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B2IA84 (HEM1_XYLF2) Reviewed, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

Last modified February 19, 2014. Version 47. Feed History...

Clusters with 100%, 90%, 50% identity | Documents (2) | Third-party data text xml rdf/xml gff fasta
to top of pageNames·Attributes·General annotation·Ontologies·Sequence annotation·Sequences·References·Cross-refs·Entry info·DocumentsCustomize order

Names and origin

Protein namesRecommended name:
Glutamyl-tRNA reductase

Short name=GluTR
EC=1.2.1.70
Gene names
Name:hemA
Ordered Locus Names:XfasM23_2122
OrganismXylella fastidiosa (strain M23) [Complete proteome] [HAMAP]
Taxonomic identifier405441 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaXanthomonadalesXanthomonadaceaeXylella

Protein attributes

Sequence length432 AA.
Sequence statusComplete.
Protein existenceInferred from homology

General annotation (Comments)

Function

Catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) to glutamate 1-semialdehyde (GSA) By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Catalytic activity

L-glutamate 1-semialdehyde + NADP+ + tRNA(Glu) = L-glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) + NADPH. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Pathway

Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism; protoporphyrin-IX biosynthesis; 5-aminolevulinate from L-glutamyl-tRNA(Glu): step 1/2. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Subunit structure

Homodimer By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Domain

Possesses an unusual extended V-shaped dimeric structure with each monomer consisting of three distinct domains arranged along a curved 'spinal' alpha-helix. The N-terminal catalytic domain specifically recognizes the glutamate moiety of the substrate. The second domain is the NADPH-binding domain, and the third C-terminal domain is responsible for dimerization By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Miscellaneous

During catalysis, the active site Cys acts as a nucleophile attacking the alpha-carbonyl group of tRNA-bound glutamate with the formation of a thioester intermediate between enzyme and glutamate, and the concomitant release of tRNA(Glu). The thioester intermediate is finally reduced by direct hydride transfer from NADPH, to form the product GSA By similarity.

Sequence similarities

Belongs to the glutamyl-tRNA reductase family.

Ontologies

Keywords
   Biological processPorphyrin biosynthesis
   LigandNADP
   Molecular functionOxidoreductase
   Technical termComplete proteome
Gene Ontology (GO)
   Biological_processprotoporphyrinogen IX biosynthetic process

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: UniProtKB-UniPathway

   Molecular_functionNADP binding

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: InterPro

glutamyl-tRNA reductase activity

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: UniProtKB-HAMAP

Complete GO annotation...

Sequence annotation (Features)

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifier

Molecule processing

Chain1 – 432432Glutamyl-tRNA reductase HAMAP-Rule MF_00087
PRO_1000093179

Regions

Nucleotide binding181 – 1866NADP By similarity
Region49 – 524Substrate binding By similarity
Region106 – 1083Substrate binding By similarity

Sites

Active site501Nucleophile By similarity
Binding site1011Substrate By similarity
Binding site1121Substrate By similarity
Site911Important for activity By similarity

Sequences

Sequence LengthMass (Da)Tools
B2IA84 [UniParc].

Last modified June 10, 2008. Version 1.
Checksum: 7335D2E946015C84

FASTA43247,966
        10         20         30         40         50         60 
MTLWVLGLNH QTAPMELRER ASFVGDALPR ALDSLRNLPN VNEAALLSTC NRTELYAETT 

        70         80         90        100        110        120 
NAQMLLNWLE QHRPGLQNHL YQYRDAAAVR HLFRVATGLD SMVLGESQIL GQVKDSWSMA 

       130        140        150        160        170        180 
RTHGTLGNTL DRLFQHSFSV AKHARTNTRI GTNPVSIAST AVRLAQDAFS PLNESTVLLI 

       190        200        210        220        230        240 
GAGETIQLAA KHLSEGRVQR LLIANRTHAK AQMLASQHGG YALPLTELNL HLAEADIIFS 

       250        260        270        280        290        300 
ATAAPTPIVT QSNVESALHI RKRKPILLFD LAIPRDIETE VGTLTDAYLY TIDDLERAVE 

       310        320        330        340        350        360 
ENRHSRREAA ETAEAIIELQ VKRYMDTLQA QAHQAPLRRL RTFGTTTRDE LLTRARRQLA 

       370        380        390        400        410        420 
NGRPAEEVLE QLAHGLTNRL LHPPTAALRE AALANNTELV RAAEQLFPEK PGYHHPTLQT 

       430 
TIVKTDETDP AS 

« Hide

References

[1]"Whole genome sequences of two Xylella fastidiosa strains (M12 and M23) causing almond leaf scorch disease in California."
Chen J., Xie G., Han S., Chertkov O., Sims D., Civerolo E.L.
J. Bacteriol. 192:4534-4534(2010) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
Strain: M23.

Cross-references

Sequence databases

EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
CP001011 Genomic DNA. Translation: ACB93520.1.
RefSeqYP_001830794.1. NC_010577.1.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortalB2IA84.
ModBaseSearch...
MobiDBSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING405441.XfasM23_2122.

Protocols and materials databases

StructuralBiologyKnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaACB93520; ACB93520; XfasM23_2122.
GeneID6203196.
KEGGxfn:XfasM23_2122.
PATRIC24146967. VBIXylFas85937_2636.

Organism-specific databases

CMRSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGCOG0373.
HOGENOMHOG000109650.
KOK02492.
OMARTEIYCA.
OrthoDBEOG6MWNBM.
ProtClustDBPRK00045.

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCycXFAS405441:GJJI-2172-MONOMER.
UniPathwayUPA00251; UER00316.

Family and domain databases

Gene3D3.40.50.720. 1 hit.
HAMAPMF_00087. Glu_tRNA_reductase.
InterProIPR000343. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase.
IPR015896. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_dimer.
IPR015895. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_N.
IPR016040. NAD(P)-bd_dom.
IPR018214. Pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_CS.
IPR006151. Shikm_DH/Glu-tRNA_Rdtase.
[Graphical view]
PfamPF00745. GlutR_dimer. 1 hit.
PF05201. GlutR_N. 1 hit.
PF01488. Shikimate_DH. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFPIRSF000445. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase. 1 hit.
SUPFAMSSF69075. SSF69075. 1 hit.
SSF69742. SSF69742. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsTIGR01035. hemA. 1 hit.
PROSITEPS00747. GLUTR. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetSearch...

Entry information

Entry nameHEM1_XYLF2
AccessionPrimary (citable) accession number: B2IA84
Entry history
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 24, 2009
Last sequence update: June 10, 2008
Last modified: February 19, 2014
This is version 47 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

Relevant documents

SIMILARITY comments

Index of protein domains and families

PATHWAY comments

Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways