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B4S921 (HEM1_PROA2) Reviewed, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

Last modified February 19, 2014. Version 47. Feed History...

Clusters with 100%, 90%, 50% identity | Documents (2) | Third-party data text xml rdf/xml gff fasta
to top of pageNames·Attributes·General annotation·Ontologies·Sequence annotation·Sequences·References·Cross-refs·Entry info·DocumentsCustomize order

Names and origin

Protein namesRecommended name:
Glutamyl-tRNA reductase

Short name=GluTR
EC=1.2.1.70
Gene names
Name:hemA
Ordered Locus Names:Paes_1538
OrganismProsthecochloris aestuarii (strain DSM 271 / SK 413) [Complete proteome] [HAMAP]
Taxonomic identifier290512 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageBacteriaChlorobiChlorobiaChlorobialesChlorobiaceaeProsthecochloris

Protein attributes

Sequence length426 AA.
Sequence statusComplete.
Protein existenceInferred from homology

General annotation (Comments)

Function

Catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) to glutamate 1-semialdehyde (GSA) By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Catalytic activity

L-glutamate 1-semialdehyde + NADP+ + tRNA(Glu) = L-glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) + NADPH. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Pathway

Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism; protoporphyrin-IX biosynthesis; 5-aminolevulinate from L-glutamyl-tRNA(Glu): step 1/2. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism; chlorophyll biosynthesis. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Subunit structure

Homodimer By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Domain

Possesses an unusual extended V-shaped dimeric structure with each monomer consisting of three distinct domains arranged along a curved 'spinal' alpha-helix. The N-terminal catalytic domain specifically recognizes the glutamate moiety of the substrate. The second domain is the NADPH-binding domain, and the third C-terminal domain is responsible for dimerization By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Miscellaneous

During catalysis, the active site Cys acts as a nucleophile attacking the alpha-carbonyl group of tRNA-bound glutamate with the formation of a thioester intermediate between enzyme and glutamate, and the concomitant release of tRNA(Glu). The thioester intermediate is finally reduced by direct hydride transfer from NADPH, to form the product GSA By similarity.

Sequence similarities

Belongs to the glutamyl-tRNA reductase family.

Ontologies

Keywords
   Biological processChlorophyll biosynthesis
Porphyrin biosynthesis
   LigandNADP
   Molecular functionOxidoreductase
   Technical termComplete proteome
Gene Ontology (GO)
   Biological_processchlorophyll biosynthetic process

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: UniProtKB-HAMAP

protoporphyrinogen IX biosynthetic process

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: UniProtKB-UniPathway

   Molecular_functionNADP binding

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: InterPro

glutamyl-tRNA reductase activity

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: UniProtKB-HAMAP

Complete GO annotation...

Sequence annotation (Features)

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifier

Molecule processing

Chain1 – 426426Glutamyl-tRNA reductase HAMAP-Rule MF_00087
PRO_1000093157

Regions

Nucleotide binding189 – 1946NADP By similarity
Region49 – 524Substrate binding By similarity
Region114 – 1163Substrate binding By similarity

Sites

Active site501Nucleophile By similarity
Binding site1091Substrate By similarity
Binding site1201Substrate By similarity
Site991Important for activity By similarity

Sequences

Sequence LengthMass (Da)Tools
B4S921 [UniParc].

Last modified September 23, 2008. Version 1.
Checksum: 5A4EA8EF7C8A4E7F

FASTA42648,734
        10         20         30         40         50         60 
MNIISVGVNH KTAPIEIRER ISLSEVQAKE FLSDIISSGI AQEAMVLSTC NRTELYVVPG 

        70         80         90        100        110        120 
MSEVTGHYLK EYLISYKNAE KEVRPEHFFN RFYCNTARHL FEVSSATDSL VLGEGQILGQ 

       130        140        150        160        170        180 
VKNAYRIAVE EQSAGILLTR LCHTAFSVAK KVKTRTRIME GAVSVSYAAV ELAQKIFSNL 

       190        200        210        220        230        240 
SMKKILLVGA GETGELAAKH MFQKNARNIV ITNRTMSKAE ALAEELGTNQ VLPFETFRDN 

       250        260        270        280        290        300 
LHEFDIIITA VSTKDYVLKA PDMHQSMQKR RLKPVIILDL GLPRNVDPEI RSLQNMFLKD 

       310        320        330        340        350        360 
IDDLKHIIDK NLEMRRSELP KVQEIIDEEL VGFGQWINTL KVRPTIVDLQ SKFLEIKEKE 

       370        380        390        400        410        420 
LERYRHKVSD EELRRMERLS DRILKKILHH PIKMLKSPVD TADNIPSKVN LVRNIFDLEE 


QNQLKQ 

« Hide

References

[1]"Complete sequence of chromosome of Prosthecochloris aestuarii DSM 271."
US DOE Joint Genome Institute
Lucas S., Copeland A., Lapidus A., Glavina del Rio T., Dalin E., Tice H., Bruce D., Goodwin L., Pitluck S., Schmutz J., Larimer F., Land M., Hauser L., Kyrpides N., Anderson I., Liu Z., Li T., Zhao F. expand/collapse author list , Overmann J., Bryant D.A., Richardson P.
Submitted (JUN-2008) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
Strain: DSM 271 / SK 413.

Cross-references

Sequence databases

EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
CP001108 Genomic DNA. Translation: ACF46558.1.
RefSeqYP_002016205.1. NC_011059.1.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortalB4S921.
ModBaseSearch...
MobiDBSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING290512.Paes_1538.

Protocols and materials databases

StructuralBiologyKnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaACF46558; ACF46558; Paes_1538.
GeneID6460677.
KEGGpaa:Paes_1538.
PATRIC23042926. VBIProAes37017_1631.

Organism-specific databases

CMRSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGCOG0373.
HOGENOMHOG000109651.
KOK02492.
OMARTEIYCA.
OrthoDBEOG6MWNBM.
ProtClustDBPRK00045.

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCycPAES290512:GHUT-1583-MONOMER.
UniPathwayUPA00251; UER00316.
UPA00668.

Family and domain databases

Gene3D3.40.50.720. 1 hit.
HAMAPMF_00087. Glu_tRNA_reductase.
InterProIPR000343. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase.
IPR015896. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_dimer.
IPR015895. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_N.
IPR016040. NAD(P)-bd_dom.
IPR006151. Shikm_DH/Glu-tRNA_Rdtase.
[Graphical view]
PfamPF00745. GlutR_dimer. 1 hit.
PF05201. GlutR_N. 1 hit.
PF01488. Shikimate_DH. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFPIRSF000445. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase. 1 hit.
SUPFAMSSF69075. SSF69075. 1 hit.
SSF69742. SSF69742. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsTIGR01035. hemA. 1 hit.
ProtoNetSearch...

Entry information

Entry nameHEM1_PROA2
AccessionPrimary (citable) accession number: B4S921
Entry history
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 24, 2009
Last sequence update: September 23, 2008
Last modified: February 19, 2014
This is version 47 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

Relevant documents

SIMILARITY comments

Index of protein domains and families

PATHWAY comments

Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways