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Protein

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma

Gene

PPARG

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Nuclear receptor that binds peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Once activated by a ligand, the nuclear receptor binds to DNA specific PPAR response elements (PPRE) and modulates the transcription of its target genes, such as acyl-CoA oxidase. It therefore controls the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway of fatty acids. Key regulator of adipocyte differentiation and glucose homeostasis. ARF6 acts as a key regulator of the tissue-specific adipocyte P2 (aP2) enhancer. Acts as a critical regulator of gut homeostasis by suppressing NF-kappa-B-mediated proinflammatory responses. Plays a role in the regulation of cardiovascular circadian rhythms by regulating the transcription of ARNTL/BMAL1 in the blood vessels.By similarity

Enzyme regulationi

PDPK1 activates its transcriptional activity independently of its kinase activity.By similarity

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
DNA bindingi136 – 21075Nuclear receptorPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd
BLAST
Zinc fingeri139 – 15921NR C4-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd
BLAST
Zinc fingeri176 – 19823NR C4-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd
BLAST

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Activator, Receptor

Keywords - Biological processi

Biological rhythms, Transcription, Transcription regulation

Keywords - Ligandi

DNA-binding, Metal-binding, Zinc

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-BTA-381340. Transcriptional regulation of white adipocyte differentiation.
R-BTA-383280. Nuclear Receptor transcription pathway.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma
Short name:
PPAR-gamma
Alternative name(s):
Nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group C member 3
Gene namesi
Name:PPARG
Synonyms:NR1C3
OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 Componenti: Chromosome 22

Subcellular locationi

  • Nucleus PROSITE-ProRule annotation
  • Cytoplasm By similarity

  • Note: Redistributed from the nucleus to the cytosol through a MAP2K1/MEK1-dependent manner. NOCT enhances its nuclear translocation (By similarity).By similarity

GO - Cellular componenti

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Chaini1 – 505505Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammaPRO_0000053489Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Modified residuei112 – 1121Phosphoserine; by MAPKBy similarity

Post-translational modificationi

Phosphorylated at basal conditions and dephosphorylated when treated with the ligand. May be dephosphorylated by PPP5C. The phosphorylated form may be inactive and dephosphorylation induces adipogenic activity (By similarity).By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiO18971.
PRIDEiO18971.

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Highest expression in adipose tissue. Lower in spleen and lung. Also detected in ovary, mammary gland and small intestine.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Heterodimer with other nuclear receptors, such as RXRA. The heterodimer with the retinoic acid receptor RXRA is called adipocyte-specific transcription factor ARF6. Interacts with NCOA6 coactivator, leading to a strong increase in transcription of target genes. Interacts with coactivator PPARBP, leading to a mild increase in transcription of target genes. Interacts with NOCA7 in a ligand-inducible manner. Interacts with NCOA1 and NCOA2 LXXLL motifs. Interacts with ASXL1, ASXL2, DNTTIP2, FAM120B, MAP2K1/MEK1, NR0B2, PDPK1, PRDM16, PRMT2 and TGFB1I1. Interacts (when activated by agonist) with PPP5C. Interacts with HELZ2 and THRAP3; the interaction stimulates the transcriptional activity of PPARG. Interacts with PER2, the interaction is ligand dependent and blocks PPARG recruitment to target promoters. Interacts with NOCT. Interacts with FOXO1 (acetylated form). Interacts with ACTN4.By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000041555.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliO18971.
SMRiO18971. Positions 131-216, 234-505.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Regioni205 – 28076Interaction with FAM120BBy similarityAdd
BLAST
Regioni317 – 505189Ligand-bindingBy similarityAdd
BLAST

Sequence similaritiesi

Contains 1 nuclear receptor DNA-binding domain.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Zinc finger

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Zinc fingeri139 – 15921NR C4-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd
BLAST
Zinc fingeri176 – 19823NR C4-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd
BLAST

Keywords - Domaini

Zinc-finger

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3575. Eukaryota.
ENOG410XRZC. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00840000129707.
HOGENOMiHOG000261626.
HOVERGENiHBG106004.
InParanoidiO18971.
KOiK08530.
OMAiSTPHYED.
OrthoDBiEOG7X9G7F.
TreeFamiTF316304.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.565.10. 2 hits.
3.30.50.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR003074. 1Cnucl_rcpt.
IPR003077. 1Cnucl_rcpt_G.
IPR000536. Nucl_hrmn_rcpt_lig-bd.
IPR001723. Nuclear_hrmn_rcpt.
IPR022590. PPARgamma_N.
IPR001628. Znf_hrmn_rcpt.
IPR013088. Znf_NHR/GATA.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00104. Hormone_recep. 1 hit.
PF12577. PPARgamma_N. 1 hit.
PF00105. zf-C4. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR01288. PROXISOMEPAR.
PR01291. PROXISOMPAGR.
PR00398. STRDHORMONER.
PR00047. STROIDFINGER.
SMARTiSM00430. HOLI. 1 hit.
SM00399. ZnF_C4. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF48508. SSF48508. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00031. NUCLEAR_REC_DBD_1. 1 hit.
PS51030. NUCLEAR_REC_DBD_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequences (2)i

Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 2 isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket

Note: Additional isoforms seem to exist.

