benzaldehyde, retinal, pyridoxal, and vanillin. Plays a role in the metabolism of xenobiotics and drugs containing aromatic azaheterocyclic substituents. Participates in the bioactivation of prodrugs such as famciclovir, catalyzing the oxidation step from 6-deoxypenciclovir to penciclovir, which is a potent antiviral agent. Also plays a role in the reductive metabolism of the xenobiotic imidacloprid (IMI) via its nitroreduction to nitrosoguanidine (IMI-NNO) and aminoguanidine (IMI-NNH2). Is probably involved in the regulation of reactive oxygen species homeostasis. May be a prominent source of superoxide generation via the one-electron reduction of molecular oxygen. Also may catalyze nitric oxide (NO) production via the reduction of nitrite to NO with NADH or aldehyde as electron donor. May play a role in adipogenesis. Cannot use xanthine and hypoxanthine as substrate.4 Publications

Catalytic activityi

An aldehyde + H2O + O2 = a carboxylate + H2O2.2 Publications
Retinal + O2 + H2O = retinoate + H2O2.2 Publications

Cofactori

Binds 2 2Fe-2S clusters per subunit (1 Publication).
Binds 1 FAD per subunit (1 Publication).
Binds 1 molybdenum-molybdopterin (Mo-MPT) cofactor per subunit (1 Publication).

Kineticsi

kcat is 317.6 min(-1) for benzaldehyde oxidation, 128.1 min(-1) for phthalazine oxidation, 49.5 min(-1) for retinal oxidation, and 519.9 min(-1) for acetaldehyde oxidation (at 30 degrees Celsius and pH 7.5) (1 Publication

). In 1 Publication, the measures are done with the recombinant protein, which is only 20% active, due to an incomplete saturation of the molybdenum cofactor with the sulfido ligand.

  1. KM=3.8 µM for retinal (at 37 degrees Celsius and pH 7.8) (1 Publication)2 Publications
  2. KM=97.7 µM for benzaldehyde (at 30 degrees Celsius and pH 7.5) (1 Publication)
  3. KM=11.4 µM for phthalazine (at 30 degrees Celsius and pH 7.5) (1 Publication)
  4. KM=55.8 µM for retinal (at 30 degrees Celsius and pH 7.5) (1 Publication)
  5. KM=17.5 mM for acetaldehyde (at 30 degrees Celsius and pH 7.5) (1 Publication)

Vmax=807 nmol/min/mg enzyme with retinal as substrate (at 37 degrees Celsius and pH 7.8) (1 Publication

)

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Metal bindingi43 – 431Iron-sulfur 1 (2Fe-2S) By similarity
Metal bindingi48 – 481Iron-sulfur 1 (2Fe-2S) By similarity
Metal bindingi51 – 511Iron-sulfur 1 (2Fe-2S) By similarity
Metal bindingi73 – 731Iron-sulfur 1 (2Fe-2S) By similarity
Binding sitei112 – 1121Molybdopterin By similarity
Metal bindingi113 – 1131Iron-sulfur 2 (2Fe-2S) By similarity
Metal bindingi116 – 1161Iron-sulfur 2 (2Fe-2S) By similarity
Metal bindingi148 – 1481Iron-sulfur 2 (2Fe-2S) By similarity
Metal bindingi150 – 1501Iron-sulfur 2 (2Fe-2S) By similarity
Binding sitei353 – 3531FAD By similarity
Binding sitei357 – 3571FAD By similarity
Binding sitei366 – 3661FAD By similarity
Binding sitei410 – 4101FAD; via amide nitrogen By similarity
Binding sitei801 – 8011Molybdopterin; via amide nitrogen By similarity
Binding sitei1042 – 10421Molybdopterin; via amide nitrogen By similarity
Binding sitei1198 – 11981Molybdopterin By similarity
Active sitei1265 – 12651Proton acceptor; for azaheterocycle hydroxylase activity Inferred

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Nucleotide bindingi263 – 2708FAD By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

  1. 2 iron, 2 sulfur cluster binding Source: UniProtKB-KW
  2. NAD binding Source: InterPro
  3. UDP-N-acetylmuramate dehydrogenase activity Source: InterPro
  4. aldehyde oxidase activity Source: MGI
  5. electron carrier activity Source: MGI
  6. flavin adenine dinucleotide binding Source: InterPro
  7. iron ion binding Source: InterPro
  8. molybdopterin cofactor binding Source: InterPro
Complete GO annotation...

GO - Biological processi

    Complete GO annotation...

    Keywords - Molecular functioni

    Oxidoreductase

    Keywords - Ligandi

    2Fe-2S, FAD, Flavoprotein, Iron, Iron-sulfur, Metal-binding, Molybdenum

    Names & Taxonomyi

    Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    Aldehyde oxidase 1 (EC:1.2.3.1)
    Alternative name(s):
    Azaheterocycle hydroxylase 1 (EC:1.17.3.-)
    Retinal oxidase
    Gene namesi
    Name:Aox1
    Synonyms:Ao, Ro
    OrganismiMus musculus (Mouse)
    Taxonomic identifieri10090 [NCBI]
    Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaSciurognathiMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeMusMus
    ProteomesiUP000000589: Unplaced

    Organism-specific databases

    MGIiMGI:88035. Aox1.

    Subcellular locationi

    Cytoplasm 1 Publication

    GO - Cellular componenti

    1. cytoplasm Source: UniProtKB-SubCell
    Complete GO annotation...

    Keywords - Cellular componenti

    Cytoplasm

    Pathology & Biotechi

    Mutagenesis

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Mutagenesisi806 – 8061V → E: Decreases substrate affinity and activity on benzaldehyde, phthalazine and acetaldehyde, while increases affinity for more hydrophobic aldehydes like retinal. Abolishes catalytic activity; when associated with R-884. 1 Publication
    Mutagenesisi884 – 8841M → R: Abolishes catalytic activity on phthalazine and acetaldehyde. Decreases catalytic efficiency on benzaldehyde and retinal. Abolishes catalytic activity; when associated with E-806. 1 Publication
    Mutagenesisi1265 – 12651E → Q: Abolishes catalytic activity. 1 Publication

    PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Chaini1 – 13331333Aldehyde oxidase 1
    PRO_0000166106Add
    BLAST

    Proteomic databases

    MaxQBiO54754.
    PaxDbiO54754.
    PRIDEiO54754.

    PTM databases

    PhosphoSiteiO54754.

    Expressioni

    Tissue specificityi

    Highest expression in esophagus. Moderately low expression in lung, liver, heart, Harderian gland, olfactory mucosa, skin and testis. In brain, expression is very high in choroid plexus, high in hind brain and low in hippocampus and cerebellum. In spinal cord expression is strongest in anterior horns. Low expression detected in spleen and eye. AOX1 expression in the livers of mice is approximately seven times greater in males than females.4 Publications

    Developmental stagei

    Expressed in adult liver but not in neonatal or embryonic liver. Not detected in preadipocytes but strongly induced in mature adipocytes.2 Publications

    Inductioni

    Repressed by pioglitazone, fenofibrate and PPARA agonists. Induced by testosterone.2 Publications

    Gene expression databases

    CleanExiMM_AOX1.
    GenevestigatoriO54754.

    Interactioni

    Subunit structurei

    Homodimer.

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    IntActiO54754. 2 interactions.
    MINTiMINT-1869370.

    Structurei

    3D structure databases

    ProteinModelPortaliO54754.
    SMRiO54754. Positions 5-165, 200-533, 577-1315.

    Family & Domainsi

    Domains and Repeats

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Domaini4 – 91882Fe-2S ferredoxin-type
    Add
    BLAST
    Domaini235 – 420186FAD-binding PCMH-type
    Add
    BLAST

    Sequence similaritiesi

    Phylogenomic databases

    eggNOGiCOG4630.
    HOGENOMiHOG000191197.
    HOVERGENiHBG004182.
    InParanoidiO54754.
    KOiK00157.
    PhylomeDBiO54754.

