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Protein

Inward rectifier potassium channel 2

Gene

KCNJ2

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Probably participates in establishing action potential waveform and excitability of neuronal and muscle tissues. Inward rectifier potassium channels are characterized by a greater tendency to allow potassium to flow into the cell rather than out of it. Their voltage dependence is regulated by the concentration of extracellular potassium; as external potassium is raised, the voltage range of the channel opening shifts to more positive voltages. The inward rectification is mainly due to the blockage of outward current by internal magnesium. Can be blocked by extracellular barium and cesium (By similarity).By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Sitei172Role in the control of polyamine-mediated channel gating and in the blocking by intracellular magnesiumBy similarity1

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionIon channel, Voltage-gated channel
Biological processIon transport, Potassium transport, Transport
LigandPotassium

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-BTA-1296041 Activation of G protein gated Potassium channels
R-BTA-1296053 Classical Kir channels
R-BTA-5576886 Phase 4 - resting membrane potential
R-BTA-997272 Inhibition of voltage gated Ca2+ channels via Gbeta/gamma subunits

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Inward rectifier potassium channel 2
Alternative name(s):
BIK
Inward rectifier K(+) channel Kir2.1
Short name:
IRK-1
Potassium channel, inwardly rectifying subfamily J member 2
Gene namesi
Name:KCNJ2
Synonyms:IRK1
OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 Componenti: Chromosome 19

Organism-specific databases

VGNCiVGNC:30460 KCNJ2

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Topological domaini2 – 81CytoplasmicBy similarityAdd BLAST80
Transmembranei82 – 106Helical; Name=M1By similarityAdd BLAST25
Topological domaini107 – 128ExtracellularBy similarityAdd BLAST22
Intramembranei129 – 140Helical; Pore-forming; Name=H5By similarityAdd BLAST12
Intramembranei141 – 147Pore-formingBy similarity7
Topological domaini148 – 156ExtracellularBy similarity9
Transmembranei157 – 178Helical; Name=M2By similarityAdd BLAST22
Topological domaini179 – 427CytoplasmicBy similarityAdd BLAST249

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Initiator methionineiRemoved
ChainiPRO_00001549202 – 427Inward rectifier potassium channel 2Add BLAST426

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Lipidationi2N-myristoyl glycineBy similarity1
Modified residuei76S-nitrosocysteineBy similarity1

Post-translational modificationi

S-nitrosylation increases the open probability and inward rectifying currents.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Lipoprotein, Myristate, S-nitrosylation

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiO19182
PRIDEiO19182

Expressioni

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000008294

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Homomultimeric and heteromultimeric association with KCNJ4/Kir2.3. Association via its PDZ-recognition domain with LIN7A, LIN7B, LIN7C, DLG1, CASK and APBA1 plays a key role in its localization and trafficking (By similarity).By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000010914

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliO19182
SMRiO19182
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Motifi142 – 147Selectivity filterBy similarity6
Motifi425 – 427PDZ-bindingSequence analysis3

Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3827 Eukaryota
ENOG410XQ62 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00760000118842
HOGENOMiHOG000237325
HOVERGENiHBG006178
InParanoidiO19182
KOiK04996
OMAiVFSHNAT
OrthoDBiEOG091G08HC
TreeFamiTF313676

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.60.40.1400, 2 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR014756 Ig_E-set
IPR016449 K_chnl_inward-rec_Kir
IPR003271 K_chnl_inward-rec_Kir2.1
IPR013518 K_chnl_inward-rec_Kir_cyto
IPR013673 K_chnl_inward-rec_Kir_N
PANTHERiPTHR11767 PTHR11767, 1 hit
PTHR11767:SF43 PTHR11767:SF43, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01007 IRK, 1 hit
PF08466 IRK_N, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF005465 GIRK_kir, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01324 KIR21CHANNEL
PR01320 KIRCHANNEL
SUPFAMiSSF81296 SSF81296, 1 hit

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

O19182-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MGSVRTNRYS IVSSEEDGMK LATLAVANGF GNGKSKVHTR QQCRSRFVKK
60 70 80 90 100
DGHCNVQFIN VGEKGQRYLA DIFTTCVDIR WRWMLVIFCL AFVLSWLFFG
110 120 130 140 150
CVFWLIALLH GDLDASKESK ACVSEVNSFT AAFLFSIETQ TTIGYGFRCV
160 170 180 190 200
TDECPVAVFM VVFQSIVGCI IDAFIIGAVM AKMAKPKKRN ETLVFSHNAV
210 220 230 240 250
IAMRDGKLCL MWRVGNLRKS HLVEAHVRAQ LLKSRITSEG EYIPLDQIDI
260 270 280 290 300
NVGFDSGIDR IFLVSPITIV HEIDEDSPLY DLSKQDIDNA DFEIVVILEG
310 320 330 340 350
MVEATAMTTQ CRSSYLANEI LWGHRYEPVL FEEKHYYKVD YSRFHKTYEV
360 370 380 390 400
PNTPLCSARD LAEKKYILSN ANSFCYENEV ALTSKEEDDS ENGVPESTST
410 420
DTPPDIDLHN QASVPLEPRP LRRESEI
Length:427
Mass (Da):48,286
Last modified:January 1, 1998 - v1
Checksum:i8605758A7FF1355C
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF020792 mRNA Translation: AAB71888.1
U95369 mRNA Translation: AAC48735.1
AY052548 mRNA Translation: AAL05937.1
RefSeqiNP_776798.1, NM_174373.2
UniGeneiBt.126

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000010914; ENSBTAP00000010914; ENSBTAG00000008294
GeneIDi281883
KEGGibta:281883

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiKCNJ2_BOVIN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O19182
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 1, 2000
Last sequence update: January 1, 1998
Last modified: May 23, 2018
This is version 135 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

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