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Protein

Vascular endothelial growth factor C

Gene

Vegfc

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Growth factor active in angiogenesis, and endothelial cell growth, stimulating their proliferation and migration and also has effects on the permeability of blood vessels. May function in angiogenesis of the venous and lymphatic vascular systems during embryogenesis, and also in the maintenance of differentiated lymphatic endothelium in adults. Binds and activates VEGFR-2 (KDR/FLK1) and VEGFR-3 (FLT4) receptors.

GO - Molecular functioni

  • chemoattractant activity Source: Ensembl
  • growth factor activity Source: RGD
  • vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 binding Source: RGD

GO - Biological processi

  • angiogenesis Source: RGD
  • induction of positive chemotaxis Source: Ensembl
  • morphogenesis of embryonic epithelium Source: Ensembl
  • negative regulation of blood pressure Source: RGD
  • negative regulation of cell proliferation Source: Ensembl
  • organ morphogenesis Source: Ensembl
  • positive regulation of angiogenesis Source: Ensembl
  • positive regulation of blood vessel endothelial cell migration Source: RGD
  • positive regulation of cell division Source: UniProtKB-KW
  • positive regulation of cell-matrix adhesion Source: Ensembl
  • positive regulation of cell proliferation Source: MGI
  • positive regulation of epithelial cell proliferation Source: RGD
  • positive regulation of lymphangiogenesis Source: Ensembl
  • positive regulation of mast cell chemotaxis Source: Ensembl
  • positive regulation of neuroblast proliferation Source: MGI
  • positive regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation Source: Ensembl
  • positive regulation of protein autophosphorylation Source: RGD
  • positive regulation of protein secretion Source: RGD
  • regulation of angiogenesis Source: RGD
  • regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway Source: RGD
  • response to drug Source: RGD
  • vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway Source: Ensembl
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Developmental protein, Growth factor, Mitogen

Keywords - Biological processi

Angiogenesis, Differentiation

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-114608. Platelet degranulation.
R-RNO-194313. VEGF ligand-receptor interactions.
R-RNO-195399. VEGF binds to VEGFR leading to receptor dimerization.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Vascular endothelial growth factor C
Short name:
VEGF-C
Alternative name(s):
Flt4 ligand
Short name:
Flt4-L
Vascular endothelial growth factor-related protein
Short name:
VRP
Gene namesi
Name:Vegfc
OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaSciurognathiMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 Componenti: Chromosome 16

Organism-specific databases

RGDi619800. Vegfc.

Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Secreted

Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Mutagenesisi152 – 1521C → S: Inhibits ability to activate VEGFR-2. 1 Publication

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Signal peptidei1 – 3131By similarityAdd
BLAST
Propeptidei32 – 10776Sequence analysisPRO_0000045175Add
BLAST
Chaini108 – 223116Vascular endothelial growth factor CPRO_0000023406Add
BLAST
Propeptidei224 – 415192Sequence analysisPRO_0000023407Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Disulfide bondi127 ↔ 169By similarity
Disulfide bondi152 – 152InterchainBy similarity
Disulfide bondi158 ↔ 205By similarity
Disulfide bondi161 – 161InterchainBy similarity
Disulfide bondi162 ↔ 207By similarity
Glycosylationi171 – 1711N-linked (GlcNAc...)Sequence analysis
Glycosylationi201 – 2011N-linked (GlcNAc...)Sequence analysis
Glycosylationi236 – 2361N-linked (GlcNAc...)Sequence analysis

Post-translational modificationi

Undergoes a complex proteolytic maturation which generates a variety of processed secreted forms with increased activity toward VEGFR-3, but only the fully processed form could activate VEGFR-2. VEGF-C first form an antiparallel homodimer linked by disulfide bonds. Before secretion, a cleavage occurs between Arg-223 and Ser-224 producing a heterotetramer. The next extracellular step of the processing removes the N-terminal propeptide. Finally the mature VEGF-C is composed mostly of two VEGF homology domains (VHDs) bound by non-covalent interactions (By similarity).By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Cleavage on pair of basic residues, Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiO35757.

PTM databases

PhosphoSiteiO35757.

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Highly expressed in the lung, ovary, preputial gland and the adrenal gland. Expressed in the post-pubertal mammary glands.2 Publications

Developmental stagei

Increases moderately during pregnancy (2.8-fold increase on day 4) and lactation (1.9-fold increase on day 2).1 Publication

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000011416.
GenevisibleiO35757. RN.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Homodimer; non-covalent and antiparallel.