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3Di1.10.150.120. 1 hit.
    3.10.20.30. 1 hit.
    3.30.365.10. 6 hits.
    3.30.43.10. 1 hit.
    3.30.465.10. 1 hit.
    3.90.1170.50. 1 hit.
    InterProiIPR002888. 2Fe-2S-bd.
    IPR001041. 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-type.
    IPR006058. 2Fe2S_fd_BS.
    IPR000674. Ald_Oxase/Xan_DH_a/b.
    IPR016208. Ald_Oxase/xanthine_DH.
    IPR014313. Aldehyde_oxidase.
    IPR008274. AldOxase/xan_DH_Mopterin-bd.
    IPR012675. Beta-grasp_dom.
    IPR005107. CO_DH_flav_C.
    IPR016169. CO_DH_flavot_FAD-bd_sub2.
    IPR016166. FAD-bd_2.
    IPR016167. FAD-bd_2_sub1.
    IPR002346. Mopterin_DH_FAD-bd.
    IPR022407. OxRdtase_Mopterin_BS.
    [Graphical view]
    PfamiPF01315. Ald_Xan_dh_C. 1 hit.
    PF02738. Ald_Xan_dh_C2. 1 hit.
    PF03450. CO_deh_flav_C. 1 hit.
    PF00941. FAD_binding_5. 1 hit.
    PF00111. Fer2. 1 hit.
    PF01799. Fer2_2. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view]
    PIRSFiPIRSF000127. Xanthine_DH. 1 hit.
    SMARTiSM01008. Ald_Xan_dh_C. 1 hit.
    SM01092. CO_deh_flav_C. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view]
    SUPFAMiSSF47741. SSF47741. 1 hit.
    SSF54292. SSF54292. 1 hit.
    SSF54665. SSF54665. 1 hit.
    SSF55447. SSF55447. 1 hit.
    SSF56003. SSF56003. 1 hit.
    SSF56176. SSF56176. 1 hit.
    TIGRFAMsiTIGR02969. mam_aldehyde_ox. 1 hit.
    PROSITEiPS00197. 2FE2S_FER_1. 1 hit.
    PS51085. 2FE2S_FER_2. 1 hit.
    PS51387. FAD_PCMH. 1 hit.
    PS00559. MOLYBDOPTERIN_EUK. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view]

    Sequencei

    Sequence statusi: Complete.

    O54754-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to Basket

    « Hide

    MDPIQLLFYV NGQKVVEKNV DPEMMLLPYL RKNLRLTGTK YGCGGGGCGA     50
    CTVMISRYNP STKAIRHHPV NACLTPICSL HGTAVTTVEG LGNTRTRLHP 100
    IQERIAKCHG TQCGFCTPGM VMSMYALLRN HPEPTLDQLT DALGGNLCRC 150
    TGYRPIIDAC KTFCKASACC QSKENGVCCL DQEINGLAES QEEDKTSPEL 200
    FSEEEFLPLD PTQELIFPPE LMRIAEKQPP KTRVFYGERV TWISPVTLKE 250
    LVEAKFKYPQ APIVMGYTSV GPEVKFKGVF HPIIISPDRI EELGVISQAR 300
    DGLTLGAGLS LDQVKDILAD IVQKLPEEKT QTYRALLKHL RTLAGSQIRN 350
    MASLGGHIVS RHLDSDLNPL LAVGNCTLNL LSKDGERRIP LSEEFLRKCP 400
    EADLKPQEVL VSVNIPWSRK WEFVSAFRQA QRQQNALAIV NSGMRVLFRE 450
    GGGVIEELSI LYGGVGSTII SAKNSCQRLI GRPWNEGMLD TRCRLVLDEV 500
    TLAASAPGGK VEFKRTLIIS FLFKFYLEVS QGLKREDPGH SPSLAGNHES 550
    ALDDLHSKHP WRTLTHQNVD PAQLPQDPIG RPIMHLSGIK HATGEAIYCD 600
    DMPAVDRELF LTFVTSSRAH AKIVSIDLSE ALSLPGVVDI ITADHLQEAN 650
    TFGTETFLAT DEVHCVGHLV CAVIADSETR AKQAAKQVKV VYQDLAPLIL 700
    TIEEAIQHKS FFKSERKLEC GNVDEAFKIV DQILEGEIHI GGQEHFYMET 750
    QSMLVVPKGE DGEIDIYVST QFPKYIQDIV AATLKLSANK VMCHVRRVGG 800
    AFGGKVGKTS ILAAITAFAA SKHGRAVRCI LERGEDMLIT GGRHPYLGKY 850
    KAGFMNEGRI LALDVEHYCN GGCSLDESLW VIEMGLLKLD NAYKFPNLRC 900
    RGWACRTNLP SNTALRGFGF PQAGLVTEAC ITEVAIKCGL SPEQVRTINM 950
    YKHVDTTHYK QEFSAKALSE CWRECMAKCS YFERKAAIGK FNAENSWKKR 1000
    GMAVIPLKFP VGIGSVAMGQ AAALVHIYLD GSALVSHGGI EMGQGVHTKM 1050
    IQVVSRELRM PMSSVHLRGT STETVPNTNA SGGSVVADLN GLAVKDACQT 1100
    LLKRLEPIIS KNPQGTWKDW AQTAFDQSIS LSAVGYFRGY ESNIDWEKGE 1150
    GHPFEYFVFG AACSEVEINC LTGDHKNIRT NIVMDVGHSI NPALDIGQVE 1200
    GAFIQGMGLY TIEELSYSPQ GTLYSRGPNQ YKIPAICDIP TEMHISFLPP 1250
    SEHSNTLYSS KGLGESGVFL GCSVFFAIHD AVKAARQERG ISGPWKLNSP 1300
    LTPEKIRMAC EDKFTKMIPR DEPGSYVPCN IPV 1333
    Length:1,333
    Mass (Da):146,678
    Last modified:May 1, 1999 - v2
    Checksum:i320CF0A3742F6AC5
    GO

