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Protein

Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(i) subunit alpha-2

Gene

gnai2

Organism
Oryzias latipes (Japanese rice fish) (Japanese killifish)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 4 out of 5-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) are involved as modulators or transducers in various transmembrane signaling systems. The G(i) proteins are involved in hormonal regulation of adenylate cyclase: they inhibit the cyclase in response to beta-adrenergic stimuli. May play a role in cell division (By similarity).By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Metal bindingi47 – 471MagnesiumBy similarity
Metal bindingi182 – 1821MagnesiumBy similarity
Binding sitei327 – 3271GTP; via amide nitrogenBy similarity

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Nucleotide bindingi40 – 478GTPBy similarity
Nucleotide bindingi176 – 1827GTPBy similarity
Nucleotide bindingi201 – 2055GTPBy similarity
Nucleotide bindingi270 – 2734GTPBy similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Transducer

Keywords - Biological processi

Cell cycle, Cell division

Keywords - Ligandi

GTP-binding, Magnesium, Metal-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(i) subunit alpha-2
Alternative name(s):
Adenylate cyclase-inhibiting G alpha protein
Gi alpha c
Gi2 subunit alpha
Gene namesi
Name:gnai2
OrganismiOryzias latipes (Japanese rice fish) (Japanese killifish)
Taxonomic identifieri8090 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiActinopterygiiNeopterygiiTeleosteiNeoteleosteiAcanthomorphataOvalentariaAtherinomorphaeBeloniformesAdrianichthyidaeOryziinaeOryzias
Proteomesi
  • UP000001038 Componenti: Chromosome 5

Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Cytoskeleton, Membrane

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Initiator methionineiRemovedBy similarity
Chaini2 – 355354Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(i) subunit alpha-2PRO_0000203684Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Lipidationi2 – 21N-myristoyl glycineSequence analysis
Lipidationi3 – 31S-palmitoyl cysteineSequence analysis

Keywords - PTMi

Lipoprotein, Myristate, Palmitate

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiO13055.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

G proteins are composed of 3 units; alpha, beta and gamma. The alpha chain contains the guanine nucleotide binding site.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliO13055.
SMRiO13055. Positions 5-354.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the G-alpha family. G(i/o/t/z) subfamily.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

GeneTreeiENSGT00770000120503.
HOGENOMiHOG000038730.
HOVERGENiHBG063184.
InParanoidiO13055.
KOiK04630.
OMAiKIDYEDP.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.400.10. 1 hit.
3.40.50.300. 2 hits.
InterProiIPR001408. Gprotein_alpha_I.
IPR001019. Gprotein_alpha_su.
IPR011025. GproteinA_insert.
IPR027417. P-loop_NTPase.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR10218. PTHR10218. 1 hit.
PfamiPF00503. G-alpha. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00318. GPROTEINA.
PR00441. GPROTEINAI.
SMARTiSM00275. G_alpha. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF47895. SSF47895. 1 hit.
SSF52540. SSF52540. 2 hits.

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

O13055-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MGCTVSQEDK AAADRSKMID KNLREDGEKA AREVKLLLLG AGESGKSTIV
60 70 80 90 100
KQMKIIHEDG YSEDECKQYR AVVYSNTVQS IMAIIKAMTI LHLDYERPER
110 120 130 140 150
EEDAKRLFKM AAEAEERGDL PEELANIIKD LWADSGIQHC LTRAREYQLN
160 170 180 190 200
DSAAYYLKDL ERISKPDYIP TQQDVLRTRV KTTGIVETHF TFKDLHFKMF
210 220 230 240 250
DVGGQRSERK KWIHCFEGVT AIIFCVAMSA YDLVLAEDEE MNRMHESMKL
260 270 280 290 300
FDSICNNKWF TETSIILFLN KKDLFEQKIA HSPLTICFPE YEGPNTYQEA
310 320 330 340 350
QAYIQTKFED LNKKKETKEI YTHFTCATDT KNVQFVFDAV TDVIIKNNLK

DCGLF
Length:355
Mass (Da):40,993
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v3
Checksum:i15DD95FC8A2C08F4
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB001742 mRNA. Translation: BAA20073.1.
RefSeqiNP_001098562.1. NM_001105092.1.
XP_011472915.1. XM_011474613.1.
UniGeneiOla.771.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSORLT00000001336; ENSORLP00000001335; ENSORLG00000001082.
GeneIDi100125814.
KEGGiola:100125814.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB001742 mRNA. Translation: BAA20073.1.
RefSeqiNP_001098562.1. NM_001105092.1.
XP_011472915.1. XM_011474613.1.
UniGeneiOla.771.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliO13055.
SMRiO13055. Positions 5-354.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiO13055.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSORLT00000001336; ENSORLP00000001335; ENSORLG00000001082.
GeneIDi100125814.
KEGGiola:100125814.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi2771.

Phylogenomic databases

GeneTreeiENSGT00770000120503.
HOGENOMiHOG000038730.
HOVERGENiHBG063184.
InParanoidiO13055.
KOiK04630.
OMAiKIDYEDP.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.400.10. 1 hit.
3.40.50.300. 2 hits.
InterProiIPR001408. Gprotein_alpha_I.
IPR001019. Gprotein_alpha_su.
IPR011025. GproteinA_insert.
IPR027417. P-loop_NTPase.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR10218. PTHR10218. 1 hit.
PfamiPF00503. G-alpha. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00318. GPROTEINA.
PR00441. GPROTEINAI.
SMARTiSM00275. G_alpha. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF47895. SSF47895. 1 hit.
SSF52540. SSF52540. 2 hits.
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiGNAI2_ORYLA
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O13055
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 27, 2002
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: September 7, 2016
This is version 109 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.