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Protein

Flap endonuclease 1

Gene

fen1

Organism
Penicillium rubens (strain ATCC 28089 / DSM 1075 / NRRL 1951 / Wisconsin 54-1255) (Penicillium chrysogenum)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 4 out of 5-Protein inferred from homologyi

Functioni

Structure-specific nuclease with 5'-flap endonuclease and 5'-3' exonuclease activities involved in DNA replication and repair. During DNA replication, cleaves the 5'-overhanging flap structure that is generated by displacement synthesis when DNA polymerase encounters the 5'-end of a downstream Okazaki fragment. It enters the flap from the 5'-end and then tracks to cleave the flap base, leaving a nick for ligation. Also involved in the long patch base excision repair (LP-BER) pathway, by cleaving within the apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) site-terminated flap. Acts as a genome stabilization factor that prevents flaps from equilibrating into structurs that lead to duplications and deletions. Also possesses 5'-3' exonuclease activity on nicked or gapped double-stranded DNA, and exhibits RNase H activity. Also involved in replication and repair of rDNA and in repairing mitochondrial DNA.UniRule annotation

Cofactori

Mg2+UniRule annotationNote: Binds 2 magnesium ions per subunit. They probably participate in the reaction catalyzed by the enzyme. May bind an additional third magnesium ion after substrate binding.UniRule annotation

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Metal bindingi34Magnesium 1UniRule annotation1
Binding sitei47DNA substrateUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei70DNA substrateUniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi86Magnesium 1UniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi158Magnesium 1UniRule annotation1
Binding sitei158DNA substrateUniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi160Magnesium 1UniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi179Magnesium 2UniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi181Magnesium 2UniRule annotation1
Binding sitei231DNA substrateUniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi233Magnesium 2UniRule annotation1
Binding sitei233DNA substrateUniRule annotation1

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Endonuclease, Exonuclease, Hydrolase, Nuclease

Keywords - Biological processi

DNA damage, DNA repair, DNA replication

Keywords - Ligandi

Magnesium, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciPCHR:PC20G07900-MONOMER.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Flap endonuclease 1UniRule annotation (EC:3.1.-.-UniRule annotation)
Short name:
FEN-1UniRule annotation
Alternative name(s):
Flap structure-specific endonuclease 1UniRule annotation
Gene namesi
Name:fen1
ORF Names:Pc20g07900
OrganismiPenicillium rubens (strain ATCC 28089 / DSM 1075 / NRRL 1951 / Wisconsin 54-1255) (Penicillium chrysogenum)
Taxonomic identifieri500485 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaPezizomycotinaEurotiomycetesEurotiomycetidaeEurotialesAspergillaceaePenicilliumPenicillium chrysogenum complex
Proteomesi
  • UP000000724 Componenti: Contig Pc00c20

Subcellular locationi

  • Nucleusnucleolus UniRule annotation
  • Nucleusnucleoplasm UniRule annotation
  • Mitochondrion UniRule annotation

  • Note: Resides mostly in the nucleoli and relocalizes to the nucleoplasm upon DNA damage.UniRule annotation

GO - Cellular componenti

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Mitochondrion, Nucleus

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00004035891 – 395Flap endonuclease 1Add BLAST395

Post-translational modificationi

Phosphorylated. Phosphorylation upon DNA damage induces relocalization to the nuclear plasma.UniRule annotation

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Interacts with PCNA. Three molecules of fen1 bind to one PCNA trimer with each molecule binding to one PCNA monomer. PCNA stimulates the nuclease activity without altering cleavage specificity.UniRule annotation

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi500485.XP_002563313.1.

Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Regioni1 – 104N-domainAdd BLAST104
Regioni122 – 253I-domainAdd BLAST132
Regioni341 – 349Interaction with PCNAUniRule annotation9

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the XPG/RAD2 endonuclease family. FEN1 subfamily.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2519. Eukaryota.
COG0258. LUCA.
HOGENOMiHOG000193853.
KOiK04799.
OMAiGSQDYDS.
OrthoDBiEOG092C2ISI.

Family and domain databases

CDDicd09867. PIN_FEN1. 1 hit.
Gene3Di3.40.50.1010. 1 hit.
HAMAPiMF_00614. Fen. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR020045. 5-3_exonuclease_C.
IPR023426. Flap_endonuc.
IPR008918. HhH2.
IPR029060. PIN_domain-like.
IPR006086. XPG-I_dom.
IPR006084. XPG/Rad2.
IPR019974. XPG_CS.
IPR006085. XPG_DNA_repair_N.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR11081. PTHR11081. 1 hit.
PfamiPF00867. XPG_I. 1 hit.
PF00752. XPG_N. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00853. XPGRADSUPER.
SMARTiSM00279. HhH2. 1 hit.
SM00484. XPGI. 1 hit.
SM00485. XPGN. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF47807. SSF47807. 1 hit.
SSF88723. SSF88723. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00841. XPG_1. 1 hit.
PS00842. XPG_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

B6HEM2-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MGIKHLYQVI SENAPDAIKT GEIKNHFGRK VAIDASMSIY SFLIAVRSEG
60 70 80 90 100
QQLMSESGET TSHLMGMFYR TLRMVDNGIK PLYVFDGAPP KLKSGELAKR
110 120 130 140 150
VARKAEATEA HEEAKETGTA EDIEKFSRRT VRVTREHNAE CKKLLELMGI
160 170 180 190 200
PFINAPTEAE AQCAVLARAG KVYAAASEDM DTLCFESPIL LRHLTFSEQR
210 220 230 240 250
KEPIQEIHLD RALEGLDMDR AQFIDLCILL GCDYLEPIPK VGATTALSLI
260 270 280 290 300
KEHKSLEKVL EFMKNDPKKK FVVPEDWPYE DARELFTNPD VRPADHPECD
310 320 330 340 350
FKWEAPNVEG LIEFLVGDKG FNEDRVRNGA ARLSKHLKTA QQSRLEGFFK
360 370 380 390
PVARTEDEKA SLKRKHDEKL QQQKKKKKED AKAKKEAKAK PRGAA
Length:395
Mass (Da):44,592
Last modified:December 16, 2008 - v1
Checksum:i2769B827266F36CD
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AM920435 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAP86119.1.
RefSeqiXP_002563313.1. XM_002563267.1.

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblFungiiCAP86119; CAP86119; PCH_Pc20g07900.
GeneIDi8313380.
KEGGipcs:Pc20g07900.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AM920435 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAP86119.1.
RefSeqiXP_002563313.1. XM_002563267.1.

3D structure databases

ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi500485.XP_002563313.1.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblFungiiCAP86119; CAP86119; PCH_Pc20g07900.
GeneIDi8313380.
KEGGipcs:Pc20g07900.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2519. Eukaryota.
COG0258. LUCA.
HOGENOMiHOG000193853.
KOiK04799.
OMAiGSQDYDS.
OrthoDBiEOG092C2ISI.

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciPCHR:PC20G07900-MONOMER.

Family and domain databases

CDDicd09867. PIN_FEN1. 1 hit.
Gene3Di3.40.50.1010. 1 hit.
HAMAPiMF_00614. Fen. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR020045. 5-3_exonuclease_C.
IPR023426. Flap_endonuc.
IPR008918. HhH2.
IPR029060. PIN_domain-like.
IPR006086. XPG-I_dom.
IPR006084. XPG/Rad2.
IPR019974. XPG_CS.
IPR006085. XPG_DNA_repair_N.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR11081. PTHR11081. 1 hit.
PfamiPF00867. XPG_I. 1 hit.
PF00752. XPG_N. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00853. XPGRADSUPER.
SMARTiSM00279. HhH2. 1 hit.
SM00484. XPGI. 1 hit.
SM00485. XPGN. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF47807. SSF47807. 1 hit.
SSF88723. SSF88723. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00841. XPG_1. 1 hit.
PS00842. XPG_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiFEN1_PENRW
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: B6HEM2
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: January 11, 2011
Last sequence update: December 16, 2008
Last modified: September 7, 2016
This is version 50 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.