    Natural variant

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Natural varianti109 – 1091H → Q in strain: 129/Sv.
    Natural varianti168 – 1681A → G in strain: C57BL/6 X CBA and 129/Sv.
    Natural varianti449 – 4491R → T in strain: C57BL/6 X CBA.
    Natural varianti492 – 4921R → A in strain: C57BL/6 X CBA, requires 2 nucleotide substitutions.
    Natural varianti686 – 6872KQ → NE in strain: 129/Sv.
    Natural varianti857 – 8571E → D in strain: 129/Sv.
    Natural varianti983 – 9831E → D in strain: C57BL/6 X CBA.
    Natural varianti1169 – 11691N → D in strain: C57BL/6 X CBA and 129/Sv.
    Natural varianti1329 – 13291C → W in strain: C57BL/6 X CBA and 129/Sv.

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBL
    GenBank
    DDBJ
    Links Updated
    AF076216 mRNA. Translation: AAC99382.1.
    AB017482 mRNA. Translation: BAA36834.1.
    AF121945
    , AF121911, AF121912, AF121913, AF121914, AF121915, AF121916, AF121917, AF121918, AF121919, AF121920, AF121921, AF121922, AF121923, AF121924, AF121925, AF121926, AF121927, AF121928, AF121929, AF121930, AF121931, AF121932, AF121933, AF121934, AF121935, AF121936, AF121937, AF121938, AF121939, AF121940, AF121941, AF121942, AF121943, AF121944 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAD31763.1.
    CCDSiCCDS35575.1.
    RefSeqiNP_033806.2. NM_009676.2.
    UniGeneiMm.26787.

    Genome annotation databases

    GeneIDi11761.
    KEGGimmu:11761.

    Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

    Polymorphism

    Cross-referencesi

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBL
    GenBank
    DDBJ
    Links Updated
    AF076216 mRNA. Translation: AAC99382.1 .
    AB017482 mRNA. Translation: BAA36834.1 .
    AF121945
    , AF121911 , AF121912 , AF121913 , AF121914 , AF121915 , AF121916 , AF121917 , AF121918 , AF121919 , AF121920 , AF121921 , AF121922 , AF121923 , AF121924 , AF121925 , AF121926 , AF121927 , AF121928 , AF121929 , AF121930 , AF121931 , AF121932 , AF121933 , AF121934 , AF121935 , AF121936 , AF121937 , AF121938 , AF121939 , AF121940 , AF121941 , AF121942 , AF121943 , AF121944 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAD31763.1 .
    CCDSi CCDS35575.1.
    RefSeqi NP_033806.2. NM_009676.2.
    UniGenei Mm.26787.

