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Protein

Protein kinase C epsilon type

Gene

PRKCE

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score: -Protein inferred from homologyi

Functioni

Calcium-independent, phospholipid- and diacylglycerol (DAG)-dependent serine/threonine-protein kinase that plays essential roles in the regulation of multiple cellular processes linked to cytoskeletal proteins, such as cell adhesion, motility, migration and cell cycle, functions in neuron growth and ion channel regulation, and is involved in immune response, cancer cell invasion and regulation of apoptosis. Mediates cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix via integrin-dependent signaling, by mediating angiotensin-2-induced activation of integrin beta-1 (ITGB1) in cardiac fibroblasts. Phosphorylates MARCKS, which phosphorylates and activates PTK2/FAK, leading to the spread of cardiomyocytes. Involved in the control of the directional transport of ITGB1 in mesenchymal cells by phosphorylating vimentin (VIM), an intermediate filament (IF) protein. In epithelial cells, associates with and phosphorylates keratin-8 (KRT8), which induces targeting of desmoplakin at desmosomes and regulates cell-cell contact. Phosphorylates IQGAP1, which binds to CDC42, mediating epithelial cell-cell detachment prior to migration.UniRule annotation

Catalytic activityi

ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein.UniRule annotationSAAS annotation

Enzyme regulationi

Novel PKCs (PRKCD, PRKCE, PRKCH and PRKCQ) are calcium-insensitive, but activated by diacylglycerol (DAG) and phosphatidylserine.UniRule annotation

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Binding sitei437ATPUniRule annotation1
Active sitei532Proton acceptorUniRule annotation1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Nucleotide bindingi414 – 422ATPUniRule annotation9

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionKinase, Serine/threonine-protein kinaseUniRule annotationSAAS annotation, Transferase
Biological processCell adhesionUniRule annotation, Cell cycle, Cell divisionUniRule annotation
LigandATP-bindingUniRule annotationSAAS annotation, Metal-binding, Nucleotide-binding, Zinc

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Protein kinase C epsilon typeUniRule annotation (EC:2.7.11.13UniRule annotation)
Alternative name(s):
nPKC-epsilonUniRule annotation
Gene namesi
Name:PRKCEImported
OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)Imported
Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo

Organism-specific databases

EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000171132.13

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membraneUniRule annotation, Cytoplasm, CytoskeletonUniRule annotation, Membrane, NucleusUniRule annotation

PTM / Processingi

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiL7RTI5

Expressioni

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000171132
ExpressionAtlasiL7RTI5 baseline and differential

Interactioni

GO - Molecular functioni

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliL7RTI5
SMRiL7RTI5
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Domaini1 – 99C2InterPro annotationAdd BLAST99
Domaini169 – 220Phorbol-ester/DAG-typeInterPro annotationAdd BLAST52
Domaini242 – 292Phorbol-ester/DAG-typeInterPro annotationAdd BLAST51
Domaini408 – 668Protein kinaseInterPro annotationAdd BLAST261
Domaini669 – 737AGC-kinase C-terminalInterPro annotationAdd BLAST69

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. AGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family. PKC subfamily.UniRule annotationSAAS annotation

Keywords - Domaini

RepeatSAAS annotation, Zinc-fingerSAAS annotation

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0694 Eukaryota
ENOG410XNPH LUCA
KOiK18050
OMAiPCDQELK
OrthoDBiEOG091G0QRS
PhylomeDBiL7RTI5

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00029 C1, 2 hits
cd05591 STKc_nPKC_epsilon, 1 hit
Gene3Di2.60.40.150, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR000961 AGC-kinase_C
IPR000008 C2_dom
IPR035892 C2_domain_sf
IPR020454 DAG/PE-bd
IPR011009 Kinase-like_dom_sf
IPR034669 nPKC_epsilon
IPR002219 PE/DAG-bd
IPR027274 PKC_epsilon
IPR017892 Pkinase_C
IPR014376 Prot_kin_PKC_delta
IPR000719 Prot_kinase_dom
IPR017441 Protein_kinase_ATP_BS
IPR008271 Ser/Thr_kinase_AS
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00130 C1_1, 2 hits
PF00168 C2, 1 hit
PF00069 Pkinase, 1 hit
PF00433 Pkinase_C, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000551 PKC_delta, 1 hit
PIRSF501106 Protein_kin_C_epsilon, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00008 DAGPEDOMAIN
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00109 C1, 2 hits
SM00239 C2, 1 hit
SM00133 S_TK_X, 1 hit
SM00220 S_TKc, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF56112 SSF56112, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51285 AGC_KINASE_CTER, 1 hit
PS50004 C2, 1 hit
PS00107 PROTEIN_KINASE_ATP, 1 hit
PS50011 PROTEIN_KINASE_DOM, 1 hit
PS00108 PROTEIN_KINASE_ST, 1 hit
PS00479 ZF_DAG_PE_1, 1 hit
PS50081 ZF_DAG_PE_2, 2 hits

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

L7RTI5-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MVVFNGLLKI KICEAVSLKP TAWSLRHAVG PRPQTFLLDP YIALNVDDSR
60 70 80 90 100
IGQTATKQKT NSPAWHDEFV TDVCNGRKIE LAVFHDAPIG YDDFVANCTI
110 120 130 140 150
QFEELLQNGS RHFEDWIDLE PEGRVYVIID LSGSSGEAPK DNEERVFRER
160 170 180 190 200
MRPRKRQGAV RRRVHQVNGH KFMATYLRQP TYCSHCRDFI WGVIGKQGYQ
210 220 230 240 250
CQVCTCVVHK RCHELIITKC AGLKKQETPD QVGSQRFSVN MPHKFGIHNY
260 270 280 290 300
KVPTFCDHCG SLLWGLLRQG LQCKVCKMNV HRRCETNVAP NCGVDARGIA
310 320 330 340 350
KVLADLGVTP DKITNSGQRR KKLIAGAESP QPASGSSPSE EDRSKSAPTS
360 370 380 390 400
PCDQEIKELE NNIRKALSFD NRGEEHRAAS SPDGQLMSPG ENGEVRQGQA
410 420 430 440 450
KRLGLDEFNF IKVLGKGSFG KVMLAELKGK DEVYAVKVLK KDVILQDDDV
460 470 480 490 500
DCTMTEKRIL ALARKHPYLT QLYCCFQTKD RLFFVMEYVN GGDLMFQIQR
510 520 530 540 550
SRKFDEPRSR FYAAEVTSAL MFLHQHGVIY RDLKLDNILL DAEGHCKLAD
560 570 580 590 600
FGMCKEGILN GVTTTTFCGT PDYIAPEILQ ELEYGPSVDW WALGVLMYEM
610 620 630 640 650
MAGQPPFEAD NEDDLFESIL HDDVLYPVWL SKEAVSILKA FMTKNPHKRL
660 670 680 690 700
GCVASQNGED AIKQHPFFKE IDWVLLEQKK IKPPFKPRIK TKRDVNNFDQ
710 720 730
DFTREEPVLT LVDEAIVKQI NQEEFKGFSY FGEDLMP
Length:737
Mass (Da):83,674
Last modified:April 3, 2013 - v1
Checksum:i85032D0A091A1F7F
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
JX512458 Genomic DNA Translation: AGC09605.1
RefSeqiNP_005391.1, NM_005400.2
XP_005264485.1, XM_005264428.1
UniGeneiHs.580351
Hs.677120

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi5581
KEGGihsa:5581

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiL7RTI5_HUMAN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: L7RTI5
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: April 3, 2013
Last sequence update: April 3, 2013
Last modified: March 28, 2018
This is version 45 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health