Isoform 2 (identifier: O18971-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MGETLGDALI DPESEPFAVT VSARTSQEIT MVDTEMPFWP TNFGISSVDL
60 70 80 90 100
SMMDDHSHAF DIKPFTTVDF SSISTPHYED IPFPRADPMV ADYKYDLKLQ
110 120 130 140 150
EYQSAIKVEP VSPPYYSEKT QLYSKPHEEP SNSLMAIECR VCGDKASGFH
160 170 180 190 200
YGVHACEGCK GFFRRTIRLK LIYDRCDLNC RIHKKSRNKC QYCRFQKCLA
210 220 230 240 250
VGMSHNAIRF GRMPQAEKEK LLAEISSDID QLNPESADLR ALAKHLYDSY
260 270 280 290 300
IKSFPLTKAK ARAILTGKTT DKSPFVIYDM NSLMMGEDKI KFKHISPLQE
310 320 330 340 350
PSKEVAIRIF QGCQFRSVEA VQEITEYAKN IPGFVNLDLN DQVTLLKYGV
360 370 380 390 400
HEIIYTMLAS LMNKDGVLIS EGQGFMTREF LKSLRKPFGD FMEPKFEFAV
410 420 430 440 450
KFNALELDDS DLAIFIAVII LSGDRPGLLN VKPIEDIQDN LLQALELQLK
460 470 480 490 500
LNHPESSQLF AKLLQKMTDL RQIVTEHVQL LQVIKKTETD MSLHPLLQEI

YKDLY
Length:505
Mass (Da):57,579
Last modified:January 1, 1998 - v1
Checksum:i5F20B115087B3C83
GO
Isoform 1 (identifier: O18971-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     1-30: Missing.

Show »
Length:475
Mass (Da):54,432
Checksum:iE539563F98CA541B
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Sequence conflicti81 – 811I → T in AAN75018 (Ref. 2) Curated
Sequence conflicti140 – 1401R → W in AAN75018 (Ref. 2) Curated
Sequence conflicti157 – 1571E → G in AAN75018 (Ref. 2) Curated
Sequence conflicti486 – 4861K → I in AAN75018 (Ref. 2) Curated

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Alternative sequencei1 – 3030Missing in isoform 1. 2 PublicationsVSP_003644Add
BLAST

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
Y12420 mRNA. Translation: CAA73033.1.
Y12419 mRNA. Translation: CAA73032.1.
AY179866 mRNA. Translation: AAN75018.1.
BC116098 mRNA. Translation: AAI16099.1.
PIRiJC5777.
RefSeqiNP_851367.1. NM_181024.2. [O18971-1]
UniGeneiBt.3862.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000001760; ENSBTAP00000001760; ENSBTAG00000001333. [O18971-2]
ENSBTAT00000044038; ENSBTAP00000041555; ENSBTAG00000001333. [O18971-1]
ENSBTAT00000044042; ENSBTAP00000041559; ENSBTAG00000001333. [O18971-2]
GeneIDi281993.
KEGGibta:281993.

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
Y12420 mRNA. Translation: CAA73033.1.
Y12419 mRNA. Translation: CAA73032.1.
AY179866 mRNA. Translation: AAN75018.1.
BC116098 mRNA. Translation: AAI16099.1.
PIRiJC5777.
RefSeqiNP_851367.1. NM_181024.2. [O18971-1]
UniGeneiBt.3862.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliO18971.
SMRiO18971. Positions 131-216, 234-505.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000041555.

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiO18971.
PRIDEiO18971.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000001760; ENSBTAP00000001760; ENSBTAG00000001333. [O18971-2]
ENSBTAT00000044038; ENSBTAP00000041555; ENSBTAG00000001333. [O18971-1]
ENSBTAT00000044042; ENSBTAP00000041559; ENSBTAG00000001333. [O18971-2]
GeneIDi281993.
KEGGibta:281993.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi5468.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3575. Eukaryota.
ENOG410XRZC. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00840000129707.
HOGENOMiHOG000261626.
HOVERGENiHBG106004.
InParanoidiO18971.
KOiK08530.
OMAiSTPHYED.
OrthoDBiEOG7X9G7F.
TreeFamiTF316304.

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-BTA-381340. Transcriptional regulation of white adipocyte differentiation.
R-BTA-383280. Nuclear Receptor transcription pathway.

Miscellaneous databases

NextBioi20805861.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.565.10. 2 hits.
3.30.50.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR003074. 1Cnucl_rcpt.
IPR003077. 1Cnucl_rcpt_G.
IPR000536. Nucl_hrmn_rcpt_lig-bd.
IPR001723. Nuclear_hrmn_rcpt.
IPR022590. PPARgamma_N.
IPR001628. Znf_hrmn_rcpt.
IPR013088. Znf_NHR/GATA.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00104. Hormone_recep. 1 hit.
PF12577. PPARgamma_N. 1 hit.
PF00105. zf-C4. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR01288. PROXISOMEPAR.
PR01291. PROXISOMPAGR.
PR00398. STRDHORMONER.
PR00047. STROIDFINGER.
SMARTiSM00430. HOLI. 1 hit.
SM00399. ZnF_C4. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF48508. SSF48508. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00031. NUCLEAR_REC_DBD_1. 1 hit.
PS51030. NUCLEAR_REC_DBD_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

« Hide 'large scale' publications
  1. "Characterisation of bovine peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors gamma 1 and gamma 2: genetic mapping and differential expression of the two isoforms."
    Sundvold H., Brzozowska A., Lien S.
    Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 239:857-861(1997) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] (ISOFORMS 1 AND 2).
    Tissue: Adipose tissue.
  2. "Bovine PPAR gamma mRNA."
    Jeoung Y.-H., Yoon D.-H., Chang E.-R., Kang M.-J.
    Submitted (NOV-2002) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] (ISOFORM 2).
  3. NIH - Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC) project
    Submitted (MAY-2006) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA] (ISOFORM 1).
    Strain: Hereford.
    Tissue: Ascending colon.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiPPARG_BOVIN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O18971
Secondary accession number(s): Q1LZB7, Q8HY47
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 27, 2001
Last sequence update: January 1, 1998
Last modified: May 11, 2016
This is version 150 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.