    3D structure databases

    ProteinModelPortali O54754.
    SMRi O54754. Positions 5-165, 200-533, 577-1315.
    ModBasei Search...

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    IntActi O54754. 2 interactions.
    MINTi MINT-1869370.

    Chemistry

    BindingDBi O54754.
    ChEMBLi CHEMBL1641354.

    PTM databases

    PhosphoSitei O54754.

    Proteomic databases

    MaxQBi O54754.
    PaxDbi O54754.
    PRIDEi O54754.

    Protocols and materials databases

    Structural Biology Knowledgebase Search...

    Genome annotation databases

    GeneIDi 11761.
    KEGGi mmu:11761.

    Organism-specific databases

    CTDi 316.
    MGIi MGI:88035. Aox1.

    Phylogenomic databases

    eggNOGi COG4630.
    HOGENOMi HOG000191197.
    HOVERGENi HBG004182.
    InParanoidi O54754.
    KOi K00157.
    PhylomeDBi O54754.

    Miscellaneous databases

    NextBioi 279515.
    PROi O54754.
    SOURCEi Search...

    Gene expression databases

    CleanExi MM_AOX1.
    Genevestigatori O54754.

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3Di 1.10.150.120. 1 hit.
    3.10.20.30. 1 hit.
    3.30.365.10. 6 hits.
    3.30.43.10. 1 hit.
    3.30.465.10. 1 hit.
    3.90.1170.50. 1 hit.
    InterProi IPR002888. 2Fe-2S-bd.
    IPR001041. 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-type.
    IPR006058. 2Fe2S_fd_BS.
    IPR000674. Ald_Oxase/Xan_DH_a/b.
    IPR016208. Ald_Oxase/xanthine_DH.
    IPR014313. Aldehyde_oxidase.
    IPR008274. AldOxase/xan_DH_Mopterin-bd.
    IPR012675. Beta-grasp_dom.
    IPR005107. CO_DH_flav_C.
    IPR016169. CO_DH_flavot_FAD-bd_sub2.
    IPR016166. FAD-bd_2.
    IPR016167. FAD-bd_2_sub1.
    IPR002346. Mopterin_DH_FAD-bd.
    IPR022407. OxRdtase_Mopterin_BS.
    [Graphical view ]
    Pfami PF01315. Ald_Xan_dh_C. 1 hit.
    PF02738. Ald_Xan_dh_C2. 1 hit.
    PF03450. CO_deh_flav_C. 1 hit.
    PF00941. FAD_binding_5. 1 hit.
    PF00111. Fer2. 1 hit.
    PF01799. Fer2_2. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view ]
    PIRSFi PIRSF000127. Xanthine_DH. 1 hit.
    SMARTi SM01008. Ald_Xan_dh_C. 1 hit.
    SM01092. CO_deh_flav_C. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view ]
    SUPFAMi SSF47741. SSF47741. 1 hit.
    SSF54292. SSF54292. 1 hit.
    SSF54665. SSF54665. 1 hit.
    SSF55447. SSF55447. 1 hit.
    SSF56003. SSF56003. 1 hit.
    SSF56176. SSF56176. 1 hit.
    TIGRFAMsi TIGR02969. mam_aldehyde_ox. 1 hit.
    PROSITEi PS00197. 2FE2S_FER_1. 1 hit.
    PS51085. 2FE2S_FER_2. 1 hit.
    PS51387. FAD_PCMH. 1 hit.
    PS00559. MOLYBDOPTERIN_EUK. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view ]
    ProtoNeti Search...

