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Protein

Ketol-acid reductoisomerase (NADP(+))

Gene

ilvC

Organism
Escherichia coli O81 (strain ED1a)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 4 out of 5-Protein inferred from homologyi

Functioni

Involved in the biosynthesis of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA). Catalyzes an alkyl-migration followed by a ketol-acid reduction of (S)-2-acetolactate (S2AL) to yield (R)-2,3-dihydroxy-isovalerate. In the isomerase reaction, S2AL is rearranged via a Mg-dependent methyl migration to produce 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-2-ketobutyrate (HMKB). In the reductase reaction, this 2-ketoacid undergoes a metal-dependent reduction by NADPH to yield (R)-2,3-dihydroxy-isovalerate.UniRule annotation

Catalytic activityi

(2R)-2,3-dihydroxy-3-methylbutanoate + NADP+ = (2S)-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-oxobutanoate + NADPH.UniRule annotation
(2R,3R)-2,3-dihydroxy-3-methylpentanoate + NADP+ = (S)-2-hydroxy-2-ethyl-3-oxobutanoate + NADPH.UniRule annotation

Cofactori

Mg2+UniRule annotationNote: Binds 2 magnesium ions per subunit.UniRule annotation

Pathwayi: L-isoleucine biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 2 of the subpathway that synthesizes L-isoleucine from 2-oxobutanoate.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in the 4 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Acetolactate synthase (ilvI), Acetolactate synthase (ilvB), Acetolactate synthase (ilvG)
  2. Ketol-acid reductoisomerase (NADP(+)) (ilvC)
  3. Dihydroxy-acid dehydratase (ilvD)
  4. no protein annotated in this organism
This subpathway is part of the pathway L-isoleucine biosynthesis, which is itself part of Amino-acid biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes L-isoleucine from 2-oxobutanoate, the pathway L-isoleucine biosynthesis and in Amino-acid biosynthesis.

Pathwayi: L-valine biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 2 of the subpathway that synthesizes L-valine from pyruvate.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in the 4 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Acetolactate synthase (ilvI), Acetolactate synthase (ilvB), Acetolactate synthase (ilvG)
  2. Ketol-acid reductoisomerase (NADP(+)) (ilvC)
  3. Dihydroxy-acid dehydratase (ilvD)
  4. no protein annotated in this organism
This subpathway is part of the pathway L-valine biosynthesis, which is itself part of Amino-acid biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes L-valine from pyruvate, the pathway L-valine biosynthesis and in Amino-acid biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Binding sitei68NADPUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei76NADPUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei78NADPUniRule annotation1
Active sitei132UniRule annotation1
Binding sitei158NADP; via amide nitrogenUniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi217Magnesium 1UniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi217Magnesium 2UniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi221Magnesium 1UniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi389Magnesium 2UniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi393Magnesium 2UniRule annotation1
Binding sitei414SubstrateUniRule annotation1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Nucleotide bindingi45 – 48NADPUniRule annotation4
Nucleotide bindingi108 – 110NADPUniRule annotation3

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Oxidoreductase

Keywords - Biological processi

Amino-acid biosynthesis, Branched-chain amino acid biosynthesis

Keywords - Ligandi

Magnesium, Metal-binding, NADP, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00047; UER00056.
UPA00049; UER00060.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Ketol-acid reductoisomerase (NADP(+))UniRule annotation (EC:1.1.1.86UniRule annotation)
Short name:
KARIUniRule annotation
Alternative name(s):
Acetohydroxy-acid isomeroreductaseUniRule annotation
Short name:
AHIRUniRule annotation
Alpha-keto-beta-hydroxylacyl reductoisomeraseUniRule annotation
Ketol-acid reductoisomerase type 2UniRule annotation
Ketol-acid reductoisomerase type IIUniRule annotation
Gene namesi
Name:ilvCUniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:ECED1_4460
OrganismiEscherichia coli O81 (strain ED1a)
Taxonomic identifieri585397 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeEscherichia
Proteomesi
  • UP000000748 Componenti: Chromosome

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_10001909631 – 491Ketol-acid reductoisomerase (NADP(+))Add BLAST491