GO - Molecular functioni

  • growth factor activity Source: RGD
  • vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 binding Source: RGD

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000015529.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliO35757.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Repeati276 – 291161Add
BLAST
Repeati300 – 315162Add
BLAST
Repeati324 – 339163Add
BLAST
Repeati343 – 358164Add
BLAST

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Regioni276 – 358834 X 16 AA repeats of C-X(10)-C-X-C-X(1,3)-CAdd
BLAST

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the PDGF/VEGF growth factor family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat, Signal

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IFTP. Eukaryota.
ENOG410YGVZ. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00730000110889.
HOGENOMiHOG000231512.
HOVERGENiHBG073119.
InParanoidiO35757.
KOiK05449.
OMAiTCPRNQP.
OrthoDBiEOG091G07BT.
PhylomeDBiO35757.
TreeFamiTF319554.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.10.90.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR004153. CXCXC_repeat.
IPR029034. Cystine-knot_cytokine.
IPR023581. PD_growth_factor_CS.
IPR000072. PDGF/VEGF_dom.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF03128. CXCXC. 2 hits.
PF00341. PDGF. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SMARTiSM00141. PDGF. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF57501. SSF57501. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00249. PDGF_1. 1 hit.
PS50278. PDGF_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

O35757-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MHLLCFLSLA CSLLAAALIP GPREAPATVA AFESGLGFSE AEPDGGEVKG
60 70 80 90 100
FEGKDLEEQL RSVSSVDELM SVLYPDYWKM YKCQLRKGGW QQPSLNMRTG
110 120 130 140 150
DTVKLAAAHY NTEILKSIDN EWRKTQCMPR EVCIDVGKEF GAATNTFFKP
160 170 180 190 200
PCVSVYRCGG CCNSEGLQCM NTSTGYLSKT LFEITVPLSQ GPKPVTISFA
210 220 230 240 250
NHTSCRCMSK LDVYRQVHSI IRRSLPATLP QCQAANKTCP ANYVWNNYMC
260 270 280 290 300
QCLAQQDFIF YSNVEDDSSN GFHDVCGPNK ELDEDTCQCV CKGGLRPSSC
310 320 330 340 350
GPHKELDRDS CQCVCKNKLF LNSCGANREF DENTCQCVCK RTCPRNQPLN
360 370 380 390 400
PGKCACECTE NTQKCFLKGK KFHHQTCSCY RRPCTNRLKH CDPGLSFSEE
410
VCRCVPSYWK RPHLN
Length:415
Mass (Da):46,397
Last modified:December 20, 2005 - v2
Checksum:i1EB677F5B260A525
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY032729 mRNA. Translation: AAK96009.1.
AF010302 mRNA. Translation: AAB63248.1.
RefSeqiNP_446105.1. NM_053653.1.
UniGeneiRn.6913.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000015529; ENSRNOP00000015529; ENSRNOG00000011416.
GeneIDi114111.
KEGGirno:114111.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY032729 mRNA. Translation: AAK96009.1.
AF010302 mRNA. Translation: AAB63248.1.
RefSeqiNP_446105.1. NM_053653.1.
UniGeneiRn.6913.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliO35757.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000015529.

PTM databases

PhosphoSiteiO35757.

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiO35757.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000015529; ENSRNOP00000015529; ENSRNOG00000011416.
GeneIDi114111.
KEGGirno:114111.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi7424.
RGDi619800. Vegfc.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IFTP. Eukaryota.
ENOG410YGVZ. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00730000110889.
HOGENOMiHOG000231512.
HOVERGENiHBG073119.
InParanoidiO35757.
KOiK05449.
OMAiTCPRNQP.
OrthoDBiEOG091G07BT.
PhylomeDBiO35757.
TreeFamiTF319554.

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-114608. Platelet degranulation.
R-RNO-194313. VEGF ligand-receptor interactions.
R-RNO-195399. VEGF binds to VEGFR leading to receptor dimerization.

Miscellaneous databases

PROiO35757.

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000011416.
GenevisibleiO35757. RN.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.10.90.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR004153. CXCXC_repeat.
IPR029034. Cystine-knot_cytokine.
IPR023581. PD_growth_factor_CS.
IPR000072. PDGF/VEGF_dom.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF03128. CXCXC. 2 hits.
PF00341. PDGF. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SMARTiSM00141. PDGF. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF57501. SSF57501. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00249. PDGF_1. 1 hit.
PS50278. PDGF_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiVEGFC_RAT
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O35757
Secondary accession number(s): Q91ZE3
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 16, 2001
Last sequence update: December 20, 2005
Last modified: September 7, 2016
This is version 112 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Miscellaneous

Indolinones; MAE87, MAE106 and MAZ51 inhibit VEGF-C induced activation of VEGFR-3.

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.