    Publicationsi

    1. "Molecular cloning of the cDNA coding for mouse aldehyde oxidase: tissue distribution and regulation in vivo by testosterone."
      Kurosaki M., Demontis S., Barzago M.M., Garattini E., Terao M.
      Biochem. J. 341:71-80(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA], SUBCELLULAR LOCATION, INDUCTION, TISSUE SPECIFICITY.
      Strain: CD-1.
      Tissue: Liver.
    2. "Molecular cloning of retinal oxidase/aldehyde oxidase cDNAs from rabbit and mouse livers and functional expression of recombinant mouse retinal oxidase cDNA in Escherichia coli."
      Huang D.-Y., Furukawa A., Ichikawa Y.
      Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 364:264-272(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA], FUNCTION AS RETINAL OXIDASE, CATALYTIC ACTIVITY, BIOPHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES, HOMODIMER.
      Strain: C57BL/6 X CBA.
      Tissue: Liver.
    3. "The mouse aldehyde oxidase gene: molecular cloning, chromosomal mapping and functional characterization of the 5'-flanking region."
      Demontis S., Kurosaki M., Saccone S., Salvatore M., Garattini E., Terao M.
      Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1489:207-222(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA], DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE.
      Strain: 129/Sv.
      Tissue: Thymus.
    4. "Selective localization of mouse aldehyde oxidase mRNA in the choroid plexus and motor neurons."
      Bendotti C., Prosperini E., Kurosaki M., Garattini E., Terao M.
      NeuroReport 8:2343-2349(1997) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] OF 561-746, TISSUE SPECIFICITY.
      Strain: C57BL/6J.
      Tissue: Liver.
    5. "Small-interference RNA-mediated knock-down of aldehyde oxidase 1 in 3T3-L1 cells impairs adipogenesis and adiponectin release."
      Weigert J., Neumeier M., Bauer S., Mages W., Schnitzbauer A.A., Obed A., Groeschl B., Hartmann A., Schaeffler A., Aslanidis C., Schoelmerich J., Buechler C.
      FEBS Lett. 582:2965-2972(2008) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: FUNCTION IN ADIPOGENESIS, DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE, INDUCTION.
    6. "Site directed mutagenesis of amino acid residues at the active site of mouse aldehyde oxidase AOX1."
      Schumann S., Terao M., Garattini E., Saggu M., Lendzian F., Hildebrandt P., Leimkuhler S.
      PLoS ONE 4:E5348-E5348(2009) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: FUNCTION AS OXIDASE, CATALYTIC ACTIVITY, SUBSTRATE SPECIFICITY, HOMODIMER, KINETIC PARAMETERS, REACTION MECHANISM, ACTIVE SITE, MUTAGENESIS OF VAL-806; MET-884 AND GLU-1265.
    7. "Structure and evolution of vertebrate aldehyde oxidases: from gene duplication to gene suppression."
      Kurosaki M., Bolis M., Fratelli M., Barzago M.M., Pattini L., Perretta G., Terao M., Garattini E.
      Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 70:1807-1830(2013) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: TISSUE SPECIFICITY, IDENTIFICATION OF PARALOGS.
    8. "Aldehyde oxidase importance in vivo in xenobiotic metabolism: imidacloprid nitroreduction in mice."
      Swenson T.L., Casida J.E.
      Toxicol. Sci. 133:22-28(2013) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: FUNCTION IN XENOBIOTIC METABOLISM, TISSUE SPECIFICITY.

    Entry informationi

    Entry nameiAOXA_MOUSE
    AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O54754
    Secondary accession number(s): Q9WU85, Q9Z2Z5
    Entry historyi
    Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 15, 2002
    Last sequence update: May 1, 1999
    Last modified: July 9, 2014
    This is version 127 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. [Complete history]
    Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

    Miscellaneousi

    Miscellaneous

    AOX genes evolved from a xanthine oxidoreductase ancestral precursor via a series of gene duplication and suppression/deletion events. Different animal species contain a different complement of AOX genes encoding an equivalent number of AOX isoenzymes. In mammals, the two extremes are represented by certain rodents such as mice and rats, which are endowed with 4 AOX genes, and by humans, whose genome is characterized by a single active gene (1 Publication).

    Keywords - Technical termi

    Complete proteome, Reference proteome

    Documents

    1. MGD cross-references
      Mouse Genome Database (MGD) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    2. SIMILARITY comments
      Index of protein domains and families

    External Data

    Dasty 3

    Similar proteinsi