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliB7N269.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Domaini35 – 204IlvNUniRule annotationAdd BLAST170
Domaini210 – 342IlvC 1UniRule annotationAdd BLAST133
Domaini357 – 482IlvC 2UniRule annotationAdd BLAST126

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the ketol-acid reductoisomerase family.UniRule annotation
Contains 2 IlvC domains.UniRule annotation
Contains 1 IlvN domain.UniRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

HOGENOMiHOG000286135.
KOiK00053.
OMAiKLFEMNR.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.1040.10. 1 hit.
3.40.50.720. 1 hit.
HAMAPiMF_00435. IlvC. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR008927. 6-PGluconate_DH_C-like.
IPR013328. 6PGD_dom_2.
IPR000506. AcH_isomrdctse_C.
IPR013116. IlvN.
IPR013023. Ketol-acid_reductoisomrdctse.
IPR016040. NAD(P)-bd_dom.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR21371. PTHR21371. 1 hit.
PfamiPF01450. IlvC. 2 hits.
PF07991. IlvN. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF48179. SSF48179. 2 hits.
SSF51735. SSF51735. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00465. ilvC. 1 hit.

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

B7N269-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MANYFNTLNL RQQLAQLGKC RFMGRDEFAD GASYLQGKKV VIVGCGAQGL
60 70 80 90 100
NQGLNMRDSG LDISYALRKE AIAEKRASWR KATENGFKVG TYEELIPQAD
110 120 130 140 150
LVVNLTPDKQ HSDVVRTVQP LMKDGAALGY SHGFNIVEVG EQIRKDITVV
160 170 180 190 200
MVAPKCPGTE VREEYKRGFG VPTLIAVHPE NDPKGEGMAI AKAWAAATGG
210 220 230 240 250
HRAGVLESSF VAEVKSDLMG EQTILCGMLQ AGSLLCFDKL VEEGTDPAYA
260 270 280 290 300
EKLIQFGWET ITEALKQGGI TLMMDRLSNP AKLRAYALSE QLKEIMAPLF
310 320 330 340 350
QKHMDDIISG EFSSGMMADW ANDDKKLLTW REETGKTAFE TAPQYEGKIG
360 370 380 390 400
EQEYFDKGVL MIAMVKAGVE LAFETMVDSG IIEESAYYES LHELPLIANT
410 420 430 440 450
IARKRLYEMN VVISDTAEYG NYLFSYACVP LLKPFMAELQ PGDLGKAIPE
460 470 480 490
GAVDNAQLRD VNEAIRSHAI EQVGKKLRGY MTDMKRIAVA G
Length:491
Mass (Da):54,069
Last modified:February 10, 2009 - v1
Checksum:i9AF1AC3EDB6B7E89
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CU928162 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAR10440.1.
RefSeqiWP_000024951.1. NC_011745.1.

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiCAR10440; CAR10440; ECED1_4460.
KEGGiecq:ECED1_4460.
PATRICi38492988. VBIEscCol8292_4449.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CU928162 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAR10440.1.
RefSeqiWP_000024951.1. NC_011745.1.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliB7N269.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiCAR10440; CAR10440; ECED1_4460.
KEGGiecq:ECED1_4460.
PATRICi38492988. VBIEscCol8292_4449.

Phylogenomic databases

HOGENOMiHOG000286135.
KOiK00053.
OMAiKLFEMNR.

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00047; UER00056.
UPA00049; UER00060.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.1040.10. 1 hit.
3.40.50.720. 1 hit.
HAMAPiMF_00435. IlvC. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR008927. 6-PGluconate_DH_C-like.
IPR013328. 6PGD_dom_2.
IPR000506. AcH_isomrdctse_C.
IPR013116. IlvN.
IPR013023. Ketol-acid_reductoisomrdctse.
IPR016040. NAD(P)-bd_dom.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR21371. PTHR21371. 1 hit.
PfamiPF01450. IlvC. 2 hits.
PF07991. IlvN. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF48179. SSF48179. 2 hits.
SSF51735. SSF51735. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00465. ilvC. 1 hit.
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiILVC_ECO81
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: B7N269
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 28, 2009
Last sequence update: February 10, 2009
Last modified: November 2, 2016
This is version 59 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.